Cambridge Catalog  
  • Your account
  • View basket
  • Help
Home > Catalog > Black Crescent
Black Crescent
AddThis

Details

  • 7 b/w illus. 7 maps
  • Page extent: 396 pages
  • Size: 234 x 156 mm
  • Weight: 0.55 kg
Add to basket

Paperback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521600798 | ISBN-10: 0521600790)

Manufactured on demand: supplied direct from the printer

$40.99 (G)



Index




abadá (agbada, aqbada), 108

abīd

   servile armies in Iberia, 6

Abukar, Mala (Mala Mubakar), 106, 116

Abyssinian Movement, 212–214. See also Redding, Grover Cleveland; Jonas, R.D.; Peace Movement of Ethiopia; Ethiopian World Federation Council, Inc.

African importation to

   Old World, 8

   Latin America, 14, 23, 34, 38, 41, 43, 45

   Caribbean, 47

   Jamaica, 50

   Trinidad, 63, 69

   Saint Domingue, 83

   Brazil, 91–92, 123

   Bahia, 117

   New Amsterdam, 128–129

   New York, 134–136

   North America, 166

African Methodist Episcopal Church, 209

African Times and Orient Review (ATOR), 259. See also Ali, Dusé Muhammad

Ahmad, Ghulām, 250–251, 274, 275, 287

Ahmadiyya, 250–254

   and jazz musicians, 253

   rejection of racism, 274

Ahuna (Aluna), 105

Akan

   in Jamaica, 50

Akram, Wali, 253

Alagoas, 122

Alcaçovas, Treaty of, 8

Aldridge, Ira, 135–136

Ali, Abdul Wali Farad Muhammad, 214, 256. See also Muhammad, Fard.

Ali, Dusé Muhammad, 259–260. See also African Times and Orient Review (ATOR)

Ali, Muhammad (Cassius Clay), 360–361

Ali, Noble Drew (Timothy Drew). See also Garvey, Marcus; Moorish Science; Circle Seven Koran; Koran for Moorish Children; Freemasonry

   Ishmaelites, 186, 199–200

   background, 203–206

   claims of Moorish descent, 205–206, 274

   claims of Cherokee descent, 205–206

   early challenges to leadership, 214–215

   identification with Marcus Garvey, 226–227

   sources of ideas, 232–250

   a mason, 247

   struggles with Moorish Science leaders, 268–271

   demise, 271–272

   succession through “reincarnation,” 272–273

   legacy, 274, 275

   as a nationalist, 274–275

Ali, Sunni (of imperial Songhay), 362–363

almaamate

   in Futa Jallon, 51

Almoravids, 5–6

   and West African army, 6. See also ‘abīd

Alpujarras rebellion, 13

alufá, 105, 106, 122, 124, 125. See also mestre; malomi

Alvorado, Pedro de, 4

Ancient Arabic Order, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine (Shriners), 241, 244–245

Ancient Egyptian Arabic Order, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, 245–247

Angola. See West Central Africa

Antigua, 48, 80–81

Aprígio, 106

Aquarian Gospel of Jesus the Christ, 211, 233–234, 236–238. See also Circle Seven Koran

