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The Muslim conquest of the East in the seventh century entailed the subjugation of Christians, Jews, Zoroastrians, and others. Although much has been written about the status of non-Muslims in the Islamic empire, no previous works have examined how the rules applying to minorities were formulated. Milka Levy-Rubin's remarkable book traces the emergence of these regulations from the first surrender agreements in the immediate aftermath of conquest to the formation of the canonic document called the Pact of 'Umar, which was formalized under the early 'Abbasids, in the first half of the ninth century. What the study reveals is that the conquered peoples themselves played a major role in the creation of these policies, and that these were based on long-standing traditions, customs, and institutions from earlier pre-Islamic cultures that originated in the worlds of both the conquerors and the conquered. In its connections to Roman, Byzantine, and Sasanian traditions, the book will appeal to historians of Europe as well as Arabia and Persia.Read more
- New research sheds light on the status of minorities in the formative years of the Islamic empire
- Analysis of documents from the Roman, Byzantine and Sasanian worlds will ensure interest from historians of late antiquity as well as Islamic history
Reviews & endorsements
"Levy-Rubin's monograph skilfully weaves together analyses of Muslim and non-Muslim sources to bring new light to a subject of early Islamic history that is well trodden by modern scholars but remains poorly understood."
Scott Savran, Review of Middle East StudiesSee more reviews
"… a very well researched and written book …"
The Muslim World Book Review
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- Date Published: September 2011
- format: Hardback
- isbn: 9781107004337
- length: 286 pages
- dimensions: 231 x 150 x 23 mm
- weight: 0.54kg
- contains: 3 b/w illus. 1 map
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
1. The roots and authenticity of the surrender agreements in the seventh century
2. Shurut 'Umar and its alternatives: the legal debate over the status of dhimmis
3. The date and the ideology of the Ghiyar code
4. The enforcement of Shurut 'Umar
5. The provenance of the modes of subordination of non-Muslims
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