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A Chronology of Jane Austen and her Family
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Details

  • 6 b/w illus. 1 map
  • Page extent: 792 pages
  • Size: 247 x 174 mm
  • Weight: 1.711 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 823/.7
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: PR4036 .L42 2006
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Austen, Jane,--1775-1817--Chronology
    • Austen, Jane,--1775-1817--Family

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521810647 | ISBN-10: 0521810647)

  • Published March 2006

Replaced by 9781107039278

$226.00

A chronology of Jane Austen and her family


Prologue


A summary of Jane Austen’s direct ancestry

AUSTEN family


The Austens or Austins were sheep-farmers and clothiers in the Weald of Kent. In 1574 the College of Arms allowed the Astyn family at Yalding to bear the coat-of-arms of: Argent on a chevron between three lions’ gambs erased sable three bezants; other Austen families bear similar arms, including the crest: On a mural crown or, a stag sejant, argent attired or.

   Jane Austen’s paternal ancestry can be traced back with reasonable certainty to the sixteenth century, as under:

   (1) William ASTYN of Yalding, Kent (died 1522), and his wife Elizabeth, had three sons.

   (2) William’s eldest son, Stephen ASTYN of Yalding (died post 1532), married twice, and had in all seven sons and four daughters.

   (3) Stephen’s eldest son by his second wife, Robert, is probably identifiable with Robert AUSTEN of Horsmonden, Kent (died 1603); this Robert and his wife Elizabeth had three sons and four daughters.

   (4) Robert’s eldest son is probably identifiable with John AUSTEN Ⅰ of Horsmonden (1560–1620/1); this John and his wife Joan Berry had eight sons and one daughter.

   (5) John Ⅰ’s fifth son, Francis AUSTEN Ⅰ of Horsmonden (1600–1687/8), and his wife Ellen, had one son and two daughters. Francis acquired the manors of Broadford and Grovehurst, in Horsmonden parish.

   (6) Francis Ⅰ’s son John AUSTEN Ⅲ of Grovehurst, Horsmonden (1629–1705), and his wife Jane Atkins, had two sons and three daughters.

   (7) John Ⅲ’s elder son John AUSTEN Ⅳ of Broadford, Horsmonden (c.1665–1704), and his wife Elizabeth Weller, had six sons and one daughter: John Ⅴ, Francis Ⅱ, Thomas, William, Robert, Stephen and Elizabeth.

   (8) John Ⅳ’s fourth son, William AUSTEN of Tonbridge, Kent (1700/1–1737), and his wife Rebecca Walter (born Hampson, widow of William Walter of Frant, Sussex), had one son and three daughters: George, Hampson, Philadelphia and Leonora.

   (9) George AUSTEN of Tonbridge, Kent and Steventon, Hants (1731–1805), and his wife Cassandra LEIGH, had six sons and two daughters: James, George, Edward, Henry Thomas, Cassandra Elizabeth, Francis William, JANE AUSTEN and Charles John.

   This descent is taken from Pedigree of Austen, of Horsmonden, Broadford, Grovehurst, Kippington, Capel Manor, etc. (compiled by Richard Arthur Austen-Leigh and privately printed in London, 1940), and also includes some corrections kindly provided by Miss Carol Hartley, 2004.

LEIGH family


   The Leigh family were originally landowners and soldiers, with estates in Cheshire, but later moved to Warwickshire and Gloucestershire. In 1568 their coat-of-arms was: Gules, a cross engrailed argent, in the first quarter a lozenge argent, and their crest was: An unicorn’s head, couped, argent.

   Jane Austen’s maternal ancestry can be traced back with reasonable certainty to Hamon de Leigh, Lord of the Moiety of High Leigh, Cheshire, in the middle of the twelfth century. In a junior branch of Hamon de Leigh’s descendants was

   (1) Sir Thomas LEIGH (died 1571), Lord Mayor of London 1558. He and his wife Alice Barker had three sons – Rowland, Sir Thomas Leigh Ⅱ of Stoneleigh Abbey, and Sir William of Newnham Regis – and four daughters.

