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Dynamics and Predictability of Large-Scale, High-Impact Weather and Climate Events

$140.00 (C)

Part of Special Publications of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics

Mark Rodwell, Alan Thorpe, Guoxiong Wu, Yongjun Zheng, Yimin Liu, Pardeep Pall, Michael Wehner, Dáithí Stone, Xuebin Zhang, Francis Zwiers, Olivia Martius, Gwendal Rivière, Nili Harnik, Chaim Garfinkel, Orli Lachmy, Richard Swinbank, Petra Friederichs, Sabrina Wahl, Tim Woollings, Adam A. Scaife, Russell L. Elsberry, Hsiao-Chung Tsai, Fuqing Zhang, Christopher Melhauser, Dandan Tao, Y. Qiang Sun, Erin B. Munsell, Yonghui Weng, Jason A. Sippel, Patrick Harr, Heather M. Archambault, Chun-Chieh Wu, Yi-Hsuan Huang, Zhe-Min Tan, Tom Beer, Oscar Alves, Fabio D'Andrea, Philippe Drobinski, Marc Stéfanon, Richard Grotjahn, Zhiwei Wu, Jianping Li, Robin Clark, Hisashi Nakamura, Kazuaki Nishii, Lin Wang, Yvan J. Orsolini, Koutarou Takaya, Henk A. Dijkstra, Sumant Nigam, Alfredo Ruiz-Barradas, Hyacinth C. Nnamchi, Peter G. Baines, Benjamin J. Henley, Chidong Zhang, D. R. Sikka, Shang-Ping Xie, Yu Kosaka
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  • Date Published: May 2016
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9781107071421

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About the Authors
  • Based largely on an International Commission on Dynamical Meteorology (ICDM) workshop, this timely volume, written by leading researchers in the field, covers a range of important research issues related to high-impact weather and extreme climate events. Dynamical linkages between these extremes and various atmospheric and ocean phenomena are examined, including Atlantic Multidecadal, North Atlantic, and Madden–Julian Oscillations; Annular Modes; tropical cyclones; and Asian monsoons. This book also examines the predictability of high-impact weather and extreme climate events on multiple time scales. Highlighting recent research and new advances in the field, this book enhances understanding of dynamical and physical processes associated with these events to help managers and policy makers make informed decisions to manage risk and prevent or mitigate disasters. It also provides guidance on future research directions in atmospheric science, meteorology, climate science, and weather forecasting, for experts and young scientists.

    • Emphasises the predictability of extreme events, providing useful background information to help policymakers and managers plan for climate extremes and shorter-term forecasts of severe weather events
    • Provides a context for future research in the field of high-impact weather and climate extremes by compiling a wide variety of diagnostic and dynamical tools
    • Presents a less technical explanation of the dynamical processes involved in extreme weather events, making it accessible to a wider audience
    Read more

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    Product details

    • Date Published: May 2016
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9781107071421
    • length: 370 pages
    • dimensions: 286 x 224 x 23 mm
    • weight: 1.36kg
    • contains: 210 b/w illus. 51 colour illus. 18 tables
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    Preface
    Acknowledgements
    List of contributors
    Part I. Diagnostics and Prediction of High-Impact Weather:
    1. Global prediction of high-impact weather: diagnosis and performance Mark Rodwell and Alan Thorpe
    2. Severe weather diagnosis from the perspective of generalized slantwise vorticity development Guoxiong Wu, Yongjun Zheng and Yimin Liu
    3. Probabilistic extreme event attribution Pardeep Pall, Michael Wehner and Dáithí Stone
    4. Observed and projected changes in temperature and precipitation extremes Xuebin Zhang and Francis Zwiers
    Part II. High-Impact Weather in Mid-Latitudes:
    5. Rossby wave breaking: climatology, interaction with low-frequency climate variability, and links to extreme weather events Olivia Martius and Gwendal Rivière
    6. The influence of jet stream regime on extreme weather events Nili Harnik, Chaim Garfinkel and Orli Lachmy
    7. Forecasting high-impact weather using ensemble prediction systems Richard Swinbank, Petra Friederichs and Sabrina Wahl
    8. Storm tracks, blocking and climate change: a review Tim Woollings
    9. The North Atlantic and Arctic Oscillations: climate variability, extremes and stratosphere troposphere interaction Adam A. Scaife
    Part III. Tropical Cyclones:
    10. Opportunities and challenges in dynamical and predictability studies of tropical cyclone events Russell L. Elsberry and Hsiao-Chung Tsai
    11. Predictability of severe weather and tropical cyclones at the mesoscales Fuqing Zhang, Christopher Melhauser, Dandan Tao, Y. Qiang Sun, Erin B. Munsell, Yonghui Weng and Jason A. Sippel
    12. Dynamics, predictability, and high-impact weather associated with the extratropical transition of tropical cyclones Patrick Harr and Heather M. Archambault
    13. Secondary eyewall formation in tropical cyclones Chun-Chieh Wu, Yi-Hsuan Huang and Zhe-Min Tan
    14. Seasonal forecasting of floods and tropical cyclones Tom Beer and Oscar Alves
    Part IV. Heat-Waves and Cold-Air Outbreaks:
    15. European heat waves: the effect of soil moisture, vegetation and land use Fabio D'Andrea, Philippe Drobinski and Marc Stéfanon
    16. Western North American extreme heat, associated large scale synoptic-dynamics, and performance by a climate model Richard Grotjahn
    17. Decadel to interdecadel variations of Northern China heatwave frequency: impact of the Tibetan Plateau snow cover Zhiwei Wu and Jianping Li
    18. Global warming targets and heatwave risk Robin Clark
    19. Cold-air outbreaks over East Asia associated with blocking highs: mechanisms and their interaction with the polar stratosphere Hisashi Nakamura, Kazuaki Nishii, Lin Wang, Yvan J. Orsolini and Koutarou Takaya
    Part V. Ocean Connections:
    20. Response of the Atlantic Ocean circulation to North Atlantic freshwater perturbations Henk A. Dijkstra
    21. Key role of Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation in twentieth-century drought and wet periods over the US Great Plains and the Sahel Sumant Nigam and Alfredo Ruiz-Barradas
    22. Floods and droughts along the Guinea Coast in connection with the South Atlantic Dipole Hyacinth C. Nnamchi and Jianping Li
    23. The effect of global dynamical factors on the interannual variability of land-based rainfall Peter G. Baines and Benjamin J. Henley
    24. MJO and extreme weather and climate events Chidong Zhang
    Part VI. Asian Monsoons:
    25. Extreme weather and seasonal events during the Indian summer monsoon and prospects of improvement in their prediction skill under India's monsoon mission D. R. Sikka
    26. Interannual variability and predictability of summer climate over the Northwest Pacific and East Asia Shang-Ping Xie and Yu Kosaka
    27. Impacts of Annular Modes on extreme climate events over the East Asian monsoon region Jianping Li
    Index.

