This analysis of Frege's views on language metaphysics raised in On Sense Reference, (arguably one of the most important philosophical essays of the past hundred years) provides a thorough introduction to the function/argument analysis. It applies Frege's technique to the central notions of predication, identity, existence and truth, and Bertrand Russell's views throughout serve as a foil to Frege.
1. Biography; 2. Function and argument; 3. Sense and reference; 4. Frege's Begriffsschrift theory of identity; 5. Concept and object; 6. Names and descriptions; 7. Existence; 8. Thought, truth value and assertion; 9. Indirect reference; 10. Through the quotation marks.