This book explores a variety of central issues in the framework of Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG), a major theory of syntactic representation that is becoming increasingly dominant, particularly in the domain of natural language computation. According to this theory, certain structurally key words ("heads") in any human language determine both the syntactic form and the semantic interpretaton of the sentences they appear in. The separate chapters consider problematic phenomena in German, Japanese and English and suggest important extensions of, and revisions to, the current picture of HPSG.
Introduction Georgia M. Green and Robert D. Levine; 1. The lexical integrity of Japanese causatives Christopher Manning, Ivan Sag and Masayo Iida; 2. A syntax and semantics for purposive adjuncts in HPSG Michael J. R. Johnston; 3. On lexicalist treatments of Japanese causatives Takao Gunji; 4. 'Modal flip' and partial verb phrase fronting in German Kathryn L. Baker; 5. A lexical comment on a syntactic topic Kazuhiko Fukushima; 6. Agreement and the syntax-morphology Interface in HPSG Andreas Kathol; 7. Partial VP and split NP topicalization in German: an HPSG analysis Erhard W. Hinrichs and Tsuneko Nakazawa; Index.