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International Cooperation
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  • 20 b/w illus. 8 tables
  • Page extent: 296 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.6 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 327.1/7
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: JZ1318 .I568 2010
  • LC Subject headings:
    • International cooperation

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International Cooperation: The Extents and Limits of Multilateralism
Cambridge University Press
9780521191296 - International Cooperation: The Extents and Limits of Multilateralism - Edited by I. William Zartman and Saadia Touval
Index

Index

absolute gains 104, 139

versus relative gains

See relative gains

Afghanistan 47, 58, 71, 199

war in 182, 205

Africa 37, 50, 221

Al Qaeda 47

Albania 44, 81, 178

Alliance Dilemma

See Playback Effect

Annan, Kofi 49

APEC 63, 64

Aristide, Jean-Bertrand 50

Argentina 65, 157, 158,

arms race 25, 139

Angola 175, 176, , ,

Arrow, Kenneth 70–71

ASEAN 64, 196, 199

Asia 44, 74, 182, 195, 211, 218

“Asian way” 64

conflict 169

major powers of 227

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation

See APEC

Australia 58, 75

Austria 37, 42, 45, 188, 189

Axelrod, Robert 101–02, 111, 112, 115, 118, 121, 122, , 131, 133

The Evolution of Cooperation 10, 111, , , 112, 121, 136

model of cooperation 103, 115, 116, 117, 122, 124, 125, 126, 132, 133

Rationality and Society 115

Azerbaijan 50, 139, 148

balance of power 25, 33, 42, 54, 81, 193, 200, 207

cooperation and 41

diplomacy of 74

idea of 15

multilateralism and 50, 63

system of 18, 25, 189

balancing 54, , , 81, , 90, 196

“soft balancing” 182, 185, 195

bandwagoning 54, , , , 233

beggar-thy-neighbor policy 56

Belgium 37

former colonies of 210, 215

Bismark, Otto von 150

Blair, Tony 53, , ,

Bosnia 139, 148, 151, 154, , , , , , 178, , 179

Brandt, Willi 168, , ,

Brazil 65

Bretton Woods institutions 64

system 65, 77

Britain

See United Kingdom

Brzezinski, Zbigniew 59,

Bull, Hedley 16, 188

Bush, George W. 53, , , 74, 202, 203,

Bush administration 47, 54, 74, 76, 202, , 227

agreed framework for DPRK 173

Asia-Pacific and 75

“constructive strategic partnership” 202

China and 202,

foreign aid 75

international organizations and 61, 74

foreign policy 46, 76

financial crisis 66

new terrorism 46, 201

trade negotiations 75

Camp David accord 157, 177,

Canada 51, 53, 55, 57, , , 58, 189

Canada–US Free Trade Agreement 47, 48

cooperation with the United States 2, 47, , 48, 108, , 236

foreign policy 50, , , 54

power relations 95,

Carter, Jimmy 172, 177,

Central America 75, 208

Cheney, Richard 76

Chechnya 195, 197, 201


Chen Shui-bian 200, 202

Central Asia 184, 201, 204

Chicken Dilemma Game

See Game Theory

Chile 157, 158, ,

China 90, 166, 173, , 189, 193, 227, 231

avoidance of formal institutions 63

currency 81

economy 48

environment 52

development assistance 218

foreign policy 44

integration into Western order 183–87

Korean peninsula and 171, , 172,

military capability 59

national identity 189,

New Security Concept 198

power rivalries 64, 190,

rise to power of 74

Sino-Soviet confrontation

See Soviet Union

Sino-Russian military partnership 206

Strategic Economic Dialogue with US 66, , ,

strategy for achieving great power status 193–207

trade 159