Arabic documents

   in Jamaica, 50

   in Brazil, 107

Arawak

   in Jamaica, 49

Arima, 65, 66

Auta, 77–78

azenague (possibly Tuareg), 7

Bahia, 92

   background to revolt, 97–99

   social divisions, 99

   African-born population, 99–100

baianas, 96, 108

Bailey, Cornelia, 156, 162

Ball, Charles, 171, 177–178, 182

Ballano, 21

bantu (West Central Africans), 9

Baptist War, 54–55

Baquaqua, Mahommah Gardo, 92, 94

baraka, 363

Barbados, 33, 48

Barcelona

   and slave trade, 8

Bath, Muhammad (Leonas Bath, Jonas Bath), 70–76

Bayen, Maluku E., 213

Bell, Dupont, 210

bella, 7, 171

Bey, William Prothro, 200

biafras, 24

Bight of Biafra

   as source of origins for Jamaica, 50

   as source of origins for Trinidad, 63, 69

Bight of Benin

   as source of origins for Saint Domingue, 83

   as source of origins for Brazil, 92, 101

   as source of origins for North America, 166

Bilali, 154–158, 161, 162, 171, 172, 174–176, 177, 179, 200

Bilali, Salih, 153–158, 161, 171, 172, 173, 174–176, 200

Black Dragon Society (Kokuryukai), 283

Blyden, Edward, 257–258

Bogardus, Everardus, 132–133

bori, 37

Boston Guardian, 208–209

Boukman, 89–90

bozales, 15, 16, 17, 23

Brass Ankles, 185, 194

Brazil, 33

   compared with Cuba, 36

   as source of slaves for Rio de la Plata, 46

   Islam in early twentieth century, 123–124

Brown People, 185

Brown, Katie, 155–156, 157–158, 159

Bundu, 141, 163

cacao

   in Venezuela, 38

Cádiz

   and slave trade, 7, 8

Cajans, 185

Calafate, Manoel, 106, 107

Canaanite Temple, 206–207, 214. See also Ali, Noble Drew; Moorish Science; Newark

Candomblé, 115–116, 122, 124–125

cantos, 100, 107

Carmel Indians, 185

Casa de Contratación, 8

Casely Hayford, J.E., 259

Castellanos, Juan de, 17–18

Castro, Fidel, 350

Castro, Melchoir de, 3

cédula of 1783, 61–62

cédulas de gracias al sacar, 24

cédulas reales, 42

Césaire, Aimé

   critique of Europe, 306–307

Challouehliczilczese, Wyxzewixard S.J., 213, 283

Cheswold Moors, 195–196

Chicago

   site of Moorish Science Temple, 212, 260–261

   site of businesses, 263

   site of Nation of Islam, 292

Chicago Defender, 208, 271

Christian Science, 235–236

Circle Seven Koran, 214, 274. See also Ali, Noble Drew; Moorish Science

   major tenets, 215–232

   blacks as Canaanites, 218

   blacks as Moabites, 218–219

   blacks as Moroccans, 219

   view of Europeans, 224–225

   relationship to Qur’ān, 228–229

   formed from other texts, 232–238

   original ideas, 236

   orthodox reaction to, 254–256

   as forerunner to Nation of Islam’s theology, 274, 282

   absence of reference Islamic references, 275

clerical letter (wathīqa) of Muhmmad Kaba, 54–55

cocoa

   in Trinidad, 63, 71

coffee

   in Venezuela, 39

   in Jamaica, 49

   in Trinidad, 71

in Brazil, 91

cofradías, 16, 43

Colombia, 40–41

Columbus, Diego, 3

“Company villages,” 64. See also Trinidad

Congo. See West Central Africa

Cordele, Georgia, 288, 289

Cortés, Hernan, 4

Costa Rica, 21

Couper, James Hamilton, 153

Couper, John, 153

Creoles (Alabama and Mississippi), 185

creoles (crioullos) in Brazil, 104–105

Crisis, 209, 275

Croatans. See Lumbees

Cuba, 31–38

Cubans (North Carolina), 185

Cunha, Belchoir da Silva, 106

Cunha, Gaspar da Silva, 106, 116

Dandará (Elesbão do Carmo), 106, 107, 113

Demerara, 81

DePriest, Oscar, 264

De Soto expedition, 190

Detroit

   site of early activity of W.D. Fard Muhammad, 279–281

al-Dhahab, Satti Majid Muhammad al-Qadi Suwar, 254–257. See also Islamic Mission of America following in United States, 256–257

Diab, Jamil, 350

diamonds

   in Brazil, 91

Divine, Father, 211

Du Bois, W.E.B.

