Over the twentieth century monetary theory played a crucial role in the evolution of the international monetary system. The severe shocks and monetary gyrations of the interwar years interacted with theoretical developments that superseded the rigid rules of commodity standards and led to the full-fledged conception of monetary policy. The definitive demise of the gold standard then paved the way for monetary reconstruction. Monetary theory was a decisive factor in the design of the reform proposals, in the Bretton Woods negotiations, and in forging the new monetary order. The Bretton Woods system - successful but nevertheless short-lived - suffered from latent inconsistencies, both analytical and institutional, which fatally undermined the foundations of the postwar monetary architecture and brought about the epochal transition from commodity money to fiat money.
• Major reinterpretation of topic of perrenial interest • Author is internationally known for this topic • Based on primary and secondary sources
1. Introduction; 2. International monetary equilibrium and the properties of the gold standard; 3. The international monetary system between the world wars; 4. The monetary system in economic analysis: the critique of the gold standard; 5. The Great Depression: overturning the state of the art; 6. Providing for a new monetary order; 7. The Bretton Woods Agreements; 8. Bretton Woods and after.
'Filippo Cesarano has written a masterful survey of the literature on the evolution of the global regime from the classical gold standard to the present era of fiat money. The book is a must-read for any serious scholar of the international monetary system. His careful interweave of economic history, the history of economic doctrine, and modern monetary theory reveals the importance of the principles of monetary theory for the successes and failures of the sequence of monetary regimes from the pre-1914 gold standard, to the gold exchange standard, to Bretton Woods, and to the present penchant for monetary unions.' Michael Bordo, Rutgers University
'Cesarano has written a splendid book. As a long-run economic explanation for the origins, life, and collapse of Bretton Woods, it is difficult to see how it could be bettered.' Forrest Capie, Economic History Review
'Monetary Theory and Bretton Woods shows conclusively that the evolution of monetary doctrines is best understood if studied in the light of the challenges of policy making in a complex interdependent world. The result is a fascinating account that skillfully combines the history of monetary theory with the history of the international monetary system.' Marc Flandreau, Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris
'In a bold extension of a more familiar economic logic, Filippo Cesarano argues that theoretical thinking is a central, even decisive, part of what shapes society's economic institutions. Cesarano's book stands out for the novelty and importance of his core argument as well as the force with which he combines the history of ideas and the history of events to support it.' Benjamin Friedman, Harvard University
'This study deserves the attention not just of the intellectual historian but also of any practically minded reader who is seeking a deeper understanding of today's international monetary system.' David Laidler, University of Western Ontario
'… Cesarano rediscovers and distils the ideas of dozens of economists.' Journal of European Economic History