This collection focuses on the ways in which federalism has affected and been affected by economic reform, especially global integration. The editors and contributors focus in particular on the political economy of institutional and economic change - how the division of authority between national and subnational governments shapes debates over policy changes, as well as how the changing economic environment creates incentives to modify the basic agreements between levels of governments. Each chapter contains a historical overview, and an in-depth account of division of authority, lines of accountability, and legislative, bureaucratic, and other arenas in which the levels of government interact for a particular country. The analyses are based on reform (or non-reform) episodes for each country - most from recent history, but some spanning the century. As a collection, the country studies span a range of developing and industrial countries with varying political systems.
• Editors extract extensive lessons from policy in a long, accessible conclusion • Covers major countries in Asia, Latin America and Africa • Balances theory and empirical realities in a non-technical fashion
1. Stylized models and the political economy reality T. N. Srinivasan and Jessica S. Wallack; 2. Federalism in Argentina and the reforms of the 1990s Mariano Tommasi; 3. Australia: central fiscal dominance, collaborative Federalism, and economic reform John Madden; 4. The Brazilian Federation: facts, challenges, and perspectives Fernando Rezende and Jose Roberto Afonso; 5. Changing with the times: success, failure and inertia in Canadian Federal arrangements, 1945–2002 Francois Vaillancourt and Richard Bird; 6. Fiscal Federalism and economic reform in China Roy Bahl and Jorge Martinez-Vazquez; 7. Indian Federalism, economic reform and globalization Nirvikar Singh and T. N. Srinivasan; 8. Mexico's decentralization at a cross-roads Alberto Diaz-Cayeros, Jose Antonio Gonzalez and Fernando Rojas; 9. Transfer dependence and regional disparities in Nigerian Federalism Tamar Asadurian, Emmanuel Nnadozie and Leonard Wantchekon; Conclusions and lessons for further study T. N. Srinivasan and Jessica S. Wallack.