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Jihad in Saudi Arabia
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Details

  • 3 b/w illus. 1 table
  • Page extent: 304 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.58 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 322.4/209538
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: BP63.S33 H44 2010
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Islam--Saudi Arabia--History--20th century
    • Islam--Saudi Arabia--History--21st century
    • Islam and state--Saudi Arabia
    • Jihad--History

Library of Congress Record

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 (ISBN-13: 9780521518581)

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Jihad in Saudi Arabia
Cambridge University Press
9780521518581 - Jihad in Saudi Arabia - Violence and Pan-Islamism since 1979 - By Thomas Hegghammer
Index

Index

ABB head office 208

ABC News 168

Abd al-Aziz, King 106

Abdallah, Crown Prince 76, 150, 195

Abqaiq oil refinery operation 215–16

Abu Ayub

See al-Dukhayyil, Faysal

Abu Bakr mujahidin camp 27

Abu Ghraib prison 145

Abu Hajir

See al-Muqrin, Abd al-Aziz

Abu Mus‘ab (aka Nasir bin Hamad al-Fahd al-Humayyin)

See al-Fahd, Nasir

Abu Sayyaf (aka Sheikh Fathi Muhammad Habib) 55

Abu Subay‘i (aka Walid al-Sinani) 88

Aden 100

adventure 64, 137, 194

Afghanistan 16

al-Juhani and 227–8

alumni networks 175

cradle of jihadist movement 38–48

QAP recruitment and 189–93

as safe haven 108

Saudi funding and 21–3, 24

Saudi state and 24–30

US invasion 14, 110, 143–4, 161–6

See also al-Qaida, recruitment to, training camps

afterlife, recruitment and 60–5

Ahl al-Hadith 46

Airport camp 109

Al al-Shaykh, Abd al-Aziz (Grand Mufti) 158

Al al-Shaykh, Sheikh Abd al-Latif 84, 87

Al al-Shaykh family 2

Al Awshan, Isa 124–5, 126, 127, 128, 172, 190, 191, 192, 221

Al Sa‘ud family 2, 65, 105, 201, 231

al-Ablaj, Abu Muhammad 184

al-Adl, Sayf 165, 181, 182

al-Adnani, Tamim 45

al-Albani, Sheikh Nasir al-Din 51, 83

al-Anbari, Talal 139, 141, 176, 178

al-Ansar (discussion forum) 123, 172

al-Ansari, Ayman 192

al-Ansari, Mustafa 192

al-Ansari, Sami 192

al-Ansari, Samir 192

al-Anzi, Abd al-Aziz 123, 172, 191, 213

al-Aqsa intifada 80, 94, 111, 145

fund 80

al-Asra (website) 145

al-Awaji, Muhsin 218

al-Awda, Salman 4, 29, 121, 125, 146, 148, 150

global jihad and 71, 76, 83, 86, 87, 88, 90, 95, 97

al-Awfi, Salih 214

killing of 215

al-Azhar University (Cairo) 39

al-Baghdadi, Khalid 190, 195

al-Bahr, Yasin (aka Suhayl al-Sahli) 55

al-Bahri, Nasir 52, 55, 59, 61, 64

al-Qaida and 107, 113, 117

global jihad and 72, 75

al-Barrak, Abd al-Rahman 151–2

al-Barrak, Nasir 71–2

al-Batin, Hafar 139

al-battar (‘Sabre’) 170

See also al-Uyayri, Yusuf

al-Dandani, Turki 160, 188, 192, 202

Arabian Peninsula and 165, 174–5, 181, 185

killing of 203

al-Dawsary, Abd al-Rahman (aka Abu Abd al-Aziz, aka Barbaros) 48–9, 50–1, 66, 74, 138

al-Din, Nur 66

al-Dukhayyil, Ahmad 134, 141, 157–8, 175, 202

killing of 203

QAP recruitment and 191, 192, 195, 197

al-Dukhayyil, Bandar 158, 192, 196

al-Dukhayyil, Faysal (aka Abu Ayub) 134, 142, 158, 174–5, 176, 192

al-Duwaysh, Abdallah 89

al-Fadl, Jamal 49

al-Fahd, Nasir 197, 220

global jihad and 84, 86, 87–9, 90, 92, 95, 97

post 9/11 and 148, 149–50, 151–5

al-Faisal, Prince Turki 27, 29, 114, 115

al-Faisal, Saud 25

al-Faqih, Hassan 195

al-Faqih, Mansur 195

al-Farraj, Khalid 164, 192

al-Farraj, Muhammad 88, 89

al-Faruq, Umar 55

al-Faruq camp 109, 119, 135, 164

al-Ghamidi, Abd al-Aziz (aka Abu Walid al-Ghamidi) 55

al-Ghamidi, Ahmad 134

al-Ghamidi, Ali 188, 202

al-Ghamidi, Hamza 55

al-Ghamidi, Sa’id 134

al-Habashi, Muhammad 67

al-Ha’ili, Abu al-Zubayr 50–1

al-Hajj, Khalid (aka Abu Hazim al-Sha‘ir) 168–9, 181, 183, 186, 204, 206

killing of 205

al-Hajiri, Riyadh 71, 72

al-Hamad, Turki 92

al-Harbi, Abd al-Rahman 197

al-Harbi, Ali 75, 136, 190, 192, 195, 196

al-Harbi, Ghanim 141

al-Harbi, Ibrahim 67

al-Harbi, Khalid (aka Abu Sulayman al-Makki) 51

al-Harbi, Salih 138

al-Hawali, Safar 4, 29, 31–2, 53, 148, 150

global jihad and 76, 83, 97

QAP failure and 218, 222

al-Hayyari, Yunus 186

killing of 215

al-Hazmi, Nawaf 114

al-Hudhayf, Abdallah 71–2

al-Humaydi, Sheikh Hamad 159, 191, 195

al-Humayyin, Fahd 87

al-Humayyin, Nasir bin Hamad al-Fahd (aka Abu Mus‘ab)

