A Concise History of Brazil covers almost 500 years of Brazilian history, from the arrival of the Portuguese in the New World to the political events that defined the recent transition from an authoritarian to a democratic political regime. Brazilian territorial unity and national identity were forged throughout the nineteenth century, after the proclamation of independence in 1822, resulting in a nation with one common language and wide ethnic and racial variety. Remarkable in this respect, the country nevertheless faces problems of social and ethnic disparity as well as of preservation and adequate use of its natural resources. This book emphasizes topics that have deeply influenced the historical formation of Brazil and affected its existence to the present day, such as the destruction of Indian civilizations, slavery and massive immigration throughout the last decades of the nineteenth century and the first decades of the twentieth century.
• Describes features of Indian civilization • Discusses transition from slavery to free labour through international immigration • Shows transition from an authoritarian regime to the current democracy
List of illustrations; Preface; 1. Colonial Brazil (1500–1822); 2. Imperial Brazil (1822–1889); 3. The first Republic (1889–1930); 4. The Vargas state (1930–1945); 5. The democratic experiment (1945–1964); 6. The military government and the transition to democracy (1964–1984); Epilogue; Bibliography; Index.
'… this is a good, very well written book. It will be of great service to those interested in knowing more of Brazilian theory.' Scandinavian Economic History Review
'A fine introduction to Brazilian history.' Foreign Affairs
'It's no mean feat to tell the unruly story of a country as large, diverse and divided as Brazil in one volume of narrative history. But Fausto succeeds admirably in presenting facts, figures, events and influences in an orderly, palatable fashion. … Fausto has written a nuts-and-bolts account that will serve general readers as a navigable port of entry into the history and life of one of the world's most culturally rich nations.' Publishers Weekly
'The most distinguished historian of Brazil of his generation, Boris Fausto has chosen a broad-brush historical narrative approach, punctuated by a discussion of key controversies in the historiography. … A Concise History offers the non-expert reader a broad panorama of Brazilian history. The expert will appreciate efforts to capture issues and controversies in the historiography and to present them in a digestible fashion.' Reviews in History