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In the thirteenth century, sculptures of Synagoga and Ecclesia – paired female personifications of the Synagogue defeated and the Church triumphant – became a favored motif on cathedral façades in France and Germany. Throughout the centuries leading up to this era, the Jews of northern Europe prospered financially and intellectually, a trend that ran counter to the long-standing Christian conception of Jews as relics of the pre-history of the Church. In The Jew, the Cathedral and the Medieval City, Nina Rowe examines the sculptures as defining elements in the urban Jewish-Christian encounter. She locates the roots of the Synagoga-Ecclesia motif in antiquity and explores the theme’s public manifestations at the cathedrals of Reims, Bamberg, and Strasbourg, considering each example in relation to local politics and culture. Ultimately, she demonstrates that royal and ecclesiastical policies to restrain the religious, social, and economic lives of Jews in the early thirteenth century found a material analog in lovely renderings of a downtrodden Synagoga, placed in the public arena of the city square.Read more
- Offers studies of the major Gothic cathedrals of Reims, Bamberg, and Strasbourg in English (most literature on these cathedrals is in French or German, and is therefore inaccessible to many)
- Offers a novel exploration of the Synagoga-Ecclesia motif in relation to imperial Roman artistic conventions
- Considers the popularity of the Synagoga-Ecclesia theme as a response to the Jewish-Christian interactions at the time, whereas previous studies have only addressed Christian conceptions of Jews or Judaism with no discussion of the ways the Jewish intellectual, economic, and social life might have impelled the Christian embrace of the theme
Reviews & endorsements
"Rowe's approach to her work is impressively versatile, drawing historical, textual, and material evidence into synthesis with formal and stylistic observations to walk the line attentively between the worm's-eye and the bird's-eye view of her subject. The breadth and soundness of the resulting book will interest a wide range of scholars in fields from art history and Jewish studies to theology, anthropology and beyond." -Pamela A. Patton, The Medieval ReviewSee more reviews
"...Rowe’s study represents a valuable contribution to the corpus of scholarship on Jewish-Christian interaction, medieval urban history and Gothic art. Scholars and students alike will want to familiarize themselves with Rowe’s arguments and imitate her interpretative methodologies." -John D. Young, German History
"The Jew, the Cathedral and the Medieval City is an excellent example of a study on the border between history and art history. … Rowe’s work … sheds new light on the Synagoga-Ecclesia theme through a probing study of the political and ecclesiastical milieux that generated the monumental ensembles at three important cathedrals: Reims, Bamberg and Strasbourg."
"Rowe’s book is one of very few studies of German Gothic sculpture in English; that alone makes it a significant contribution. … What makes Rowe’s study novel is her integration of the images into the social and political circumstances of their production and consumption, above all, those that involved the resident clergy’s interactions with and attitudes toward Jews."
The Art Bulletin
"Nina Rowe has succeeded in providing scholars with a provocative foray into the difficult problem of the relationship of artistic evidence to the lived realities of social and political life. Often she is forced to speculate, but she is always forthright about the limitations of her evidence. Not everyone will agree with all her conclusions, but no one working in the general area of her concerns can afford to ignore them." Speculum
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- Date Published: April 2011
- format: Hardback
- isbn: 9780521197441
- length: 346 pages
- dimensions: 254 x 178 x 21 mm
- weight: 0.82kg
- contains: 162 b/w illus.
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
Introduction: the Jew, the cathedral and the city
Part I. Imagining Jews and Judaism in Life and Art:
1. The Jew in a Christian world: denunciation and restraint in the age of cathedrals
2. Ecclesia and Synagoga: the life of a motif
Part II. Art and Life on the Ecclesiastical Stage - Three Case Studies: Introduction to Part II: nature, antiquity and sculpture in the early thirteenth century
3. Reims: 'our Jews' and the royal sphere
4. Bamberg: the empire, the Jews and earthly order
5. Strasbourg: clerics, burghers and Jews in the medieval city
Epilogue: the afterlife of an image.
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