See al-Fahd, Nasir

al-Huzaymi, Turki 192

al-Islah (newsletter) 157

al-Jama‘a al-Islamiyya 220

al-Jama‘a al-Salafiyya al-Muhtasiba (JSM) 3

al-Janubi, Abu Hammam 67

al-Jarbu‘, Abd al-Aziz bin Salih bin Sulayman 84, 87, 89, 90–1, 97, 148

al-Jaza’iri, Sheikh Abu Bakr 66

al-Jaza’iri, Nur al-Din 66

al-Jazeera 79, 173, 209

Chechnya and 79

effect 76–7

al-Jihad (magazine) 46

al-Jubara, Abd al-Rahman 188, 192

al-Jubara, Muhammad 192

al-Juhani, Fayiz 192

al-Juhani, Id 192

al-Juhani, Khalid 168–70, 185, 227

al-Juwayr, Fahd 177, 192, 196, 214

al-Kashmiri, Hazim 185

al-Kawhaji, Sheikh Usama Uqayl 159

al-Khalidi, Ahmad 152–3, 159, 220

al-Khansa (magazine) 187

al-Kharrashi, Sulayman 89

al-Khudayr, Ali 197, 220

global jihad and 84, 86–7, 88–9, 90, 91, 92, 97

post-9/11 and 148, 150–5, 159

al-Khudayri, Abd al-Latif 191, 196

al-Luhaybi, Sami 196

al-Madani, Abu Zubayr 50

al-Madani, Sawad 64, 67

al-Madar, Tawfiq 27

al-Majalla (magazine) 184

al-Majati, Abd al-Karim 182, 186

al-Makki, Abu Fadl (aka Madani al-Tayyib) 124

al-Makki, Abu Khalil 67

al-Makki, Abu Sulayman (aka Khalid al-Harbi) 51

al-Maliki, Hasan 91, 92

al-Maqdisi, Abu Muhammad 47, 72, 97, 132

al-Mas‘ari, Muhammad 85, 86

al-Masri, Abu Hafs 53

al-Mihdhar, Khalid 114

al-Mi‘thim, Abd al-Aziz 71, 72

al-Muhayyani, Mit‘ib 164, 174, 178, 192

al-Mujahid (magazine) 46

al-Mujtama‘ (journal) 41

al-Munajjid, Muhammad 29

al-Munay‘, Abd al-Majid 191

al-Muqrin, Abd al-Aziz (aka Abu Hajir) 53, 54, 67, 71, 73

Arabian Peninsula and 175, 176, 177, 181, 185

QAP failure and 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 224

QAP recruitment and 190, 191, 221

‘al-Muqrin Squadron’ 211

al-Mutayri, Turki 164, 174, 175

al-Nahda party (Tajikistan) 54

al-Najdi, Abu Abdallah 213

al-Nashiri, Abd al-Rahim 55, 114, 116, 121, 166–70

attacks in Saudi Arabia and 171, 183

network 228

al-Nida (‘the call’) (website) 123, 146, 154, 171–2

al-Nuqaydan, Mansur 91, 92

al-Qablan, Khalid 68

al-Qahtani, Fahd 63

al-Qahtani, Mish’al 67, 68

al-Qaida 99–128

Afghan camps and 58

in Afghanistan 227–30

al-Shu‘aybi school and 95

central, growth of 108–12

Chechnya and 57

decentralisation 161–6

failed 2002 offensives 166–70

global jihadists 99–108

growth of 234–7

in Iraq 224

jihad, launching 180–5

leaders 2, 9

legitimacy, lack of 97

Riyadh bombing and 72

in Saudi Arabia 10, 14, 98, 112–29, 156

scholars 147–55

security establishment sympathies 77

Tajikistan and 55

targets 8

See also QAP (al-Qaida on the Arabian Peninsula)

