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Labor in the Era of Globalization

$105.00

Clair Brown, Barry Eichengreen, Michael Reich, Frank Levy, Peter Temin, David Soskice, Sanford Jacoby, Benjamin Campbell, Fredrik Andersson, Hyowook Chiang, Yooki Park, Yoshi-Fumi Nakata, Satoru Miyazaki, Paola Giuliano, Teresa Ghilarducci, Robert J. Flanagan, Knut Gerlach, Wolfgang Meyer, Paul Ryan, Steven Raphael, David Card
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  • Date Published: November 2009
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9780521195416

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About the Authors
  • The third quarter of the twentieth century was a golden age for labor in the advanced industrial countries, characterized by rising incomes, relatively egalitarian wage structures, and reasonable levels of job security. The subsequent quarter-century has seen less positive performance along a number of these dimensions. This period has instead been marked by rapid globalization of economic activity that has brought increased insecurity to workers. The contributors to this volume, prominent scholars from the United States, Europe, and Japan, distinguish four explanations for this historic shift. These include 1) rapid development of new technologies; 2) global competition for both business and labor; 3) deregulation of industry with more reliance on markets; and 4) increased immigration of workers, especially unskilled workers, from developing countries. In addition to analyzing the causes of these trends, the contributors also investigate important consequences, ranging from changes in collective bargaining and employment relations to family formation decisions and incarceration policy.

    • Systematic overview of decline in labor's fortunes by leading students of labor from US/Europe/Japan
    • Covers economic/political/sociological/business/historical themes
    • While principal emphasis is on US, international comparisons and contrasts are made
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    Reviews & endorsements

    “The essays in this volume drill down below the surface to provide rich explanations for three decades of stagnant wages, rising inequality, and increasing income insecurity. Without ignoring the effects of globalization, immigration, deregulation, and weakening of employment protection, the authors introduce important new analyses that incorporate variously institutions and cultural norms or examine less-studied linkages such as the impact of financial deregulation on labor markets. This is an important book with fresh insights into the causes and consequences of these developments.” – Eileen Appelbaum, Rutgers University

    “Bringing together a stellar set of economists and political scientists, this collection weaves economic arguments together with a nuanced analysis of institutions and political choices to explain the unraveling of labor’s gains since the mid-twentieth century. For anyone trying to understand, or do something about, the losses in income and security suffered by working people over the course of the last four decades, it will be an invaluable resource.” – Peter Evans, University of California, Berkeley

    Labor in the Era of Globalization is an awesome mix of political economy and institutional labor economics that shows that institutions – from unions to political structures and from financial institutions to the family and to labor laws – are important determinants of economic outcomes. The book is filled with fascinating, insightful, and occasionally irritating analyses that have more to say about the macro- and microeconomics of labor than the past two to three decades of laissez-faire theorizing. The only thing missing is a health warning on the jacket: Right-wing ideologues, true believers in perfect markets, beware: reading can cause an apoplectic fit, clenched fists, or a primal scream.” – Richard Freeman, Harvard University and NBER

    “The uniqueness of this volume is that its research focus goes beyond the standard labor market approach of examining comparative advantages across countries as a key source of international differences of earnings, employment, and job security. In contrast, Labor in the Era of Globalization’s emphasis on institutional arrangements provides a nuanced approach that allows for greater understanding of the differing labor market challenges that workers face in Europe, Asia, and the United States. Its topical coverage coupled with a dispassionate approach toward analysis suggests that this volume will generate great interest from practitioners in business, academia, labor, and government.” – James Peoples, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee

    "This volume is a valuable contribution to the debates about the deteriorating condition of American wage earners. Highly recommended."
    -CHOICE, R. L. Hogler, Colorado State University