   critique of Europe, 306

Dutch West India Company, 128, 133

early African American orthodoxy, 253

East Indian Muslims

   in Trinidad, 80

Edwards, Bryan, 51–52

Emancipation Act (British Caribbean), 52

Emereciana, 106

esclavos blancos, 13, 28–30

Estevánico, 5

Ethiopian World Federation Council, Inc., 213

Fachon and Dupont (Rio bookstore), 121

Faisal, Daoud Ahmed, 253, 254, 257. See also Islamic Mission of America

Fard, Wali Dodd, 277–278. See also Muhammad, W.D. Fard

Farrakhan, Louis (Louis X), 317, 358, 369, 370

Fatiman, Cécile, 90

fatwā (against Noble Drew Ali), 255–256

“Five Percenters”

   origins of teachings, 318–319

Fodio, Usuman dan, 79, 83, 109–110, 111, 115, 145, 166, 183, 363

Fort Mose, 144

forzados, 30–33. See also galley slaves

Freemasonry

   as source for Moorish Science, 238–250, 275

   origins, 238–240

   basic concepts, 240–241

   development in United States, 241–243

   Prince Hall masons, 209, 243

   and black leaders, 243–244

Fulbe (or Fula, Fulani, Tukulor, hal pulaaren)

   in Latin America, 9, 14, 16, 21, 24, 25–26, 34, 36, 38, 46

   in Jamaica, 52

   in Trinidad, 77

   in Saint Domingue, 84, 85–86

   in Brazil, 95–96

   in North America, 172, 173, 178, 180, 181–182

Futa Jallon

   holy war in, 50–51

   and slave trade, 51

galley slaves, 9, 12, 30–33. See also forzados

Garvey, Marcus

   relative to Noble Drew Ali, 204, 207

   and George W. Hurley, 211

   rejection of Noble Drew Ali, 226–227

   as mason, 244

   Negro World, 259

gelofes, 8, 15–16, 20, 21, 24, 25, 42. See also Mande; negros de jalof; Wolof

Georgia, 143, 150–151, 158–162

Ghani, Daoud, 253

Gobineau, Joseph Arthur de, 121

gold

   in Brazil, 91

Gold Coast

   as source of origins for Jamaica, 50

   as source of origins for Saint Domingue, 83

   as source of origins for Brazil, 91

   as source of origins for North America, 165–166

Grace, Daddy, 211–212

Great Dying, 7–23, 39

Greene, Claude D., 271

Guineas (West Virginia), 185, 194

adīth, 108

Haitian Revolution

   and Islam, 87

Halliday, Andrew, 71

Hamilton, J.H., 66–67

Hamitic curse, 8, 43–45

Harris, Robert, 284, 291

Harvey, Jackson, 68

   “The Hate that Hate Produced,” 356

Hausa, 46, 166

   in Trinidad, 77–80

   in Saint Domingue, 85–86

   in Brazil, 94, 95–96, 101–104, 112–114, 116

   in Louisiana, 145

Hausa, Muhammad (Philip Finlay), 68, 69

Henry (“the Navigator”), 7

Hispaniola, 3, 14

Hotel Theresa, 350

Hurley, George W., 210–211, 302. See also Universal Hagar’s Spiritual Church

Iberia (al-Andalus)

