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The World-Time Parallel
Tense and Modality in Logic and Metaphysics

$36.00 ( ) USD

$36.00 ( ) USD
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About the Authors
  • Is what could have happened but never did as real as what did happen? What did happen, but isn't happening now, happened at another time. Analogously, one can say that what could have happened happens in another possible world. Whatever their views about the reality of such things as possible worlds, philosophers need to take this analogy seriously. Adriane Rini and Max Cresswell exhibit, in an easy step-by-step manner, the logical structure of temporal and modal discourse, and show that every temporal construction has an exact parallel that requires a language that can refer to worlds, and vice versa. They make precise, in a way which can be articulated and tested, the claim that the parallel is at work behind even ordinary talk about time and modality. The book gives metaphysicians a sturdy framework for the investigation of time and modality – one that does not presuppose any particular metaphysical view.

    • First ever book-length study of the parallel
    • Establishes the importance and use of logic in understanding what is at stake in the metaphysics of time and modality
    • Starts at the beginning, and is essentially self-contained
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    Reviews & endorsements

    "This book advertises itself as an exploration of the world-time parallel, that is, the parallel between the modal dimension, on the one hand, and the temporal dimension, on the other. It is that, and much more.... this book is of interest to anyone who desires clarity about propositional content, de se knowledge (and indexicality more generally) and of course tense and modality … The book is rich with careful detail. It is full of places where various confusions are cleared away … there is so much packed into the various discussions that it is difficult to know where to start a review …"
    Kristie Miller, Philosophy in Review

    "… Rini and Cresswell offer an account of various kinds of propositions as sets of indices, and look at the possibility that truth at an index can be given an analysis in terms of a primitive notion of actual present truth … present an indexical semantics for temporal operators, and a parallel indexical semantics for modal operators … Rini and Cresswell show how to provide a semantics in terms of times and worlds for a tense and modal predicate language …"
    George Lăzăroiu, Review of Contemporary Philosophy

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    Product details

    • Date Published: February 2012
    • format: Adobe eBook Reader
    • isbn: 9781139211857
    • availability: Adobe Reader ebooks available from
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. Truth and Indexicality:
    1. Semantical indices
    2. Philosophical entities
    3. Situated truth
    4. The privileged position
    Part II. Predicate Logic: Tense and Modal:
    5. A formal language
    6. The non-existent
    7. Multiple indexing
    8. Time and world quantifiers
    Part III. Times and Worlds, or Tense and Modality?:
    9. Primitive modality and primitive tense
    10. 'Modalism' and 'tensism'
    11. The present and the actual
    12. Utterances
    13. Relativity
    Part IV. De Rerum Natura:
    14. Individuals and stages
    15. Predicate wormism
    16. Abstract and concrete
    17. Supervenience
    Appendix 1. The equivalence of Lmulti, Lxtw and Li
    Appendix 2. Language and metalanguage
    Appendix 3. Plantinga's metaphysics
    Appendix 4. Interval semantics
    Appendix 5. Fatalism and the world-time parallel (with H. Kocurek)

  • Authors

    A. A. Rini, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand
    Max Cresswell is Professor in the School of History, Philosophy, Political Science and International Relations at the Victoria University of Wellington. He has published ten books, including Entities and Indices (1990), Language in the World (Cambridge University Press, 1994) and, with G. E. Hughes, A New Introduction to Modal Logic (1996).

    M. J. Cresswell, Victoria University of Wellington
    Adriane Rini is a Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at Massey University, New Zealand. She is the author of Aristotle's Modal Proofs (2011).

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