The World-Time Parallel
Tense and Modality in Logic and Metaphysics
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Is what could have happened but never did as real as what did happen? What did happen, but isn't happening now, happened at another time. Analogously, one can say that what could have happened happens in another possible world. Whatever their views about the reality of such things as possible worlds, philosophers need to take this analogy seriously. Adriane Rini and Max Cresswell exhibit, in an easy step-by-step manner, the logical structure of temporal and modal discourse, and show that every temporal construction has an exact parallel that requires a language that can refer to worlds, and vice versa. They make precise, in a way which can be articulated and tested, the claim that the parallel is at work behind even ordinary talk about time and modality. The book gives metaphysicians a sturdy framework for the investigation of time and modality – one that does not presuppose any particular metaphysical view.Read more
- First ever book-length study of the parallel
- Establishes the importance and use of logic in understanding what is at stake in the metaphysics of time and modality
- Starts at the beginning, and is essentially self-contained
Reviews & endorsements
"This book advertises itself as an exploration of the world-time parallel, that is, the parallel between the modal dimension, on the one hand, and the temporal dimension, on the other. It is that, and much more.... this book is of interest to anyone who desires clarity about propositional content, de se knowledge (and indexicality more generally) and of course tense and modality … The book is rich with careful detail. It is full of places where various confusions are cleared away … there is so much packed into the various discussions that it is difficult to know where to start a review …"
Kristie Miller, Philosophy in ReviewSee more reviews
"… Rini and Cresswell offer an account of various kinds of propositions as sets of indices, and look at the possibility that truth at an index can be given an analysis in terms of a primitive notion of actual present truth … present an indexical semantics for temporal operators, and a parallel indexical semantics for modal operators … Rini and Cresswell show how to provide a semantics in terms of times and worlds for a tense and modal predicate language …"
George Lăzăroiu, Review of Contemporary Philosophy
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- Date Published: February 2012
- format: Adobe eBook Reader
- isbn: 9781139211857
- availability: This ISBN is for an eBook version which is distributed on our behalf by a third party.
Table of Contents
Part I. Truth and Indexicality:
1. Semantical indices
2. Philosophical entities
3. Situated truth
4. The privileged position
Part II. Predicate Logic: Tense and Modal:
5. A formal language
6. The non-existent
7. Multiple indexing
8. Time and world quantifiers
Part III. Times and Worlds, or Tense and Modality?:
9. Primitive modality and primitive tense
10. 'Modalism' and 'tensism'
11. The present and the actual
Part IV. De Rerum Natura:
14. Individuals and stages
15. Predicate wormism
16. Abstract and concrete
Appendix 1. The equivalence of Lmulti, Lxtw and Li
Appendix 2. Language and metalanguage
Appendix 3. Plantinga's metaphysics
Appendix 4. Interval semantics
Appendix 5. Fatalism and the world-time parallel (with H. Kocurek)
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