al-Qaida, recruitment to 59, 130–42

classical jihad, exploited 133–8

gatekeepers 138–42

unemployment and ‘Najdification’ 130–3

al-Qaradawi, Sheikh Yusuf 41

al-Qar‘awi, Abdallah 89

al-Qarni, Musa 44

al-Qasim, Samih 92

al-Quds al-Arabi (newspaper) 61, 107, 183

al-Rahman, Jamil (aka Maulavi Hussain) 29, 46

al-Rahman, Sheikh Umar Abd 101, 113

al-Rasheed, Madawi 5, 10, 231, 232

al-Rashid, Abd al-Rahman 226

al-Rashid, Nasir 27

al-Rashud, Abdallah 155, 157–8, 191, 195, 222

al-Rashudi, Muhammad 89

al-Rass gunbattle 210, 213

al-Rayis, Ibrahim 71, 192, 197

killing of 205

al-Ruways prison 74, 75–6, 136, 195

al-Ruwayshid, Abdallah 93

al-Sadat, President Anwar 39, 78

al-Sahat (discussion forum) 172

al-Sahim, Muhammad 158

al-Sahli, Suhayl (aka Yasin al-Bahr) 55

al-Sa‘id, Khalid 71, 72

al-Sa‘idi, Fahd 128, 159, 164, 182

al-Salafyoon (website) 121, 123

al-Sananiri, Kamal 39–40

al-Sawat, Mubarak 76, 214

al-Sayf, Abu Umar (aka Muhammad al-Tamimi) 55, 57, 68, 224

al-Sayyari, Nasir 158

al-Shabanat, Abd al-Muhsin 176, 193

al-Shabanat, Badr 193

al-Sha‘ir, Abu Hazim (aka Khalid al-Hajj) 168–9, 181, 183, 186, 204, 206

killing of 205

al-Shammari, Nayif 139

al-Shamrani, Muslih 71, 72

al-Shanqiti, Muhammad al-Amin 84

al-Sharq al-Awsat 226

al-Sharqi, Abu Shahid 68

al-Shaybani, Abu Muhjin 114

al-Shibrin, Saud 71

al-Shifa incident 158, 197

al-Shihri, Amir 190, 193

al-Shihri, Muhammad 140, 161, 185

al-Shihri, Wa’il 140

al-Shihri, Walid 140

al-Shihri, Zaydan 193

al-Shishani, Murad 56

al-Shu‘aybi, Hamud al-Uqla 126, 148–50

global jihad and 84, 87, 88, 91, 92, 93, 94–6, 97

al-Shu‘aybi school 140, 148–55, 188

Internet and 172

rise of 83–98

al-Shurfa, Ahmad 138

al-Sinani, Walid (aka Abu Subay’i) 88

al-Subay‘i, Abdallah 197

al-Subay‘i, Musa’id 197

al-Subayt, Khalid 80, 126–7, 128, 178, 192, 195

al-Sudayri, Maha 88

al-Surayhi, Abd al-Rahman 45

al-Surayhi, Abd al-Rahman (Hasan) 67

al-Suri, Abu Mus‘ab 110

al-Suwaylim, Muhammad 195

al-Suwaylim, Samir

See Ibn Khattab

al-Suwaylimi, Ahmad 192

al-Suwaylimi, Muhammad 192

al-Tabuki, Abu Ahmad 113

al-Tamimi, Muhammad (aka Abu Umar al-Sayf) 55, 57, 68, 224

al-Tayyib, Madani (aka Abu Fadl al-Makki) 124

al-Turabi, Hasan 33, 41, 87

al-Tuwayjiri, Sheikh Abdallah 90

al-Ukaz (newspaper) 127

al-Ulwan, Sheikh Sulayman 121, 122, 125, 140, 159

global jihad and 84, 89–90, 97

al-Umar, Nasir 76, 150

al-Umari, Abd al-Aziz 122, 140

al-Utaybi, Sultan 191

al-Utaybi, Abd al-Ilah 197

al-Utaybi, Juhayman 3–4, 38

al-Utaybi, Sa‘ud 71, 191, 192, 210, 213

al-Uyayri, Yusuf bin Salih bin Fahd 14, 29, 53, 74, 95, 228

al-Qaida and 113, 118–22, 125–6, 127–9

Arabian Peninsula and 165, 166, 169–80, 181

killing of 203

network 157, 167, 194, 195, 202–4

post-9/11 and 148, 154–5

QAP recruitment and 188, 190, 191

al-Wabil, Abdallah 119

al-Wahhab, Muhammad ibn Abd 5

al-Washm bombing 207, 220

al-Watan (newspaper) 76

al-Yaziji, Abd al-Karim 192

al-Zahrani, Abu Sayf 68

al-Zahrani, Faris 155, 191, 201, 222

al-Zahrani, Muhammad 66

al-Zawahiri, Ayman 103, 110, 128, 162, 224

launching the jihad and 181–2, 183

Algeria 52–3

Ali, Jihad Muhammad Abu 114

‘Amana Safe House, The’ 176

Amnesty International 74

anti-Americanism 14, 64, 69, 71, 80, 183, 184, 201

al-Qaida and 102, 103, 109, 135, 137–8

QAP recruitment and 193–6

See also post-9/11 Saudi Arabia

anti-Westernism 64, 81–3, 109, 142

Arab Afghan community 99–101, 110, 175, 189, 196, 197, 229

Arab–Israeli wars 21

Arab nationalism 23

Arabian Peninsula 112, 116–17, 193

launch of jihad in 128, 186

sacred status of 30, 104–5

See also ‘mujahidin on the Arabian Peninsula’

Aramco 168

Arnaout, Enaam 49

arrests of sheikhs 203

Asfan training camp 176

assassinations 82

Ahmad Shah Mas‘ud 161–2

attempts 9, 101

QAP and 211

Riyadh 209

Westerners 209

Atif, Muhammad 165

Atta, Muhammad 130, 134

attacks, in USA 128

Awda, Muhammad 53

Azzam, Abdallah 7, 14, 69, 94, 148

al-Qaida and 100, 101, 138

classical jihadists and 38, 39–45, 46, 49, 57

pan-Islamism and 26, 27–8, 29

public speaking 66

recruitment by 65

Badr al-Riyadh (QAP film) 177, 195, 204

Badr camp 42

Bagram prison 145

Baku, Chechnya and 56

Bamiyan Buddhist statues 80, 95–6

Bandar, Prince 166

Barbaros 48–9, 50–1, 66, 74, 138

Barbot, Laurent 211

Basayev, Shamil 79

Battar camp 177

Batterjee, Adil 124

Bayt al-Ansar (Peshawar) 67

Benevolence International Foundation

See Islamic Benevolence Committee (IBC)

Bengler, Jonathan Hermann 209

Bergen, Peter 108

Beslan massacre 146

bidding games 30–7, 142

bin Abd al-Aziz (aka Barbaros) 29, 48–9, 50–1, 66, 74, 138

bin Attash, Walid (aka Khallad) 121, 168–9, 183

bin Baz, Sheikh Abd al-Aziz 29, 31, 83, 84

bin Huzzam, Faris 158

bin Ibrahim, Great Mufti Muhammad 20, 87, 88

bin Jibrin, Abdallah 79, 90

bin Ladin, Muhammad 42

bin Ladin, Sa‘d 182

bin Ladin, Usama 2, 7, 10, 14

9/11 and 131, 144

al-Qaida, growth of and 108–29, 227–9

al-Ulwan and 90

classical jihadists and 42–6, 57

global jihad and 71, 72, 77, 80, 96, 97, 99, 100–2

Iraq and 224

launching the jihad and 181–4

pan-Islamism and 26, 36

personal attributes 110

Prince Turki al-Faisal and 27

recruitment and 14, 60, 65, 67

revolutionary aims 201

Riyadh bombing and 72

Somalia and 53

USA and 55

See under ‘Mujahidun on the Arabian Peninsula’

