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Machine Ethics

$180.00 (C)

James Moor, Susan Leigh Anderson, J. Storrs Hall, Colin Allen, Wendell Wallach, Iva Smit, Sherry Turkel, Drew McDermott, Steve Torrance, Blay Whitby, John Sullins, Deborah G. Johnson, Luciano Floridi, David J. Calverley, James Gips, Roger Clarke, Bruce McLaren, Marcello Guarini, Alan K. Mackworth, Selmer Bringsjord, Joshua Taylor, Bram van Heuveln, Konstantine Arkoudas, Micah Clark, Ralph Wojtowicz, Matteo Turilli, Luis Moniz Pereira, Ari Saptawijaya, Morteza Dehghani, Ken Forbus, Emmett Tomai, Matthew Klenk, Peter Danielson, Christopher Grau, Thomas M. Powers, Michael Anderson, Helen Seville, Debora G. Field, Eric Dietrich
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  • Date Published: May 2011
  • availability: Available
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9780521112352

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About the Authors
  • The new field of machine ethics is concerned with giving machines ethical principles, or a procedure for discovering a way to resolve the ethical dilemmas they might encounter, enabling them to function in an ethically responsible manner through their own ethical decision making. Developing ethics for machines, in contrast to developing ethics for human beings who use machines, is by its nature an interdisciplinary endeavor. The essays in this volume represent the first steps by philosophers and artificial intelligence researchers toward explaining why it is necessary to add an ethical dimension to machines that function autonomously, what is required in order to add this dimension, philosophical and practical challenges to the machine ethics project, various approaches that could be considered in attempting to add an ethical dimension to machines, work that has been done to date in implementing these approaches, and visions of the future of machine ethics research.

    • Extensive introductions in each section of the book help the reader to understand the essays included and possible concerns with the perspectives presented
    • Presents a logical progression of the work that has been done in machine ethics
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    Reviews & endorsements

    "The variety of different opinions, combined with the intellectual honesty of the editors - going so far as to admit that critics might find one of their included papers to be naïve - makes for a refreshing experience. The book is suitable for beginners in the field of machine ethics, providing an introduction to this exciting new field of research."
    Riemer Brouwer, Computing Reviews

    "This anthology comprises a well-chosen collection of papers that are individually interesting and well worth reading on their own. Several essays stand out as exceptional contributions."
    George Lazaroiu, Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice

    "… a thought-provoking introduction to the field of machine ethics, and I recommend it to students and researchers outside of the field who are looking to broaden their interests."
    Cory Siler, Artificial Intelligence

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    Product details

    • Date Published: May 2011
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9780521112352
    • length: 548 pages
    • dimensions: 236 x 163 x 30 mm
    • weight: 0.93kg
    • contains: 50 b/w illus.
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. The Nature of Machine Ethics:
    1. The nature, importance, and difficulty of machine ethics James Moor
    2. Machine metaethics Susan Leigh Anderson
    3. Ethics for machines J. Storrs Hall
    Part II. The Importance of Machine Ethics:
    4. Why machine ethics? Colin Allen, Wendell Wallach and Iva Smit
    5. Authenticity in the age of digital companions Sherry Turkel
    Part III. Issues Concerning Machine Ethics:
    6. What matters to a machine? Drew McDermott
    7. Machine ethics and the idea of a more-than-human moral world Steve Torrance
    8. On computable morality: an examination of machines as moral advisors Blay Whitby
    9. When is a robot a moral agent? John Sullins
    10. Philosophical concerns with machine ethics Susan Leigh Anderson
    11. Computer systems: moral ethics but not moral agents Deborah G. Johnson
    12. On the morality of artificial agents Luciano Floridi
    13. Legal rights for machines: some fundamental concepts David J. Calverley
    Part IV. Approaches to Machine Ethics:
    14. Towards the ethical robot James Gips
    15. Asimov's laws of robotics: implications for information technology Roger Clarke
    16. The unacceptability of Asimov's 'three laws of robotics' as a basis for machine ethics Susan Leigh Anderson
    17. Computational models of ethical reasoning: challenges, initial steps, and future directions Bruce McLaren
    18. Computational neural modeling and the philosophy of ethics: reflections on the particularism-generalism debate Marcello Guarini
    19. Architectures and ethics for robots: constraint satisfaction as a unitary design framework Alan K. Mackworth
    20. Piagetian roboethics via category theory: moving beyond mere formal operations to engineer robots whose decisions are guaranteed to be ethically correct Selmer Bringsjord, Joshua Taylor, Bram van Heuveln, Konstantine Arkoudas, Micah Clark and Ralph Wojtowicz
    21. Ethical protocols design Matteo Turilli
    22. Modelling morality with prospective logic Luis Moniz Pereira and Ari Saptawijaya
    23. An integrated reasoning approach to moral decision-making Morteza Dehghani, Ken Forbus, Emmett Tomai and Matthew Klenk
    24. Prototyping n-reasons: a computer mediated ethics machine Peter Danielson
    25. There is no 'I' in 'robot': robots and utilitarianism Christopher Grau
    26. Prospects for a Kantian machine Thomas M. Powers
    27. A prima facie duty approach to machine ethics: machine learning of features of ethical dilemmas, prima facie duties and decision principles, through a dialogue with ethicists Susan Leigh Anderson and Michael Anderson
    Part V. Visions for Machine Ethics:
    28. What can AI do for ethics? Helen Seville and Debora G. Field
    29. Ethics for self-improving machines J. Storrs Hall
    30. How machines might help us to achieve breakthroughs in ethical theory and inspire us to behave better Susan Leigh Anderson
    31. Homo sapiens 2.0: building the better robots of our nature Eric Dietrich.

  • Editors

    Michael Anderson, University of Hartford, Connecticut
    Dr Michael Anderson is an Associate Professor of Computer Science at the University of Hartford, West Hartford, Connecticut. His interest in further enabling machine autonomy led him, first, to investigate how a computer might deal with diagrammatic information, work that was funded by the National Science Foundation. This interest has currently resulted in his establishing machine ethics as a bona fide field of scientific inquiry with Susan Leigh Anderson. He maintains the Machine Ethics website (www.machineethics.org).

    Susan Leigh Anderson, University of Connecticut
    Dr Susan Leigh Anderson is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of Connecticut. Her specialty is applied ethics, most recently focusing on biomedical ethics and machine ethics. She has received funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities and, with Michael Anderson, from NASA and the NSF. She is the author of three books in the Wadsworth Philosophers Series, as well as numerous articles.

    Contributors

    James Moor, Susan Leigh Anderson, J. Storrs Hall, Colin Allen, Wendell Wallach, Iva Smit, Sherry Turkel, Drew McDermott, Steve Torrance, Blay Whitby, John Sullins, Deborah G. Johnson, Luciano Floridi, David J. Calverley, James Gips, Roger Clarke, Bruce McLaren, Marcello Guarini, Alan K. Mackworth, Selmer Bringsjord, Joshua Taylor, Bram van Heuveln, Konstantine Arkoudas, Micah Clark, Ralph Wojtowicz, Matteo Turilli, Luis Moniz Pereira, Ari Saptawijaya, Morteza Dehghani, Ken Forbus, Emmett Tomai, Matthew Klenk, Peter Danielson, Christopher Grau, Thomas M. Powers, Michael Anderson, Helen Seville, Debora G. Field, Eric Dietrich

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