Cambridge Catalog  
  • Your account
  • View basket
  • Help
Home > Catalog > Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy
Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy
AddThis

Details

  • 124 b/w illus. 100 exercises
  • Page extent: 690 pages
  • Size: 247 x 174 mm
  • Weight: 1.08 kg
Add to basket

Paperback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521733175)

  • There was also a Hardback of this title but it is no longer available | Adobe eBook
  • Published August 2008

Manufactured on demand: supplied direct from the printer

$108.00 (P)



Index




adiabatic equation of state 251

adiabatic invariants 166,171

advanced tokamak, AT – see tokamak

Alfvén waves – see MHD waves

alpha particle heating 63,65,66,80,534

anomalous transport – see transport losses

ARIES 86,418

aspect ratio expansion- see tokamak

auxiliary heating power – see external heating power

axisymmetric instability – see tokamak

ballooning modes – see MHD stability

banana orbits 485

beta, β

   cylindrical definition 269

   limits – see LDX, RFP, spheromak, or tokamak 301, 305

   reactor 87,104

binding energy curve 29

blanket and shield – see fusion reactor

bootstrap current 334,408,490,496

   AT profiles 527

   bootstrap fraction 524,526

bounce frequency – see trapped particles

Bremsstrahlung radiation 52,54,63,65,66,70, 534

canonical momentum – see single particle motion

chemical reactions 22

coal – see energy option

   energy content 7

   environmental issues 7

   reserves – see energy reserves

cold plasma dispersion relation 569

collective effects 129,130

collision frequency – see also Coulomb collisions

   concept 41

collisionless damping 535,571

   generalized Landau damping 583

   Landau damping 572

   O-mode cyclotron damping 583

   X-mode cyclotron damping 577

confinement time – see energy confinement time

conservation (energy supply) – see energy options

conservation of energy 234

   alpha power 238

   basic principle 234

   Bremsstrahlung radiation 240

   compression work 235

   energy equilibration 240

   equation 240

   external heating power 238

   ohmic heating power 238

   rate of change of internal energy 234

   thermal conduction 236

conservation of mass 227

   basic principle 227

   equation 229

conservation of momentum 229

   basic principle 229

   collisional friction force 232

   electric field force 230

   equations 233

   inertial force 230

   magnetic field force 230

   pressure gradient force 230

Coulomb collisions 51,140,183,460

   Bremsstrahlung radiation 52

   conservation of energy 187

   conservation of angular momentum 187

   Coulomb logarithm 194

   Debye shielding 194

   mathematical derivation 185,190

   net energy exchange 218,219

   net momentum exchange 212,213,215,217

   test particle momentum 191,196,197

cross section

   blanket 91

   charge exchange 542

   Coulomb 198

   fusion 49,140

   general concept 38

   hard sphere 47

   ionization by ions

current drive 119,334,534,536,551

curvature

   average curvature 304

   favorable curvature 303

   single particle picture 306

   unfavorable curvature 303

cyclotron damping – see collisionless damping

cyclotron frequency – see gyro frequency

Debye length 122

   derivation 123

   formula 125,129

Debye shielding

   AC fields 126

   DC fields 122

   physical picture 122,127

Debye sphere 131,133

DEMO 633,642

density limit- see Greenwald density limit

deuterium, abundance 16

diamagnetic current – see magnetization current

dielectric tensor – see electromagnetic waves

diffusion equation 451

dispersion relation – see electromagnetic waves

disruptions 383,424

distribution function 42

divertor 501

ECH – see electron cyclotron heating

economics, fusion – see fusion reactor

edge localized modes – see ELMs

electromagnetic waves 551

   accessibility 565

   cutoffs and wave resonances 562

   dielectric tensor 558

   dispersion relation 560

   methods of analysis 566

   phase and group velocity 560

   polarization 563

   reflection, transmission, absorption, and mode conversion 564

   sources and launching structures 552

   wave particle resonances 563

   wave propagation 558

electron cyclotron heating (ECH) 535,586

   O-mode absorption 589

   O-mode accessibility 588

   X-mode absorption 594

   X-mode accessibility 592

ELMs 504

empirical scaling relations – see transport loses

energy conservation equation

   zero dimensional 60,62

   three dimensional 61

energy confinement time,

   definition 64

   fusion reactor 88,103

energy options

   coal 6

   conservation 15

   fusion 16

   hydroelectric 12

   natural gas 8

   nuclear 10

   oil 8

   solar 14

   wind 13

energy reserves 6

energy usage

   electricity 4

   total usage 4

equilibrium – see MHD equilibrium

ethanol 9

Eulerian coordinates 227

external heating power

   definition 63

   minimum required 63,78,80

   power balance 70

fast magnetosonic wave 316

feedback control of MHD instabilities 334,360,384, 387

field reversed configuration (FRC) 335,344,442

   magnetized target fusion 345

   reactor prospects 349

fission energy production 23

