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Building States and Markets after Communism
The Perils of Polarized Democracy


Part of Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics

  • Date Published: June 2010
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521734622

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About the Authors
  • Does democracy promote the creation of market economies and robust state institutions? Do state-building and market-building go hand in hand? Or do they work at cross-purposes? This book examines the relationship between state-building and market-building in 25 post-communist countries from 1990 to 2004. Based on cross-national statistical analyses, surveys of business managers, and case studies from Russia, Bulgaria, Poland, and Uzbekistan, Timothy Frye demonstrates that democracy is associated with more economic reform, stronger state institutions, and higher social transfers when political polarization is low. But he also finds that increases in political polarization dampen the positive impact of democracy by making policy less predictable. He traces the roots of political polarization to high levels of income inequality and the institutional legacy of communist rule. By identifying when and how democracy fosters markets and states, this work contributes to long-standing debates in comparative politics, public policy, and post-communist studies.

    • Covers the experience of all countries of the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe
    • Examines both the formation of markets and state institutions in a single argument
    • Explores central themes in contemporary affairs, including corruption, state-building and economic development
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    Product details

    • Date Published: June 2010
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521734622
    • length: 314 pages
    • dimensions: 231 x 155 x 15 mm
    • weight: 0.45kg
    • contains: 6 b/w illus. 44 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. The political logic of economic and institutional reform
    2. Political polarization and economic inequality
    3. The pace and consistency of reform
    4. Political polarization and economic growth
    5. Polarization and policy instability: the view from the firm
    6. Nationalism and endogenous polarization
    7. Russia: polarization, autocracy and inconsistent reform
    8. Bulgaria: polarization, democracy and inconsistent reform
    9. Poland: robust democracy and rapid reform
    10. Uzbekistan: autocracy and inconsistent gradualism
    11. Conclusion.

  • Instructors have used or reviewed this title for the following courses

    • Communist and Post-Communist Systems
    • Eastern Europe in Transition or Europe after 1945
    • European Security
    • Modern European Governments
    • Politics of State-Building
    • Politics of the Caucasus and Central Asia
    • Politics, Institutions & Development
    • Post Soviet Politics
    • Russia
    • Russian Politics
    • Soviet Union and its Aftermath
    • Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics
  • Author

    Timothy Frye, Columbia University, New York
    Timothy Frye is the Marshall D. Shulman Professor of Post-Soviet Foreign Policy and the Director of the Harriman Institute at Columbia University. He previously taught at Ohio State University and has worked as a consultant for the World Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the US Agency for International Development, and the Bloomberg Foundation. He is the author of Brokers and Bureaucrats: Building Markets in Russia (2000), which won the 2001 Hewett Prize from the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies. His articles have appeared in the American Political Science Review, World Politics, American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, the American Journal of Political Science, and Comparative Political Studies, among others.

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