bin Uthaymin, Sheikh Muhammad 79, 83, 85, 86

bin Zu‘ayr, Sa‘d 76

black propaganda 220

Bosnia 16

anticlimax 48–52

Bosnian war 32–6

Breaking Captivity (video/film) 214

Brigate Rosse 236

Burayda

al-Uyayri and 121

attack on police 208

Ikhwan Burayda 89

intifada 70–3

siege 207

Bush, President George W. 162

Cageprisoners (website) 145

caliphism 17

‘Camp of the Sabre’ (mu‘askar al-battar) 174, 176–7, 181

captivity symbols 234

Casablanca operation 183

Center for Islamic Studies and Research (CISR) 171–3

charities 35, 124

Afghan jihad and 26–7

Chechnya and 56

Chechnya 16, 55–7, 95, 146–7

fundraising for 37

war, second 79–80, 133–4

chronology of events 244–9

CIA 26, 27, 115, 128, 143, 217

Arabian Peninsula and 162, 166, 171, 183

Clarification on the Infidelity of Whoever Helps the Americans (al-Fahd) 149–50, 152

classical jihadism 7, 14, 37, 38–57

Afghanistan 38–48

Bosnia 48–52

defined 7

exploited 133–8

fundraising for 126

minor fronts 52–8

recruitment and 69, 193

vs global jihadism 8, 94, 120, 128, 198, 221, 223–6, 228–30, 234–5

collective duty (fard kifaya) 28

Iraq as 223

Committee for Aid to Palestine 19

Committee for the Assistance of Afghan Mujahidin 28

Committee for the Defence of Legitimate Rights (CDLR) 4, 85

communications platforms 123

companionship 193–6

compounds 184–5

‘Concept of Jihad’ (lecture) 29

Contesting the Saudi State (al-Rasheed) 5

Cook, David 238

Cordesman, Anthony 10

counterterrorism 217–21, 234

crackdowns 155–60, 203, 205, 236

1996–8 232

2002 police 194–6

2003 police 202

list of major 212

post-missile plot 115

post-Riyadh bombing 74–6

Crusade on Iraq Series (al-Uyayri) 173

Crusade in its Second Stage: The ‘Iraq War’ (al-Fahd) 152

Cumbers, Simon 209

Dammam, Saudi jihadists and 233

Dammam siege 215

Dar al-Ifta’ 157

Darwish, Mahmud 92

Dayton accord 52

Declaration of War against the Americans (Bin Ladin) 102, 161

declared aims 199–201

Defence of Muslim Lands (Azzam) 41

Della Porta, Donatella 11, 223, 235, 236

Denoeux, Guilain 233

Derunta camp 109

deserters 218–19

discursive themes 199–200

Djerba synagogue bombing 172

Dubrovka theatre operation 146, 209

East Africa, 1998 bombings 111, 118

East Riyadh bombing 202, 217

Eastern Province, 1979 riots 3

Echo of Jihad (film) 207

‘Echo of Tuwayq Brigades in Zulfi’ 214

education, militants and 189

Egypt 17

Arab mobilisation and 39

Egyptian Islamic Jihad 110

Encouraging the Heroic Mujahidin to Revive the Practice of Assassinations 82

‘Enduring Freedom’ operation 162

Eritrea 52

ETA 235

Ethiopia 54

ethnic cleansing 78

ethno-nationalist ideologies 234

expatriate compound (Jidda) plot 168

Fahd, King 30, 32, 76

loss of second Qibla 106

Faisal, King 17–18, 19, 106

‘Falluja Squadron’ 211

family networks 141

Faqih, Fahd 192

Faqih, Hasan 192

Faqih, Mansur 192

Farraj patricide 205

Faruq camp 191

Fatah al-Islam 225

fatwa

Afghanistan and 41, 140

al-Fahd on USA in Iraq 151

al-Shu‘aybi school and 96, 148, 152–3, 155

al-Shurfa and 138

on Chechen resistance 79

individual obligation and 62

for jihad 141

on weapons 157

‘fatwa udder’ 85

Fayha incident 207

‘fighters’ in QAP 191–3

Filkins, Dexter 136

films/videos

kidnapping 210

QAP productions 176–7

foreign policy coordination 17

Foundation of the Legitimacy of the Destruction that Happened in America (al-Jarbu‘) 148

‘frame alignment’ 23

friendship

mobilisation and 68

networks 130, 141

Front Islamique de Salut (FIS) 53, 234

Full Story of the Saudi Role in Bosnia-Herzegovina 36

fundraising 77

for Afghanistan 25, 144

al-Qaida network 121, 124–8

for Iraq 224

for Palestine 80

QAP activities 180

Saudi 21, 116

Future of Iraq and the Arabian Peninsula after the Fall of Baghdad (al-Uyayri) 173

