In 1980 the U.S. government began to systematically collect data on Hispanics. By 2005 the Latino population of the United States had become the nation’s largest minority and is projected to comprise about one-third of the total U.S. population in 2050. Utilizing census data and other statistical source materials, this book examines the transformations in the demographic, social, and economic structures of Latino-Americans in the United States between 1980 and 2005. Unlike most other studies, this book presents data on transformations over time, rather than a static portrait of specific topics at particular moments. Latino-Americans are examined over this twenty-five year period in terms of their demographic structures, changing patterns of wealth and poverty, educational attainment, citizenship and voter participation, occupational structures, employment, and unemployment. The result is a detailed socioeconomic portrait by region and over time that indicates the basic patterns that have lead to the formation of a complex national minority group that has become central to U.S. society.
Introduction; 1. Immigration to the United States to 1980; 2. The Hispanic population to 1980; 3. Population growth and dispersion, 1980–2005; 4. The demography of the Hispanic population; 5. Wealth and poverty; 6. Educational attainment; 7. Citizenship, the Latino electorate, and voter participation; 8. Occupational structures, employment, and unemployment; 9. English language abilities and domestic usage; 10. Hispanic business ownership; 11. Race; 12. Endogamous and exogamous marriage patterns among Latino household heads; 13. Conclusion.
"The central, unifying theme of this book is that Hispanics in the United States are an incredibly diverse group about which no easy generalizations can be made. This may sound like a non-finding, but in fact Bergad and Klein elaborate with an impressive wealth of empirical detail just what such diversity means. They explore the diversity of the Latino population along four axes, fundamentally: class (as expressed by income and human capital indicators such as education), geographic location, immigrant status, and gender. The authors have produced, from the raw material provided by U.S. Census databases, an impressive collection of tables, graphs, and maps that illustrate in great detail the demographic history of U.S. Latinos since 1980. This is a remarkable achievement in that it required assembling, processing, and analyzing data from what is sometimes an unfriendly source (the census IPUMS files). The great advantage of this book is that the authors assume no specialized statistical knowledge on the part of the reader. Although, the work which went into generating the knowledge presented in the book evidently required the use of advanced statistical methods, the authors were able to present the data with remarkable clarity and accessibility. Thus, readers from all kinds of fields will benefit from this analysis, not only those with advanced statistical knowledge." – César J. Ayala, University of California, Los Angeles