US–Chinese crisis over Taiwan

See United States

Chirac, Jacques 53, 54

Churchill, Winston 45

civil society 17, 33, 34, , , 68, 70, 77

democratic deficit 68

global 68, 69, 70

international public policy 68

new international agreements 68

state of nature, and 22, , 23,

Clausewitz, Carl von 151

Clinton, Bill 46, 76, 139, , , 151, 177, 195, 201, ,

Clinton administration 46, 151, 195, 201, 206

policy 202

Clinton, Hillary 46

coalition of the willing 61, 88, 232

Cohen, Michael 115, , , , , 116, 117, , 122, 124, 126

Cold War 2, 44, 45, 58, 65, 71, 86, 87, 135, , 136, 206, 207

1938 Munich negotiations over Czechoslovakia 140

1948 Berlin blockade 141

collective security 40, 63

colonialism 29, 37

colonies 28, 35, 203

See also France, Belgium, United Kingdom

“imperial overstretch” 71

Concert of Europe 192

concession-convergence bargaining 108, ,

conflict management 165, 167, 180, , , 233,

cooperation and 161, , , , , 162, 180

examples of 175, , 178, , 179,

gains through 164

multilateralism and 62,

types of 164

strategy of 165, 166, 179

Congress of Vienna 42, 188

Contact Group 178, 179, , ,

examples of 78, 88

Western 5-member CG 175, , , , 176,

constructivism 9, 42, 62, 97, , 230

constructivists 96, 107, , 185, 186

constructivist theories 97, 109

contructivist paradigm/interpretations 97, 110, ,

international politics 97, 106

international relations 107

CSCE (Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe) 168

Cuba 55, , , 175, 176, ,

human rights 67

Cuban missile crisis 135, 141, 142

Czech Republic 140, 168, 169, 203

Dayton Agreement of 1995 154, , 157, 178

de Gaulle, Charles 51, 87

development assistance 215, 216, 217, 218, , , 219, , 221,

developing countries 66, 215, 222

financial and trading arrangements 65,

financial crisis 66

normative change 65–66

development agenda 65

inequalities of multilateralism 67

influence of UN agency budgets 67

negotiating capacity 69

See undernames of countries

deterrence 52, , , , 136, 149, 150

Dominican Republic 75

doux commerce, the idea of 28, 37

“economic nationalism” 38, 39, 69

Egypt 157, , , , 177, 208

aid recipient 210

Israeli–Egyptian Peace Treaty

See Israel

ties with the US 215

Europe 35, , 37, , 42, 61, 172, 188, 189, 191, 230, 235

ACP (Africa Caribbean Pacific) countries and 211

central Europe 190

common security policy 96

concept of multilateralism 73–74, 77

development assistance 211, 221

dispute over colonial holdings 148

eastern Europe 190, 204

European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) 103

European Community (EC) 179, 211

European integration 96

European Union (EU) 2, 44, 73, 74, 78, 108, 181, 227, 233

conflict management and 177, 178, , 198, 203

global actor 74

membership 190, 207

negotiations within 89

policies within 87

foreign policy 74,

former Yugoslavia 78, 89

German reunification, and 90

security 204

United Nations, and 77

western Europe 45, 186, 204

financial crisis 66

Asian financial crisis 66, , 198

global financial and credit crisis 66, 77

France 17, 29, 51, 188, 189, ,

after Napoleon 42,

collapse of Franco-British entente 149

cooperation with Germany 96, , 103, , 108, 235,

development assistance 209, , , 210, 215

“egalitarian liberals” 24,

Enlightenment 27

Franc Zone 208, 209,

French legislation 37

Franco-British relationship 235

Franco-British trade agreement 37