Ganczarski, Christian 160

Gardner, Frank 209

gatekeepers 122, 138–42

Gerges, Fawaz 229

Ghamidi, Ali Faq‘asi 182

Ghayth, Sulayman Abu 172

global jihadism 7, 227, 238

activism 155

anti-Westernism and 64

Arabian Peninsula and 171, 173, 193

defined 7

doctrine of 102–8

indoctrination to 109, 135

invasion of Afghanistan 144

Muslim propaganda and Guantanamo Bay 145

rise of 79, 99–102

in Saudi Arabia 14

South Asia and 187

vs classical jihadism 8, 120, 128, 198, 221, 223, 228–9, 234

See also post-9/11 Saudi Arabia

global jihadism, opportunities for 70–97

al-Shu‘aybi school, rise of 83–98

Burayda intifada to Riyadh bombing (1995) 70–3

new pan-Islamic causes 78

police oppression and complacency 74–8

globalisation 232

‘Golden Chain’ 124

‘Good Tidings Foundation for Media Production’ 214

Gore, Vice President Al 114

government, QAP hostility to 200–1

group

adherence 67

dynamics 236

Guantanamo Bay 144–5, 192

Gulf crisis (1990) 31, 36

gunbattles 210, 211, 213, 215

Habib, Sheikh Fathi Muhammad (aka Abu Sayyaf) 55

hadatha 4

Ha’ir prison 150

Hajj 139

riots (1987) 3

Hamas 111, 220

Hanifa, Abu 45

‘Haramain Brigades’ 201, 206, 207–8

hard counterterrorism 218

Hekmatyar, Gulbuddin 46

Henderson, Simon 116

Higgins, Anthony 211

High Committee for Fundraising to the Muslims of Bosnia-Herzegovina 34

hijackers 130, 148

Hijaz

1970s 18

al-Qaida recruits and 131

Azzam and 41

-based organisations, pan-Islamism and 24

Bin Ladin network 113

domination of 59–60

early jihadists and 60

militant clusters 204

Muslim Brotherhood (MB) and 40

QAP facilities 178

recruitment and 68

Saudi jihadists and 233

volunteers and 45

hisba (moral policing) 9

Hizb-e-Islam 46

‘How We Can Coexist’ (Statement of Intellectuals) 150, 151

Hudhayfa, Abu 107, 166–7

Human Rights Watch 74

Hussain, Maulavi (Jamil al-Rahman) 29, 46

Hussain, President Saddam 30–1, 147

Huwayrini attack 206

Ibn Khattab 54, 55, 60, 68, 229

al-Uyayri and 119–20

Chechnya and 79, 126–7, 146

opposition to Bin Ladin 120

ideologues in QAP 191

ideology 12

Ifta’ incident 157–8

Ikhwan (rebels) 3

Ikhwan Burayda 89

Ikhwan revolt (1920s) 3

Imam Muhammad bin Sa‘ud University 84–5, 86, 191

imprisonment 190, 195–6

of al-Fahd 88

of al-Uyayri 119

Guantanamo Bay 144–5

radical scholars (2003) 159

recruitment, effects on 118

incrimination 197–8

individual duty (fard ‘ayn) 28, 29, 62, 223

information

al-Uyayri and 171–3

sharing 13

strategy, Saudi 219

Inside the Cell (TV) 198, 220

intelligence services, Saudi 27, 78, 144, 211, 218

capability increase 236

International Islamic Relief Organisation 49

International Islamic University 40, 41

Internet 13, 85, 138

al-Fahd and 89, 155

al-Shu‘aybi school and 92, 97, 152

al-Uyayri and 121–4, 171

forums 224

Guantanamo Bay and 145–6

as inspiration for jihadists 141

jihadist activity on 217

kidnapping 210

media campaign 196

pan-Islamist renaissance and 98

police approach to 216

publications 212, 213, 214

QAP propaganda and 238

Saudi jihadism and 12

intifada fund 80

intra-group affection 142

IRA 235

Iran 23, 34

Iraq 16, 152

effects in Saudi Arabia 157

impact on QAP campaign 223–5

threat to Saudi oil fields 30–2

war 217

weapons of mass destruction and 147

Iraqi Jihad: Hopes and Dangers (al-Uyayri) 173

Islam Today (website) 151

Islamic Benevolence Committee (IBC) 35, 49, 56, 124

Islamic Group (Egypt) 115

Islamic Union 54

Islamism

activism 5, 6

defined 3

‘Islamo-liberals’ 76, 91

Israel

creation of 106

Palestine and 19, 25

second intifada and 80

Istanbul, Chechnya and 56

Ittihad party 25

Izetbegovich, President Ali 34

Jacobs, Robert 209

Jamaat-e Islami 234

‘Jenin massacre’ 145–6

Jerusalem Squadron 208

Jidda

assassinations 211

attack on police (2004) 208, 210

shoot-out 207

Jidda University 43

jihadism

activism 97

on Arabian Peninsula 143, 157, 194, 198, 237

defined 3

lifestyle 191

in Saudi Arabia 163–70

veterans 190–1, 194, 196, 227, 229

Jizan

arrests 203

hospital siege 203

Johnson, Paul 180, 209

Join the Caravan (Azzam) 38, 45

Joint Committee for Kosovo 78

‘joint (US–Saudi) terrorism task force’ 115

Jubayl 196

Juhayman incident 24

Julaydan, Wa’il 26, 44, 67

karamat (miracles) 28, 41, 63

Kashmir 52

Kaspiisk bombing 146

Khalden camp 109

Khalidiyya events 203

Khalifa, Jamal 44, 67

Khalifa, Sayyid Ahmad 67

Khallad (aka Walid bin Attash) 121, 168–9, 183

Khashoggi, Jamal 30, 45

Khobar

attack (2004) 208–9, 220

bombing (1996) 2, 3, 73, 74, 119

Saudi jihadists and 233

shooting spree 180

King Abd al-Aziz University 40

King Faisal International Prize for Service to Islam 34

King Sa‘ud University 87

kinship

mobilisation and 68

networks 130

Knights Under the Prophet’s Banner (al-Zawahiri) 103

Kosovo 78–9

Kuwait, Iraqi invasion 30

‘Lackawanna Six’ 135

Lacroix, Stéphane 76, 96, 233

Lashkar-e Janghvi 234

Lebanon, Israeli invasion 20

legitimacy deficit of QAP 221–2

‘Letter from Abu Hudhayfa to Abu Abdallah’ 167

Letter of Demands (1991) 4, 32

Letter to You the Mujahidin (al-Fahd, al-Khudayr and al-Khalidi) 153

Lia, Brynjar 229

Libyan Islamic Fighting Group 74

lifestyle jihadists 191

‘Lion of Islam’ (Ibn Khattab) 146

Lion’s Den (al-ma’sada) camp 44

loyalty 194

Loyalty and Dissociation and the Obligation to Assist the Taliban (al-Shu‘aybi) 149

