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The Wars for Asia, 1911–1949 shows that the Western treatment of World War II, the Second Sino-Japanese War, and the Chinese Civil War as separate events misrepresents their overlapping connections and causes. The long Chinese Civil War precipitated a long regional war between China and Japan that went global in 1941 when the Chinese found themselves fighting a civil war within a regional war within an overarching global war. The global war that consumed Western attentions resulted from Japan's peripheral strategy to cut foreign aid to China by attacking Pearl Harbor and Western interests throughout the Pacific on December 7–8, 1941. S. C. M. Paine emphasizes the fears and ambitions of Japan, China, and Russia, and the pivotal decisions that set them on a collision course in the 1920s and 1930s. The resulting wars – the Chinese Civil War (1911–1949), the Second Sino-Japanese War (1931–1945), and World War II (1939–1945) – together yielded a viscerally anti-Japanese and unified Communist China, the still-angry rising power of the early twenty-first century. While these events are history in the West, they live on in Japan and especially China.Read more
- The author combines the methodology for studying grand strategy taught at the US Naval War College with knowledge accumulated over eight years of research abroad
- Relies on sources not only in English, but also in Chinese, Japanese and Russian
- Challenges the Western treatment of World War II, the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War as separate events
Reviews & endorsements
"Paine's study offers new perspectives on imperialist wars and interventions in twentieth-century Asia. Based on multi-archival research, it addresses a range of issues in the fraught relations of Japan, China, Russia, and the United States. Students of comparative history will find Paine's analytical framing particularly interesting."
Herbert P. Bix, Binghamton UniversitySee more reviews
"The author has written a highly original and provocative work, organized around the thesis that 'nested' civil, regional, and international wars defined East Asian politics and international relations over the first half of the twentieth century. By artful use of the latest Russian, Japanese, Chinese, and US primary and secondary sources, Professor Paine succeeds in showing how war changed the face of East Asia."
Stephen R. MacKinnon, Arizona State University
"The first integrated study of Asia's forty years of war. A major intellectual contribution."
Arthur Waldron, Lauder Professor of International Relations, University of Pennsylvania
"Paine has written a fascinating account of how modern East Asia was shaped by war. By disaggregating the three main wars in the first half of the twentieth century, [she] succeeds in showing how their causes and conditions were linked but still separate."
O. A. Westad, author of Restless Empire: China and the World since 1750
"This excellent and ambitious book deals with state-building and warfare in twentieth-century Asia. It underlines the critical role of war in modern Asian history and shows how often war trumped diplomacy. It shows too the terrible toll that warfare has exacted on China, Japan, and Russia. Paine gives an original, perceptive, and long-overdue reinterpretation of twentieth-century Asia."
Diana Lary, author of The Chinese People at War
"… an unsparing, surprisingly even and altogether enjoyable effort that truly deserves to be read widely by academics and policymakers who seek to make sense of the dangerous future that may lie ahead of us in Asia, thanks in great part to wars of the past."
J. Michael Cole, Taipei Times
"… Paine's book provides us with an important tool through which we can learn the lessons of the past. This in turn will hopefully allow us to plot a safer course in order to avoid any future wars for Asia."
Tosh Minohara, Pacific Affairs
"An excellent one-volume survey of Chinese military history in the first half of the twentieth century, The Wars for Asia, 1911–1949 will be of value to anyone interested in World War II and particularly the causes of the Pacific War."
A. A. Nofi, Editor, The NYMAS Review
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- Date Published: August 2012
- format: Hardback
- isbn: 9781107020696
- length: 498 pages
- dimensions: 235 x 161 x 33 mm
- weight: 0.81kg
- contains: 6 maps
- availability: In stock
Table of Contents
Part I. Fear and Ambition: Japan, China, and Russia:
1. Introduction: the Asian roots of World War II
2. Japan 1931–6: the containment of Russia and national restoration
3. China 1926–36: chaos and the quest for the mandate of heaven
4. Russia 1917–36: impending two-front war and world revolution
Part II. Nested Wars: A Civil War within a Regional War within a Global War:
5. Flashback to 1911 and the beginning of the long Chinese Civil War
6. The regional war: the Second Sino-Japanese War
7. The global war: World War I
8. The final act of the long Chinese Civil War
9. Conclusion: civil war as the prologue and epilogue to regional and global wars.
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