   (2) Sir Thomas’s eldest son Rowland LEIGH (died post 1596), of Longborough and Adlestrop, Gloucestershire, and his second wife Catherine Berkeley, had one son and two daughters.

   (3) Rowland’s son Sir William LEIGH I (1585–1632), of Longborough and Adlestrop, and his wife Elizabeth Whorwood, had one son.

   (4) Sir William’s son William LEIGH II (1604–90), of Longborough and Adlestrop, and his wife Joanna Pury, had one son.

   (5) William Ⅱ’s son Theophilus LEIGH I (1643–1725), of Longborough and Adlestrop, and his second wife Mary Brydges, had six sons and six daughters: Emma, William Ⅲ, James, Theophilus Ⅱ, Elizabeth, Cassandra, Thomas, Henry, Maria, Charles, Catherine, Anne.

   (6) Theophilus Ⅰ’s fourth son, Revd Thomas LEIGH (1696–1764), of Harpsden, Oxon, and his wife Jane Walker, had two sons and four daughters: Anne, James, Jane, Mary, Cassandra, Thomas. James later took the name of LEIGH-PERROT.

   (7) Revd Thomas’s fourth daughter, Cassandra LEIGH (1739–1827), of Harpsden, and her husband Revd George AUSTEN of Steventon, Hants, had six sons and two daughters: James, George, Edward, Henry Thomas, Cassandra Elizabeth, Francis William, JANE AUSTEN and Charles John.

   This descent is taken from Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage (various editions); from Tucker, A Goodly Heritage/A History of Jane Austen’s Family; and includes some corrections kindly provided by Miss Carol Hartley, 2004.

–1600–
May 20, Tuesday
Horsmonden: Francis Austen Ⅰ, fifth son of John Austen Ⅰ and wife Joan Berry, baptised. PedA 1–2
–1603–
May 27, Friday
Horsmonden: Robert Austen buried. PedA
–1604–
William Leigh Ⅱ, son of William Leigh Ⅰ of Longborough and Adlestrop, and wife Elizabeth Whorwood, born. P&B
–1604–
December 9, Sunday
Horsmonden: Joan Berry, wife of John Austen Ⅰ, dies aged 36.

PedA 1
MI Horsmonden

–1608–
July 24, Sunday
Horsmonden: Elizabeth, widow of Robert Austen, buried. PedA
–1620/1–
March 5, Monday
Horsmonden: John Austen Ⅰ buried. PedA 2

–1629–
John Austen Ⅲ, son of Francis Austen Ⅰ and wife Ellen, born. PedA 2–3
IGI
–1632–
Sir William Leigh Ⅰ, of Longborough and Adlestrop, dies. P&B
–1643–
Theophilus Leigh Ⅰ, son of William Leigh Ⅱ and Joanna Pury, born. P&B
–1643–
July 1, Saturday
Sir Thomas Leigh, 2nd bt., of Stoneleigh, Warwicks, created Baron Leigh of Stoneleigh. P&B
–1647–
Francis Austen Ⅰ acquires manor houses of Broadford and Grovehurst, Horsmonden. PedA 2
–1654–
John Austen Ⅲ marries Jane Atkins, of Brightling, Sussex. PedA 3
–?1655–
Broadford: Jane Austen, dau. of John Austen Ⅲ and wife Jane Atkins, born. PedA 3
–?1665–
John Austen Ⅳ, son of John Austen Ⅲ and wife Jane Atkins, born. PedA 3
–1672–
Anne Austen, dau. of John Austen Ⅲ and wife Jane Atkins, born. PedA 3
–1680–
May 11, Tuesday
Jane Austen, dau. of John Austen Ⅲ and wife Jane Atkins, marries Stephen Stringer of Goudhurst. PedA3
–1685/6–
March 2, Tuesday
Horsmonden: Jane Atkins, wife of John Austen Ⅲ, buried. PedA 3