‘Loyalty and Dissociation’, Wahhabi concept 149, 150, 231

Mabahith car bomb 206

attempt 206

Mada’in Salih 216

Madkhali school 95

Madrid bombings 173

Majati, Karim 213

‘manifesto approach’ 199

martyrdom 62–3, 72, 80, 136, 148

Martyrs of the Confrontations (QAP film) 176

masculine pride, jihad as source of 137

Mas‘ud, Ahmad Shah 161

Mecca–Medina–Jidda triangle 60, 68, 233

Mecca mosque siege (1979) 2, 3, 4, 8

media

Afghanistan, focus on 28, 94

al-Jazeera effect on 76–7

al-Qaida strategy 111

Bin Ladin and Taliban 110

Bin Ladin’s profile in 118, 120

Bosnia and 34

end of state monopoly 232

fundraising and 80

global jihadist movement and 171

Guantanamo Bay and Saudi 145

international 149, 152

Iraq and WMD 147

Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and 30

kidnapping and 210

Kosovo and 78

martyrdom and 62

in Peshawar 45

QAP 181

Ra’s Tanura plot and 168

as recruitment resource 138

state use of 219–20

wives and 187

Meijer, Roel 11

Memorandum of Advice (1992) 4, 32, 85, 86

Messner, Jon David 172

military tactics 173–4

Milosevic, President Slobodan 78

Ministry of Defence 168

Ministry of Finance 16

Ministry of Information 34

Ministry of the Interior 47, 81, 156, 166, 168, 179

QAP and 195, 211, 217

missile attack, Prince Sultan Airbase 166–7

missile plot (1998) 74, 114, 117

mobilisation

defined 12

of resources for Afghanistan 28

See also classical jihadism

‘modernists’ 91–3

monarchy (Saudi Arabia) 2

moral corruption, symbols of 8

Moro Islamic Liberation Front (Philippines) 121

Mossad 143

Mu‘ali, Abu 50

Mu‘askar al-Battar (magazine) 174, 181, 217

Mubarak regime 100

Muhammad, Basil 41, 44

Muhammad, Khalid Sheikh 117, 169, 183, 201

Muhammad (Saudi Islamist) 67

Muhayya bombing 195, 204–5, 220

Muirhead-Smith, Edward 211

‘mujahidin on the Arabian Peninsula’ 161–85

Afghanistan, US invasion 161–6

al-Qaida, failed 2002 offensives 166–70

al-Uyayri and 170–80

jihad, launching 180–5

mujahidin battalion (Bosnia) 50

Muslim Brotherhood (MB) 4, 18, 39–41, 228, 233, 234

classical jihadism and 39–41, 42–3, 44, 46

Muslim solidarity 17–19

Muslim suffering, symbols 143–7, 234, 235

Muslim World League (MWL) 18, 19

Afghanistan and 28

Muslim Brotherhood (MB) and 40–1

in Pakistan 26, 44

Najd

al-Qaida recruits and 131

al-Uyayri and 170

QAP facilities 178

Saudi jihadists and 233

‘Najdification’ 130–3, 188

Naji, Abu Bakr 116

Namas training camp 176

Nasser, President Gamal Abdel 17, 78, 190

National Guard 211

National Security Agency (USA) 165

National Security Council (USA) 115, 117

nationalist ideologies 235

NATO 33

Nayif, Prince 78, 80, 88, 145, 156

newspapers, Riyadh bombing and 220

9/11

al-Qaida and 99, 111, 114, 121, 122, 161

Commission 113

hijackers 130, 131–2, 134, 140

Saudi Arabia and 2

See also post-9/11 Saudi Arabia

Northern Alliance (NA) 134–5, 161

Obaid, Nawaf 10, 181, 182

Obvious Proofs for the Infidelity of the Saudi State (al-Maqdisi) 47

occupations 188–9

oil industry 208

1970s boom 24

Iraqi threat to Saudi 30

prices 23, 77, 168

‘Operation Anaconda’ 162

‘Operation Enduring Freedom’ 162

‘Operation Restore Hope’ (Somalia) 53

Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) 18, 19, 21

Afghanistan and 144

Kosovo and 78

PAIC and 33

Saudi diplomacy and 25

Oslo agreement 80

Ottoman caliphate 17

Pakistan 39, 52

Palestine

1936 revolt 106

2002 peace initiative 150

Israel and 19–20

Saudi funding and 21, 24

Palestinian intifada

1987 20

2000 (al-Aqsa) 80, 94, 111, 145, 146

Paltalk (Internet radio forum) 121

Pan-Arabism 23

pan-Islamism 1, 3, 102, 136

al-Shu‘aybi school and 96

causes 78, 103

concept of 234–5

extreme 4, 6, 7, 8–14, 234

global jihad and 102

ideal 133

motivations 61–2

populist 18–19, 21, 23

QAP and 201–2

renaissance 98, 143–5

rhetoric 93

rise of 17–24, 124

role of 61

in Saudi Arabia 228–31, 238

pan-Islamism, politics of 16–36

Afghan jihad and Saudi state 24–30

bidding games 30–7

pan-Islamist sympathies 129

security establishment and 77

parents, mobilisation and 68

peer pressure 142

People’s Committees, Bosnia and 34

persuasion 196–7

Peshawar 47, 54

Philippines 52

pietism 3, 89, 234

pietist rejectionist school 87

police

2006 plots and 216

al-Rass 213

attacks on 215

capability increase 236

casualties 217

gunbattles 210, 211, 213, 215

Islamist activism and 78

militants’ attitude to 207–8

oppression and complacency 74–8

QAP breakthrough 210

soft to hard approach, from 155–60

See also crackdowns

political factors

geography 233

Islam 233

liberalisation, in Saudi Arabia 76–8

violence 235

See also pan-Islamism, politics of

Popular Arab and Islamic Conference (PAIC) 33

Popular Committee for Aiding Martyrs’ Families, Prisoners and Mujahidin of Palestine 20, 25, 35