French industrialists 45

French-Italian tariff war 159

former colonies of 210, 215,

GATT, and 158, ,

involvement in Africa 37, 48, , 49, , 50

intervention in Iraq 50, 53, , , 54, , , ,

monarchy 30

Second World War 141

withdrawal from NATO in 1966 87

“free-riderism” 43, 58, 59

free riding 229, 232

cost of 64,

GATT 52, 158, , , , , , , 195

Uruguay round

See WTO

game theory 16, 97, 100, 106, , 107, , 133, , 136, 144, 231, 232

agent-based modeling 111–12, , 114, 121, 133, , 134,

Axelrod, Robert’s concept of 111, 112, , 117

Chicken Dilemma Game (CDG) 10, 102–03, 231, , , 232,

“dilemmas of common interests” 101

“dilemmas of common aversions” 101, 102, 103

game theorists 99, 232

game theory models 98–107, , , 136

mixed motive game (battle of the sexes) 99, 106

Nash equilibria 157, 232

Nash Point 7, 222, 232,

Pareto frontier 101, 105, 107, 147

Pareto optimal 100

Pareto superior 99

Prisoner’s Dilemma (PDG) 10, 103, 135–47, 151, 152, 156, 159–60, 229, 231, ,

dominant strategies 98

“dilemmas of common interests” 101

iterated prisoner’s dilemma 111, 112, 116–17, , 121, 125, 136, 138

reciprocal defection, threat of 103

“tit-for-tat” (TFT) 101–02, 103, 114–27, 136, 139, 144, 145, 168, 229

Suspicious TFTers 122–23, 129–31

Traditional TFTers 112, 121, 122–25, 126–28

General Agreement of Tariffs and Trade

See GATT

Georgia 50, 191, 200, 201, 203, 204

Germany 37, , 38, , 43, , 45, , 58, 59, 90, 91, 166

Berlin blockade

See Cold War

cooperation with France 96, , 103, , 108, 235,

cooperation with Russia 235

Hallstein Doctrine 168

Munich negotiations over Czechoslovakia

See Cold War

Ostpolitik 168–69

trade dispute between East and West Germany 159

reunification 90, 169

Quadripartite Agreement on Berlin 169

Zollverein (Free Trade Union) 37, 38


German Democratic Republic (DDR) 168

reunification

See underGerman Federal Republic

counter-Hallstein (Ulbricht) Doctrine 168

treaties with the Federal Republic of Germany 169

global governance 66, , , 67, 70, 77, 182, , 183, 184, 186

global governance institutions 66, 67

global governance project 184

global issues networks (GINs) 70

Gorbachev, Mikhail 200,

Grotius, Hugo 5, 15, 16, 17, , 18–20, 21, 24

Grotianism 16

Grotian tradition 16,

Grotian rule of sociability 18–19, 21,

Group of Five

cooperation with Iran 91

Group of Seven 78, 195,

Group of Eight 58, 59, 66, , 70, 78, 203, 207

Group of 20 66, 67, 70, 78

Group of 77 78

Gulf War 177

Habermas, Jürgen 107,

Haiti

intervention, in 50–51, 136, 139

Haitian junta 139

hegemony 42, 58, 59,

hegemonic state 81, , 164, 174, 181, 188, 192

hegemonic order/system 10, , 192

limited hegemony 164,

multilateral cooperation and 9,

power asymmetry 182,

US hegemony

See underUnited Sates

Hobbes, Thomas 16, 17, , 20–21, , , 22, 30, 34, 36, 39

Hobbesian tradition 16

Hobbesian anthropoligical pessimism 16, 36

Leviathan 20, 21

international relations 109

Hobbesian state of nature 5, 17, 24, 25, , 123

Holbrooke, Richard 154, , 178, 179,

Homans Theorem 222

Hong Kong 170

Hu Jintao 202, 204

Hume, David 24, 28, 30, 34, 35

“enormous enemies” 28

Treatise of Human Nature 30

Hussein, Saddam 50

IMF (International Monetary Fund) 64, 65, 66, 69, 157, 195

Strauss-Kahn, Dominique, Managing Director 67

India 52, 74, 189, 227

development assistance 218

national identity 189

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

See World Bank

