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The Politics of Scientific Advice
Institutional Design for Quality Assurance

$39.99 (C)

Justus Lentsch, Peter Weingart, Sheila Jasanoff, Naomi Oreskes, Daniel Sarewitz, Susan Owens, Christian Streffer, Michael D. Rogers, Bert de Wit, Andreas Stucke, Frank A. G. den Butter, Gert G. Wagner, Geoffrey Podger, Sven Dammann, David Gee, Jeroen P. van der Sluijs, Arthur Petersen, Silvio Funtowicz, Reinhard Kurth, Susanne Glasmacher, Volker Perthes, Peter D. Blair, Peter Collins, Robin Fears, Volker ter Meulen
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  • Date Published: July 2011
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521177153

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About the Authors
  • Controversies over issues such as genetically engineered food, foot-and-mouth disease and the failure of risk models in the global financial crisis have raised concerns about the quality of expert scientific advice. The legitimacy of experts, and of the political decision-makers and policy-makers whom they advise, essentially depends on the quality of the advice. But what does quality mean in this context, and how can it be achieved? This volume argues that the quality of scientific advice can be ensured by an appropriate institutional design of advisory organisations. Using examples from a wide range of international case studies, including think tanks, governmental research institutes, agencies and academies, the authors provide a systematic guide to the major problems and pitfalls encountered in scientific advice and the means by which organisations around the world have solved these problems.

    • Proposes a new performance-oriented perspective on the issue of scientific policy advice
    • International case studies provide an overview of the main types of advisory organisations and their 'best practices'
    • Addresses the fundamental principles of quality control and the institutional mechanisms and practices implementing them
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    Reviews & endorsements

    “This impressive collection, featuring a stellar cast of leading thinkers in the field, provides an indispensable guide to anyone seeking to navigate the boundaries between science, politics and public policy.”
    – James Wilsdon, Director of Science Policy, The Royal Society

    “In a world where decision makers increasingly rely on expert advice, more attention than ever is needed on the capacity of scientific advisory bodies to bridge science and politics. Lentsch and Weingart not only help to fill this need with this timely and comprehensive volume, but do so in a way that emphasizes practical knowledge. This book is an important part of the bridge that they seek to build.”
    – Roger Pielke, Jr., Professor of Environmental Studies, University of Colorado

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    Product details

    • Date Published: July 2011
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521177153
    • length: 402 pages
    • dimensions: 228 x 154 x 20 mm
    • weight: 0.64kg
    • contains: 13 b/w illus. 7 tables
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. Methodological Issues. Quality Control and Assurance in Scientific Policy Advice:
    1. Introduction: the quest for quality as a challenge to scientific policy advice: an overdue debate? Justus Lentsch and Peter Weingart
    2. Quality control and peer review in advisory science Sheila Jasanoff
    3. Reconciling representation with reality: unitisation as an example for science and public policy Naomi Oreskes
    4. Looking for quality in all the wrong places: or the technological origins of quality in scientific policy advice Daniel Sarewitz
    Part II. Collegial Science Advisory Bodies:
    5. Knowledge, advice and influence: the role of the UK Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, 1970–2009 Susan Owens
    6. International Commission on Radiological Protection: policy and worldwide standards Christian Streffer
    7. The European Commission and the collection and use of science and technology advice Michael D. Rogers
    Part III. Collegial Science Policy Advisory Bodies:
    8. RMNO and quality control of scientific advice to policy Bert de Wit
    9. Quality assurance through procedures: policy advice by the German Science Council Andreas Stucke
    Part IV. Research-Based Advisory Organizations:
    10. The industrial organisation of economic policy preparation in The Netherlands Frank A. G. den Butter
    11. Quality control for the leading institutes of economic research in Germany: promoting quality within and competition between the institutes Gert G. Wagner
    12. Quality control and the link between science and regulation from a national and EU administrator's perspective Geoffrey Podger
    13. Science into policy: the European Environment Agency Sven Dammann and David Gee
    14. Reflective approaches to uncertainty assessment and communication Jeroen P. van der Sluijs, Arthur Petersen and Silvio Funtowicz
    15. Looking through the telescope: quality assurance in scientific advice to politics Reinhard Kurth and Susanne Glasmacher
    16. Scientific policy advice and foreign policymaking: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, the German Institute for International and Security Affairs Volker Perthes
    Part V. Academies of Science:
    17. Scientific advice for policy in the United States: lessons from the National Academies and the former Congressional Office of Technology Assessment Peter D. Blair
    18. Quality control in scientific policy advice: the experience of the Royal Society Peter Collins
    19. European Academies Science Advisory Council Robin Fears and Volker ter Meulen
    20. Quality control in the advisory process: towards an institutional design for robust science advice Justus Lentsch and Peter Weingart.

  • Editors

    Justus Lentsch, Heinrich Böll Foundation
    Justus Lentsch is Department Head of the doctoral programme at the Heinrich Böll Foundation, a green think tank and an international policy network.

    Peter Weingart, Universität Bielefeld, Germany
    Peter Weingart is Director Emeritus of the Institute for Science and Technology Studies (IWT) and Professor Emeritus of Sociology (of Science) at Bielefeld University.

    Contributors

    Justus Lentsch, Peter Weingart, Sheila Jasanoff, Naomi Oreskes, Daniel Sarewitz, Susan Owens, Christian Streffer, Michael D. Rogers, Bert de Wit, Andreas Stucke, Frank A. G. den Butter, Gert G. Wagner, Geoffrey Podger, Sven Dammann, David Gee, Jeroen P. van der Sluijs, Arthur Petersen, Silvio Funtowicz, Reinhard Kurth, Susanne Glasmacher, Volker Perthes, Peter D. Blair, Peter Collins, Robin Fears, Volker ter Meulen

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