Popular Committee for Fundraising 25

Posner, Gerald 117

post-9/11 Saudi Arabia 83, 143–60

al-Qaida’s scholars 147–55

Muslim suffering, new symbols 143–7

policing, soft to hard 155–60

power of the state 217

‘preparation groups’ 178

Prince Sultan Airbase 157, 166

prison 92

reforms 77

propaganda 203

al-Uyayri and 171–3

QAP 219–20, 221–2

Prophet’s Guidance on Targeting Emergency Forces (QAP) 208

protection, from police 198

Putin, President Vladimir 79

Qa‘idat al-Jihad 172

QAP (al-Qaida on the Arabian Peninsula) 1, 4, 181, 203

2003 campaign 37

aims of 9–11, 199–202

al-Shu‘aybi school and 148

anti-American agenda 184

campaign 14, 83, 161, 202, 215, 227, 232

cell in Mecca 164–5

consolidation and revenge 205–6

death of old 210–13

downfall, explaining 217–26

failure of 199

founder of 53

global jihad and 74

Internet and 123

literature 169, 171

media activities 172, 203–4

mobilisation of 153–5

new generation 213–17

policing and 76, 155–6

resources 218

setback and reorganisation 202–5

spring 2004 offensive and collapse of 206–10

underlying factors 235–8

See also recruitment, QAP (al-Qaida on the Arabian Peninsula)

Qasim 233

Qawqaz Sharia Institute 126

Quds Squadron (QAP film) 177

quiet insurgency 81–2

Qur’an 46

Qutb, Sayyid 7, 39

Qutbist revolutionary Islamism 227

Ramadan 62, 63, 139, 204

Ra’s Tanura 157, 168

Rawda shoot-out 207

Rebuttal of the Errors in the Statement of the Intellectuals (al-Fahd) 151

recruitment

Iraq 224

politics and 77

problems 221

in Saudi Arabia 116, 117–24, 128, 225

recruitment, early fronts 59–68

Hijazi domination 59–60

open 65–9

umma and afterlife 60–5

recruitment, QAP (al-Qaida on the Arabian Peninsula) 59, 174–5, 186–98

Afghanistan factor 189–93

anti-Americanism 193–6

persuasion, incrimination and protection 196–8

Riyadh, boys of 186–9

Red Crescent (Saudi) 25, 26, 27, 40, 44

religion, role of 232

religious factors

experiences 141

purification, jihad as 63

scholars, recruitment and 140

Revealing the Sorrow to the Scholars of the Nation (al-Hawali) 31–2

revolutionaries

activism 193

aims 201

QAP 217, 219

See also socio-revolutionaries

Rida, Rashid 17

Riedel, Bruce 10

Riyadh

assassinations 209

attack (2004) 210

bombing

1995 2, 9, 70–3

2003 1, 204, 220, 226, 227, 236

boys of 186–9

killing 205

militant clusters 204

operation 183

raid 215

Saudi jihadists and 233

Washm area 207

Rote Armé Fraktion 236

royal family 200

Ruling on the Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction against the Infidels (al-Fahd) 152

