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Inventing Vietnam
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  • 15 b/w illus.
  • Page extent: 276 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.39 kg
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 (ISBN-13: 9780521716901)

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Index


A Program of Action to Prevent Communist Domination of South Vietnam,

Ackley, Gardner

   and economic advice to Lyndon Johnson, 236

Agency for International Development, 8

   creation of, 116

   on corruption in aid program, 227

   shift away from economic development, 140

   successor agency to the Foreign Operations Administration (FOA), 59

agrovilles,

Alliance for Progress, 116

American Friends of Vietnam, 44, 63

   response to Colegrove articles, 100

Anti-Communist Campaign, 70

Army of the Republic of (South) Vietnam, 70

Ban Me Thuot, 89

Base Engineering Emergency Forces (BEEF), 158

Battle of Ap Bac, 124

Binh Xuyen, 59

   control and influence, 65

   control of gambling and prostitution, 60

   fighting with Diem regime, 62

Boa Dai

   Vietnamese Emperor, 43

Brandstatter, Arthur, 65

   member of the MSU team to Vietnam, 58

Bundy, McGeorge, 154, 167

Can Lao Party, 109

Cao Dai, 59, 62

Capitol Engineering Corporation, 88

Caravelle Manifesto, 108

Cater, Douglas, 167

Central Intelligence Agency, 8

Church, Frank, 238

Civil Guard, 121

   military nature of, 70

Cold War in Europe

   1948 Berlin Crisis, 24

Colegrove, Albert, 97

   exposé on corruption in the U.S. aid program to Vietnam, 99

Collins, J. Lawton

   U.S. special representative in Vietnam, 43

Colonialism

   collapse of, 20

Commodity Import Program (CIP), 130, 161, 221–223

   growth of during the 1960s, 221

Cooper, Chester, 164, 173

Costs of the war by late 1960s, 234

Counterinsurgency, 117

Counterinsurgency program, 118

Curtis, Carl, 102

Da Nang

   and obstacles to economic development, 131

Daniel, Mann, Johnson and Mendenhall, 88

Dean Acheson

   on the importance of Japanese recovery, 22

Denison, James

   member of the MSU team to Vietnam, 58

Dole, Robert, 239

Dulles, John Foster

   collective security plan for Southeast Asia, 50

   on competition with Soviets in Southeast Asia, 25

   on outcome of Geneva, 51

   view of neutralism in Cold War, 24

Duong Van Minh, 151

Durbrow, Elbridge

   acknowledges long-term obstacles to democracy in southern Vietnam, 106

   and reforming Diem regime, 120

   response to the Colegrove articles, 100

Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (ECAFE), 170

Economic Commission for Latin America, 116

Eisenhower, Dwight D., 8

Fall, Bernard, 93

Fishel, Wesley R.

   and criticism of U.S. policy, 1971, 232

   and John Hannah, Michigan State University president, 49

   as presidential advisor to Diem, 49

   assesses his own importance to Diem, 58

   initial relationship with Diem, 47

   on perilous situation in southern Vietnam, 56

   response to Colegrove articles, 101

   warns Diem of his repression, 106

Ford, Gerald, 239

Foreign Assistance Act for 1961, 116

Foreign Operations Administration, 59

France

   on restoration of French rule in Indochina, 23

French Expeditionary Corps, 56

Fulbright, J. William, 95

   and break with LBJ over the war, 237

Gamal Abdul Nasser, 24

Gardiner, Arthur, 139

   USOM director on efficiency of building projects in southern Vietnam, 88

Gaud, William

   AID director on refugee problem, 210

Geneva Conference, 24

   U.S. posture at, 50

Goldschmidt, Arthur, 166

Gore, Albert

   role in investigation of U.S. aid program, 102

Gruening, Ernest, 238

Guatemala, 24

   Arbenz, Jacobo, 24

Guevara, Che, 119

Guns and butter

   congressional criticism of, 237

Haig, Alexander, 246

Halberstam, David, 115

Hickenlooper, Bourke, 102

Hilsman, Roger, 125

Ho Chi Minh, 74, 84

   consolidation of power, 24

Ho Chi Minh Trail, 5

Hoa Hoa, 59, 62

Honolulu Conference, 159

Hoyt, Howard

   member of the MSU team to Vietnam, 65

Humphrey, Hubert, 242

Indochina

   Annam, 39

   Cambodia, 38

   Cochinchina, 39

   education in, 41

   industrial infrastructure, 39

   Laos, 38

   Mekong Delta, 39

   Second Indochina War, 24

   Tonkin, 39

   U.S. support for France in, 23

   uses of quoc ngu, 41

Indonesia, 24

   Sukarno, 24

Industrial development

   limited nature of, 93

Industrial Development Center, 91

   criticism of, 93

   differences over, 92

Institute for Defense Analyses, 226

Insurgency, 105, 154

Inter-American Development Bank, 116

International Development Association, 116

Japan

   importance of postwar recovery of, 22

Johnson, Drake and Piper, 88

Johnson, Lyndon B., 8

   and faith in economic development, 167

   and March 31, 1968, speech, 242

   on threat of neutralist solution, 152

   “Peace without Conquest” speech, 166, 168

   situation in Vietnam upon assuming presidency, 150

   vice presidential trip to Vietnam, 121

Kennedy, Edward M.

