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Rescuing Science from Politics
Regulation and the Distortion of Scientific Research

$43.00

David E. Adelman, John S. Applegate, Carl Cranor, Holly Doremus, Paul M. Fischer, Donald T. Hornstein, Donald Kennedy, Sheldon Krimsky, Thomas O. McGarity, David Michaels, Sidney A. Shapiro, Katherine S. Squibb, Rena Steinzor, Wendy Wagner, Vern R. Walker
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  • Date Published: July 2006
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521540094

$43.00
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About the Authors
  • Rescuing Science from Politics debuts chapters by the nation's leading academics in law, science, and philosophy who explore ways that the law can be abused by special interests to intrude on the way scientists conduct research. The high stakes and adversarial features of regulation create the worst possible climate for the honest production and use of science especially by those who will ultimately bear the cost of the resulting regulatory standards. Yet an in-depth exploration of the ways in which dominant interest groups distort the available science to support their positions has received little attention in the academic or popular literature. The book begins by establishing non-controversial principles of good scientific practice. These principles then serve as the benchmark against which each chapter author compares how science is misused in a specific regulatory setting and assist in isolating problems in the integration of science by the regulatory process.

    • Contributors come from a wide array of disciplines, all of whom specialise in the study of issues arising at the interface of politics and science
    • Organized around universal principles of good scientific practice, each chapter identifies how the legal or political system violates these principles
    • Intended for policymakers and academics interested in the areas of environmental law, environmental policy and science-policy
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    Reviews & endorsements

    "These are difficult times for science in the zone where it converges with public policy. . . . [S]cience has been playing a critically important role in several areas that have become important exercises of government responsibility, including, but not limited to environmental quality regulations, litigation over damages associated with the external costs of private activity (toxic torts), and the legal responsibility of manufacturers for product harms. What has happened, in this more political contemporary environment, to science and the people who practice it? That is the subject of this book."
    From the Prologue by Dr. Donald Kennedy, Stanford University and Editor of Science

    "This compendium by some of the nation's top philosophers and legal scholars provides a chilling portrait of the heavy burdens on the scientific enterprise that have evolved over the past decade. Science remains an exquisitely social institution, with human fragilities, strengths, and follies. The marketplace of ideas is fettered by competing political interests. Democracy rests on an informed public that freely consents to be governed. This book reveals the precarious nature of scientific information on which any democratic society must depend."
    Devra Davis, Director, Center for Environmental Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute

    "For those who think of science as an honest and objective broker in policy making, this volume paints a very different picture, and it's not pretty. But it's the ugly side of the regulatory process, where scientific research is often distorted to serve questionable ends, that badly needs greater exposure. This book is an eye-opener that not only documents the problems, but also takes great pains to make sensible proposals for reform that merit serious consideration."
    Mark S. Frankel, Ph.D., Director, Scientific Freedom, Responsibility & Law Program, American Association for the Advancement of Science

    "This book begins with a sobering prologue by Science magazine editor-in-chief and former FDA commissioner Donald Kennedy alerting us to the dangers posed by the increasingly ruthless tactics used by powerful opponents to health and environmental regulations. The book proceeds with detailed example after example showing how opponents to governmental protections have engaged in deliberate and pernicious efforts to subvert the legitimate scientific process for their interest or that of their client and illustrating the Orwellian manner in which the concept of 'sound science' has been corrupted by special interests. This book is a must-read for anyone who cares deeply about science or how it is being both used and abused in public policy."
    Michael E. Mann, Director of the Earth System Science Center at Penn State University

    "At a time when the United States government is pushing the limits of the law in the interest of risk-producing industries, this book provides a much-needed scholarly analysis of our state of affairs and makes it clear that our policies require recalibration in the interest of public welfare."
    New England Journal of Medicine

    "This book does an excellent job of flagging the concerns and pointing us in the right direction toward reform."
    Jeffrey C. Lerner, Ph.D. Plymouth Meeting, Pennsylvania

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    Product details

    • Date Published: July 2006
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521540094
    • length: 332 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 19 mm
    • weight: 0.49kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Prologue Donald Kennedy
    Introduction: principled science Wendy Wagner and Rena Steinzor
    Part I. Freedom and Independence:
    1. Defending clean science from dirty attacks Thomas McGarity
    2. Basic science at risk: protecting the independence of research Katherine S. Squibb
    3. Publication bas, data ownership and the funding effect in science: threats to the integrity of biomedical research Sheldon Krimsky
    4. Science and subpoenas: when do the courts become instruments of manipulation? Paul M. Fischer
    Part II. Transparency and Honesty:
    5. Smothering the future: the data quality act and adaptive governance Donald Hornstein
    6. The dual legacy of Daubert v. Merrell-Dow Pharmaceutical: trading junk science for junk science Carl Cranor
    7. Using science in a political world: the importance of transparency in natural resource regulation Holly Doremus
    8. Two models for scientific transparency in environmental law David Adelman
    9. The transformation of science into law: default reasoning in international trade disputes Vern R. Walker
    Part III. Public Infrastructure:
    10. Politicizing Peer Review: the scientific perspective David Michaels
    11. Politicizing peer review: the legal perspective Sidney Shapiro
    12: The government role in scientific research John S. Applegate
    Part IV. Recommendations and conclusion Wendy Wagner, J.D. and Rena Steinzor, J.D.

  • Editors

    Wendy Wagner, University of Texas, Austin
    fm.author_biographical_note1

    Rena Steinzor, University of Maryland, Baltimore
    fm.author_biographical_note2

    Contributors

    David E. Adelman, John S. Applegate, Carl Cranor, Holly Doremus, Paul M. Fischer, Donald T. Hornstein, Donald Kennedy, Sheldon Krimsky, Thomas O. McGarity, David Michaels, Sidney A. Shapiro, Katherine S. Squibb, Rena Steinzor, Wendy Wagner, Vern R. Walker

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