Russia, Chechnya and 79

‘Sabre’ (Yusuf al-Uyayri) 171

Sada camp 50

safe houses 178, 207

Sageman, Marc 62, 65, 142, 236

Sahwa (Awakening) movement 4, 125

al-Shu’aybi school and 149–51

crackdown on (1994) 113

global jihad and 70–2, 83, 84–5, 86, 87–9, 95–7

Ikhwan Burayda and 89–90

imprisonment 76, 90–1, 93, 99, 106

Iraq as collective obligation 223

leaders 148

opposition 101

pan-Islamism and 23, 29, 31, 32, 33, 35

Riyadh bombing and 220

scholars 148

violence and 222

Sakaka 9, 230

Salama, Sa‘id Sayyid 124

salesmanship, jihadist fundraisers and 126

Salman, Prince 20, 25, 28

Saudi Hizbollah 73

Saudi National Guard 72

Saudi Relief Committee 25, 40

Sawt al-Jihad (magazine) 9, 115, 123, 158, 187

Arabian Peninsula and 164, 172, 178, 181

QAP failure and 200, 203, 212, 213, 217, 221, 224

Sawt al-Qawqaz (website) 120, 123, 146, 171

Sayf, Abu 62

Sayyaf, Abd (Rabb) al-Rasul 25, 28–9, 34, 66

classical jihadists and 40, 42, 55

Scheuer, Michael 108

school system, recruiters and 139–40

Scientific Institute (Riyadh) 84

Scroggs, Kenneth 209

secret aims 199, 201

security establishment, Saudi

al-Qaida sympathies 77

attacks on 206, 208, 214

overhaul of 217

prison reform and 77–8

QAP and 76, 195–6, 205, 210, 211, 213

See also police

‘Security of Muslim States and their Solidarity’ (OIC resolution) 21

Seder compound 205

Serbia, UN sanctions and 34

‘Sermon on the First Day of Id al-Adha’ (Bin Ladin) 183

Services Bureau (maktab al-khidmat) 26, 27, 43–4, 46, 100, 112

Islamic Benevolence Committee (IBC) as 35, 49

mobilisation and 58

Sha‘ban, Sheikh Anwar 48–9, 50

Shabanat, Abd al-Muhsin 197

Shahi Kot, battle of 162

Sharon, Prime Minister Ariel 80

Shawqi, Ahmad 87

Shiites

militant 3, 73

Riyadh bombing and 74

shootings, Burayda 215

shoot-outs 202, 205, 207, 210, 211–12

May–November 2003 203

December 2003–March 2004 205

April–May 2004 207

Signs of the Merciful in the Afghan Jihad (Azzam) 41, 148

Signs of the Merciful in the ‘September Raid’ (al-Fahd) 148

Sipah-e Sahaba 234

Snapback (Internet service) 172

social factors

conservatism 24

liberalisation 93

networks 130

scientists, Western 12–13

social movement theory 11, 23

Society for Da‘wa to the Qur’an and the Ahl al-Hadith 46

Society for the Defence of the Muslim Scholars 86

socio-economic factors 188, 190

data 239–43

socio-revolutionaries 6, 8, 234

discourse 201, 206

ideology 1, 235

violence 230

socio-revolutionary Islamism 231

defined 7

soft counterterrorism 218–19

Somalia 52, 53

South Asia, global jihad 187

Statement about the Events that Happened in America (al-Shu‘aybi) 148

Statement of the Intellectuals 150, 151

study groups, religious 139

Sudan 33

suffering, symbols of Muslim 143–7, 234, 235

suicide bombing 128, 160, 186, 204, 211

Sunni Islamism

activists 230

jihadists, Riyadh bombing and 74

militants 3, 38, 102, 157

violence 8

Support Committee for the al-Aqsa Intifada 80, 145

Suskind, Ron 171

Suwaidi

first battle of 203

second battle of 203

symbols

captivity 234

of moral corruption, as targets 8

of Muslim suffering 143–7, 234, 235

Tabuk air base 168

Ta’if attack on police 208

Tajikistan 16, 54–5

takfir (excommunication) 75, 92, 102, 200

Taliban 80, 94–6, 97, 109–10, 134, 149

al-Uyayri and 120, 122, 125–6

fall of regime 227

foreign recruits and 161–2

jihad veterans and 191

Saudi pressure on 115

Sharia law and 136

withdrawal from Qandahar 164

targets

symbols of moral corruption 8

US-related 8

Western expatriates 9

teachers, jihad and 66

technical surveillance 218

technological opportunities 123

communications platforms 123

Teitelbaum, Joshua 10

television

Guantanamo Bay and 145

satellite 98

Saudi 176

security incidents and 13

state use of 220

Tenet, George 116, 166, 183

terminology 4–5, 7

terrorist attacks 100–1

Third World Relief Agency 49

This is How We View the Jihad and How We Want It 200

Thomas, Dominique 10

‘top commanders’ in QAP 191

Tora Bora, battle of 162

torture 74–6, 77, 78

of al-Nashiri 168

of al-Uyayri 119

Guantanamo Bay 144–5

QAP and 190, 194, 195, 219

Saudi prisons 230

training camps 108–9, 112, 129, 137

Afghanistan 1, 189

QAP 173–4, 175–7

See under individual camps

See also recruitment

trauma-induced religious conversion 63

tribal factors 231

dynamics 132

identity 221

ties 188

‘Truth Brigades’ 204

Truth of the New Crusade (al-Uyayri) 173

12 May 2003 operation (Riyadh bombing) 1, 204, 220, 226, 227, 236

2003 violence 1, 10, 159, 161

Ukaz (newspaper) 122

ulama 200

Umar, Mulla 95, 110, 115, 120, 126, 149

umma 16, 17, 32, 52, 60–5, 101, 105, 149

Unayza attack 208

unemployment 130–3, 189

United Arab Emirates 114

United Kingdom (UK) 217, 226

United Nations (UN) 33

High Committee for Refugees 49

Iraq and WMD 147

sanctions against Serbia 34

troops in Somalia 53

United States of America (USA) 25

Afghanistan and 14, 26, 110, 143–4, 161–6

Air Force barracks (Khobar) 73

consulate (Jidda) 74, 114, 211

embassy (Riyadh) 112, 115, 160

global jihad and 57

intelligence 167–70, 210

Iran and 23

marine base, Jubayl 196

Presidential Daily Brief on missile smuggling 115

-related targets 8, 102–3, 128

-Saudi cooperation 117

Somalia and 53

special forces 162

troops in Arabian Peninsula 112, 113–14

troops in Saudi Arabia 30–2, 94, 95–6, 99, 100, 101–2, 104–8, 113, 226, 229

universities, Sahwa and 4

‘University of Global Jihadism’ 108

University of Medina 40

‘unknown soldier’ (al-jundi al-majhul) 171

‘Usama bin Ladin Squadron’ 215

USS Cole attack 111, 114, 120, 121, 167

USS Sullivans operation 111

Uyayna attack on police 208

vigilantists 6

Vinnell Corporation (US) 72, 184–5, 227

violence 6, 189

‘visa argument’ 153

volunteers 25, 30

Wahhabism 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 46

al-Shu‘aybi school as 96–7

doctrine, criticism of 91

global jihadism and 86, 228

legitimacy, religious and 83, 97

‘Loyalty and Dissociation’ 149

pan-Islamism and 24, 37

puritanism 231

Saudi Arabia and 17

scholars 28, 84, 95

sheikhs, Internet and 86

‘Wahhabisation’ of Saudi Arabia 24

Waldmann, Peter 8

wanted list of suspects (2009) 237

‘war on terror’ 143, 163

warfare, global view of 102

Warsak mujahidin camp 27

Washington Post 35, 182

weapons 128, 176, 178–80

of mass destruction 147

websites 120, 121, 123, 145, 146, 151, 154, 171–2, 183

Western expatriates 9, 209

Westernisation 93

‘What We are Fighting For’ (American intellectuals) 150

women, al-Shu‘aybi on role of 93

‘Women’s Information Office in the Arabian Peninsula’ 187

World Islamic Front for Jihad against the Jews and the Crusaders (Bin Ladin) 102, 118

World Trade Center 36, 101

See also 9/11

Wright, Lawrence 108

Yanbu attack 196, 208

Yemen 237

Yousef, Ramzi 101

Zakat system 180

Zubayda, Abu 128

Zulfi

2005 shoot-out 211

Saudi jihadists and 233




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