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Why are transitions from authoritarian rule often marked by spikes in communal violence? Through examining Indonesia's recent transition to democracy, this book develops a novel theoretical explanation for this phenomenon that also accounts for why some communities are vulnerable to violence during such transitions while others are able to maintain order. Yuhki Tajima argues that repressive intervention by security forces in Indonesia during the authoritarian period rendered some communities dependent on the state to maintain intercommunal security, whereas communities with a more tenuous exposure to the state developed their own informal institutions to maintain security. As the coercive grip of the authoritarian regime loosened, communities that were more accustomed to state intervention were more vulnerable to spikes in communal violence until they developed informal institutions that were better adapted for less state intervention. To test the theory, Tajima employs extensive fieldwork in, and rigorous statistical evidence from, Indonesia as well as cross-national data.Read more
- Develops a novel theory on the sources of intercommunal order and violence during transitions and periods of stability
- Emphasizes the interaction between formal and informal institutions of security rather than observing them separately, as existing studies do
- Employs rigorous statistical methods on the most extensive micro-level data set on communal violence in the world's fourth largest country
- Presents in-depth data from interviews of victims, perpetrators, and other witnesses of communal violence
Reviews & endorsements
"In this book, Yuhki Tajima combines bold theorizing and painstaking analysis to draw profound lessons from the wave of violence that accompanied Indonesia’s democratic transition. Highlighting the interaction between state interventions and informal institutions, he makes a major contribution to our understanding of communal violence and order."
Edward Aspinall, Australian National UniversitySee more reviews
"Yuhki Tajima joins the debate on collective violence in post-New Order Indonesia with a powerful deployment of village- and census-level data, careful theory construction, and process analysis of multiple local settings. This intelligent book promises to bring Indonesia to the center of broader scholarship on the origins of communal violence."
Benjamin Smith, University of Florida
"In The Institutional Origins of Communal Violence, Yuhki Tajima skillfully links the shifting politics of government security policies to the eruption of communal violence in democratizing Indonesia. This book provides an important and creative new perspective on the intertwining of state and non-state violence."
Paul Staniland, University of Chicago
'Tajima argues that ‘mismatches between formal and informal institutions’ explain violent conflict in post-New Order Indonesia. …The book offers a useful contribution by drawing attention to the importance of non-state, local forms of policing and conflict prevention that have been effective at preventing violence in the absence of state enforcement.' Jacques Bertrand, Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies
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- Date Published: July 2014
- format: Hardback
- isbn: 9781107028135
- length: 224 pages
- dimensions: 235 x 156 x 18 mm
- weight: 0.46kg
- contains: 3 b/w illus. 3 maps 11 tables
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
2. An institutional theory of intercommunal order and violence
3. Building and constraining the Indonesian state
4. The problem of local order: a view from the kampung
5. A microstatistical test of the theory
6. Small-scale communal conflicts: Lampung Province
7. Outbreaks of large-scale communal conflicts
8. The theory in comparative perspective
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