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    Product details

    • Date Published: November 2009
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9780521195416
    • length: 476 pages
    • dimensions: 235 x 158 x 35 mm
    • weight: 0.77kg
    • contains: 53 b/w illus. 57 tables
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    Introduction Clair Brown, Barry Eichengreen and Michael Reich
    Part I. Political Economy and Labor Market Institutions:
    1. Institutions and wages in post-World War II America Frank Levy and Peter Temin
    2. American exceptionalism and comparative political economy David Soskice
    3. Finance and labor: perspectives on risk, inequality, and democracy Sanford Jacoby
    Part II. Institutions and Firm and Worker Behavior:
    4. How good are U.S. jobs? Characteristics of job ladders across firms in five industries Clair Brown, Benjamin Campbell, Fredrik Andersson, Hyowook Chiang and Yooki Park
    5. Increasing labor flexibility in Japan: the role of female workers in manufacturing Yoshi-Fumi Nakata and Satoru Miyazaki
    6. Ties that matter: cultural norms and economic behavior in Western Europe Paola Giuliano
    Part III. Contemporary Labor-Management Relations:
    7. The new treaty of Detroit: are VEBAs labor's way forward? Teresa Ghilarducci
    8. Symphony musicians and symphony orchestras Robert J. Flanagan
    9. Wage effects of works councils and collective agreements in Germany Knut Gerlach and Wolfgang Meyer
    10. Apprentice strikes, pay structure and training in twentieth-century UK metalworking industry Paul Ryan
    Part IV. Public Policy and U.S. Labor Market Structure:
    11. Minimum wages in the U.S.: politics, economics and econometrics Michael Reich
    12. Understanding the causes and labor market consequences of the steep increase in U.S. incarceration rates Steven Raphael
    13. Local labor market adaptation to increased immigration David Card.

  • Editors

    Clair Brown, University of California, Berkeley
    Clair Brown is Professor of Economics and Director of the Center for Work, Technology, and Society at the University of California, Berkeley and former director the Institute of Industrial Relations. She has published research on many aspects of the labor market, including high-tech workers, labor market institutions, firm employment systems and performance, the standard of living, wage determination, and unemployment. The industries that Professor Brown has studied in the field include semiconductors, automobiles, and high-tech start-ups. She is the author of American Standards of Living, 1918–1988 (1994) and coauthor of Work and Pay in the United States and Japan (1997), Economic Turbulence (2006), and Chips and Change: How Crisis Reshapes the Semiconductor Industry (2009).

    Barry J. Eichengreen, University of California, Berkeley
    Barry Eichengreen is George C. Pardee and Helen C. Pardee Professor of Economics and Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley, where he has taught since 1987. He is the author of Globalizing Capital: A History of the International Monetary System: Second Edition (2008), The European Economy since 1945: Coordinated Capitalism and Beyond (expanded edition 2008), and Global Imbalances and the Lessons of Bretton Woods (2006). A Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, and Research Fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research, he was Senior Policy Advisor at the International Monetary Fund in 1997–98.

    Michael Reich, University of California, Berkeley
    Michael Reich is Professor of Economics and Director of the Institute for Research on Labor and Employment at the University of California, Berkeley. He also co-chairs the Miguel Contreras Program in Labor Studies in the Office of the President of the University of California. Professor Reich has published numerous articles on labor market segmentation, racial inequality, the political economy of institutions in economic booms and crises, high-performance workplaces, living wages, and minimum wages. He is the author, coauthor, editor, or coeditor of thirteen titles in labor, industrial relations, and economic studies, including Racial Inequality: A Political-Economic Analysis (1981), Segmented Work, Divided Workers: The Historical Transformation of Labor in the United States (1982), Work and Pay in the United States and Japan (1997), the two-volume Labor Market Segmentation and Labor Mobility (2008), and the forthcoming Contemporary Capitalism and Its Crises: Social Structure of Accumulation Theory for the Twenty-First Century (Cambridge University Press).

    Contributors

    Clair Brown, Barry Eichengreen, Michael Reich, Frank Levy, Peter Temin, David Soskice, Sanford Jacoby, Benjamin Campbell, Fredrik Andersson, Hyowook Chiang, Yooki Park, Yoshi-Fumi Nakata, Satoru Miyazaki, Paola Giuliano, Teresa Ghilarducci, Robert J. Flanagan, Knut Gerlach, Wolfgang Meyer, Paul Ryan, Steven Raphael, David Card

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