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The First America

The First America
The Spanish Monarchy, Creole Patriots and the Liberal State 1492–1866

$72.00 (C)

  • Date Published: September 1993
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521447966

$ 72.00 (C)
Paperback

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  • The Spanish conquest of America generated a profusion of chronicles, tracts and poetry, among which are figured several classics of the Renaissance. It also provoked a fierce debate between Bartolome de las Casas, who defended the Indians, and the humanist historians who glorified the conquerors. Thereafter, imperial jurists and churchmen acclaimed the Spanish monarchy as chosen by Divine Providence to establish a Catholic empire in the New World. Within the bounds of this universal monarchy, American Spaniards sought to define their social identity by installing Aztec and Inca civilisation as the historical foundations of their countries and by accepting Our Lady of Guadalupe and St Rosa of Lima as their patrons. When the voice of the Enlightenment re-stated the imperial critique of the New World's inhabitants, Creole patriots vigorously responded; and if in South America Simon Bolivar cited classical republicanism to justify independence, in Mexico Creole patriotism was transmuted into an insurgent nationalism that did not succumb to liberal ideas until the incursion of the reform movement led by Benito Juarez. This book is about the quest of Spaniards born in the New World to define their American identity. It demonstrates that across the three centuries of colonial rule, Creole patriots succeeded in creating an intellectual and political tradition that by reason of its engagement with native history and American reality was idiosyncratic, regionally diverse, and distinct from any European model.

    • This is the only work of its kind ie: the first systematic account in print of the three centuries of Spanish Imperial rule in America
    • Has sold over 1000 copies in hardback at £55/$64.95, selling particularly well in America, where the paperback is eagerly awaited
    • Will be of special interest to colonial scholars generally
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    Reviews & endorsements

    'Such a short summary of a book elaborating over nearly 700 pages of finely printed text cannot hope to do it justice. Brading offers a study of impressive scope, rich content and suggestive argument, filled with incisive essays on all the major thinkers and commentators on colonial Spanish America … it is a major addition to the historiography of the Hispanic world and will undoubtedly become a standard work of reference for anybody interested in the foundations of Hispanic American intellectual life.' The Times Higher Education Supplement

    'Brading offers a study of impressive scope, rich content and suggestive argument, … it is a major addition to the historiography of the Hispanic world and will undoubtedly become a standard work of reference.' The Times Higher Education Supplement

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    Product details

    • Date Published: September 1993
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521447966
    • length: 780 pages
    • dimensions: 227 x 150 x 36 mm
    • weight: 1.02kg
    • contains: 36 b/w illus.
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    List of illustrations
    Preface
    Prologue
    Part I. Conquest and Empire:
    1. A new world
    2. Conquerors and chroniclers
    3. The unarmed prophet
    4. The great debate
    5. Franciscan millenium
    6. The proconsul
    7. Andean pilgrim
    8. Jesuit triumphs
    9. History and myth
    10. The Catholic monarchy
    11. Tridentine prelate
    Part II. Strangers in Their Own Land:
    12. Inca humanist
    13. The Two Cities
    14. Creole patriots
    15. Annals of Ophir
    16. Mexican phoenix
    17. Western paradise
    18. Peruvian eclipse
    19. History and philosophy
    20. Jesuit patriots
    Part III. Reconquest and Revolution:
    21. The new state
    22. Erastian church
    23. Scientific traveller
    24. The great rebellion
    25. Liberals and patriots
    26. Insurgent creole
    27. Republican hero
    28. Civilisation and barbarism
    29. Mexican Leviathan
    Notes
    Bibliography
    Index.

  • Author

    D. A. Brading, University of Cambridge

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