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A close examination of an understudied European Union member state such as Romania reveals that, since 1989, post-communist state and non-state actors have adopted a wide range of methods, processes, and practices of working through the communist past. Both the timing and the sequencing of these transitional justice methods prove to be significant in determining the efficacy of addressing and redressing the crimes of 1945 to 1989. In addition, there is evidence that some of these methods have directly facilitated the democratization process, while the absence of other methods has undermined the rule of law. This is the first volume to overview the complex Romanian transitional justice effort, by accessing secret archives and investigating court trials of former communist perpetrators, lustration, compensation and rehabilitation, property restitution, the truth commission, the rewriting of history books, and unofficial truth projects. It details the political negotiations that have led to the adoption of relevant legislation and assesses these processes in terms of their timing, sequencing, and impact on democratization.Read more
- First volume to examine the complex transitional justice process adopted in post-Communist Romania
- Reviews a range of official and unofficial memory projects and shows the ways in which they complemented or undermined each other
- Discusses the importance of timing and sequencing in the implementation of transitional justice programs
Reviews & endorsements
"Stan provides a detailed, authoritative account of the various ways that Romania has tried to deal with its Communist past in the two decades since 1989 … Recommended."
P. Rutland, ChoiceSee more reviews
"Not only does this book expose many of the grimmer realities of Communist times in Romania but it also chronicles the ingenuity and brazenness of post-1989 decision-makers keen to indefinitely postpone a reckoning with their collective past. The rigour shown in analysing the laggardly response to transitional justice is sure to enable Lavinia Stan’s book to be an important benchmark in the scholarly approach to the subject. … Very comprehensive in its scope, this is an impressive analysis of the range of responses, official and non-official, to coercive and cruel aspects of the recent past in Romania."
Tom Gallagher, Slavonic and East European Review
"I believe that Stan’s excellent analysis, which alternates highly theoretical considerations with countless examples of post-communist Romania’s TJ measures, makes this book a work of reference for TJ scholars, political theorists or historians. It is not hard to see that the model provided by Stan in this book will be emulated, or why the book is bound to become a major source of inspiration for any scholar attempting to investigate the politics of memory in post-communist Europe."
Liviu Damsa, Europe-Asia Studies
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- Date Published: July 2014
- format: Paperback
- isbn: 9781107429253
- length: 312 pages
- dimensions: 229 x 152 x 17 mm
- weight: 0.42kg
- contains: 3 tables
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
2. Court trials
3. Public access to secret files
5. Truth commission and official condemnation
6. Restitution of property
7. Compensation and rehabilitation
8. Rewriting history textbooks
9. Unofficial projects
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