Robert Fitzroy (1805–65) is best remembered as the commander of HMS Beagle who took on Charles Darwin as the Ship's naturalist, but his most important scientific contribution was probably the establishment of the Meteorological Office in 1854. Convinced that falling barometric pressure was an indicator of storms, he had barometers set up at ports around the coast, so that boats would be aware of impending bad weather, and later had reports telegraphed to his office in London for collation; he invented the term 'forecasting the weather'. This work, published in 1863, gives an account of observations by himself and others, experiments, and proposals for future developments. Almost unbelievably, the Government declared that Fitzroy was exceeding his remit: he was instructed to restrict himself to collecting data, and it is believed that the depression he suffered at this setback was one of the factors which led to his suicide in 1865.
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- Date Published: April 2012
- format: Paperback
- isbn: 9781108048309
- length: 516 pages
- dimensions: 216 x 140 x 29 mm
- weight: 0.65kg
- contains: 14 b/w illus. 2 colour illus.
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
1. Introductory remarks
2. Meteorologic instruments
3. Meteorologic instruments
4. Historic sketch
5. Brief general glance at climates around the world
6. Lower, upper, and intermediate currents of air
7. Recapitulation and further explanations
8. Means employed to collect information
9. Effects of the greater currents of air and their offsets around the world
10. General view of climates in temperate zones
11. Temperate zone
12. Continuation of temperate zone
13. Utilisation of meteorology: its statistics and dynamics
14. Method of proceeding with telegrams
15. Supposed cases for forecasting and warnings of weather
16. Our atmosphere: its usual conditions
17. Diagrams illustrative of Polar and typical air-currents
18. Tidal effects of moon and sun
19. Extracts from various accounts quoted by Sir William Reid illustrating forces of hurricanes
20. Hurricanes in Pacific
21. A few extreme cases witnessed by the author
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