A wide variety of optical instruments exists in which the human eye forms an integral part of the system. This book provides a detailed description of the visual ergonomics of such instruments. The book begins with a section on image formation and basic optical components. The authors then discuss various optical instruments that can be adequately described using geometrical optics, and follow this with a section on diffraction and interference, and the instruments based on these effects. There are separate sections devoted to ophthalmic instruments and aberration theory, with a final section covering visual ergonomics in depth. Containing many problems and solutions, this book will be of great use to undergraduate and graduate students of optometry, optical design, optical engineering, and visual science, and to professionals working in these and related fields.
Preface; Part I. General Theory: 1. Introduction; 2. Image formation and ray tracing; 3. Paraxial theory of refracting systems; 4. Paraxial theory of reflecting systems; 5. Non-Gaussian optics; 6. Lens types and image formation; 7. Mirror types and image formation; 8. Prisms; 9. Aperture stops, pupils, field lenses, and field stops; 10. Defocus, depth-of-field and focussing techniques; 11. Optical metrology; 12. Photometry of optical systems; Part II. Geometrical Optical Instruments or Systems: 13. The eye; 14. Ophthalmic lenses; 15. Simple magnifiers; 16. Microscopes; 17. Telescopes; 18. Macroscopes; 19. Relay systems; 20. Angle and distance measuring instruments; 21. Cameras and camera lenses; 22. Projectors; 23. Collimators; 24. Photometers and colorimeters; Part III. Physical Optics and Physical Optical Instruments: 25. Interferometry and interferometers; 26. Diffraction and diffractive devices; Part IV. Ophthalmic Instruments: 27. Focimeters; 28. Radiuscopes and keratometers; 29. Ophthalmoscopes; 30. The Badal optometer; 31. Optometers; 32. Binocular vision and testing instruments; Part V. Aberrations and Image Quality: 33. Aberration theory; 34. Image quality; 35. Aberrations of the eye; Part VI. Visual Ergonomics: 36. Visual ergonomics of monocular systems; 37. Visual ergonomics of binocular systems; Appendices.