fluid models – see self consistent fluid models

flux surfaces – see MHD equilibrium

friction force – see collisional friction force

frozen-in-field line concept – see MHD stability

fusion cross section – see cross section

fusion energy - see energy options

   fuel reserves 16

   economics 18

   environmental issues 17

   safety 17

   technological complexity 17

fusion energy production 24

fusion nuclear reactions

   D-D reaction 27

   D-Hreaction 27

   D-Treaction 27

   Lithium reaction 28

fusion power density 42,50

fusion reactor 85,92,384,418,437

   blanket and shield 91

   capital costs 96

   neutron wall loading 89

   plasma properties 101,111

   power output 89

   superconducting magnets 89,96,98

Goldston scaling – see transport losses, empirical scaling relations

greenhouse gases 3

Greenwald density limit 499,500

guiding center motion 139,252

   combined grad-B and curvature drifts 159,160

   curvature drift 156,159

   definition 144

   drift 148,149

   grad-B drift 151,153

   parallel gradient in B 167

   perpendicular gradient in E 155

   polarization drift 160,162,164,167

   summary of relations 178

gyro frequency 134,144,146

gyro motion 139,143

   parallel motion 143

   perpendicular motion 144

   summary of relations 177

gyro radius 134,144,146

gyrotron 535,553

heating 118,333,534,535

heat flux 64,452

heating profile effects 469

helical magnetic field 289,423

hoop force 271,280

Hydroelectric power – see Energy Options

Hydrogen Economy 9

ICH – see ion cyclotron heating

ideal ignition 65

ignition condition 67

   external power 68

   heating limits 534

   ITER 633

   no external power 66

   transport limits 449

ignition experiment design 450,513

   constraints 515

   device volume 514

   heating to ignition 521,523

   minimum cost 519

   power balance 500

   relation to ITER 519

   thermal stability 521

ignition temperature 67

impact parameter 187

index of refraction 559

instabilities – see MHD stability

internal inductance 281

internal transport barriers 506

International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor – see ITER

International Tokomak Reactor (INTOR) 637

ion cyclotron heating (ICH) 535,597

   fast mode absorption, minority heating 605

   fast mode absorption, second harmonic 601

   fast mode accessibility, minority heating 602

   fast mode accessibility, second harmonic 600

   X-mode accessibility, fundamental harmonic 598

ionization – see cross section

ion source 541

ITER 112,120,498,534,536,633,637

   history 637

   parameters 639

kinetic theory 223,449

kink instability – see MHD stability

klystron

Lagrangian coordinates 227

Landau damping – see collisionless damping

Larmor radius – see gyro radius

Lawson parameter

levitated dipole 335,443

   equilibrium 338

   m = 1 stability 341

   m = 0 stability 342

L–H transition 500,503

limiter 500

linearization 75, see also MHD stability

lithium

   blanket 91

   reactions 28

   reserves 17

ln L 194

lower hybrid frequency 613

lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) 536,609

   accessibility 612

   driven current 619

   slow wave power absorption 615

magnets, high field 334

magnetic fusion concepts 116

magnetic moment – see adiabatic invariant

magnetization current 255

magnetohydrodynamics – see MHD

magnetized target fusion (MTF) – see field reversed configuration

magnetosonic waves – see MHD waves

mass deficit 23

Maxwellian distribution function 46

Maxwell’s equations 558,568

mean free path 39

MHD equilibrium 115,258

   current surfaces 262

   flux surfaces 261

   magnetic pressure 263

   magnetic tension 263

   model 261

   radial pressure balance 245,259,264

   summary 292

   toroidal force balance 246,259,271,278,282, 283

MHD model 245,246

   conservation of energy 251

   conservation of mass 249

   conservation of momentum 249

   mathematical ordering 246,247

   single fluid variables 248

   summary of equations 252

MHD stability 115,296,333

   axisymmetric mode – see tokamak

   ballooning-kink mode 302

   ballooning mode 301,304

   conducting wall versus no wall 302

   frozen-in-field line concept 299

   general concepts 297

   general formulation 307

   ideal MHD 300

   interchange mode 301,303

   internal and external modes 301

   kink mode 301

   linear stability 308,309,310,312

   mechanical analogs 297

   pressure driven and current driven modes 301,305

   resistive MHD 300

   resistive wall mode 302,334,367,370,409

MHD waves 313

   compressional Alfvén wave 315

   general derivation 313

   shear Alfvén wave 314

   sound wave 316

micro-instabilities – see plasma turbulence

mirror effect 172,175

mirror machine 167,175,198

   calculation of 198

   power balance 200

natural gas – see energy options

   energy content 8

   environmental issues 8

   reserves – see energy reserves

neoclassical transport – see transport losses

net exchange collisions – see Coulomb collisions

neutral beam heating 535,540,550

   physics 544

   technology 546

neutron heating 63,70

– see Lawson parameter

nuclear reactions 23

nuclear power – see energy options