International Conference on the Former Yugoslavia (ICFY) 178,

internationalist tradition

See Grotius

internationalism 36, 63

institutionalism 62

neoliberal institutionalism 135

Iran 59, 75, , 91, 183

power relations 95,

nuclear program 227

Iraq 49, 50, , 53, 54, , , 58, 75, 88, 200

war in 182, , 203, 205

UN inspectors 135

Ireland

1998 Northern Ireland peace agreement 154

isolationism 41, 43–45, 46, , , 58, , , 59, , 63

economic isolationism 34

isolationist 47

Israel 157, , , , , 166, 175, 177, , , ,

policies toward Arab states 166–67

Oslo Accords 155

second Sinai withdrawal 167

Madrid Process 167,

peace accords 210

Peace Process 167

Oslo Process 167

Israeli–Egyptian Peace Treaty 177

Yomkippur War 176

Japan 45, 48, 89, 173, , , 186, 189, 205, 227

avoidance of formal institutions 63

currency 81

geopolitical interests 211

imperialism 191

national identity 189

power rivalries 64, 190,

ties to Asian aid recipients 215

Jervis, Robert 136, 149, 150, 152

Jiang Zeming 196, 198, , 201, 202

jus gentium

See undernations, law of nations

Kagan, Robert 191

Kant, Immanuel 16, 36, , 73

Kantian tradition 16

Kant’s optimism 16

Perpetual Peace. A Philosophical Sketch 36

international relations 109

Keohane, Robert 45, 79, 133

regimes 97

After Hegemony 135


Kim Il-Sung 172,

Kim Jong-Il 200

Kissinger, Henry 148, 168, 170, 172, 176, 205

Korea 166, 170–74

North Korea 59, 75, 183

nuclear program 200, 227

Six-Party Talks 58, 75, 90, 173, , , 174, 227

Six-Party Agreement 173

Korean War 171

Pyongyang 171

Yongbyon 171, 172

Kosovo 58, 88, 178, 179,

Kosovar Democratic League 179

Kosovar Liberation Army 179

NATO military strike 197

Serbia’s policy 89

Kyoto Protocol 52,

negotiations 231

Latin America

development assistance 211, 217, 221

Lebanon 177,

1958 Lebanon crisis 141

Lee Deng-hui 196,

liberalism 6–7, , 40, 60, 96, 229, , 230, 237

liberal tradition 62

liberal theories 97, 98

liberal theories of multilateralism 67

liberals 7, 8, 9, 185, ,

Libya 67

List, Friedrich 38

The National System of Political Economy 38

Locke, John 17, , 21, 22–23

Malaysia

human rights 67

market 22, 27, 29, 33, 34, 35–36, 38, 39, 228

civil society as 17, , 31, 37

commerce 25–27, , 28, , , 29, , , 31, 33

“spirit of commerce” 29,

division of labor 31

global market 35, 36, 48

global society of market states 39,

idea of 16, 17, 18, , 23, 24, 29, 32, 33, 36

model of 9

nations as 34

sociological concept 32,

MENA (Middle East and North Africa region) 216

Mexico 47, 48, 55, , 56, , , 57, , , , 140

Mexican government, the 47

Salina’s government 55

1985–1978 140

US–IMF intervention 140

Middle East 184, 200

oil 184

Middle East Quartet 88, 90

Mill, John Stuart 30, 37

Observations Concerning the Distinction of Ranks in Society 30

Milosevic, Slobodan 154, , 179

Monnet, Jean 104

Montesquieu, Baron de, Charles de Secondat 5, 24, , 31, 33, 36, , , 37, 39

Reflections on Universal Monarchy in Europe 25

The Spirit of the Laws 26, , 29

Considerations on the Causes of the Greatness and Decadence of the Romans 28

Morgenthau, Hans 188

Multipolarity 58

Myanmar 44

NAFTA 42, 47, 48, 53, 55–57

Nagorno-Karabakh 148

Namibia 175, , 176, , , 179

nation, definition of 29, 34, 38

law of nations 15, 16, 17, 19, 22–23, , , , 30

society of nations 17, 23,

NATO 2, 42, 90, 185, 195, 196, 199, 230

Cold War 64, 71

Council 178, , 179, ,