   and Muslim expansion, 5

indigo

   in Venezuela, 38

Ishmael, Ben, 196

Ishmael, Jennie, 196

Ishmaelites, 186

   origins, 196

   in Kentucky, 196

   in Indianapolis, 196

   in Illinois, 196

   economic plight, 197

   state response, 197–198

   migration patterns, 198

   family names, 198–199

   beliefs, 199

   relation to Noble Drew Ali, 199–200

Islamic Mission of America, 254, 257

The Islamic News, 356

Islamic reform in West Africa, 110–113

Jackson Whites, 185

Jakhanke, 52, 168, 169

Jamaica, 33, 47

   expansion of enslaved population, 48, 50

Jansen, Jan, 132

Jarvis, Malcolm “Shorty,” 343

Jejes (Ewe-Fon), 102

jihād

   in West Africa, 12, 25–26

Jolof, 9

Jonas, R.D., 212–213

jornal, 23, 41

Joseph, Captain, 357, 360, 368

juntas de alforria, 100, 105

Juula, 20, 58, 166

Kaba, Lamine (Lamen Kebe), 168–169, 176, 179

Kaba, Muhammad (Robert Peart, Robert Tuffit), 50–56

Kanuri, 46

Karim, Benjamin, 346, 359

Kennedy, John F., Jr., 351, 359

Kenyatta, Charles, 367

Kingsley, Zephaniah, Jr., 174–175

Kongo. See West Central Africa

Koran for Moorish Children, 225, 226, 236, 274

La Seiva, 65

ladinos, 4–5, 12, 14, 16, 17, 23

Larten, Benjamin, 55

Las Casas, Bartolomé, 15

Licutan, Pacífico (Bilal), 105

limamo, 124–125

Lisbon, 13

Lomax, Louis E., 356, 366

Louisiana, 145

Lucumí religion, 36–37. See also Yoruba

Lumbees, 185, 194

Lumumba, Patrice, 350–351

Maasina, 163

machachalis (machacalis), 107, 122

M’Culloch, Oscar C., 197–198

McGavich, Oscar, 212–213

Madagascar

   as source for slave trade to New York, 136–141

   Islam in, 138–140

Madden, R.R., 52, 55, 56, 57–58

madrasa, 108, 167, 179–180

Mahmud, Yarrow, 168

Makandal, François, 87–90

Malcolm X (Malik al-Shabazz)

   on whites as devils, 302, 313–314

   on his light complexion, 317, 345–346

   early life, 333–336

   Autobiography, 333, 335, 336, 341, 342, 345, 346

   father Earl Little’s involvement with the Universal Negro Improvement Association, 333–334