–1687/8–
March 15, Thursday
Horsmonden: Francis Austen Ⅰ, clothier, of Grovehurst, buried. PedA 2
MI Horsmonden
–1688–
November 7, Wednesday
Anne Austen, dau. of John Austen Ⅲ and wife Jane Atkins, marries John Holman of Tenterden. PedA 3
–1689–
November 28, Friday
London: Theophilus Leigh Ⅰ of Adlestrop marries Mary Brydges. LCR 299
–1690–
June 16, Monday
William Leigh Ⅱ, of Longborough and Adlestrop, dies. P&B
–1691–
November 3, Tuesday
London: William Leigh, eldest son of Theophilus Leigh Ⅰ of Adlestrop, and wife Mary Brydges, born. P&B
LCR 299
–1693–
October 28, Saturday
Adlestrop: Theophilus Leigh Ⅱ, third son of Theophilus Leigh Ⅰ, of Adlestrop, and wife Mary Brydges, born. LCR 299–300
December 29, Friday
Tonbridge: John Austen Ⅳ marries Elizabeth Weller. PedA 3
–1695–
June 16, Sunday
Horsmonden: Elizabeth Austen, dau. of John Austen Ⅳ and wife Elizabeth Weller, born. PedA 5
–1696–
August 14, Friday
Broadford: John Austen Ⅴ, eldest son of John Austen Ⅳ and wife Elizabeth Weller, born. PedA 3, 5
December 16, Wednesday
Adlestrop: Thomas Leigh, fourth son of Theophilus Leigh Ⅰ of Adlestrop and wife Mary /I]Brydges, born. P&B
LCR 300
–1697/8–
February 25, Thursday
Broadford: Francis Austen Ⅱ, second son of John Austen Ⅳ and wife Elizabeth Weller, born. PedA 4, 6
–1699–
October 13, Friday
Horsmonden: Thomas Austen, third son of John Austen Ⅳ and wife Elizabeth Weller, born. PedA 3–4
1700/1
February 3, Monday
Horsmonden: William Austen, fourth son of John Austen Ⅳ and wife Elizabeth Weller, born. PedA 4–5
–1701–
Thomas Brodnax, later May, finally Knight, born. LG
–1702–
September 16, Wednesday
Horsmonden: Robert Austen, fifth son of John Austen Ⅳ and wife Elizabeth Weller, born. PedA 5
–1703/4–
January 27, Thursday
Horsmonden: Stephen Austen, sixth son of John Austen Ⅳ and wife Elizabeth Weller, born. PedA 5
–1704–
September 21, Thursday
Broadford: John Austen Ⅳ dies of consumption, leaving debts unsuspected by his wife Elizabeth Weller. PedA 3
AP 1–16
MI Horsmonden
–1705–
May 12, Saturday

Horsmonden: John Austen Ⅲ makes his Will. To his granddaus. Jane, Hannah, Elizabeth, Ann and Mary Stringer, and also Ann, Sarah, Mary and Frances Holman, £100 apiece upon marriage or at age 21. To grandson John Holman, £200 at age 21. To granddau. Elizabeth Austen, dau. of his son John Austen deceased, £400 at age 22. To grandsons Francis, Thomas, William, Robert and Stephen, the five younger sons of John Austen deceased, £40 apiece at age 14 to pay apprenticeship premiums. £10 apiece to friends Mary, Mrs John Sheffield; Anne, Mrs William Court; Margaret Packham his housekeeper; John Osbourne of Horsmonden, clothier. One guinea each to Thomas Lake of Goudhurst and William Finch of Tenterden, to buy mourning rings. All household goods to be divided equally between his eldest grandson John Austen V and his daus. Mrs Jane Stringer and Mrs Anne Holman. The five younger Austen grandsons to receive £200 each at age 21, provided they relinquish any claim upon the Broadford property in Horsmonden and Goudhurst. Dau. Mrs Stringer to receive some lands in Goudhurst; dau. Mrs Holman to have lands in Smarden.

