In this book, field and laboratory researchers show that the Great Apes are capable of thinking at symbolic levels, traditionally considered uniquely human. They show these high-level abilities in both social and ecological domains, including tool use, imitation, pretense, self-awareness, deception, consolation, teaching and proto-culture itself. Here, contributors emphasize the mechanisms involved in building these abilities--especially the lengthy developmental and "enculturation" processes--suggesting changes to current views on how primate and human intelligence have evolved. Researchers and professionals in the fields of primatology, animal behavior, anthropology, linguistics, and cognitive psychology will find much useful information in this book.
1. Exploring the minds of the great apes: Issues and controversies Anne E. Russon and Kim A. Bard; Part I. The Scope of Great Ape Intelligence: 2. Chimpanzees and capuchin monkeys: Comparative cognition James R. Anderson; 3. Acting and understanding: tool use revisited through the minds of capuchin monkeys Elisabetta Visalberghi and Luca Limongelli; 4. Consolation, reconciliation, and a possible cognitive difference between macaques and chimpanzees Frans B.M. de Waal and Filippo Aureli; 5. The misunderstood ape: Cognitive skills of the gorilla Richard W. Byrne; 6. Ostensive behavior in great apes: the role of eye contact Juan Carlos Gomez; 7. Imitation in everyday use: matching and rehearsal in the spontaneous imitation of rehabilitant orangutans Anne E. Russon; 8. 'More is less': the elicitation of rule-governed resource distribution in chimpanzees Sarah T. Boysen; 9. Tool-using behavior in wild Pan paniscus: Social and ecological considerations Ellen J. Ingmanson; 10. Comparison of chimpanzee material culture between Bossou and Nimba, West Africa Tetsuro Matsuzawa and Gen Yamakoshi; Part II. Organization of Great Ape Intelligence: Development, Culture and Evolution: 11. Influences on development in infant chimpanzees: Enculturation, temperament and cognition Kim A. Bard and Kathryn H. Gardner; 12. Heterochrony and the evolution of primate cognitive development Jonas Langer; 13. Simon says: The development of imitation in an enculturated orangutan H. Lyn Miles, Robert W. Mitchell and Stephen E. Harper; 14. Imitation, pretense, and mindreading: secondary representation in comparative primatology and developmental psychology? Andrew Whiten; 15. Self-awareness and self-knowledge in humans, apes and monkeys Daniel Hart and Mary Pat Karmel; 16. Apprenticeship in tool-mediated extractive foraging: the origins of imitation, teaching and self-awareness in great apes Sue Taylor Parker; 17. The effect of humans on the cognitive development of apes Josep Call and Michael Tomasello; 18. Three approaches for assessing chimpanzee culture Christophe Boesch; 19. On the wild side of culture and cognition in the great apes Sue Taylor Parker and Anne E. Russon; Index.
"There are excellent chapters in the book based on both captive and field research." Craig B. Stanford, The Quarterly Review of Biology
"The illustrations, graphics, and black-and-white photographs are of high quality and integrate well with the text. Recommended for any researcher interested in the study of great ape cognition and all college and university libraries." N. Krusko, Choice