   mother Louisa (Louise) Langdon Norton, also a Garveyite, 334, 344

   move to Boston, 336

   sister Ella, 336, 364

   pre-incarceration years, 336–338, 343

   as a Shango figure, 338–343

   brother Wilfred, 341, 344, 367

   apparition of W.D. Fard Muhammad, 341–343

   brother Philbert, 343, 368

   brother Reginald, 343–344

   initial encounter with Elijah Muhammad, 344

   pan-Africanism, 348–355

   support for Asia, 348–349

   “dark world,” 349

   Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU), 349, 352–355

   travel to Africa, Egypt, Middle East, 350, 352, 363–364

   “chickens coming home to roost” statement, 351

   Muslim Mosque, Incorporated, 353

   Garvey influence, 354

   tensions within Nation of Islam, 355–362

   psychological ties to the Nation of Islam, 366–368

   as Malik al-Shabazz, 367–368

   assassination, 369

   Malcolm Shabazz Temple No. 4, 370

malê revolt, 92, 101–116

   post-revolt Bahia, 117–118

   twentieth century, 126

malomi (malām), 105. See also mestre; alufá

Mande. See also mandingas

   in Latin America, 20, 22, 26–27, 34, 36, 39–40

   and association with evil, 26–27, 38, 40

   in Jamaica, 52, 58

   in Trinidad, 66, 70, 77

   in Saint Domingue, 84, 85–86

   in Brazil, 94

   in Florida, 145

   in North America, 146, 173

mandingas, 9, 16–17, 18–20, 24, 25, 27, 45, 58, 108. See also Mande

mandingueiros, 95

Manhattan, 128

Manzanilla, 65, 66, 67, 68

maroons

   Hispaniola, 4, 14

   and Enriquillo, 15

   Panama, 21–22

   Cuba (El Portillo), 34

Mayo, 77

Melungeons, 184, 186

   physical descriptions of, 186–187

   claims of Moorish descent, 187–188, 189, 194–196

   claims of Portuguese descent, 187–188, 189–190

   classified as “mulattoes,” 188

   population clusters, 188–189

   etymology of term, 190

   theories of origin, 190–194

   ties to similar groups, 194

The Messenger Magazine, 356

mestre, 105, 126. See also alufá; malomi

Mexico, 22–30

migration

   of blacks in North America, 207–209

Minas, 94–96, 118, 119, 121

Montejo, Esteban, 37–38

Montserrat, 48

Moorish Antiseptic Bath Compound, 262

Moorish Body Builder and Blood Purifier, 262

Moorish Guide, 261, 262, 263, 266

Moorish Manufacturing Company, 263

Moorish Manufacturing Corporation, 262

Moorish Mineral and Healing Oil, 262, 263

Moorish Review, 256, 262

Moorish Science, 199

   early temples, 206–207

   establishment in Chicago, 212, 215

   names, 219

   flag, 219

   “Asiatics,” 219–220

   worship services, 229–230

   observances, 230

   marriage, 230–231

   diet, 231

   dress, 231

   “divine” laws, 231

   organizational structure, 260–262

   businesses, 262–264

   political involvement, 264

   identity cards as resistance, 264–268

   internal struggles, 268–271

   succession through “reincarnation,” 272–273

   FBI harassment, 273, 293

   and class issues, 275

Moorish Science Monitor, 262

Moors. See also Ali, Noble Drew; North Africans; Melungeons; Moorish Science

   in Iberia, 5

   as war captives, 31

   influencing captives brought to Rio de la Plata, 46

   in Saint Domingue, 84–85

   in Brazil, 93–94

   in New York, 134

   in North America, 147–149, 170, 172, 180–181, 182

Moors (Delaware), 185. See also Melungeons

Moravians, 53, 55, 66

moriscos, 12–13, 55, 121

Moslem Sunrise, 252

Mozambique, 28, 45

mudéjares, 12

Muhammad, Abdul (Brown El), 283–284, 294

Muhammad, Clara (Clara Evans), 289, 290–291, 341, 344, 357

Muhammad, Elijah (Elijah Poole), 214, 274. See also Nation of Islam; Muhammad, Fard

   role of Abdul Muhammad in conversion, 284, 290

   as Elijah Karriem, 284, 291

   background, 287–289

   a mason, 289–290

   initial encounter with W.D. Fard Muhammad, 290–291

   early opposition, 292

   as Muhammad Rassoull, 292

   as Gulam Bogans, 292

   prison, 293

   as formulator of doctrine, 295–297

   as witness to white terrorism, 308–310

   minor pilgrimage, 350

   death, 365, 369

Muhammad, W.D. Fard, 214. See also Nation of Islam; Muhammad, Elijah

   background, 277–279

   possible membership in Moorish Science, 278

   initial activity as Detroit merchant, 279

   attack on Caucasians, 280

   divinity as developed by Elijah Muhammad, 285–287

   arrest and disappearance, 291–292

Muhammad, Wallace (Warith Deen Muhammad)

   on Elijah Muhammad’s teachings, 296

   on W.D. Fard Muhammad’s teachings, 302–303, 317

   influence on Malcolm X, 363

   repentance, 369

   successor to Elijah Muhammad, 369–370

Muhammad Speaks, 356, 368, 369

“mulattoes”

   in Peru, 43

Musa, Anna (Benjamin Cochrane), 55, 56

Muslim (sufi) brotherhoods

   in Jamaica, 53

   influence in North American Freemasonry, 248–250

Muslim diet,

   in Trinidad, 78

   in Brazil, 108–109

   in North America, 156

Muslim dress

   in Brazil, 108

Muslim influence on Christianity

   in Brazil, 127

   in North America, 160–162, 183

Muslim names

   in North America, 146–147, 149–152

Nagôs, 94, 105, 125–126

Naji, Anta Majigeen, 175–176

Naparima, 64

Napoleonic Wars, 64

Naticokes, 185, 195–196

Nation of Islam

   founding, 276

   relationship to Moorish Science, 276, 282, 295–296

   scholarship on, 277

   importance of diet, 280, 281, 298, 321–322

   black Southerners as early followers, 281

   Garvey influence, 282

   influence of Freemasonry, 282

   economic aspirations, 282–283

   support for Japan, 283, 292–293

   labeled “voodoo cult,” 284–285

   fragmentation in early years, 283–285

   Ahmadiyya influence, 287

   as “Temple People,” 292

   postwar revitalization, 294–295

   original names, 297

   tribe of Shabazz, 297, 299, 300

   proscriptions, 297

   Muslim Girls’ Training and General Civilization Class (MGT and GCC), 298, 327, 347