   and Vietnamese refugee problem, 207

Kennedy, John F., 8

   and Vietnam Task Force, 138

   as Senate Cold War hawk, 115

   as senator on aid to southern Vietnam, 98

   critical of French in Vietnam, 54

   Foreign Affairs article,

   militarization of Vietnam policy, 122

   on the promise of economic development, 114

Kennedy, Robert

   criticism of the war, 237

Killingsworth, Charles

   member of the MSU team to Vietnam, 58

Kimball, George

   field trip to Da Nang and Hué, 82

   MSUG police advisor, 82

Kissinger, Henry, 245

Komer, Robert, 183, 192

   and ambivalence toward refugee problem, 211

   and pacification, 214

Labor

   1960 strike, 113

Lansdale, Edward G.

   advice to President Kennedy, 117

   as model for The Ugly American, 98

   role in thwarting Diem’s rivals, 60

   Saigon Military Mission (SMM) and, 42

Life Magazine

   characterization of Ngo Dinh Diem, 80

Lilienthal, David

   and development planning for Vietnam following Tet, 242

Lodge, Henry Cabot, 179

   on importance of economic problems, 219

Madame Nhu, 59

Manila Pact (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization)

   provisions of, 51

Mansfield, Mike

   and criticism of war by late 1960s, 238

   as Senate Indochina expert, 95

   critical view of Vietnam, 1954, 54

   on the growing military emphasis in U.S. policy, 141

   role in Colegrove investigation, 104

   support for Diem, 63

Mao Tse-tung, 119

Marshall Plan, 22

   Asian Marshall Plan, 22

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 115

McCarthy, Eugene, 238

McGee, Gale, 102

McGovern, George, 238

McIntosh Laboratories, 88

McNamara, Robert S., 154

   on necessity of military construction, 183

   visit to Cam Ranh Bay, 164

   warning of runaway inflation in southern Vietnam, 222

Mekong Project, 167

Michigan State University, 8

   formation of the Michigan State University Vietnam Advisory Group (MSUG), 44, 49

   role in Cold War nation building, 57

Michigan State University Vietnam Advisory Group (MSUG)

   Child, Frank, and, 137

   CIA role in, 67

   contract with U.S. government, 61

   differences between Diem and MSUG over use of police forces, 67

   end of contract, 137

   Jaffe, Adrian, and, 137

   monitoring of police infrastructure, 86

   objectives for building new government, 1955, 64

   optimism as of 1957, 73

   revised report on conditions in southern Vietnam, 61

Millikan, Max, 115

Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV), 128

Military Revolutionary Council, 151

Modernization/economic development

   and early U.S. Cold War foreign policy, 24

   and Kennedy administration, 115

Mohammed Mossadegh, 24

Morse, Wayne, 95, 238

MSUG Final Report,

My Tho village

   revolution in, 124

National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam (NLF), 110

National Institute of Administration (NIA)

