This volume is a narrative and interpretive history of the physical and mathematical sciences from the early nineteenth century to the close of the twentieth century. Drawing upon the most recent methods and results in historical studies of science, the authors of over thirty chapters employ strategies from intellectual history, social history, and cultural studies to provide unusually wide-ranging and comprehensive insights into developments in the public culture, disciplinary organization, and cognitive content of the physical and mathematical sciences.
Introduction: the modern Physical and Mathematical Sciences Mary Jo Nye; Part I. The Public Cultures of the Physical Sciences After 1800: 1. Theories of scientific method: models for physico-mathematical sciences Nancy Cartwright, Sthathis Psillos and Hasok Chang; 2. Intersections of physical sciences and western religion in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries Frederick Gregory; 3. A twisted tale: women in the physical sciences in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries Margaret W. Rossiter; 4. Scientists and their publics: popularization of science in the nineteenth century David M. Knight; 5. Literature and the modern physical sciences Pamela Gossin; Part II. Discipline-Building in the Sciences: Places, Instruments, Communication: 6. Mathematical schools, communities, and networks David E. Rowe; 7. The industry, research, education nexus Terry Shinn; 8. Remaking astronomy: instruments and practice in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries Robert W. Smith; 9. Languages in science: chemistry Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent; 10. Imagery and representation in twentieth-century physics from Einstein to Feynman Arthur I. Miller; Part III. Chemistry and Physics: Problems through the Early 1900s: 11. The physical sciences in the life sciences Frederic L. Holmes; 12. Chemical atomism and chemical classifications Hans-Werner Schutt; 13. Theory and applications of the structure theory in organic chemistry A. J. Rocke; 14. Theories and experiments on radiation from Thomas Young to X-rays Sungook Hong; 15. Force, energy, and thermodynamics Crosbie Smith; 16. Theories and practices of electrical science from Faraday to Einstein Bruce J. Hunt; Part IV. Atomic and Molecular Sciences in the Twentieth Century: 17. Quantum theory and atomic structure, 1900–1927 Olivier Darrigol; 18. Radioactivity and nuclear physics Jeff Hughes; 19. Quantum field theory: from QED to the standard model S. S. Schweber; 20. Chemical physics and quantum chemistry in the twentieth century Ana Simoes; 21. Plasmas and solid-state science Michael Eckert; 22. Macromolecules, their structures and functions Yasu Furukawa; Part V. Mathematics, Astronomy and Cosmology since the Eighteenth Century: 23. The geometrical tradition: mathematics, space and reason in the nineteenth century Joan L. Richards; 24. Between rigor and application: developments in the concept of function in mathematical analysis Jesper Lutzen; 25. Statistics and physical theories Theodore M. Porter; 26. Solar science and astrophysics Joann Eisberg; 27. Cosmologies and cosmogonies of space and time Helge Kragh; 28. The chemistry and physics of the earth Naomi Oreskes and Ronald E. Doel; Part VI. Problems and Promises at the End of the Twentieth Century: 29. Science, technology, and war Alex Roland; 30. Science, ideology and the state: physics in the twentieth century Paul Josephson; 31. Computer science and the computer revolution William Aspray; 32. The physical sciences and the physicians' eye: dissolving disciplinary boundaries Bettyann Holtzmann Kevles; 33. Global environmental change and the history of science James Rodger Fleming.
"...a magnificent book; I strongly recommend it to historians, scientists, and graduate students." ISIS