enlargement 195, 196, 197, 203

“flexible response” strategy 82

French withdrawal in 1966 51, , 87,

formation of 53

former Yugoslavia, and 89

German reunification, and 90

intervention in Iraq and Afghanistan 47, , 54, 71

membership 190, 207

NATO-Russia Council 203

Rwanda 48, 49

natural law 17, 19, , 22, 25,

theorists 17, , 18, 23, 24, , 36

negotiation

asymmetric 55

bilateral 82, , 83, 173, 236

inter-governmental 81

multilateral 9, 55, 81, 82–84, 87, 89, , 90, ,

definition of 81

examples of 55, 57

outcomes of 79,

Netherlands 37

neoclassical trade theory 56

neoliberalism 135

neoliberal theory 135

New Deal 63


New Zealand 44

Nixon, Richard 148, , 170, 202

Nixon administration 170

Nye, Joseph 182

“soft power” 186

Non Proliferation Treaty

See NPT

North America 57, 61, 95, 108

North American Free Trade Association

See NAFTA

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

See NATO

Norway 189,

NPT (Non-Proliferation Treaty) 171, ,

OAS (Organization of American States) 50, 51, 78, 88

Obama, Barack 59

foreign policy 76

Obama administration 46, , 59

October War

See Israel, Yomkippur War

ODA (Official Development Assistance) 208, 222

OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) 207

DAC 211

OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe) 88

and former Yugoslavia 89

Ottawa Process 65

Pakistan 170, 199

development assistance 218

national identity 189

Palestine 166, 177

Paris Club 211

Peru 50

Physiocrats, the 24,

playback effect 10, 164–65, , 174, , 175, 180, , , 181

confronting versus cooperating 166, , 167, 180

definition of 162

examples of 168, 169, , , 170, 173, , , 174, 176

negative playback effect 167, 175

positive playback effect 169

PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) 167

Poland 27, 34, 170, 203

treaties with the Federal Republic of Germany 169

Portugal 210

positive sum

perceptions 166

relations 166

view 166

Powell, Colin 202,

power cycle 43

analysis 43

context 52

theory 52, 188

PRIO (International Peace Research Institute) 212

Primakov, Yevgenii 196, , 198

Prisoner’s Dilemma

See game theory

protectionism 37, , 38,

Pufendorf, Samuel von 5, 17, 20, 21–22, , , 24, 30

imaginary interests 22

real interests 22

Putin, Vladimir 200, 203, , , , , 204, 205

political strategies 200, , , , 201–07, ,

relations with the West 200, 201, 203

Prussia 42, 188, 189,

Rabin, Itzhak 167

rational choice theory 62

Rapoport, Anatol 106–07, 144, , 145, ,

Fight, Games, Debates 106

Reagan, Ronald 173, , 194

Reagan administration 176

Realism 6, 16, 42, 60, 96, 229, , , 236

American scholars 72

Realist argument, the 81

Realists 7, , 8, 9, 64, 95, 96, 185, , , , 186, 188

Realist theories of international relations 97

reciprocity 6, 7, , 60, 61, 80, 81, 83, 136, 144, 160, 208, 236

anticipated reciprocity 6, 7, 76, 104

“burden sharing” and 73

commercial reciprocity 34

conflict and 102, 138, 139

cooperation 105, 109, 111, 113, 114, 123, , 125, 126, , 131, 132, 145

explanation of 228, 229

definition of 6

diffuse reciprocity 40, 63, 65, 103, 109

examples of 73

expected reciprocity 146, 228

kinship 229, 230, 234

neoliberalism and 135

relative gains 99, , 101, 102, 104, , 109, 139

versus absolute gains 101, , 139

Robertson, William 29

View of the Progress of Society in Europe from the Subversion of the Roman Empire to the Accession of Charles V 29, 36

