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Advocacy Organizations and Collective Action

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Aseem Prakash, Mary Kay Gugerty, McGee Young, Anthony J. Gill, Steven J. Pfaff, Elizabeth A. Bloodgood, Clifford Bob, Maryann Barakso, Sarah B. Pralle, Alexander Cooley, James Ron, Jesse D. Lecy, George E. Mitchell, Hans Peter Schmitz, Sarah L. Henderson, Thomas Risse
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  • Date Published: January 2011
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9780521198387

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About the Authors
  • Advocacy organizations are viewed as actors motivated primarily by principled beliefs. This volume outlines a new agenda for the study of advocacy organizations, proposing a model of NGOs as collective actors that seek to fulfill normative concerns and instrumental incentives, face collective action problems, and compete as well as collaborate with other advocacy actors. The firm analogy is a useful way of studying advocacy actors because individuals via advocacy NGOs make choices which are analytically similar to those that shareholders make in the context of firms. The authors view advocacy NGOs as special types of firms that make strategic choices in policy markets which, along with creating public goods, support organizational survival, visibility, and growth. Advocacy NGOs' strategy can therefore be understood as a response to opportunities to supply distinct advocacy products to well defined constituencies as well as a response to normative or principled concerns.

    • Proposes a novel analytical approach to the study of advocacy organizations which treats them as 'firms' operating in policy markets, bringing more analytical clarity to how NGOs emerge, act and relate to each other
    • Integrates the study of advocacy into the broader research program on collective action
    • Demonstrates how advocacy NGOs and firms share many commonalities
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    Reviews & endorsements

    “This book brings together a top-flight team of scholars to address the factors that help shape the advocacy activities of international NGOs. Complementing previous research but starting from a different perspective than most, the chapters show that leaders of NGOs must establish their organizations’ individual identities, maintain their memberships, and worry about survival. Advocacy strategies are influenced, then, by these concerns as well as by the moral convictions of their members. An important contribution sure to inform as well as provoke.”
    Frank R. Baumgartner, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

    “Prakash and Gugerty have assembled an unusually innovative and imaginative set of essays on interest group advocacy. This important collection advances the field with its emphasis on organizational behavior.”
    Jeffrey M. Berry, Tufts University

    “Rather than characterizing advocacy organizations by their distinctive ideals and the intentions of their members, the contributors to this important new volume ask what can be learned by exploring the similarities with profit-oriented firms and collective action projects. The result is a collection of rich, theoretically-engaged case studies that significantly advance our understanding of the structure and strategies of advocacy organizations while generating compelling new questions about norms and shared values.”
    Elisabeth Clemens, The University of Chicago, and author of The People’s Lobby

    “…the volume contains valuable insights that propel the field of advocacy studies in new directions.”
    Joel Pruce, Josef Korbel School of International Studies, University of Denver, H-Human-Rights

    “the case studies in Advocacy Organizations and Collective Action offer insights that I expect will make the volume useful for courses in political science, political sociology, and for organizational behavior courses on advocacy and the global nonprofit sector. The volume makes an important contribution for those seeking to advance organizational research on advocacy groups in a context of blurring sectoral boundaries.” -Edward T. Walker, University of California, Los Angeles, Administrative Science Quarterly

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    Product details

    • Date Published: January 2011
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9780521198387
    • length: 334 pages
    • dimensions: 234 x 158 x 20 mm
    • weight: 0.65kg
    • contains: 5 b/w illus. 7 tables
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    Introduction:
    1. Advocacy organization and collective action: an introduction Aseem Prakash and Mary Kay Gugerty
    Part I. The Institutional Environment and Advocacy Organizations:
    2. The price of advocacy: mobilization and maintenance in advocacy organizations McGee Young
    3. Acting in good faith: an economic approach to religious organizations as advocacy groups Anthony J. Gill and Steven J. Pfaff
    4. Institutional environment and the organization of advocacy NGOs in the OECD Elizabeth A. Bloodgood
    Part II. Advocacy Tactics and Strategies:
    5. The market for human rights Clifford Bob
    6. Brand identity and the tactical repertoires of advocacy organizations Maryann Barakso
    7. Shopping around: environmental organizations and the search for policy venues Sarah B. Pralle
    Part III. International Advocacy and Market Structures:
    8. The political economy of transnational action among international NGOs Alexander Cooley and James Ron
    9. Advocacy organizations, networks, and the firm analogy Jesse D. Lecy, George E. Mitchell and Hans Peter Schmitz
    10. Shaping civic advocacy: international and domestic policies towards Russia's NGO Sarah L. Henderson
    Part IV. Towards a New Research Program:
    11. Rethinking advocacy organizations? A critical comment Thomas Risse
    12. Conclusions and future research: rethinking advocacy organizations Mary Kay Gugerty and Aseem Prakash.

  • Instructors have used or reviewed this title for the following courses

    • Advanced Policy Practice with Organizations and Communities
    • Government and Politics of the Middle East
    • NGOs in World Politics
    • NGOs, Civil Society, and Civic Engagement in Comparative Perspective
    • Public Relations and Social Advocacy
  • Editors

    Aseem Prakash, University of Washington
    Aseem Prakash is Professor of Political Science and the Walker Family Professor for the College of Arts and Sciences at the University of Washington. He is the founding, General Editor of the Cambridge University Press Series on Business and Public Policy and the co-editor of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. Professor Prakash's research examines core issues in the study of governance: how do institutions emerge, how they diffuse and get adopted, and how they impact outcomes. In doing so, he studies the complex relationship of businesses with governments and non-governmental organizations. His recent work focuses on the emergence, recruitment/diffusion, and efficacy of voluntary programs in the for-profit as well as the non-profit sectors. He is also examining issues pertaining to (1) NGO advocacy, (2) Corporate Responsibility, and (3) the influence of trade and FDI networks on the cross-country diffusion of rules, standards, and norms in areas such as the environment, human rights, labor rights, property rights and women's rights. Aseem Prakash is author of Greening the Firm: The Politics of Corporate Environmentalism (Cambridge University Press, 2000), co-author of The Voluntary Environmentalists: Green Clubs, ISO 14001, and Voluntary Environmental Regulations (Cambridge University Press, 2006) and co-editor of Voluntary Regulations of NGOs and Nonprofits: An Accountability Club Framework (Cambridge University Press, 2010), Voluntary Programs: A Club Theory Perspective (2009), Coping with Globalization (2000), Responding to Globalization (2000) and Globalization and Governance (1999). Professor Prakash received a joint Ph.D. from the Department of Political Science and the School of Public and Environmental Affairs (SPEA), Indiana University, Bloomington. His dissertation won the Academy of Management's 1998 Organization and the Natural Environment best dissertation award. Prior to gaining his Ph.D., he received an MBA from the Indian Institute of Man

    Mary Kay Gugerty, University of Washington
    Mary Kay Gugerty is Associate Professor in the Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs at the University of Washington, Seattle.

    Contributors

    Aseem Prakash, Mary Kay Gugerty, McGee Young, Anthony J. Gill, Steven J. Pfaff, Elizabeth A. Bloodgood, Clifford Bob, Maryann Barakso, Sarah B. Pralle, Alexander Cooley, James Ron, Jesse D. Lecy, George E. Mitchell, Hans Peter Schmitz, Sarah L. Henderson, Thomas Risse

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