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Secularism and State Policies toward Religion
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  • 4 b/w illus. 14 tables
  • Page extent: 334 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.49 kg
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 (ISBN-13: 9780521741347)

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Secularism and State Policies toward Religion
Cambridge University Press
9780521517805 - Secularism and State Policies toward Religion - The United States, France, and Turkey - By Ahmet T. Kuru
Index

Index

Abdülhamid II 209–10

Abington v. Schempp 96

accommodationism 44

Ahlstrom, Sydney 85

Akdog˘an, Yalçın 178

Akyol, Taha 192

Alaoui, Fouad 116

Albayrak, Hakan 170

Alevis in Turkey 168, 221

Algeria 120

Allegheny v. ACLU 52

Alpay, S¸ahin 171

Alsace-Moselle 111, 119

Amanullah Shah 245

American Center for Law and Justice 57

American Civil Liberties Union 58

Americans United for the Separation of Church and State 59

Anatolian Tigers 230

ancien régime 14, 23–9, 74, 137, 139, 143, 157, 202, 222, 238, 241

An-Na’im, Abdullahi 20, 35

anti-clericalism 11, 14, 23–5, 81, 140, 145, 148

Anti-Defamation League 59

anti-religious state 7, 10, 253

Arınç, Bülent 168

Arkoun, Muhammed 130

Armenian Patriarch Mesrob II 180

Ashcroft, John 69

assertive secularism 11, 31, 33, 106, 173

Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal 204, 216, 221, 233, 245

Atay, Falih Rıfkı 223

Australia 27

Aydın, Mehmet 197

Backus, Isaac 81

Bardakog˘lu, Ali 190

Barrett, David 254

Barro, Robert 254

Bas¸gil, Ali Fuad 228

Baubérot, Jean 130, 136

Baykal, Deniz 192–3

Bayrou, François 128, 157

Belge, Ceren 184

Belgium 169

Bencheikh, Soheib 121

Berger, Peter 2


Berkes, Niyazi 174, 203–4

Blaine Amendments 69, 76, 86

Blitt, Robert 253, 260

BOE of Westside Community Schools v. Mergens 66

Boubakeur, Dalil 121

Bowen, John 131

Bozkurt, Mahmut Esat 220

Brechon, Pierre 113

Briand, Aristide 149–50

Britain 26, 74, 105, 233

Bryan, William Jennings 90

Büchner, Ludwig 211

Buisson, Ferdinand 146

Bulaç Ali 176

Burdy, Jean-Paul 113

Bush, George W. 60–1

Bush, Laura 164

Caliphate 18, 203, 210, 219

Canada 27

Carter, Jimmy 41

Carter, Stephen 48

Casanova, Jose 2, 3, 19, 88

Catholic Church 19, 23–7, 129, 155

Catholic schools 50, 85, 109, 145, 148, 156

Catholicism

Catholicism and Protestantism 19, 115

Catholicism in France 110, 129, 136, 141–53, 241

Catholicism in the U.S. 52, 85, 88

Çelik, Hüseyin 182

Cesari, Jocelyne 120

Cevdet, Abdullah 214

Chérifi, Hanifa 130

China 10

Chirac, Jacques 6, 129

Christian Coalition 57

Christian Right 53, 57

Christians and Jews in Turkey 179–81

Çiller, Tansu 161

Çınar, Menderes 200

Çınarlı, Mehmet 189

Çıtak, Zana 32

City of Boerne v. Flores 49

Civil Constitution of the Clergy 139

Civil War 85

civilizationalism 16–20, 174

