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Imperial Portugal in the Age of Atlantic Revolutions
The Luso-Brazilian World, c.1770–1850

  • Date Published: May 2014
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781107640764

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  • As the British, French and Spanish Atlantic empires were torn apart in the Age of Revolutions, Portugal steadily pursued reforms to tie its American, African and European territories more closely together. Eventually, after a period of revival and prosperity, the Luso-Brazilian world also succumbed to revolution, which ultimately resulted in Brazil's independence from Portugal. The first of its kind in the English language to examine the Portuguese Atlantic World in the period from 1750 to 1850, this book reveals that despite formal separation, the links and relationships that survived the demise of empire entwined the historical trajectories of Portugal and Brazil even more tightly than before. From constitutionalism to economic policy to the problem of slavery, Portuguese and Brazilian statesmen and political writers laboured under the long shadow of empire as they sought to begin anew and forge stable post-imperial orders on both sides of the Atlantic.

    • A major addition to Atlantic history which enables readers to compare the Portuguese Atlantic with the better known British, French, Spanish and Dutch Atlantic worlds
    • Looks beyond the end of formal empire to reveal the ongoing connections between Portugal and Brazil and the ways in which a European state coped with, and was shaped by, decolonization
    • Integrates insights from European and Latin American history into a single narrative
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    Reviews & endorsements

    "By asking how the Portuguese Empire lasted not why it lagged, Gabriel Paquette overturns conventional historical wisdom on Brazil, Portugal and the Atlantic world. His erudite study also convincingly shows how essential political and intellectual history are for transnational and imperial history. All in all, a masterly achievement."
    David Armitage, Lloyd C. Blankfein Professor of History, Harvard University

    "This is an excellent work, which analyses the Luso-Brazilian World in the wider context of the Atlantic Revolutions, breaking away from national frameworks of historiography that have constrained research. The vigorous reform of the Portuguese Empire, followed by independent monarchical Brazil and long term disentanglement of the different parts of the Empire, are freshly assessed through a new evaluation of continuities in the economic, social and cultural fields."
    Francisco Bethencourt, Charles Boxer Professor, King’s College London

    "Gabriel Paquette brilliantly provides both historical evidence and analytical arguments allowing for a better understanding of the breakdown of the Portuguese empire in South America. He also presents a convincing explanation of the persistent and friendly relationship between Portugal and Brazil after Brazilian independence in 1822. The book offers new insights to demonstrate that the end of colonial empires is not necessarily the outcome of conflicts and rebellions, but rather the consequence of continuous and enlightened reforms. The book meets high research standards and is compulsory reading for all those interested in colonial and post-colonial historical studies."
    José Luís Cardoso, Research Professor, University of Lisbon

    'Painstaking, scholarly, revealing and judicious … It is inspiring to be told that we should speak of ‘degrees of independence’ and reject ‘the neat demarcation between colonial and national history’. It is comforting to find a historian alert to ‘fuzziness, wobbliness, ambiguity’ and ambivalence. Some readers may be disappointed at the hesitancy of the final summation, in which Paquette sees both ‘discontinuity and seamless transition’ at work. But his willingness to relish the beguiling contradictions of evidence helps to make this painstaking, scholarly, revealing and judicious work thoroughly admirable.' Felipe Fernandez-Armesto, The Times Literary Supplement

    "The book focuses on the thoughts and actions of policy makers, pamphleteers, and foreign diplomats whose intrigues place Portugal's fate very much in an international context."
    Choice

    "Paquette has provided us with an excellent narrative on the Luso-Brazilian Atlantic relationship that greatly transcends the narrow confine of the 1822 revolution. By weaving together Angolan, Brazilian and Portuguese developments, he has written a complex narrative of the southern Atlantic, which will speak to specialists of the Lusophone world. In addition, this outstanding work should also inform the reading of Atlantic Ocean experts and world historians."
    Rainer Buschmann, H-Empire

    "… a specific gap in the historical literature … The period of 1770–1850 can be a complex and confusing epoch in the history of Portugal and its empire, Paquette’s work is an important read for anyone aspiring to work on the subject in the ascribed periodization."
    Y. H. Teddy Sim, Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

    "Paquette's narrative and analysis [is] … the most perceptive since the publication of the Manoel de Oliveira Lima's still indispensable D. Joao VI no Brasil … Paquette reconstructs from a new angle the familiar events of Brazilian independence."
    Thomas M. Cohen, The Americas

    "… an impressive synthesis of secondary works … The book's major contributions include Paquette's willingness to give conservative and reactionary thinkers their due, to identify the long-term connections between eighteenth-century imperial reform and nineteenth century conservative thought, to elucidate complex transatlantic political manoeuvring and to remind us of the American empire's many legacies for later Portuguese history."
    Hendrik Kraay, Journal of Latin American Studies

    "… this book is a most welcome addition to the historiography of the Portuguese world. It confronts a phase in the history of that world too long ignored and avoided by historians. Easily the best account available on its subject, it is a considerable achievement and deserves to be widely read."
    Anthony Disney, American Historical Review

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    Product details

    • Date Published: May 2014
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781107640764
    • length: 466 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 26 mm
    • weight: 0.68kg
    • contains: 10 b/w illus. 1 map
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Introduction
    1. The reform of empire in the late eighteenth century
    2. From foreign invasion to imperial disintegration
    3. Decolonization's progeny: restoration, disaggregation, and recalibration
    4. The last Atlantic revolution: emigrados, Miguelists, and the Portuguese Civil War
    5. After Brazil, after civil war: the origins of Portugal's African empire
    Conclusion: the long shadow of Empire in the Luso-Atlantic world
    Bibliography.

  • Author

    Gabriel Paquette, The Johns Hopkins University
    Gabriel Paquette is an Assistant Professor of History at The Johns Hopkins University. He is the author of Enlightenment, Governance, and Reform in Spain and its Empire, 1759–1808 (2008), editor of Enlightened Reform in Southern Europe and its Atlantic Colonies, c.1750–1830 (2009) and co-editor of Connections after Colonialism: Europe and Latin America in the 1820s (2013).

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