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Uncertain Demographics and Fiscal Sustainability
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Details

  • Page extent: 300 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.63 kg
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Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521877404)

Manufactured on demand: supplied direct from the printer

$144.00 (C)

There is widespread acceptance that much of the developed world faces a potential pensions and welfare crisis as a result of declining birth rates and an ageing population. However, there is considerable uncertainty about the specifics of demographic forecasting and this has significant implications for public finances. Uncertain Demographics and Fiscal Sustainability addresses the economic consequences of uncertainty and, with particular reference to European economies, explores the impact of demographic risks on public finances, including pension systems, health care and old-age care expenditures. Covering a spectrum of theoretical and empirical approaches, different types of computational models are used to demonstrate not only the magnitudes of the uncertainties involved but also how these can be addressed through policy initiatives. The book is divided into four parts covering demographic, measurement, policy and methodological issues. Each part is followed by a discussion essay that draws out key elements and identifies common themes.

Contents

List of figures; List of tables; List of contributors; Preface; 1. Introduction Juha M. Alho, Svend E. Hougaard Jensen and Jukka Lassila; Part I. Uncertain Demographics: 2. Changing views of future demographic trends Nico Keilman, Harri Cruijsen, and Juha M. Alho; 3. Empirically-based specification of forecast uncertainty Juha M. Alho, Harri Cruijsen and Nico Keilman; Comment: the UPE forecasts: strengths, innovations, developments Shripad Tuljapurkar; Part II. Measuring Sustainability in a Stochastic Environment: 4. Fiscal implications of demographic uncertainty: comparisons across the European Union Martin Weale; 5. Demographic uncertainty and pension projections Jukka Lassila and Tarmo Valkonen; 6. Demographic uncertainty and health care expenditure Namkee Ahn; Comment: assessing the uncertainty in long-term fiscal projections Pablo Antolin; Part III. Enhancing Sustainability: 7. Evaluating pension reforms in the German context Hans Fehr and Christian Habermann; 8. Longevity adjustment of pension benefits Jukka Lassila and Tarmo Valkonen; 9. Ageing, demographic uncertainty and optimal fiscal policy Alex Armstrong, Nick Draper, André Nibbelink and Ed Westerhout; Comment: computable equilibrium models in policy analysis: future directions D. Peter Broer; Part IV. Extensions: 10. Macroeconomic consequences of demographic uncertainty in world regions Vladimir Borgy and Juha M. Alho; 11. Informational assumptions, aggregate mortality risk and life cycle saving Juha M. Alho and Niku Määttänen; 12. Longevity adjustment of retirement age and intergenerational risk sharing Svend E. Hougaard Jensen and Ole Hagen Jørgensen; 13. A general equilibrium analysis of annuity rates in the presence of aggregate mortality risk Justin van de Ven and Martin Weale; Comment: the economics of demographic uncertainty Martin Flodén; Index.

Contributors

Juha M. Alho, Svend E. Hougaard Jensen, Jukka Lassila, Nico Keilman, Harri Cruijsen, Shripad Tuljapurkar, Martin Weale, Tarmo Valkonen, Namkee Ahn, Pablo Antolin, Hans Fehr, Christian Habermann, Alex Armstrong, Nick Draper, André Nibbelink, Ed Westerhout, D. Peter Broer, Vladimir Borgy, Niku Määttänen, Ole Hagen Jørgensen, Justin van de Ven, Martin Flodén

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