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A Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology

A Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology
How People Think People Think

$94.99 (P)

  • Date Published: September 2017
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9781107151000

$ 94.99 (P)
Hardback

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About the Authors
  • Commonsense psychology refers to the implicit theories that we all use to make sense of people's behavior in terms of their beliefs, goals, plans, and emotions. These are also the theories we employ when we anthropomorphize complex machines and computers as if they had humanlike mental lives. In order to successfully cooperate and communicate with people, these theories will need to be represented explicitly in future artificial intelligence systems. This book provides a large-scale logical formalization of commonsense psychology in support of humanlike artificial intelligence. It uses formal logic to encode the deep lexical semantics of the full breadth of psychological words and phrases, providing fourteen hundred axioms of first-order logic organized into twenty-nine commonsense psychology theories and sixteen background theories. This in-depth exploration of human commonsense reasoning for artificial intelligence researchers, linguists, and cognitive and social psychologists will serve as a foundation for the development of humanlike artificial intelligence.

    • Catalogues the full breadth of psychological words and phrases in the English language
    • Provides twenty-nine commonsense psychology theories and sixteen background theories, described in fourteen hundred axioms of first-order logic
    • Establishes a foundation for the future development of artificial intelligence
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    Product details

    • Date Published: September 2017
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9781107151000
    • length: 584 pages
    • dimensions: 260 x 182 x 33 mm
    • weight: 1.2kg
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. Commonsense Psychology:
    1. Commonsense psychology and psychology
    2. Commonsense psychology and computers
    3. Formalizing commonsense psychology
    4. Commonsense psychology and language
    Part II. Background Theories:
    5. Eventualities and their structure
    6. Traditional set theory
    7. Substitution, typical elements, and instances
    8. Logic reified
    9. Functions and sequences
    10. Composite entities
    11. Defeasibility
    12. Scales
    13. Arithmetic
    14. Change of state
    15. Causality
    16. Time
    17. Event structure
    18. Space
    19. Persons
    20. Modality
    Part III. Commonsense Psychology Theories:
    21. Knowledge management
    22. Similarity comparisons
    23. Memory
    24. Envisioning
    25. Explanation
    26. Managing expectations
    27. Other agent reasoning
    28. Goals
    29. Goal themes
    30. Threats and threat detection
    31. Plans
    32. Goal management
    33. Execution envisionment
    34. Causes of failure
    35. Plan elements
    36. Planning modalities
    37. Planning goals
    38. Plan construction
    39. Plan adaptation
    40. Design
    41. Decisions
    42. Scheduling
    43. Monitoring
    44. Execution modalities
    45. Execution control
    46. Repetitive execution
    47. Mind-body interaction
    48. Observation of plan executions
    49. Emotions.

  • Authors

    Andrew S. Gordon, University of Southern California
    Andrew S. Gordon is Research Associate Professor of Computer Science and Director of Interactive Narrative Research at the Institute for Creative Technologies at the University of Southern California. His research advances technologies for automatically analyzing and generating narrative interpretations of experiences. A central aim of his research is the large-scale formalization of commonsense knowledge, and reasoning with these formalizations using logical abduction. He is the author of the 2004 book, Strategy Representation: An Analysis of Planning Knowledge.

    Jerry R. Hobbs, University of Southern California
    Jerry R. Hobbs is Chief Scientist for Natural Language Processing at the Information Sciences Institute and a Research Professor at the University of Southern California. He has numerous publications in computational linguistics, artificial intelligence, knowledge representation, information extraction, and discourse analysis. He was editor of the book Formal Theories of the Commonsense World (1985) and author of Literature and Cognition (1990). He is a fellow of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, a past president of the Association for Computational Linguistics and a recipient of the organization's Lifetime Achievement Award.

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