   University of Islam, 298

   whites as devils, 298, 301–315

   stressing mathematics, 297, 298

   origin accounts, 299–300

   scientists and deity, 299–300

   Mecca, 300

   rejection of spirituality, 300–301

   Secret Ritual of the Nation of Islam, 310, 316, 317

   Teaching for the Lost-Found Nation of Islam in a Mathematical Way, 310

   Yakub (Yacub), 310–313

   teaching on W.D. Fard Muhammad’s racial makeup, 314–315

   celebration of blackness, 315

   equivocation regarding Africa, 315–317

   The Supreme Wisdom, 317

   and light-complected leadership, 317

   “tricknology,” 319, 322–323

   critique of Christianity, 319–321

   women, 323–328

   eschatology, 328–330

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 208–209

National Association of Afro-American Women, 209

National Association of Colored Women, 209

National Baptist Convention, 209

negros de ganho (ganhadores), 95, 100, 107

negros de jalof, 8, 9, 13, 20. See also gelofes

Nevis, 48

New Amsterdam, 128

New Netherlands, 128

   slavery in, 129

   Angolans in, 130–131

New Thought, 235–236

Newark

   as site of Canaanite Temple, 206–207

Nicobé (Sule), 106

Nigeria, 46

Nguni-speakers, 27–28

North Africans. See also Moors

   in North America, 147–149, 185, 186

North Carolina, 151

Nupe, 94, 101

Old King, 175–176

Ovando, Nicolás de, 4, 14, 18–20

Pacific Movement of the Eastern World, 227, 293

Palmares, 101

Panama, 21–22

Peace Movement of Ethiopia, 213

pearl diving, 38

Pernambuco, 122–123

Peru, 22, 41–45

petitions (Trinidad), 68–69, 72–76

Philipse, Frederick, 137–138

Pierpoint, Richard, 141

Port of Spain (Trinidad), 64, 65, 70, 72

Portugal

   and early slave trade, 7–8

Portuguese Inquisition, 12

“post-emancipation Africans,” 76

Quaré, 65, 66, 67, 68

quilombos, 101

ar-Rahman, Abd, 169–170, 171, 172, 176, 177, 178, 179, 181–182

Rainsford, William, 55

Red Bones, 185

Redding, Grover Cleveland, 212

Reyniers, Grietje, 132–134

Richardson-Bey, Juanita, 261–262

Rio de Janeiro, 92

   Muslims in, 118–122

Rio de la Plata, 45–46

Roanoke, 192

Robinson, Ida, 211

Rosicrucianism, 234–235, 236, 238, 275

sadaka (sàrákà), 78

Sadiq, Muhammad, 251–253

sāhil, 10

Said, Muhammad Ali b. (Nicholas Said), 182–183

Said, Umar b. (Omar ben Said), 168, 172, 176–177, 178, 179

St. Augustine, 144

Saint Domingue, 33, 47. See also Haiti

St. Helena, 143

Saint Kitts, 48

St. Simons, 143, 153–158, 172

Salé, 132

Salee, Abraham Van, 134

Salee, Anthony Jansen Van (Anthony Jansen Van Vaes), 131–134

Samba, 169–170, 172

sambo, 23–24

Sambo

   in New York, 136

   in North America, 147

Sandersville, Georgia, 288

Sanim (Luís), 106

Santa Elena colony, 191–193

Santo Domingo, 4

Sapelo, 143, 153–158, 161, 171–172, 183, 205

Saviour’s Day, 357–358, 369, 370

Selim, 148–149

Senegambia, 5–6, 7–8, 9–12, 13, 15–21, 24–27, 33, 39–45, 46. See also negros de jalof; gelofes; Mande; mandingas; Wolof; Fulbe

   as source for Latin America, 3, 9, 20, 21, 24–25, 33

   as source of origin for Caribbean, 47, 48

   as source of origin for Jamaica, 50

   as source of origin for Trinidad, 69

   as source of origin for Louisiana, 145

   as source of origin for North America, 146, 162–164, 183

Seville

   and slave trade, 8, 13

sharī ⃞a

   in Futa Jallon, 51

   in Trinidad, 70

   in imperial Songhay, 363

Sharrieff, Raymond, 357, 369

as-Siddiq, Abu Bakr (Edward Donellan, Edward Donlan, Edward Doulan), 53–54, 55, 56–61, 179