Clinton, William 49, 62

Collier, David 28

Collier, Ruth 28

Combes, Émile 148

Committee of Union and Progress 212

Comte, Auguste 145, 213

Concordat of 1801 141

conservatives 53, 56, 171

critical juncture 27

Cuba 10

culture wars 52

Darrow, Clarence 90

Davis v. Beason 86

De Gaulle, Charles 154

Debray, Regis 13, 114, 119, 125

Debré Commission 130

Debré Law 155

Demirel, Süleyman 161, 227

democracy 3, 19, 32, 110, 178, 200, 234, 240, 244

Democratic Party 53

Denmark 10

Dewey, John 90

Diyanet 166–8, 172, 179, 190, 219, 225, 227

Drakeman, Donald 88

Dreyfus Affair 147

Durkheim, Émile 213

Ecevit, Bülent 191, 227, 235

Efendi, Mustafa Sabri 223

Eickelman, Dale 20

Eisenhower, Dwight 93


Engel v. Vitale 96

Engels, Frederick 13

England 10

Epperson v. Arkansas 98

Equal Access Act 66

Erbakan, Necmettin 161, 227, 231

Erdog˘an, Mustafa 169, 171

Erdog˘an, Tayyip 162–3, 168–9, 178, 186, 198

Ersoy, Mehmed Akif 222

Esbeck, Carl 54

essentialism 16

established religion 7, 253

evangelicals 55, 80

Everson v. Board of Education 59, 91

evolutionism 90

Evren, Kenan 189, 229

ezan 223, 226

Faith-based Initiative 60

Falloux Law 142

Falwell, Jerry 41, 57

Fanon, Frantz 129

February 28 process 162, 190, 194

Ferry, Jules 146

Fethullah Gülen 176

Finke, Roger 83

First Amendment 13, 55, 80

Fox News 57

Fox, Jonathan 44, 253

Fraser, Nancy 3

freedom of speech 66–8

Freemasons 89, 114, 148, 150, 224

Freethinkers 89, 114

French Council of the Muslim Faith 122

French Guyana 111

French law on secularism 104

French religious holidays 132

Galatasaray 208

Gambetta, Léon 145, 149

Gaspard, Françoise 131

Gellner, Ernest 235

Germany 26, 31, 106

Gill, Anthony xiii, 2, 19, 21, 83

Gökalp, Ziya 213, 217–18, 220–1

Goldman v. Weinberger 46

Göktürk, Gülay 171

Göle, Nilüfer xiv, 13, 170, 200

Good News v. Milford Central 67

Gramsci, Antonio 13

Greece 10, 26, 216

Gül, Abdullah 178, 181, 183, 185–6

Gülen, Fethullah 176

Gülen movement 176–7, 182, 230

Günaltay, S¸emsettin 225

Gunn, Jeremy 131

Gürüz, Kemal 190

Gusfield, Joseph 91

Haarscher, Guy 113

Habermas, Jürgen 2

Hamburger, Phillip 75

Handy, Robert 87

Hanford, John 6

Haniog˘lu, s¸ükrü 215

Hanson, Stephen xiii, 10

Hat Law 222

headscarf 6–7, 103

headscarf in France 108, 124–33

headscarf in Turkey 187–93

Henry, Patrick 82

Heper, Metin 203

Holy Trinity Church v. U.S. 87

Huntington, Samuel 17

Iannacconne, Laurence 2

I˙ctihad 215

ideological struggles 10

ideology 10, 13

Ilıcak, Nazlı 192

Imam-Hatip schools 161, 193–6, 218

India 12, 27

Inglehart, Ronald 2, 15

I˙nönü, I˙smet 225


Intelligent Design 61

Iran 10, 25

Ireland 20, 26

Islam 55

Islam and Christianity 17, 174, 176, 242

Islam and modernity 204, 211, 221, 231

Islam and secularism 18–21, 35, 259

Islam in France 104, 116, 120–4

Islam in the U.S. 72

Islam in Turkey 33, 199, 216–26, 241

Islam and secularism 246

Islamic education 165, 181, 218