   environmental impact 10

   fuel reserves 11

   nuclear waste 11

   proliferation 11

   safety 10

Ohmic heating 472,534,537,539

Ohm’s law 245

   anisotropic 451

   generalized 250

   ideal 250,300

   resistive 250

oil – see energy options

   energy content 8

   environmental issues 9

   reserves 9

particle motion – see gyro motion

passing particles 479

pedestal 502

perfectly conducting wall 274

plasma definition 113,121,135

   Coulomb collisions 121

   fusion constraints 121

   macroscopic length and frequency 121

plasma elongation, axisymmetric modes – see tokamak

plasma frequency 126

   derivation 127

   formula 129,130

plasma parameter 121,131

plasma sheath 123

plasma turbulence 449

polarization – see electromagnetic waves

power balance 62,64,65,74

Poynting vector 558,568

for ignition – see ignition condition

Q, the physics gain factor 69,71

QE the engineering gain factor 72,73

q – see safety factor

quasi-neutrality 126

radiation losses – see Bremsstrahlung radiation

radio frequency heating – see heating

radius of curvature vector 157,159

random walk model 454,456

   like particle diffusion 458

   particle diffusion 456

   thermal conduction 463

   unlike particle diffusion 460,462

reaction rate

   concept 42

   fusion 50

reactor – see fusion reactor

resistive instabilities – see MHD stability

resistive wall mode – see MHD instability

resistivity

   classical 239,250

   neoclassical 538

reverse field pinch (RFP) 335,358,442

   equilibrium 360

   m = 0 mode 364

   m = 1 mode 364

   reactor prospects 359

   stability formulation 361

reverse shear 408

rotational transform 246,284,286

   axisymmetric torus 287

   cylinder 286

   stellarator 292

runaway electrons 207

   properties 210

   threshold condition 208

safety factor q 287

   MHD stability limit 301

   toroidal 334,387

sawtooth oscillations 386

scaling laws, confinement – see transport losses

screw pinch 268

Shafranov equilibrium relation 282

self consistent plasma models 114,223, 450

   applicability 226

   fluid elements 225

   macroscopic averages 224

   properties 224

   summary of the two-fluid model 241,248

shear 408

sheath – see plasma sheath

shield, neutron 86

single particle motion 113, 141 (see also guiding center motion and gyro motion)

   conservation relations 142

   constants of motion 142,143

   equations of motion 141

   Lorentz force 141

   parallel force 142

slow magnetosonic wave 316

slowing down time 201

   alpha particle 203,205

   beam heating 206

   ion beam 202

   preferential heating of electrons versus ions 203

solar power – see energy options

sound waves – see MHD waves

spherical tokamak – see tokamak

spheromak 335,373,442

   equilibrium 376

   reactor prospects 375

   tilt instability 377

steady state operation 333

stellarator 288,334,423,442

   Boozer coordinates 428,429

   heliotron 424

   Large Helical Device (LHD) 424

   National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX) 424, 434

   particle orbits 426

   quasi-symmetry 430

   reactor prospects 424

   stellarator coordinates 427

   Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) 424,431

superconducting magnets – see fusion reactor

surface current model 335,350

   equilibrium 351

   stability 354

   summary of results 357

temperature equilibration 466

test particle collision frequencies – see Coulomb collisions

thermal conduction losses – see transport loses

thermal stability 75,77

thermal transit time 134

-pinch 264,283

   stability 317,320

tire tube force 272,280

tokamak 333,380,442

   advanced tokamak (AT) 334,384,408,442

   aspect ratio expansion 385

   limit 383,388,393,395,405,406,413

   circular cross section tokamak 385

   conducting wall stabilization 409,410

   current limits 383,392,393,406

   elongated tokamak 384,398

   equilibrium 386

   n = 0 axisymmetric mode 399

   pressure versus 414,418

   reactor prospects 381,411

   spherical tokamak 335,384,411,442

   stability 389,392

   Troyon limit 397,407

   volume neutron source 411,419

tokamak research, status 633

   alpha particle physics 635

   heating and current drive 635

   macroscopic equilibrium and stability 633

   technology issues 636

   transport 634

toroidal current limit – see safety factor

toroidal geometry 141,146

toroidal 1/R force 273,280

transport losses 117,333,449,534

   classical coefficients 453

   cylindrical plasma 451,452,453

   empirical scaling relations 449,497,508

   heat conduction 449,464

   neoclassical coefficients 482,489

   neoclassical transport 167,450,478

   passing particles 479

   power balance 66,70

   trapped particles 483,484

trapped particles 483

   bounce frequency 485

   fraction 485

   trapping, condition for 484

tritium breeding 92

turbulence – see micro-instabilities

vacuum tube 553

vertical instability – see tokamak, n = 0 axisymmetric mode

vertical magnetic field 276,282

wall loading – see fusion reactor

wind power – see energy options

eff - definition 56">Z

Z-pinch 266,303,320

   stability of the m = 0 mode 322,323

printer iconPrinter friendly version AddThis