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Although the Blitz has come to symbolize the experience of civilians under attack, Germany first launched air raids on Britain at the end of 1914 and continued them during the First World War. With the advent of air warfare, civilians far removed from traditional battle zones became a direct target of war rather than a group shielded from its impact. This is a study of how British civilians experienced and came to terms with aerial warfare during the First and Second World Wars. Memories of the World War I bombings shaped British responses to the various real and imagined war threats of the 1920s and 1930s, including the bombing of civilians during the Spanish Civil War and, ultimately, the Blitz itself. The processes by which different constituent bodies of the British nation responded to arrival of air power reveal the particular role that gender played in defining civilian participation in modern war.Read more
- Connects the civilian experience of the First World War with that of the Second World War
- Traces the development of political, social and cultural responses to the changing nature of war itself from 1914 to 1915
- Offers the first history addressing Britain's response to aerial warfare and to attacks on its soil during both the First and Second World Wars
Reviews & endorsements
“Professor Grayzel shows that in order to understand the real impact of the Blitz, it is important to go back a quarter of a century to the first aerial assault on Britain. Drawing on a vast range of sources and utilizing the theoretical sophistication of a historian at the height of her powers, At Home and Under Fire also manages to make us recognize once more the unprecedented shock of death from above and engages our sympathy with the people first caught under the bombs.” – Dr. Adrian Gregory, Pembroke College, University of OxfordSee more reviews
“At Home and Under Fire is an exhaustively researched and illuminating analysis of the impact of air warfare on Britain in the twentieth century. Grayzel thoughtfully analyzes the political and cultural responses to and consequences of the bombing in World War I, examining the policy and public debates at the time and in the war’s aftermath. She clearly demonstrates how weapons from the skies used against British civilians beginning in 1914 shaped interwar debates about controlling war, protecting civilian lives, and preparing for the war to come, and how these, in turn, informed responses to the massive attacks from the air in World War II. The book significantly enriches our understanding of the nature and consequences of ‘Total War.’” – Sonya O. Rose, Professor Emerita, University of Michigan
“Throughout the twentieth century, and into the twenty-first, civilians have been the subject of aerial bombardment as combatant nations and groups have sought to win conflicts by inflicting death and injury on those at home ‘behind the lines.’ In this riveting study Susan Grayzel traces the origins of this all-too-familiar form of warfare back to the early twentieth century, showing the impact of aerial warfare on the home and on those within. Exploring the responses to this new threat to personal and national security from the state, the media, and individuals, this is truly a book for our times.” – Lucy Noakes, University of Brighton
"[Grayzel's] book is a major achievement, providing us with a complexly argued and exhaustively researched account of British responses to the threat of aerial attack, one that illuminates the vital role of gender in how war was imagined and anticipated." -Geoffrey Field, Twentieth Century British History
Susan Grayzel now offers a wider perspective on the impact of the bombing of civilians, by explaining the ways in which everyday life was first 'militarized' by the attacks in the First World War. Grayzel effectively illustrates how the extension of the scale of conflict significantly affected the British people's attitude to the state, and how they subsequently became far more tolerant of its intervention in their daily lives." Ian Cawood, TLS
"At Home and Under Fire is a very welcome addition to the growing literature on the civilian response to aerial bombardment, particularly given the attention Grayzel pays to gender perspectives. Good uses of a wide variety of primary sources--films, press, books, pamphlets, government archives--together with a thematic structure makes At Home and Under Fire suitable for teaching graduates and advanced undergraduates." Brett Holman, The Journal of Military History
"Susan R. Grayzel has written an original book looking back at the long path leading to the Blitz . . . Its most striking contribution is showing the extent to which the two wars did form a unified whole, defined by the obliteration of the distinction between civilian and military targets . . . [the book is] a major contribution to women's history too." Jay Winter (Yale University), American Historical Review.
"Susan Grayzel provides an excellent and timely study of the early social and cultural impact of civil defence in Britain. . . . The early discussions of civil defence and the private, popular and state responses to it have a strong resonance in the post 9/11 world, and Grayzel's book is a salutary reminder that the defence of civilian and urban space from the air in Britain has a long history." Marc Wiggam (Aberystwyth University), Contemporary British History
"Grayzel persuasively argues that total war, especially aerial bombardment, perhaps more than any other phenomena, transformed British culture, weakening distinctions between public and private and precipitating the expansion of the state into the home..... At Home and Under Fire will appeal to readers interested in questions of war and society but will be especially useful to advanced undergraduates and graduate students studying the military or social history of Britain, as well as anyone interested in gender studies or in the growth of government involvement in the everyday lives of citizens within European democracies" Richard R. Follett, The Historian
"...will appeal to readers interested in questions of war and society but will be especially useful to advanced undergraduates and graduate students studying military or social history of Britain..." -Richard R. Follett, The Historian
"This detailed, well-written book chronicles the cultural transformation wrought by the air raid, in reality and in the British imagination, between the early Zeppelin raids of the First World War and the end of the Blitz in the Second." -Stephen Heathorn, The Journal of British Studies
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- Date Published: January 2012
- format: Hardback
- isbn: 9780521874946
- length: 334 pages
- dimensions: 234 x 160 x 30 mm
- weight: 0.62kg
- contains: 15 b/w illus.
- availability: In stock
Table of Contents
1. Modern war and the militarization of domestic life
2. Destroying the innocent: the arrival of the air raid, 1914–16
3. Redefining the battlezone: responding to intensified aerial warfare, 1917–18
4. Writing and rewriting modern warfare: memory, representation, and the legacy of the air raid in interwar Britain
5. Inventing civil defense: imagining and planning for the war to come
6. Trying to prevent the war to come: efforts to remove the threat of air raids
7. Facing the future of air power: responding to interwar air raids
8. Preparing the public for the next war: the expansion of air raid precautions
9. Protecting the innocent: gas masks and the domestication of air raid precautions
10. Responding to the air war's return: the militarized domestic sphere from Munich to the Blitz
11. Representing the new air war: morale and the domestication of the air raid in wartime popular culture
12. Conclusion: air raids and the domestication of modern war.
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