Why does 'judgment according to deeds' produce no discernible theological tension for Paul, the apostle of justification by faith? For students of his writings, paradox, incoherence, or eschatological tension come more readily to mind. Paul felt no such theological tension because there was none - neither within his own soteriology, nor in that of the Judaism from which he learned to speak of 'judgment according to deeds'. For both, salvation is wholly by God's grace and the saved will be repaid (i.e. saved or condemned) in accordance with what they have done. Thus, Paul can promise eternal life to those who 'do good', while threatening wrath upon the disobedient (Rom 2:6-11), and without undermining justification by faith. This thorough 1999 examination of second temple and pauline texts interacts with discussions of 'covenantal nomism', justification, and the 'new perspective' on Paul to explore the Jewishness of the apostle's theology.
• An English-language study devoted exclusively to the topic of 'judgement according to deeds' in Paul and Judaism • Based on a rigourous treatment of the relevant Jewish and Pauline texts • Proposes a balanced resolution of judgement and justification in Paul
Preface; List of abbreviations; Introduction; Part I. Judgment According to Deeds in Jewish Literature: 1. The use of the motif in the Jewish scriptures; 2. The use of the motif in the Old Testament pseudepigrapha; 3. The use of the motif in the Qumran literature; Part II. Judgment According to Deeds in Paul's Letters: 4. Judgment according to deeds in Paul's letter to the Romans; 5. Judgment according to deeds in 1 Corinthians; 6. Judgment according to deeds in 2 Corinthians and Colossians; 7. Paul and a Jewish motif: conclusions; Appendices; Bibliography; Subject index; Index of passages.
'A straightforward sensible reading of Paul …' Expository Times