The Cambridge History of Medieval Philosophy comprises over fifty specially commissioned essays by experts on the philosophy of this period. Starting in the late eighth century, with the renewal of learning some centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire, a sequence of chapters take the reader through developments in many and varied fields, including logic and language, natural philosophy, ethics, metaphysics, and theology. Close attention is paid to the context of medieval philosophy, with discussions of the rise of the universities and developments in the cultural and linguistic spheres. A striking feature is the continuous coverage of Islamic, Jewish, and Christian material. There are useful biographies of the philosophers, and a comprehensive bibliography. The volume illuminates a rich and remarkable period in the history of philosophy and will be the authoritative source on medieval philosophy for the next generation of scholars and students alike.
Introduction Robert Pasnau; Part I. Fundamentals: 1. Origins in Baghdad Dimitri Gutas; 2. The emergence of medieval Latin philosophy John Marenbon; 3. Byzantium Katerina Ierodiakonou; 4. The rise of the universities Steven P. Marrone; 5. Monks and friars David Luscombe; 6. Platonism Jan A. Aertsen; 7. Augustinianism Gareth B. Matthews; 8. Censorship François-Xavier Putallaz; 9. Modernity Roger Ariew; Part II. Logic and Language: 10. The development of logic in the twelfth century Christopher J. Martin; 11. Terminist logic E. Jennifer Ashworth; 12. Nominalist semantics Gyula Klima; 13. Inferences Stephen Read; 14. Sophismata Paul Vincent Spade; 15. Grammar Irène Rosier-Catach; Part III. Natural Philosophy: 16. Natural philosophy in earlier Latin thought Nadja Germann; 17. Creation and causation Taneli Kukkonen; 18. The influence of Arabic Aristotelianism on scholastic natural philosophy: projectile motion, the place of the universe, and elemental composition Rega Wood; 19. Change, time, and place: Cecilia Trifogli; 20. The nature of change Johannes M. M. H. Thijssen; Part IV. Soul and Knowledge: 21. Soul and body John Haldane; 22. The soul's faculties Dag Nikolaus Hasse; 23. The nature of intellect Deborah Black; 24. Perception A. Mark Smith; 25. Mental representation Claude Panaccio; 26. Science and certainty Robert Pasnau; 27. Divine illumination Timothy Noone; 28. Skepticism Dominik Perler; Part V. Will and Desire: 29. Freedom and determinism Peter Adamson; 30. Intellectualism and voluntarism Tobias Hoffmann; 31. Emotion Simo Knuuttila; 32. Weakness and grace Richard Cross; Part VI. Ethics: 33. Happiness Lenn. E. Goodman; 34. Identity and moral agency Mikko Yrjönsuuri; 35. The inclination for justice John Boler; 36. Virtue theory Bonnie Kent; 37. Action and intention Jean Porter; 38. The care of souls and 'practical ethics' M. W. F. Stone; Part VII. Political Philosophy: 39. Religious authority and the state Antony Black; 40. Individual autonomy Cary J. Nederman; 41. Law and nature G. R. Evans; 42. Poverty Michael F. Cusato; 43. Just war Frederick H. Russell; Part VIII. Metaphysics: 44. The subject of the Aristotelian science of metaphysics Rega Wood; 45. Essence and existence John F. Wippel; 46. Form and matter Robert Pasnau; 47. Realism Alessandro D. Conti; 48. Nominalism in the later Middle Ages Joël Biard; 49. Accidents and modes Calvin G. Normore; Part IX. Theology: 50. Philosophy and theology M. W. F. Stone and Robert Wisnovsky; 51. Faith and reason William E. Mann; 52. Mysticism Christina Van Dyke; 53. Arguments for God's existence Brian Leftow; 54. Describing God Thomas Williams; 55. Providence Hester Goodenough Gelber; 56. The problem of evil Eleonore Stump; Appendices: A. Doctrinal Creeds: 1. The Nicene Creed Thomas Williams; 2. Creeds in Islam Dimitri Gutas; 3. Maimonides's Thirteen Principles of Faith Sarah Pessin; B. Medieval translations: 1. Greek Aristotelian works translated into Latin; 2. Greek philosophical works translated into Latin Michele Trizio; 3. Greek philosophical works translated into Arabic Dimitri Gutas; 4. Arabic philosophical works translated into Latin Charles Burnett; 5. Latin philosophical works translated into Greek John A. Demetracopoulos; 6. Ancient philosophical works and commentaries translated into Hebrew Mauro Zonta; C. Biographies Robert Pasnau; Bibliography of primary sources; Bibliography of secondary sources; Index nominun; Index rerum.
Winner, 2011 Choice Outstanding Academic Award
"....This handsome new two-volume set, consisting of 56 specially commissioned essays, is a worthy successor.... the level of scholarship is consistently rigorous and of the very highest caliber. Every student and scholar of medieval philosophy should have access to this magnificent set--soon to become the gold standard by which all other reference works in the field are measured.... Essential...."
F.A. Grabowski, Rogers State University, CHOICE
"… magnificently produced … a most handsome and significant tool for further research into medieval philosophy…"
British Journal for the History of Philosophy