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Intervention and Resilience after Mass Trauma
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  • 3 b/w illus. 5 tables
  • Page extent: 208 pages
  • Size: 234 x 156 mm
  • Weight: 0.48 kg
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Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521883740)

  • Published October 2008

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$99.99 (M)
Intervention and Resilience after Mass Trauma
Cambridge University Press
9780521883740 - Intervention and Resilience after Mass Trauma - Edited by Michael Blumenfield and Robert J. Ursano
Frontmatter/Prelims

Intervention and Resilience after Mass Trauma


Intervention and Resilience after Mass Trauma

Edited by

Michael Blumenfield and Robert J. Ursano


CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo, Delhi

Cambridge University Press
The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 8RU, UK

Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New York

www.cambridge.org
Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521883740

© Cambridge University Press 2008

This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 2008

Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge

A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library

Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication data

Intervention and resilience after mass trauma/edited by Michael Blumenfield and Robert J. Ursano.
p. cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 978-0-521-88374-0 (hardback)1. Post-traumatic stress disorder – Treatment.2. Psychic trauma – Treatment.3. Crisis intervention (Mental health services)4. Disasters – Psychological aspects.5. Resilience (Personality trait)I. Blumenfield, Michael.II. Ursano, Robert J., 1947-[DNLM:1. Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic – therapy.2. Adaptation, Psychological.3. Disasters.4. Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic – prevention & control.5. Survivors – psychology. WM 170 I6155 2008]
RC552.P67I66 2008
362.2′5–dc222008012214

ISBN 978-0-521-88374-0 hardback

Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.

Every effort has been made in preparing this publication to provide accurate and up-to-date information which is in accord with accepted standards and practice at the time of publication. Although case histories are drawn from actual cases, every effort has been made to disguise the identities of the individuals involved. Nevertheless, the authors, editors and publishers can make no warranties that the information contained herein is totally free from error, not least because clinical standards are constantly changing through research and regulation. The authors, editors and publishers therefore disclaim all liability for direct or consequential damages resulting from the use of material contained in this publication. Readers are strongly advised to pay careful attention to information provided by the manufacturer of any drugs or equipment that they plan to use.

All material contained within the DVD is protected by copyright and other intellectual property laws. The customer acquires only the right to use the DVD and does not acquire any other rights, express or implied, unless these are stated explicity in a separate licence.To the extent permitted by applicable law, Cambridge University Press is not liable for direct damages or loss of any kind resulting from the use of this product or from errors or faults contained in it, and in every case Cambridge University Press’s liability shall be limited to the amount actually paid by the customer for the product.


Dedicated to those who have suffered from disasters and terrorism and taught us how better to care for them.

Dedicated also to the late Sidney E. Frank, industrialist, creative entrepreneur, and philanthropist. Mr Frank recognized the importance of supporting the study of the impact of disaster and it was his grant to New York Medical College which sponsored the conference upon which this book is based.


Contents

List of contributors
ix
Foreword by Joseph T. English
xiii
Preface
xv
1     Systems, science, and populations Effective early mental health intervention following mass trauma: the roles of government, clinicians, and communities
Beverley Raphael
1
2     Factors in the development of community resilience to disasters
Rose L. Pfefferbaum, Dori B. Reissman, Betty Pfefferbaum, Karen Fraser Wyche, Fran H. Norris, and Richard W. Klomp
49
3     Psychological first aid
Patricia J. Watson
69
4     Acute stress disorder and early interventions after trauma
Richard A. Bryant
85
5     The role of pharmacotherapy in early interventions
Matthew J. Friedman
107
6     Should culture considerations influence early intervention?
Carl C. Bell
127
7     Resilience is the default: how not to miss it
Arieh Y. Shalev and Yael L. E. Errera
149
8     Epilog Early intervention for individuals and communities: planning for the future while meeting present needs
Robert J. Ursano and Michael Blumenfield
173
Index
179

Contributors

Carl C. Bell, M.D.

President/CEO, Community Mental Health Council, Inc.
Professor of Psychiatry, School of Medicine
Professor of Public Health, School of Public Health
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Ill.
USA

Michael Blumenfield, M.D.

Sidney E. Frank Professor Emeritus of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
New York Medical College at Westchester Medical Center
Valhalla, N.Y.
USA

Richard A. Bryant, Ph.D.

School of Psychology
University of New South Wales
Sydney
Australia

Joseph T. English, M.D.

Sidney E. Frank Professor and Chairman
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
St. Vincent’s Catholic Medical Center of New YorkNew York, N.Y.
USA

Yael L. E. Errera

The Center for Traumatic Stress Studies
Department of Psychiatry
Hadassah University Hospital
Jerusalem
Israel

Matthew J. Friedman, M.D., Ph.D.

Executive Director
National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
US Department of Veteran’s Affairs
White River Junction, Vt.
USA

Richard W. Klomp, MOB, MS, LPC, BCPC

Workforce and Responder Resilience
Office of Health and Safety
Office of the Chief Operating Officer
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
US Department of Health and Human Services
Atlanta, Ga.
USA

Fran H. Norris, Ph.D.

Department of Psychiatry, Dartmouth Medical School and National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
US Department of Veterans Affairs
White River Junction, Vt.
USA

Betty Pfefferbaum, M.D., J.D.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
College of Medicine
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Oklahoma City, Okla.
USA

Rose L. Pfefferbaum, Ph.D., M.P.H.

Liberal Arts Department
Phoenix College
Phoenix, Ariz.
USA

Beverley Raphael, M.D.

Professor of Population Mental Health and Disasters
University of Western Sydney
Professor of Psychological Medicine
Australian National University
Canberra
Australia

Dori B. Reissman, M.D., M.P.H.

Senior Advisor for Disaster Mental Health and Terrorism
CAPT, US Public Health Service
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
US Department of Health and Human Services
Atlanta, Ga.
USA

Arieh Y. Shalev, M.D.

Professor of Psychiatry
Hebrew University School of Medicine
Head, Department of Psychiatry
Director, Center for Traumatic Stress
Hadassah University Hospital
Jerusalem
Israel

Robert J. Ursano, M.D.

Director, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress
Chair, Department of Psychiatry
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Md.
USA

Patricia J. Watson, Ph.D.

National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
US Department of Veteran’s Affairs
White River Junction, Vt.
USA

Karen Fraser Wyche, MSW, Ph.D.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
College of Medicine
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Oklahoma City, Okla.
USA




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