The Secretary-General of the United Nations is a unique figure in world politics. At once civil servant, the world's diplomat, lackey of the UN Security Council, and commander-in-chief of up to a hundred thousand peacekeepers, he or she depends on states for both the legitimacy and resources that enable the United Nations to function. The tension between these roles - of being secretary or general - has challenged every incumbent. This book brings together the insights of senior UN staff, diplomats and scholars to examine the normative and political factors that shape this unique office with particular emphasis on how it has evolved in response to changing circumstances such as globalization and the onset of the 'war on terror'. The difficulties experienced by each Secretary-General reflect the profound ambivalence of states towards entrusting their security, interests or resources to an intergovernmental body.
Foreword Kofi A. Annan; Introduction Simon Chesterman; Part I. Defining and Refining the Job Description: 1. The evolution of the Secretary-General Brian E. Urquhart; 2. 'The most impossible job' description Shashi Tharoor; 3. Selecting the world's diplomat Colin Keating; Part II. Maintaining Peace and Security: 4. Relations with the Security Council James Cockayne and David M. Malone; 5. Good offices and 'groups of friends' Teresa Whitfield; 6. The bully pulpit Quang Trinh; Part III. Normative and Political Dilemmas: 7. The Secretary-General as norm entrepreneur Ian Johnstone; 8. Pope, pharaoh, or prophet? The Secretary-General after the Cold War Adekeye Adebajo; 9. Leader, clerk, or policy entrepreneur? The Secretary-General in a complex world David Kennedy; Part IV. Independence and the Future: 10. The Secretary-General's political space James Traub; 11. The Secretary-General in a unipolar world Edward C. Luck; 12. Resolving the contradictions of the office Simon Chesterman and Thomas M. Franck; Appendix.
"Books about the United Nations are all too often written in a prose as dense as the UN management structure. This book is a refreshing change! Of particular value are the chapters on the ways in which the Secretary-General himself (or herself) can help crystallize norms and mobilize coalitions - not against member state interests but alongside them. In this role the Secretary-General serves as both secretary and general, secretary to the global public and general of a process to make the voices of that public more clearly heard."
– Anne-Marie Slaughter, Dean of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University
"A wide-ranging and insightful portrait of the most impossible job on the planet. The office of Secretary-General - designed by the UN's founders to be half-'secretary', half-'general' - receives here the careful assessment by both insiders and outsiders for which the importance of the position has long called."
– Michael Doyle, Harold Brown Professor at Columbia University and co-author of Making War and Building Peace
'The authority and responsibilities of the Secretary-General need to be better understood - the basis of any fair standard of accountability. This book shows that the issue is both complex and sensitive. It should be a useful reference tool for anyone interested in the future of the United Nations."
– Louise Fréchette, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations 19982006
"This is a timely book on an exceedingly important subject at the current juncture in world affairs: the role of the UN Secretary-General, the personification of 'the international community'. It offers significant insights from scholars and practitioners alike, and will be required reading for Kofi Annan's successor."
– John G. Ruggie, Kirkpatrick Professor of International Affairs, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
"The position of Secretary-General is a job like no other. The person requires the skills of a general, yet the humility to serve as a secretary. Whether dealing with disasters that are natural or man-made, the Secretary-General is expected to conduct the world orchestra of nations. As a long-time participant and observer at the United Nations, I can say that this book is most timely, and much needed."
– José Ramos-Horta, Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
“This volume is a valuable addition to the corpus of work on the chief diplomat of the United Nations….The value of this volume is that it brings together the latest scholarship on the office of Secretary-General while remaining accessible to the reader with no previous knowledge of the role. For the advanced reader, this volume updates perspectives on the office to include commentary on recent problems and scandals, such as the Oil for Food Scandal and failed attempts at reform of the UN system and Security Council.”
– Kevin Leong, Asian Journal of International Law