  • Editors

    Jianping Li, Beijing Normal University
    Jianping Li is Dean and Professor at the College of Global Change and Earth System Sciences (GCESS), Beijing Normal University. He is also an affiliated faculty member of the University of Hawaii, a Fellow of International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) and a Fellow of the Royal Meteorological Society. His major research interests include climate dynamics and climate change, predictability, monsoons, and annular modes. He is Vice-Chair of the IUGG Commission on Climatic and Environmental Change (CCEC), and Executive Secretary of the International Commission of Climate (ICCL) within IAMAS (International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences).

    Richard Swinbank, Met Office, Exeter
    Richard Swinbank is a Scientific Manager in Weather Science at the Met Office in the UK and a Fellow of the Royal Meteorological Society. He is currently President of the IAMAS International Commission on Dynamical Meteorology (ICDM) and Co-Chair of the World Weather Research Programme (WWRP) working group on Predictability, Dynamics and Ensemble Forecasting (PDEF). His research interests include ensemble forecasting, data assimilation, atmospheric dynamics and predictability of high-impact weather.

    Richard Grotjahn, University of California, Davis
    Richard Grotjahn is Professor of Climate Dynamics at the University of California, Davis. He is currently Secretary of the ICDM commission of IAMAS, and is Co-Chair of the US CLIVAR working group on Large Scale Circulation Patterns Associated with Extremes. His research interests include extreme weather, climate model assessment, and large scale atmospheric synoptic-dynamics.

    Hans Volkert, Deutsche Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt eV (DLR)
    Hans Volkert is Senior Scientist at the Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre (IPA), Germany, and currently serves as the Secretary-General of IAMAS. He was appointed by the Council of the IUGG in 2011 as one of the Union's three liaison officers to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), with a focus on atmospheric issues. His main research interests are in mesoscale meteorology, weather forecasting, and the development of meteorology as a branch of physics.

    Contributors

    Mark Rodwell, Alan Thorpe, Guoxiong Wu, Yongjun Zheng, Yimin Liu, Pardeep Pall, Michael Wehner, Dáithí Stone, Xuebin Zhang, Francis Zwiers, Olivia Martius, Gwendal Rivière, Nili Harnik, Chaim Garfinkel, Orli Lachmy, Richard Swinbank, Petra Friederichs, Sabrina Wahl, Tim Woollings, Adam A. Scaife, Russell L. Elsberry, Hsiao-Chung Tsai, Fuqing Zhang, Christopher Melhauser, Dandan Tao, Y. Qiang Sun, Erin B. Munsell, Yonghui Weng, Jason A. Sippel, Patrick Harr, Heather M. Archambault, Chun-Chieh Wu, Yi-Hsuan Huang, Zhe-Min Tan, Tom Beer, Oscar Alves, Fabio D'Andrea, Philippe Drobinski, Marc Stéfanon, Richard Grotjahn, Zhiwei Wu, Jianping Li, Robin Clark, Hisashi Nakamura, Kazuaki Nishii, Lin Wang, Yvan J. Orsolini, Koutarou Takaya, Henk A. Dijkstra, Sumant Nigam, Alfredo Ruiz-Barradas, Hyacinth C. Nnamchi, Peter G. Baines, Benjamin J. Henley, Chidong Zhang, D. R. Sikka, Shang-Ping Xie, Yu Kosaka

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