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Elements of Slow-Neutron Scattering
Basics, Techniques, and Applications

$180.00 (C)

  • Date Published: October 2015
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9780521857819
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  • Providing a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to the theory and applications of slow-neutron scattering, this detailed book equips readers with the fundamental principles of neutron studies, including the background and evolving development of neutron sources, facility design, neutron scattering instrumentation and techniques, and applications in materials phenomena. Drawing on the authors' extensive experience in this field, this text explores the implications of slow-neutron research in greater depth and breadth than ever before in an accessible yet rigorous manner suitable for both students and researchers in the fields of physics, biology, and materials engineering. Through pedagogical examples and in-depth discussion, readers will be able to grasp the full scope of the field of neutron scattering, from theoretical background through to practical, scientific applications.

    • An in-depth text that can be used as a textbook or reference by students, professors and practitioners
    • Contains the authors' combined ninety years of experience in this field at some of the most prestigious laboratories in the world
    • Covers both theoretical concepts and practical applications of slow-neutron scattering
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    Customer reviews

    08th Jan 2016 by Ghlander

    Review: “Elements of slow-neutron scattering” By J. M. Carpenter and C.–K. Loong Cambridge University Press (2015) It is just fifty years since this reviewer performed his first experiment in neutron diffraction for his PhD thesis at one of the Harwell (UK) reactors. At that time, the community of neutron scatterers was quite small, mostly physicists with the occasional chemist. Even 10 years later, in 1975, the first major Conference in Gatlinburg (TN) drew no more that 150 “experts”. At that time it was certainly possible to write a book on “all neutron scattering”. But things have changed a great deal since then, now there are major Conferences every 2nd year and the field has greatly expanded to include many new disciplines and, importantly, now includes both steady-state and spallation sources. My own feeling, before starting this new book, was that it would be exceedingly difficult to write a general textbook suitable for all neutron scattering however, that is exactly what the authors of this fine book have done. The book is some 500 pages long, and it does not stint on formulae. After a brief introduction by p. 22 we are faced with the “neutron transport equation” and by p. 24 the “diffusion equation”. These are both pretty formidable, and most practitioners will be somewhat overwhelmed, but there is good news. Unless one is really concerned with moderators, guides, or complicated ray-tracing exercises, one can pass on to the more familiar “Scattering theory” in ch. 3 for nuclear interactions, and then ch. 4 for magnetic interactions. Chapters 5 and 6 cover instruments for first diffraction and then for inelastic scattering. The next two chapters cover “Devices” and “Detectors”. It is fascinating to see how much progress has been made in the last 30 years in “devices”. One thinks, of course, of guides, but this is only a small part of the story. Detectors, likewise, have made much progress, and it is interesting to realize that these two, at first glance not so exciting, elements have been behind the considerable expansion of neutron scattering in the last 30 years. Unlike in the case of synchrotrons, the neutron sources of today are only slightly (perhaps a couple of orders of magnitude at best) more intense that those built in the 1970s it is just that we have learnt to use the neutrons better. After the “Detectors” chapter there are 5 more covering crystal structures, lattice dynamics, chemical spectroscopy, magnetic structures and excitations, and, finally, disordered large structures. In each case, the authors cover examples of work on steady-state and pulsed sources, so that these two are intermingled and that is at it should be. Every neutron is a good neutron. Of course, one can always find something “missing”, even in such an encyclopedic work. Reflectometers are certainly mentioned, but some of the polarized-beam studies on magnetic multilayers, often including off-specular scattering, are not. SANS is well covered, especially in Ch. 14, but there is no mention (except a historical one) of work on flux-lattices, which has had a significant impact on our understanding of the vortex state in superconductors. Neutron spin-echo is likewise covered, but there is little on the elegant experiments related to the dynamics of polymers. In general, inelastic scattering at very low-energy transfers, whether in chemical or biological systems, is mostly absent. Perhaps that is because this field is concentrated more in Europe than the USA? One could also argue that 500 pages are enough! However, this book is a masterly example of covering the basics – and it does have that word “Elements” in the title after all. Readers may find the mathematics formidable at first, but as they dig deeper into their experiments they will find the formulae of enormous importance for a fundamental understanding. Students will be encouraged to follow this path, and glance at other aspects, for example, detectors, which are part of their experiments. The power of neutron scattering is that is indeed capable of bringing such understanding, due, of course, to the validity of the Born approximation in describing the scattering – see p. 90 et seq! The authors have also used a system linking the book to their web page. I have never seen this done before and find it a most useful addition. However, they need to explain better how to make the links – one has to go to the webpage and then to “keywords”. All the entries are there, but some are not yet (Jan 2016) completed, so hopefully that will be done soon. I strongly recommend this book for anybody at the graduate level and above. It is laid out in a very clear manner and the illustrations are of excellent quality. Bravo to the two authors, who I had the privilege to work with in the early days of IPNS at Argonne National Laboratory. G. H. Lander ILL, Grenoble, France

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    Product details

    • Date Published: October 2015
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9780521857819
    • length: 536 pages
    • dimensions: 253 x 182 x 27 mm
    • weight: 1.22kg
    • contains: 197 b/w illus. 11 tables
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    Introduction
    1. About neutrons
    2. Neutron production, moderation, characterization of sources
    3. Scattering theory: nuclear
    4. Scattering theory: magnetic
    5. Neutron scattering instruments: diffractometers and reflectometers
    6. Neutron scattering instruments: spectrometers
    7. Devices
    8. Detectors
    9. Nuclear scattering: crystal structures
    10. Nuclear scattering: lattice dynamics
    11. Nuclear scattering: chemical spectroscopy
    12. Magnetic scattering: structures
    13. Magnetic scattering: excitations
    14. Disordered and large structures.

  • Authors

    J. M. Carpenter, Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois
    John M. Carpenter was Professor of Nuclear Engineering at the University of Michigan from 1964–75. He later became a senior physicist at Argonne National Laboratory where he originated and built the first accelerator-based pulsed neutron sources. He is now a Distinguished Scientist Emeritus at Argonne National Laboratory and was awarded the Clifford Shull Prize in Neutron Physics in 2006.

    C.-K. Loong, Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois
    Chun-Keung Loong was a senior physicist at Argonne-IPNS for twenty-five years. He engaged in the development of neutron time-of-flight spectroscopy and conducted numerous collaborative studies of advanced materials at pulsed and steady-state neutron sources worldwide. He is a seasoned lecturer and organizer of international workshops at many universities and government laboratories in the Americas, Asia, and Europe.

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