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The Second Ottoman Empire
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Details

  • Page extent: 306 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.58 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 956/.015
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: DR511 .T49 2010
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Turkey--History--1453-1683
    • Turkey--History--1683-1829
    • Osman--II,--Sultan of the Turks,--1603-1622--Assassination
    • Janizaries--History
    • Social change--Turkey--History--17th century

Library of Congress Record

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Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521519496)

  • Also available in Paperback
  • Published September 2010

Manufactured on demand: supplied direct from the printer

$113.00 (C)
The Second Ottoman Empire
Cambridge University Press
9780521519496 - The Second Ottoman Empire - Political and Social Transformation in the Early Modern World - By Baki Tezcan
Frontmatter/Prelims

The Second Ottoman Empire

Although scholars have begun to revise the traditional view that the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries marked a decline in the fortunes of the Ottoman Empire, Baki Tezcan's book proposes a radical new approach to this period. Concurring that decline did take place in certain areas, he constructs a new framework by foregrounding the proto-democratization of the Ottoman polity in this era. Focusing on the background and the aftermath of the regicide of Osman II, he shows how the empire embarked on a period of seismic change in the political, economic, military, and social spheres. It is this period – from roughly 1580 to 1826 – that the author labels “The Second Empire” and that he sees as no less than the transformation of the patrimonial, medieval, dynastic institution into a fledgling limited monarchy. The book is essentially a post-revisionist history of the early modern Ottoman Empire that will make a major contribution not only to Ottoman scholarship but also to comparable trends in world history.

Baki Tezcan is Associate Professor of History and Religious Studies at the University of California, Davis. He has received research fellowships from the Mrs. Giles Whiting Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and Cornell University's Society for the Humanities. He coedited Identity and Identity Formation in the Ottoman World: A Volume of Essays in Honor of Norman Itzkowitz (2007) and has contributed articles to numerous books and journals.


Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization

Editorial Board

David Morgan
University of Wisconsin-Madison (general editor)
Muhammad Shahab Ahmed
Harvard University
Virginia Aksan
McMaster University
Michael Cook
Princeton University
Peter Jackson
Keele University
Chase Robinson
The Graduate Center, The City University of New York

Titles in the series:

Popular culture in medieval cairo Boaz Shoshan

Early philosophical shiism: the ismaili neoplatonism of abū ya'qūb al-sijistāni Paul E. Walker

Indian merchants in eurasian trade, 1600–1750 Stephen Frederic Dale

Palestinian peasants and ottoman officials: rural administration around sixteenth-century jerusalem Amy Singer

Arabic historical thought in the classical period Tarif Khalidi

Mongols and mamluks: the mamluk–īlkhānid war, 1260–1281 Reuven Amitai-Preiss

Hierarchy and egalitarianism in islamic thought Louise Marlow

The politics of households in ottoman egypt: the rise of the qazdağlis Jane Hathaway

Commodity and exchange in the mongol empire: a cultural history of islamic textiles Thomas T. Allsen

State and provincial society in the ottoman empire: mosul, 1540–1834 Dina Rizk Khoury

The mamluks in egyptian politics and society Thomas Philipp and Ulrich Haarmann (eds.)

The delhi sultanate: a political and military history Peter Jackson

European and islamic trade in the early ottoman state: the merchants of genoa and turkey Kate Fleet

Reinterpreting islamic historiography: harun al-rashid and the narrative of the ‘ abbāsid caliphate Tayeb El-Hibri

The ottoman city between east and west: aleppo, izmir, and istanbul Edhem Eldem, Daniel Goffman, and Bruce Masters

A monetary history of the ottoman empire Sevket Pamuk

The politics of trade in safavid iran: silk for silver, 1600–1730 Rudolph P. Matthee

The idea of idolatry and the emergence of islam: from polemic to history G. R. Hawting

Classical arabic biography: the heirs of the prophets in the age of al-ma'mūn Michael Cooperson

Empire and elites after the muslim conquest: the transformation of northern mesopotamia Chase F. Robinson

Poverty and charity in medieval islam: mamluk egypt, 1250–1517 Adam Sabra

Christians and jews in the ottoman arab world: the roots of sectarianism Bruce Masters

Culture and conquest in mongol eurasia Thomas T. Allsen

Revival and reform in islam: the legacy of muhammad al-shawkani Bernard Haykel

Tolerance and coercion in islam: interfaith relations in the muslim tradition Yohanan Friedmann