All other landed property to go to eldest grandson John Austen Ⅴ and his heirs; if his line fails, then to go to each of his younger brothers and their heirs in turn, or finally to daughters’ children. All other goods and personal estate to John Austen V at age 22. John Austen V to be brought up and educated by the sons-in-law Stephen Stringer and John Holman, the joint executors, who are to receive for this purpose the income from the Broadford estate, which had been in hands of deceased son John Austen Ⅳ, as well as £20 apiece annually until he reaches age 22.

Witnesses: Richard Purty, Richard Thorpe, Thomas Birch, William Finch.

Spence 4–14
PROB.11/483/163
July 13, Friday
Horsmonden: John Austen Ⅲ dies, buried Horsmonden. PedA 3
MI Horsmonden
September 29, Saturday, Michaelmas
Broadford: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for her seven children for the past year – clothes, board, schooling, medicine, pocket money – total £84.11s.1d. ‘all my 7 Children this year my care & charge only Jacks [John Austen Ⅴ] board to Mr Richards not so much to me, by reason his Grandfather dyed within ye year.’ AP 1–16
Weller MS
–1706–
September 29, Sunday, Michaelmas

Broadford: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for six children now at home, totalling £72.12s.0d. for the past year: ‘the expence of Cloths ye Less by reason ye gift of Mourning for their Grandfather.’

She also writes ‘Memorandums for mine & my Childrens reading, being my own tho’ts on our affairs 1706, 1707, a rough draught in a retired hour.’

AP 1–16
Weller MS
–1707–
September 29, Monday, Michaelmas
Broadford: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for six children, totalling £80.14s.1d. for the past year. AP 1–16
Weller MS
–1707–9–
Chawton: Large walled gardens created at Chawton Great House, and repairs carried out to the house itself. FS 1/2, 3, and 2/1, 7
–1708–
June 27, Sunday
Elizabeth Weller lets the Broadford estate and goes to Sevenoaks, where she takes employment as housekeeper to the Master of the Grammar School, in return for free accommodation for herself and cut-price tuition for her five sons. The domestic expenses for her children for last nine months total £66.2s.3d. AP 1–16
Weller MS
–1709–
June 24, Friday, Midsummer
Sevenoaks: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for six children after first full year at Sevenoaks – total £87.9s.9d. AP 1–16
Weller MS
–1710–
June 24, Saturday, Midsummer
Sevenoaks: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for six children, total £95.10s.4d. for past year. AP 1–16
Weller MS
–1711–
June 24, Sunday, Midsummer
Sevenoaks: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for six children, total £100.4s.2d. for past year. AP 1–16
Weller MS
–ante 1712–
Chawton: A cottage built or rebuilt by John Alderslade, yeoman; at this time known as Petty Johns. The cottage, with two closes of land (North Pitt 1 acres and Pyked Close ½ acre) descends between Chawton villagers until purchased by Thomas Knight Ⅰ in 1769. Vick, Reports IV, 388–91
–1712–
June 24, Tuesday, Midsummer
Sevenoaks: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for six children, total £100.16s.5d. for past year. AP 1–16
Weller MS
–1713–
May 4, Monday
John Austen V admitted at Pembroke College, Cambridge. PedA 5
June 24, Wednesday, Midsummer
Sevenoaks: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for six children, total £106.4s.4d. for past year. AP 1–16
Weller MS
–1713/14–
January 15, Friday
Sevenoaks: Francis Austen apprenticed to George Tilden, attorney, of Bedford Row, London, for premium of £140. PedA 6
AP 2
–1714–
June 24, Thursday, Midsummer
Sevenoaks: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for six children, total £111.9s.8d. for past year. AP 1–16
Weller MS
–1715–
June 24, Friday, Midsummer
Sevenoaks: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for six children, total £120.9s.7d. for past year: ‘For Frank’s Cloaths ac. ye charge of ye Small-pox all in ye first year of his being Clerk – £29.10s.6d.’ AP 1–16
Weller MS
November 11, Friday
Sevenoaks: Thomas Austen apprenticed to Henry Wells, London haberdasher, for premium of £60. He later became an apothecary and practised in Tonbridge. PedA 3
AP 2
–1716–
June 24, Sunday, Midsummer
Sevenoaks: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for six children, total £113.12s.11d. for past year – ‘Frank & Tom at London.’ AP 1–16
Weller MS
–1717–
June 24, Monday, Midsummer
Sevenoaks: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for six children, total £108.18s.11d. for past year. AP 1–16
Weller MS
September 29, Sunday, Michaelmas
Sevenoaks: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for five sons for past quarter, total £36.19s.6d. ‘Now Betty is of Age to receive what her AP1–16
Weller MS
Grandfather Left her I dont reckon any thing here on her account this qr.’

