Skip to content
Register Sign in Wishlist
Matched Sampling for Causal Effects

Matched Sampling for Causal Effects

William G. Cochran, Paul R. Rosenbaum, Neal Thomas, Paul W. Holland, Jennifer Thomas, Ralph D'Agostino, H. A. Witkin, S. A. Mednick, F. Schulsinger, E. Bakkestrom, K. O. Christiansen, D. R. Goodenough, K. Hirschhorn, C. Lundsteen, D. R. Owen, J. Philip, M. Stocking, June Reinisch, Stephanie Sanders, Erik Mortensen, Martin W. McIntosh
View all contributors
  • Date Published: September 2006
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521674362


Add to wishlist

Other available formats:
Hardback, eBook

Looking for an examination copy?

This title is not currently available for examination. However, if you are interested in the title for your course we can consider offering an examination copy. To register your interest please contact providing details of the course you are teaching.

Product filter button
About the Authors
  • Matched sampling is often used to help assess the causal effect of some exposure or intervention, typically when randomized experiments are not available or cannot be conducted. This book presents a selection of Donald B. Rubin's research articles on matched sampling, from the early 1970s, when the author was one of the major researchers involved in establishing the field, to recent contributions to this now extremely active area. The articles include fundamental theoretical studies that have become classics, important extensions, and real applications that range from breast cancer treatments to tobacco litigation to studies of criminal tendencies. They are organized into seven parts, each with an introduction by the author that provides historical and personal context and discusses the relevance of the work today. A concluding essay offers advice to investigators designing observational studies. The book provides an accessible introduction to the study of matched sampling and will be an indispensable reference for students and researchers.

    • This is the only book devoted to the topic of matched sampling
    • There are important fundamental theoretical results presented as well as real applications
    • The author is in the top ten cited writers in mathematics in the world, according to ISI Science Watch
    Read more

    Reviews & endorsements

    "A useful reference for the student of statistics interested in this area."
    Angie Wade, University College, London

    "... Researchers and practitioners are both likely to find something of interest to them in this book. In particular, researchers in causal inference who don't already have most of these papers - particularly those just starting out in the field - will be well served by this compact assembly of papers."

    See more reviews

    Customer reviews

    Not yet reviewed

    Be the first to review

    Review was not posted due to profanity


    , create a review

    (If you're not , sign out)

    Please enter the right captcha value
    Please enter a star rating.
    Your review must be a minimum of 12 words.

    How do you rate this item?


    Product details

    • Date Published: September 2006
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521674362
    • length: 502 pages
    • dimensions: 234 x 162 x 26 mm
    • weight: 0.68kg
    • contains: 108 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. The Early Years and the Influence of William G. Cochran:
    1. William G. Cochran's contributions to the design, analysis, and evaluation of observational studies
    2. Controlling bias in observational studies: a review William G. Cochran
    Part II. Univariate Matching Methods and the Dangers of Regression Adjustment:
    3. Matching to remove bias in observational studies
    4. The use of matched sampling and regression adjustment to remove bias in observational studies
    5. Assignment to treatment group on the basis of a covariate
    Part III. Basic Theory of Multivariate Matching:
    6. Multivariate matching methods that are equal percent bias reducing, I: Some examples
    7. Multivariate matching methods that are equal percent bias reducing, II: Maximums on bias reduction for fixed sample sizes
    8. Using multivariate matched sampling and regression adjustment to control bias in observational studies
    9. Bias reduction using Mahalanobis-metric matching
    Part IV. Fundamentals of Propensity Score Matching:
    10. The central role of the propensity score in observational studies for causal effects Paul R. Rosenbaum
    11. Assessing sensitivity to an unobserved binary covariate in an observational study with binary outcome Paul R. Rosenbaum
    12. Reducing bias in observational studies using subclassification on the propensity score Paul R. Rosenbaum
    13. Constructing a control group using multivariate matched sampling methods that incorporate the propensity score Paul Rosenbaum
    14. The bias due to incomplete matching Paul R. Rosenbaum
    Part V: Affinely Invariant Matching Methods with Ellipsoidally Symmetric Distributions, Theory and Methodology:
    15. Affinely invariant matching methods with ellipsoidal distributions Neal Thomas
    16. Characterizing the effect of matching using linear propensity score methods with normal distributions Neal Thomas
    17. Matching using estimated propensity scores: relating theory to practice Neal Thomas
    18. Combining propensity score matching with additional adjustments for prognostic covariates
    Part VI. Some Applied Contributions:
    19. Causal inference in retrospective studies Paul Holland
    20. The design of the New York school choice scholarships program evaluation Jennifer Hill and Neal Thomas
    21. Estimating and using propensity scores with partially missing data Ralph D'Agostino Jr.
    22. Using propensity scores to help design observational studies: application to the tobacco litigation
    Part VII. Some Focused Applications:
    23. Criminality, aggression and intelligence in XYY and XXY men H. A. Witkin
    24. Practical implications of modes of statistical inference for causal effects and the critical role of the assignment mechanism
    25. In utero exposure to phenobarbital and intelligence deficits in adult men June Reinisch, Stephanie Sanders, and Erik Mortensen
    26. Estimating causal effects from large data sets using propensity scores
    27. On estimating the causal effects of DNR orders Martin McIntosh.

  • Author

    Donald B. Rubin, Harvard University, Massachusetts
    Professor Donald B. Rubin is the John L. Loeb Professor of Statistics in the Department of Statistics at Harvard University. Professor Rubin is a fellow of the American Statistical Association, the Institute for Mathematical Statistics, the International Statistical Institute, the Woodrow Wilson Society, the John Simon Guggenheim Society, the New York Academy of Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is also the recipient of the Samuel S. Wilks Medal of the American Statistical Association, the Parzen Prize for Statistical Innovation, and the Fisher Lectureship. Professor Rubin has lectured extensively throughout the United States, Europe, and Asia. He has over 300 publications (including several books) on a variety of statistical topics and is one of the top ten highly cited writers in mathematics in the world, according to ISI Science Watch.


    William G. Cochran, Paul R. Rosenbaum, Neal Thomas, Paul W. Holland, Jennifer Thomas, Ralph D'Agostino, H. A. Witkin, S. A. Mednick, F. Schulsinger, E. Bakkestrom, K. O. Christiansen, D. R. Goodenough, K. Hirschhorn, C. Lundsteen, D. R. Owen, J. Philip, M. Stocking, June Reinisch, Stephanie Sanders, Erik Mortensen, Martin W. McIntosh

Sorry, this resource is locked

Please register or sign in to request access. If you are having problems accessing these resources please email

Register Sign in
Please note that this file is password protected. You will be asked to input your password on the next screen.

» Proceed

You are now leaving the Cambridge University Press website. Your eBook purchase and download will be completed by our partner Please see the permission section of the catalogue page for details of the print & copy limits on our eBooks.

Continue ×

Continue ×

Continue ×
warning icon

Turn stock notifications on?

You must be signed in to your Cambridge account to turn product stock notifications on or off.

Sign in Create a Cambridge account arrow icon

Find content that relates to you

Join us online

This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Read more Close

Are you sure you want to delete your account?

This cannot be undone.


Thank you for your feedback which will help us improve our service.

If you requested a response, we will make sure to get back to you shortly.

Please fill in the required fields in your feedback submission.