Islamic law 202, 207

Islamic movements 230

Islamic state 18, 20, 259

Islamism 10, 164, 172, 178, 209–10, 222, 227

Islamophobia 72, 105–7, 128–9, 134

Janissaries 205

Jaurès, Jean 149, 150

Jefferson, Thomas 75, 76, 81

Jesuists 148

Jews in the U.S. 52, 88

Jospin, Lionel 103, 124, 126

Justice and Development Party and secularism 178–81

Justice Black 91, 96

Justice Burger 63

Justice Clark 96

Justice Douglas 94

Justice Frankfurter 92

Justice Jackson 92

Justice Rehnquist 65

Justice Scalia 48, 55, 65

Justice Souter 62

Justice Stevens 56

Justice Stewart 96

Kalyvas, Stathis 19, 144

Kansu, Aykut 203

Kasaba, Res¸at xiii

Katznelson, Ira 21

Kavakçı, Merve 191

Kaya, S¸ükrü 217

Kemal, Namık 209

Kemalism 164, 170, 223

Kennedy, John F. 97

Kepel, Gilles 120

Kessel, Patrick 114, 127

Khosrokhavar, Farhad 131

Kılıç, Haoim 186

Kobylka, Joseph 63

Köprülü, Fuat 223

laïcité 103

laiklik 172

Lamb’s Chapel v. Center Moriches 67

Larkin, Maurice 148

Lausanne Treaty 224

Law of 1905 124, 150

Le Bon, Gustave 213

Le Pen, Jean-Marie 129

League of Education 113, 116, 119, 146

Lee v. Weisman 64

Lemon v. Kurtzman 60, 98

Levy, Lila and Alma Levy 130

Lewis, Bernard 17, 174, 213

liberals 53, 58, 171

Lincoln, Abraham 85

Lindsay, Thomas 81

Lipset, Seymour 158

Locke, John 29, 81

Luizard, Pierre-Jean 30

Lynch v. Donnelly 52

Lyng v. Northwest Indian CPA 48


Madison James 76, 81

Mahmud II 205–6

Mahoney, James 28

Manuel, Paul 24

Marcou, Jean 113

Mardin, S¸erif 203–4, 220, 233

Marx, Karl 13, 175

Marxism 13, 24

Mayotte 111

McCarthy era 77, 93

McClay, Wilfred 11

McCleary, Rachel 254

McCollum v. Board of Education 51, 92

McConnell, Michael 47, 65, 81

McCreary County v. ACLU 51

Mecelle 207

medrese 208, 217–18

Menderes, Adnan 226

Mexico 11, 24

Migdal, Joel xiii, 237

Mill, John S. 35

millet system 203

Milli Görüs¸ movement 178

Mitchell v. Helms 68

Mitterrand, François 134, 156

modernism 173–4, 221

modernization 1, 15

modernization theory 84–93, 176

Monsma, Stephen 44, 56, 84

Mormon Church v. United States 86

Motherland Party 188, 229

multiculturalism 112, 134

Munoz, Phillip 78

Napoleon Bonaparte 141

National Education Association 68, 90

Netherlands 12, 19, 26, 105, 244

Nilüfer Göle 264

Norris, Pippa 1, 15

North Korea 10

Nursi, Bediüzzaman Said 223

Ocak, Ahmet Yas¸ar 199

Okyar, Fethi 219

Oregon v. Smith 48

Ottoman Parliament 209, 212

overlapping consensus 3, 14, 29, 80

Özal, Turgut 169, 188, 229–30

Özbudun, Ergun xiv, 184

Özcan, Yusuf Ziya 185

Özek, Çetin 175

Pahlavi, Reza Shah 245

Panthéon 140

Paris Mosque 120

Pas¸a, Ahmed Cevdet 207

Pas¸a, Mithad 209

Pas¸a, Mustafa Res¸id 207

Pas¸a, Ziya 211

passive secularism 11, 32, 54, 106, 176

path dependence 28, 36

Pena-Ruiz, Henri 114, 136

Penn, William 80

Pétain, Philippe 154

Pfeffer, Leo 59, 97

Piscatori, James 20

Pledge of Allegiance 42, 45, 93