At some time after this, Betty Austen marries George Hooper, attorney of Tonbridge; they live in house ‘Powells’ [modern name ‘Lyons’], East Street, Tonbridge.

PedA 5
Wilson, JAT onbridge 16
–1717/18–
February 20, Thursday
Sevenoaks: William Austen apprenticed to William Ellis, of Woolwich, surgeon, for fee of £115.10s.0d. PedA 11
–1718–
September 29, Monday, Michaelmas
Sevenoaks: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for five sons, total £88.6s.5d. for past year. AP 1–16
Weller MS
–1719–
June 1, Monday
Stephen Austen apprenticed to William Innys, a London stationer, for fee of £105. PedA 5
September 29, Tuesday, Michaelmas
Sevenoaks: Elizabeth Weller notes domestic expenses for five sons, total £69.15s.3d. for past year; Frank has now reached age of 21.

‘My Son John desires ye Rent at Broadford may be allowed to him as an

AP 1–16
Weller MS
equivalent for ye Expences he has been at this Year on his brothers account, & repairs, & for his own part in ye Rents.’
c.1720–
John Austen Ⅴ marries his cousin Mary Stringer. PedA 5
–1720/1–
February 25, Thursday
Tonbridge: Elizabeth Weller’s body brought from Sevenoaks for burial. AP 16
–1721–
August 14, Monday
Northleigh, Oxon.: James Perrott makes his Will. Various small bequests to friends and charities; his widow to have money, household goods, horses, etc.; his dau. Ann to have £1500, his dau. Sarah £1300; his grandchildren William, John and Jane Walker to have £20, £10 and £10 respectively; his grandchildren Richard, James, Dorothy, Thomas and Catherine Musgrave similarly to have £20 for the eldest, £10 for the others. Son Henry to have remainder of a lease. Son Thomas to have other leases, and to be residuary legatee and sole executor. Witnesses: J. Brooks, Thomas Taylor, George White, Edmund Palmer. Spence 62–9
PROB.11/601/48
August 21, Monday
Gloucester, St Michael: William Hampson, son of William Walter and wife Rebecca Hampson, baptised. Hoole & Jarvis, Reports III, 344–6
–?1722–
Francis Austen sets up as an attorney in Sevenoaks, ‘with £800 & a bundle of pens’. Now or later lives at The Red House, High Street, Sevenoaks. AP 16–17
–1722–
April 28, Saturday
Adlestrop, Glos.: Theophilus Leigh I makes his Will, providing for his younger children. His dau. Anne to be educated by his brothers-in-law Revd Dr Henry Brydges and Edmund Chamberlayn of Maugersbury, at £50 p.a. for her Spence 52–8
PROB.11/604/157

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