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Studies in Resource Allocation Processes

Studies in Resource Allocation Processes

$186.00

L. Hurwicz, K. J. Arrow, H. Uzawa, A. C. Enthoven, F. J. Gould, S. M. Howe, H. D. Block, M. Nerlove, M. McManus, W. M. Capron
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  • Date Published: November 1977
  • availability: Available
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9780521215220

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About the Authors
  • One of the central questions of economics relates to the coordination of individual units within a large organization to achieve the central objectives of that organization. This book examines the problems involved in allocating resources in an economic system where decision-making is decentralized into the hands of individuals and individual enterprises. The decisions made by these economic agents must be coordinated because the input decisions of some must eventually equal the output decisions of others. Coordination arises naturally out of the mathematical theory of optimization but there is still the question of how it can be achieved in practice with dispersed knowledge. The essays here explore the many facets of this problem. Nine papers are grouped under the title 'Economies with a single maximand'. They include papers on static and dynamic optimization, decentralization within firms, and nonconvexities in optimizing problems. Fourteen papers are concerned with 'Economies with multiple objectives'. Among the topics covered here are stability of competitive equilibrium, stability in oligopology, and dynamic shortages. The final part of the book includes three papers on informational efficiency and informationally decentralized systems. Leonid Hurwitcz is the Nobel Prize Winner 2007 for The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, along with colleagues Eric Maskin and Roger Myerson, for his work on the effectiveness of markets.

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    Product details

    • Date Published: November 1977
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9780521215220
    • length: 500 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 32 mm
    • weight: 0.9kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Preface
    Acknowledgments for reprinted articles
    Part I. General Introduction: the design of resource allocation mechanisms L. Hurwicz
    Part II. Economies with a Single Maximand:
    1. General survey: decentralization and computation in resource allocation K. J. Arrow and L. Hurwicz
    2. Static characterization: constraint qualifications in maximization problems K. J. Arrow, L. Hurwicz and H. Uzawa
    Static characterization: quasi-concave programming K. J. Arrow and A. C. Enthoven
    3. Decentralization within firms: optimization, decentralization, and internal pricing in business firms K. J. Arrow
    4. Dynamic characterization: gradient methods for constrained maxima K. J. Arrow and L. Hurwicz
    5. The handling of nonconvexities: reduction of constrained maxima to saddle-point problems K. J. Arrow and L. Hurwicz
    The handling of nonconvexities: a general saddle-point result for constrained optimization K. J. Arrow, F. J. Gould and S. M. Howe
    The handling of nonconvexities: convexity of asymptotic average production possibility sets L. Hurwicz and H. Uzawa
    Part III. Economies with Multiple Objectives:
    6. Stability of competitive equilibrium: on the stability of competitive equilibrium I K. J. Arrow and L. Hurwicz
    Stability of competitive equilibrium: on the stability of competitive equilibrium II K. J. Arrow, H. D. Block and L. Hurwicz
    Stability of competitive equilibrium: on the stability of competitive equilibrium II: postscript K. J. Arrow and L. Hurwicz
    Stability of competitive equilibrium: some remarks on the equilibria of economic systems K. J. Arrow and L. Hurwicz
    7. Competitive stability under weak gross substitutability: the 'Euclidean distance' approach K. J. Arrow and L. Hurwicz
    Competitive stability under weak gross substitutability: nonlinear price adjustment and adaptive expectations K. J. Arrow and L. Hurwicz
    8. Stability in oligopoly: stability of the gradient process in n-person games K. J. Arrow and L. Hurwicz
    9. Studies in local stability: a theorem on expectations and the stability of equilibrium A. C. Enthoven and K. J. Arrow
    Studies in local stability: a note on expectations and stability K. J. Arrow and M. Nerlove
    Studies in local stability: a note on dynamic stability K. J. Arrow and M. McManus
    Studies in local stability: stability independent of adjustment speed K. J. Arrow
    10. Dynamic shortages: dynamic shortages and price rises: the engineer-scientist case K. J. Arrow and W. M. Capron
    Dynamic shortages: price-quantity adjustments in multiple markets with rising demands K. J. Arrow
    11. Foundations of price dynamics: toward a theory of price adjustment K. J. Arrow
    Part IV. General Characterizations of Allocation Processes: Optimality and information efficiency in resource allocation processes L. Hurwicz
    On the dimensional requirements of informationally decentralized Pareto-satisfactory processes L. Hurwicz
    On informationally decentralized systems L. Hurwicz
    Appendix: an optimality criterion for decision-making under ignorance K. J. Arrow and L. Hurwicz
    Author index
    Subject index
    Index of examples.

  • Editors

    Kenneth J. Arrow, Harvard University, Massachusetts
    fm.author_biographical_note1

    Leonid Hurwicz, University of Minnesota
    fm.author_biographical_note2

    Contributors

    L. Hurwicz, K. J. Arrow, H. Uzawa, A. C. Enthoven, F. J. Gould, S. M. Howe, H. D. Block, M. Nerlove, M. McManus, W. M. Capron

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