Sierra Leone

   as source for Latin America, 9, 20, 21, 33

   as source of origin for Caribbean, 47, 48

   as source of origin for Jamaica, 50

   as source of origin for North America, 146, 164–165

Siete Partidas, Las, 4

silver mines, 7–23

Sisse, Muhammad (Felix Ditt), 67–68, 69, 71, 76

slave revolts

   Hispaniola, 3, 16

   Puerto Rico, 18–20

social stratification and Islam

   in North America, 173–183, 184

Society for the Development of Our Own, 284, 294

South Carolina, 143, 150–151, 158–162

S’Quash, 148, 172, 174, 177

sugar

   in Venezuela,

   in Barbados, 48, 50

   in Jamaica, 49

   in Trinidad, 63

   in Saint Domingue, 82–83

   in Brazil, 91

Sulayman, Auyba b. (Job Ben Solomon), 167, 171, 179, 180

Sullivan, Ben, 154

Swahili coast, 28

   as source for enslaved in Brazil, 91

Swift, Sambo, 199, 200

tafsīr, 108

Takahashi, Satokata, 283, 294

Takis, Ashima, 294

Tamerlan, 86–87

Ta’rīkh al-Fattāsh, 221

Ta’rīkh as-S⃞dān, 221

Tate, Sonsyrea, 327

Terrell, Mary Church, 209

tessubá (tecebá), 122

Tobago, 77

Trinidad, 47

   growth of enslaved population, 62–64

   American freedpersons in, 64–65

tri-racial isolates, 185–186

Tristão, Nuno, 7–8

Tuareg, 8

Ture, Askia al-⃞ājj Muhammad, 362–363

Turks, 131, 134

Turks (South Carolina), 185, 186

Turner, Lorenzo, 157–158, 159, 205

Turure, 65, 66

Tuskegee Institute, 210

Twain, Mark, 182

Umayyads, 6

Universal Hagar’s Spiritual Church, 210–211, 302. See also Hurley, George W.

Universal Negro Improvement Association. See Garvey, Marcus

Unto Thee I Grant, 232–233. See also Circle Seven Koran

Urban League, 209

Valenica

   and slave trade, 8

Venezuela, 38–40

Walker, David

   his Appeal and whites, 303–308

Walloons, 128

walo (patako), 107

Washington, Booker T., 259, 320–321

Wells, Ida B., 209

Wesorts, 185

West African “secret” societies

   influence on Freemasonry in United States, 247–248

West Central Africa

   as source for Latin America, 9, 19, 24, 33

   as source for Trinidad, 63, 69

   as source for Brazil, 91, 94, 116

West India Regiments, 65–66, 69

Wolof, 9, 20, 26, 34, 36, 42–43, 162–164

women

   and transsaharan slave trade, 6

   enslaved in Spain, 9

   esclavos blancas, 30

   African women and Spanish men, 42–43

   imbalances in Trinidad, 78

   perceptions in Brazil, 93

   imbalances in Brazil, 96–97

   in malê revolt, 106–107

   along coastal Georgia, 156–157

   Daughters of Isis, 246

   as leaders in Moorish Science, 260–262

   exploitation of, 272

   in Nation of Islam, 323–328

World’s Columbian Exposition (World’s Fair), Chicago, 245–246

Yoruba, 36, 46. See also Nagôs.

   in Trinidad, 77

   in Brazil, 94, 96, 101–104, 112–114

Zafi, 29–30

zambo, 23. See sambo

Zeferina, 102–103

Zurara, Gomes Eanes de, 8


printer iconPrinter friendly version AddThis