Guns for the sultan: military power and the weapons industry in the ottoman empire Gábor Ágoston

Marriage, money and divorce in medieval islamic society Yossef Rapoport

The empire of the qara khitai in eurasian history: between china and the islamic world Michal Biran

Domesticity and power in the early mughal world Ruby Lal

Power, politics and religion in timurid iran Beatrice Forbes Manz

Postal systems in the pre-modern islamic world Adam J. Silverstein

Kingship and ideology in the islamic and mongol worlds Anne F. Broadbridge

Justice, punishment and the medieval muslim imagination Christian Lange

The shiites of lebanon under ottoman rule Stefan Winter

Women and slavery in the late ottoman empire Madeline Zilfi


The Second Ottoman Empire

Political and Social Transformation in the Early Modern World

Baki Tezcan

University of California, Davis


CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo, Delhi, Dubai, Tokyo, Mexico City

Cambridge University Press
32 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013-2473, USA

www.cambridge.org
Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521519496

© Baki Tezcan 2010

This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 2010

Printed in the United States of America

A catalog record for this publication is available from the British Library.

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication data

Tezcan, Baki.
The second Ottoman Empire : political and social transformation in the early modern world / Baki Tezcan.
 p. cm. – (Cambridge studies in Islamic civilization)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 978-0-521-51949-6 (hbk.)
1. Turkey – History – 1453–1683. 2. Turkey – History – 1683–1829. 3. Osman II, Sultan of the
Turks, 1603–1622 – Assassination. 4. Janizaries – History. 5. Social change – Turkey – History –
17th century. 6. Social change – Turkey – History – 18th century. 7. Democratization – Turkey –
History – 17th century. 8. Democratization – Turkey – History – 18th century. 9. Turkey – Politics
and government. 10. Turkey – Economic conditions. I. Title. II. Series.
DR511.T49 2010
956′.015–dc22 2009042403

ISBN 978-0-521-51949-6 Hardback

Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party Internet Web sites referred to in this publication and does not guarantee that any content on such Web sites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.


In memory of Abdülbaki Tezcan (1895, Kulfallar [Razvigorovo] – 1955, Istanbul)


Contents

Figures, maps, and table
xi
Acknowledgments
xiii
Notes on abbreviations, dates, pronunciation, and transliteration
xvii
Introduction: Ottoman political history in the early modern period
1
1       One market, one money, one law: The making of an imperial market society and a law that applies to all
14
The dissolution of feudal structures and the rise of jurists' law
19
The political empowerment of jurists' law and its practitioners
30
The socioeconomic context of the political empowerment of jurists' law
30
The political empowerment of the lords of the law in the sixteenth century
36
Conclusion
43
2       The question of succession: Bringing the dynasty under legal supervision
46
Absolutists and constitutionalists
48
Circumscribing dynastic traditions by legal principles
59
The survival of Prince Mustafa
60
Es'ad and the office of the grand mufti at the beginning of the seventeenth century
63
Accession to the throne versus enthronement by virtue of seniority
72
Conclusion
76
3       The court strikes back: The making of Ottoman absolutism
79
The transformation of feudal vassals into patrimonial emperors
81
From Osman, the lord, to Mehmed II, the great lord
82
From Mehmed II, the great lord, to Süleyman I, the emperor
89
The development of the court as a center of political power
93
The deposition of Mustafa I and the enthronement of Osman II
108
4       A new empire for a second Osman: Osman II in power (1618–1622)
115
Osman, his youth, and Ömer Efendi
118
Absolutist ambitions
128
Ali Pasha: A court creature as a grand vizier
132
The military campaign of Osman II against Poland in 1621
136
The young monarch looks for a new army
140
The rise of the sekbans
141
The fine line between vizier and rebel, or legitimate and illegitimate armies
145
Conclusion
149
5       The absolutist dispensation overturned: A regicide
153
The Shadow of God captured by his army
156
The aim of the pilgrimage campaign
157
The uprising
163
The development of the Ottoman central army into a force of political opposition
175
The increasing size of the Ottoman army: Just a military phenomenon?
177
War as a political opportunity
179
The evolution of the army into a political pressure group
182
Soldiers or financial entrepreneurs?
184
6       The Second Empire goes public: The age of the janissaries
191
The Second Empire (1580–1826)
191
The janissary corps as a sociopolitical corporation
198
The janissary rebellions of the seventeenth century
213
Conclusion
224
Conclusion: Early modernity and the Ottoman decline
227
Bibliography
245
Index
267




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