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In an age of revolution, Mexico's creole leaders held aloft the Virgin of Guadalupe and brandished an Aztec eagle perched upon a European tricolor. Their new constitution proclaimed “the Mexican Nation is forever free and independent.” Yet the genealogy of this new nation is not easy to trace. Colonial Mexico was a patchwork state whose new-world vassals served the crown, extended the empire's frontiers, and lived out their civic lives in parallel Spanish and Indian republics. Theirs was a world of complex intercultural alliances, interlocking corporate structures, and shared spiritual and temporal ambitions. Sean F. McEnroe describes this history at the greatest and smallest geographical scales, reconsidering what it meant to be an Indian vassal, nobleman, soldier, or citizen over three centuries in northeastern Mexico. He argues that the Mexican municipality, state, and citizen were not so much the sudden creations of a revolutionary age as the progeny of a mature multiethnic empire.Read more
- Explains how indigenous societies helped shape Mexican citizenship and the early Mexican state
- Describes the role of central Mexican Indians in colonizing the region of today's northern Mexico and southwestern United States
- Reveals the influence of intercultural diplomacy and military service on the expansion and preservation of the Spanish Empire
Reviews & endorsements
"Sean F. McEnroe's deeply-researched and ambitious study recovers the evolution of hybrid Spanish and indigenous political institutions over three centuries in Mexico's dynamic and ethnically complex northeastern frontier. This is borderlands history in the service of big problems: citizenship, national identity, and the colonial origins of the modern state. A splendid, important book."
Brian DeLay, University of California, BerkeleySee more reviews
"Sean F. McEnroe has given us a masterful treatment of the history of the northeast of Mexico. He writes luminously about how Spanish colonists, sedentary natives, and nomadic indigenous peoples became citizens of Mexico. McEnroe’s main achievement is to dig deeply into the archives and the same time rise above the din of data to offer sweeping explanations and panoramic views."
Andrés Reséndez, University of California, Davis
"McEnroe's book is an ace. In a deft stroke of precision scholarship he is able to reveal how Tlaxcalans, Chichimecs, and Spaniards forged the Mexican northeast, as well as to tell us something new about empire, nation, and identity in Latin America. An impressive and most welcome addition to the literature."
Matthew Restall, Edwin Erle Sparks Professor of Latin American History, Pennsylvania State University
"McEnroe skillfully demonstrates how both Europeans and indigenous groups, particularly Tlaxcalans, used notions of the past and diverse understandings of the present to forge a multiethnic empire in Mexico. From Colony to Nationhood in Mexico is a fascinating read that not only rethinks Mexico, but also the intellectual and social roots of colonialism."
Charles Walker, Director of the Hemispheric Institute on the Americas, University of California, Davis
"McEnroe’s analysis is a major addition that … enriches our understanding of this under-studied, ethnically complex region in the colonial period."
Susan M. Deeds, The American Historical Review
'Sean McEnroe’s book looks at the Tlaxcalan Indians in northeastern Mexico during the colonial period, chiefly in what is today the state of Nuevo León and its extensions through a highly porous frontier into the province of Texas. The work contributes substantially to our knowledge of how the political incorporation of indigenous peoples took place in this zone of endemic warfare, and how the armed (Indian) citizen came to be the foundation of civil society by the time New Spain became the Mexican republic in the early nineteenth century.' Eric van Young, Bulletin of Spanish Studies
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- Date Published: June 2012
- format: Hardback
- isbn: 9781107006300
- length: 262 pages
- dimensions: 240 x 160 x 17 mm
- weight: 0.5kg
- contains: 13 b/w illus. 3 maps
- availability: In stock
Table of Contents
2. Tlaxcalan vassals of the north
3. Multiethnic Indian republics
4. Becoming Tlaxcalan
5. Exporting the Tlaxcalan system
6. War and citizenship
7. Modern towns and casteless towns
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