   creation of, 71

   MSUG members’ views of, 72

   Participant Program, 71

National Police Academy

   establishment of, 1955, 66

National Route 14, 19, 90

National Security Action Memorandum (NSAM), 52, 120

Ngo Dinh Diem, 6

   and Buddhist demonstrations, 143

   and early rivals for power, 59

   and Kennedy administration, 119

   arrives in Saigon, 1954, 43

   attempted assasination of, 107

   attempted coup against, 1960, 110

   changing American views of, 79

   close supervision of NIA training, 72

   early American supporters, 43

   growing repression of, 105

   growing resistance to regime, 106

   influential brother, Ngo Dinh Nhu, 60

   Law 10/59, 106

   situation following assassination, 151

   transformation in American media and political circles, 80

   use of Civil Guard, 67

Ngo Dinh Nhu

   and Personalism, 109

   on the “third way” for Vietnam’s development, 92

Nguyen Khanh, 151

Nguyen Van Hinh, 60

Nguyen Van Thieu, 245

Nixon, Richard, 242

   and bombing Vietnam, 245

   and policy “Vietnamization,” 245

   views on situation in Vietnam, 245

Nolting, Frederick

   ambassador to Vietnam under Kennedy, 120

October 1955 referendum, 69

Pacification. See also Refugees

   Chien Thang (Will to Victory), 216

   Chieu Hoi (Open Arms), 216

   Civil Operations and Revolutionary Development Support (CORDS), 216

   Hop Tac (Victory), 216

   Revolutionary Development (RD) cadre, 216

   Strategic hamlets, 216

Paris Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam, 246

Peace Corps, 116

People’s Republic of China

   and early Cold War, 21

Pham Van Dong, 171

Phan Boi Chau

   Vietnamese nationalist movement and, 41

Phan Chu Trinh

   Vietnamese nationalist movement and, 41

Poats, Rutherford

   on the Saigon regime’s tax limitations, 225

Port congestion, 191

Port situation in southern Vietnam, 1966, 157

Refugees

   amputees, 209

   and burden on urban environment, 210

   and Congressional investigation, 209

   and pacification, 212

   growing problem, 1967, 208

   refugee encampments, 209, 211

   U.S. ambivalence toward, 211

   volume of war casualties, 208

RMK-BRJ

   and preparing to leave Vietnam, 247

   Bien Hoa, 202

   Brown and Root, 158

   Cam Ranh Bay, 198

   cost-plus contract, 159

   Da Nang, 199

   expansion to four firms, 173

   Harder, Paul B., 182

   J.A. Jones Construction, 158

   Long Binh base, 190

   Morrison-Knudsen, 157

   Newport, 193

   port construction, 161

   Raymond International, 157

   renamed as The Vietnam Builders, 181

   Saigon newspaper, The Vietnam Builders, 185

   Tan Son Nhut, 195

   The Em-Kayan,

   The Vietnam Builders, 184

   volume of military construction in first year, 162

   workforce, 186

Rolling Thunder, 159

Roosevelt, Frankin D.

   as advocate of trusteeship for former colonies, 44

Rostow, Walt W., 115

   The Stages of Economic Growth,

Rumf, Carl

   MSUG police advisors, 82

Rumsfeld, Donald

   and Congressional investigation, 1966, 228

   criticism of aid program and AID, 228

   criticism of role of private contractors in Vietnam, 239

Rundlett Affair, 102

Saigon-Bien Hoa Highway, 89

Schultze, Charles, 236

Scigliano, Robert

   criticism of Diem regime, 137

   on the Participant Program, 72

Seabees, 158

Second Indochina War

   Dien Bien Phu, 25

Self Defense Corps, 121

Sheinbaum, Stanley, 71

Southeast Asia

   regional importance in Cold War, 21

Southern Vietnam

   early U.S. state building in, 79

Soviet Union

   Cold War rivalry with U.S., 15

state building

   prevalence of in the Cold War, 14

   use of term, 14

Strategic hamlet, 117

   implementation of the program, 124

   Operation Sunrise, 125

Sûreté, 65

Tan Son Nhut Airport, 88

   expansion of, 161

Taylor, Maxwell

   trip to Vietnam during Kennedy administration, 121

Taylor, Milton, 137

   criticism of the Commodity Import Program, 78

Taylor-McNamara Report, 1963, 142

Television Associates of Indiana, 88

Tet Offensive, 240

   and damage caused by, 240

The Quiet American,

The Ugly American,

Thomas B. Bourne Associates, 88

Thompson, Robert G. K., 124

Times of Vietnam

   exposes corruption, 101

Truman, Harry S.

   recognition of State of Vietnam, 20

Turner, Ralph

   MSUG advisor, 85

U.S. aid program to Vietnam

   and corruption in import licensing program, 223

   and economic distortions created by war, 219

   Commodity Import Program (CIP), 75, 78

   Congressional investigation, 1966, 220

   contradictions in, 75

   corruption among U.S. servicemen, 234

   counterpart fund, 76

   import licensing program, 77

   International Cooperation Agency (ICA), 76

   military emphasis of aid program, 76

   PX Alley, 222

   Saigon regime’s dependence on, 174

   the black market, 222

U.S. aid to developing countries, 116

U.S. State Department

   on regional importance of Japan, 23

unexploded ordinance, 5

United States Operations Mission (USOM)

   Public Safety Division’s take over of policing, 70

   role in building infrastructure, 88

Valenti, Jack

   and Mekong development project, 168

Viet Minh, 53

Vietnam

   during World War II, 21

   infrastructural development prior to World War II, 40

Vietnamese Bureau of Investigation

   creation of, 61

   expansion of, 85

   role in growing repression, 68

Wallace, George C., 242

Weidner, Edward

   member of the MSU team to Vietnam, 58

   on future of democracy in Vietnam, 66

   on importance of Fishel in building Diem regime, 58

Westmoreland, William C., 205, 241

Williams, Samuel T. (General)

   response to Colegrove articles, 100


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