Poland 26, 31

Pope John Paul II 134

Portugal 24, 31

positivism 214

Poulat, Émile 136

Prince Sabaheddin 213

process tracing 36

Prohibition 91

pro-Islamic conservatives 171, 200

Protestant schools 50


Protestant semi-establishment 84

Protestantism

Protestantism in France 143

Protestantism in the U.S. 52, 57, 80, 84–93

public sphere 9, 11, 13

Puritans 79

Qur’an courses 161, 212–16

Ramadan, Tariq 122

rational choice theory 141–53

rationalists 80

Rawls, John 2

Reagan, Ronald 41, 60

Reid, Charles 76

religion 7, 20

religiosity 243

religious exemption 47

Religious Freedom Restoration Act 48

religious state 7, 10, 253

Rémond, Réne 130

Republican Party 53

Republican People’s Party 162, 225

Reynolds v. U.S. 48, 86

Rıza, Ahmed 213

Robertson, Pat 41, 57

Roirant, Jean-Marc 117, 127

Rokkan, Stein 158

Rosenberger v. Rector 67

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 81, 138

Roy, Olivier 121

Russia 10, 19, 23, 260

Sag˘lam, Mehmet 190

Santa Fe v. Doe 65

Sarkozy, Nicolas 122, 132, 134

Sartori, Giovanni 30

Saudi Arabia 10, 25

Savary, Alain 156

scandal of the fiches 150, 239

school prayer 63–6

school vouchers 124–33

Scopes, John 90

Scott, Joan xiv, 129, 132

sects in France 109

secular state 7, 253

secularism 4, 155

secularization 173, 243

secularization laws 111, 143, 148, 173

secularization reforms 146

secularization theory 1, 88

Seger, Mary 41

separationism 44

Seyit Bey 219

Sezer, Necdet 165, 184, 195, 197

Sezgin, Yüksel 31

Sharia 172, 207, 213

Sherbert v. Verner 47

Smith, Christian 85, 89

Socialist Party 124

Soper, Christopher 44

Spain 24, 31

Stahnke, Tad 253, 260

Stark, Rodney 2

Stasi Commission 6, 130

Stepan, Alfred xiv, 3

strict separationists 53

Sukarno 245

Syllabus of Errors 142

Tanzimat Edict 206

Taopınar, Ömer 245

Taylor, Charles 3, 11

temperance movement 91

Tennessee vs. John Scopes 90

Tevhid-i Tedrisat 218

Teziç, Erdog˘an 191

Thelen, Kathleen 36

thirteen colonies 80

Tocqueville, Alexis de 23, 82

Touraine, Alain 130


Treaty of Tripoli 77

Tunahan Süleyman, Hilmi 223

türban 192

Turkish-Islamic synthesis 229

TÜSI˙AD 170, 194

ulema 202

Union for a Popular Movement 122

Van Orden v. Perry 51

Vichy regime 153

Vidal v. Girard’s Executors 87

Villepin, Dominique 123

Voltaire 138

Wald, Kenneth 63

Waldeck-Rousseau, René 145

wall of separation 45

Wallace v. Jaffree 63

war of two Frances 143

Washington, George 75

Weber, Max 22, 30

Weil, Patrick 130

Weingast, Barry 21

Welfare Party 161, 231

Widmar v. Vincent 66

Willaime, Jean-Paul 118, 131

Williams, Roger 80

Wilson, John 88

Wisconsin v. Yoder 47

Wuthnow, Robert 93

Yalman, Nur 221

Yavuz, Hakan 200

Yayla, Atilla 170

Young Ottomans 209

Young Turks 212–16

Zald, Mayer 237

Zelman v. Simmons-Harris 69

Zola, Émile 147

Zorach v. Clauson 94

Zürcher, Erik 203, 215




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