Roosevelt, Franklin Delano 63, , 192

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 17, 21, 29, 31, 32


Russia 42, 49, 172, 173, , 177, 188, 192, , 231

autocracy 74

communist government 44

integration into Western order 183–87

interventions of 50, , 53

Korean peninsula 171

Middle East Quartet

See Middle East Quartet

national identity 189

revival of Cold War attitudes 227

rise to power 74

Russian Revolution 44

Sino-Russian military partnership

See China

strategy for achieving great power status 193–207

Rwanda 48, , , 49,

Sadat, Anwar 167, 177

Sarkozy, Nicolas 54,

Shultz, George P. 205

Scotland 17, 24, 29, , 30

Act of Union 29

security dilemma 4, 5, 136, 196, 198, 205

Senegal

development assistance 219, 221

Serbia 179

policy in Kosovo 89

shadow of the future 111, 113–15, 121–25, 131, 164

Shamir, Yitzhak 167,

Singapore 44

Singh, Manmohan 67

Sino-Japanese War 191

Slovenia 178

Smith, Adam 5, 17, 24, 36, , 37, , 38, , 39

An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations 30, 31, 32, , 33, 34,

“colonial illusion” 35,

“cosmopolitical” economy 38

Critique of Smith’s philosophy 38

economic theory 26

“invisible hand” 32, 33

Lectures on Jurisprudence 29

nation 29, 34, 35

social order 31, 32,

Theory of Moral Sentiments 30, 31, 32, , , 33

work of 17

Snidal, Duncan 64, 157

Snyder, Glenn H. 136, 140–41, 143, 151, 152, 159

social contract 16–17, , , 20, 23, , 32, 36

social identity theory (SIT) 185, 187, 189, 190, 233

South Africa 166, 167–68, 175, ,

African National Congress (ANC) 168

de Klerk, F. W. 168

development assistance 209

South East Asia

See ASEAN

Soviet Union 58, 171, 172, 191, , 192, 193,

collapse of 87, 168, 177, 194

Cuban Missile Crisis

See Cold War

German reunification, and 90

invasion of Czechoslovakia 168

military strategy during the Cold War 149–50

pressure on Lithuania 135

Sino-Soviet confrontation 170

treaties with the Federal Republic of Germany 169

Spain 37, 49

former colonies of 210

Stalin, Joseph 45

state of nature 17, 20, 21–22, , , , 23, , 24, , , 25, 34, 36

See also Hobbes

Sub-Saharan Africa 234

development assistance 208, 216, 217, 219

post-colonial ties 221

Suez crisis 167

Syria 177, 183

SWAPO (South-West Africa Peoples Organization) 175

Sweden 43, , , 189

Switzerland 37, 44

Taiwan 170, 171, 194, 196, , 199, , 201, 202, 204, 205,

independence 194, 200, 205

nationalism 194

Strait crisis 198, 199, 200, 201, , 202, 205

terrorism 46, 183, , 199, 200, 201

counter-terrorism 187, 207

war on terrorism 201, 203

theory of exchange 17

Tocqueville 37

trade 10, 29, 34, 35, 36, 56, 96, 108, 136, 158

bilateral 8, 26

conflict through 28

economic rivalry 28

foreign trade 27

free trade 18, 27, , , 33, 37, , , , 38, , 39, 69

gains through 5

growth of 31

international order and 33

international trade 36, , 37, 48, , , , ,

liberalization 55, 56,

local trade 33

multilateral 85

new international trade order 52

remote trade 33

terms of trade 55, 56

trade blocs 3

trade restrictions 35

traditionalist multilateralists 68

Treaty of Chaumont 188

Treaty of Utrecht 23

Ukraine 200, 203

unipolarity 58, , , , 182, 183, 186

United Kingdom 2, 29, 38, 49, 53, , 177, 188, 189, , 193

aid donor 209

British economy 38

British socialists 45

colonialism 37

English model, the 28

England’s 1689 revolution 29

former colonies of 210

Franco-British trade agreement

See France,

trade 28, 37,

“imperial Britain” 47

inside strategy 53,

Navigation Act 17

Second World War 141

relationship with France 42, 235

United Nations 42, 68, 75, 77, , 78, 86, 157, 176, 177, 178, 179

