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Thinking

Thinking
Readings in Cognitive Science

$72.00 (C)

A. S. Luchins, E. H. Luchins, A. Newell, T. Winograd, J. Huttenlocher, P. C. Wason, P. N. Johnson-Laird, J. Piaget, R. R. Sokal, P. H. Winston, E. Rosch, K. Nelson, M. Bowerman, K. R. Popper, T. S. Kuhn, A. Karmiloff-Smith, B. Inhelder, C. R. Mynatt, M. E. Doherty, R. D. Tweney, A. Tversky, D. Kahneman, M. Minsky J. D. Bransford, N. S. McCarrell, G. A. Miller, H. H. Clark, R. C. Schank, R. P. Abelson, R. A. Shweder, M. Cole, S. Scribner, E. Rosch, R. N. Shepard, J. Metzler, K. G. Oatley, M. Eisenstadt, Y. Kareev and H. J. Berliner
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  • Date Published: January 1978
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521292672

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About the Authors
  • First published in 1977, this is a volume about the scientific study of thinking: its possibility, its part state and its future prospects. The editors have brought together a set of readings which draw on work in cognitive psychology, artificial intelligence, psycholinguistics and philosophy. It is not, however, a mechanical or merely routine collection. At the time of publication there had been rapid and important advances in several different disciplines concerned with human thinking; many of these advances seem to be fundamental and convergent, to point towards a genuine cognitive science. The editors have tried to capture this sense of readiness, excitement and impetus in their selection of readings and their presentation of them. There are substantial introductions to each of the seven parts of the book as a whole to connect and explain the material, with the student and general reader particularly in mind.

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    Product details

    • Date Published: January 1978
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521292672
    • length: 632 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 36 mm
    • weight: 0.92kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Preface
    Acknowledgements
    An introduction to the study of thinking
    Part I. Problem Solving:
    1. Introduction: Wertheimer's seminars revisited: diagnostic testing for understanding of structure A. S. Luchins and E. H. Luchins
    2. Mental calculation M. L. Hunter
    3. On the analysis of human problem solving protocols A. Newell
    4. Formalisms for knowledge T. Winograd
    Part II. Deduction:
    5. Introduction: constructing spatial images: a strategy in reasoning J. Huttenlocher
    6. Linguistic processes in deductive reasoning H. H. Clark
    7. Self-contradictions P. C. Wason
    8. Reasoning with quantifiers P. N. Johnson-Laird
    9. A theoretical analysis of insight into a reasoning task P. N. Johnson-Laird and P. C. Wason
    10. Intellectual evolution from adolescence to childhood J. Piaget
    Part III. Conceptual Thinking:
    11. Classification: purposes, principles, progress, prospects R. R. Sokal
    12. Learning to identify toy block structures P. H. Winston
    13. Classification of real-world objects: origins and representations in cognition E. Rosch
    14. Some evidence for the cognitive primacy of categorization and its functional basis K. Nelson
    15. The acquisition of word meaning: an investigation of some current conflicts M. Bowerman
    Part IV. Hypotheses:
    16. Introduction: on hypotheses K. R. Popper
    17. A function for thought experiments T. S. Kuhn
    18. 'If you want to get ahead, get a theory' A. Karmiloff-Smith and B. Inhelder
    19. 'On the failure to eliminate hypotheses …' - a second look P. C. Wason
    20. Confirmation bias in a simulated research environment: an experimental study of scientific inference C. R. Mynatt, M. E. Doherty and R. D. Tweney
    21. Judgement under uncertainty: heruristics and biases A. Tversky and D. Kahneman
    Part V. Inference and Comprehension:
    22. Introduction: frame-system theory M. Minsky 23. A sketch of a cognitive approach to comprehension: some thoughts about understanding what it means to comprehend J. D. Bransford and N. S. McCarrell
    24. Practical and lexical knowledge G. A. Miller
    25. Bridging H. H. Clark
    26. Scripts, plans, and knowledge R. C. Schank and R. P. Abelson
    Part VI. Language, Culture, and Thinking:
    27. Introduction: likeness and likelihood in everyday thought: magical thinking and everyday judgements about personality R. A. Shweder
    28. An ethnographic psychology of cognition M. Cole
    29. Modes of thinking and ways of speaking: culture and logic reconsidered S. Scribner
    30. Linguistic relativity E. Rosch
    Part VII. Imagery and Internal Representation:
    31. Introduction: mental rotation of three-dimensional objects R. N. Shepard and J. Metzler
    32. Inference, navigation and cognitive maps K. G. Oatley
    33. Perception in game playing: internal representation and scanning of board positions M. Eisenstadt and Y. Kareev
    34. Some necessary conditions for a master chess program H. J. Berliner
    Bibliography (and citation index).

  • Editors

    P. N. Johnson-Laird

    P. C. Wason

    Contributors

    A. S. Luchins, E. H. Luchins, A. Newell, T. Winograd, J. Huttenlocher, P. C. Wason, P. N. Johnson-Laird, J. Piaget, R. R. Sokal, P. H. Winston, E. Rosch, K. Nelson, M. Bowerman, K. R. Popper, T. S. Kuhn, A. Karmiloff-Smith, B. Inhelder, C. R. Mynatt, M. E. Doherty, R. D. Tweney, A. Tversky, D. Kahneman, M. Minsky J. D. Bransford, N. S. McCarrell, G. A. Miller, H. H. Clark, R. C. Schank, R. P. Abelson, R. A. Shweder, M. Cole, S. Scribner, E. Rosch, R. N. Shepard, J. Metzler, K. G. Oatley, M. Eisenstadt, Y. Kareev and H. J. Berliner

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