Anti-Personnel Landmines Convention 75

anti-terror resolutions 199

bodies of 64, 67

Conference on Disarmament 65,

former Yugoslavia 89

Human Rights Council 67

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 75, 171,

safeguards 171

inspections 171,

International Criminal Court 75

interventions 49,

inspectors 135

negotiations 82

permanent members of the Security Council 64, 65, , 75, 78, 89, 183, 190

reforms 66

resolution 50, 55

Security Council 61, 65, 75, 82, 86, 88, 91, 172, 177, 199, 203

regime change in Iraq 49, 50, 53, 54

Rwandan genocide 48

sanctions 172

UNESCO 67

UN Human Rights Commission 67

UN Law of the Seas Treaty 82

votes 210

United States 2, 37, 45, 53, 58, 59, , , 63, 89, 106, 159, 183, 193

bilateral ties with Asia-Pacific region 63,

Brazzaville–New York Agreement 176,

Canada–US Free Trade Agreement 47

Central American market initiative (CAFTA) 58

Civil War 44

Cold War 45

concept of multilateralism 73, 76, 77

confrontation with North Korea 135

Congress 71, 158, 196

cooperation with Canada 47, , , , 108, 236

Cuba policy 55

development assistance 209, 210, ,

economy 48, 52

establishment of multilateral institutions 81

exceptionalism 45, 74

foreign policy 59, 61, 72

in Somalia and Bosnia 139

former Yugoslavia 89

free trade agreements 48, 85

See also trade

GATT, and 158

hegemony 58, 63, 182–87, ,

immigration 47

“imperial America” 47

intervention in Haiti 50

invasion of Iraq 49, 50, 53, , , , , , 54, , 75, 199, 203

isolationism 45, 63,

Long-term Defense Plan 71

Mideast Peace Process 176–78

Mideast peace settlement 167,

military presence in Central Asia 201

military strategy during the Cold War 149–50, 193

NAFTA, negotiations of 55, , 56, , 57,

national interests 72, , 74, 81

National Missile Defense (NMD) 197

policy towards Israel 167

policy towards Korea 170–74

power relations 95, , ,

power rivalries 64

prejudices 124

Proliferation Security Initiative 75

“reactionary state” 52,

Strategic Economic Dialogue with China

See China

Strategic Leadership: Framework for a 21st Century National Security Strategy 76

terrorist attacks (9/11) 47, 182, 199, 200, , 201

threat of terrorism 201

See also terrorism

as third-party mediator 154, 175, 176, , 179

ties with Egypt 215

troop contribution 71

unilateral action 87,

United Nations, and 77

US–China crisis over Taiwan 150–51, 169–70

US–China disputes on intellectual property 159

US–China relations 169–70, 194, , , 195, 196, 197, , 198, , 200, 201–07

US–European agricultural disputes 159

US–Japan automobile trade conflicts 159

US–Japan relations 196

US nuclear strategy 136

US–Soviet/Russia relations 136, 191, 193, 194, 195, 196, , 197, , , 201–07,

US–Soviet–China relations 136

wheat farmers 45

universalims 29

universalist tradition 16

Uzbekistan 206

Vance, Cyrus 175, 176, 178

Vanuatu 67

Versailles, Treaty of 44

Vietnam 170, , ,

weapons of mass destruction (WMD) 50, 183, 187

Westphalia, Treaties of 15

system 15

Peace of 228

Winch, Donald 33

Adam Smith’s Politics 33

World Bank 64, 66,

aid efficiency 208

World Intellectual Property Rights Organization 65

World War One 44

WTO (World Trade Organization) 42, 69, 74, 78, 199

Doha Round 85, 227, 231

negotiations 82, 89

Uruguay Round 82, 158

Yeltsin, Boris 200, , 206

Yugoslavia 175, 178–79, 195

former Yugoslavia

See Europe

zero-sum game 24, 31, 38, 139, 143, 189

zero-sum bargaining 105

zero-sum loop 17

zero-sum policies 166

zero-sum situation 105

zero-sum view 166




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