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Home > Catalogue > Earthquakes in the Mediterranean and Middle East
Earthquakes in the Mediterranean and Middle East

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  • 83 b/w illus. 23 maps
  • Page extent: 968 pages
  • Size: 276 x 219 mm
  • Weight: 2.79 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 551.2209182/2
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: QE536.2.M43 A43 2009
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Earthquakes--Mediterranean Region--History
    • Earthquakes--Middle East--History

Library of Congress Record

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Earthquakes in the Mediterranean and Middle East
Cambridge University Press
9780521872928 - Earthquakes in the Mediterranean and Middle East - A Multidisciplinary Study of Seismicity up to 1900 - By NICHOLAS AMBRASEYS
Index

Index

Abant, AD 1967 July 22 earthquake 15, 31, 33

Absari, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Abydus, AD 484 earthquake 176–177

Achaea, AD 61 earthquake 117

Açigöl, AD 1893 March 14 earthquake 768

Acre

AD 502 earthquake and aurora borealis 179

AD 1033 December 5 sea wave 261, 262, 263

AD 1063 August earthquake 269–270

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1261 sinking islets 345

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357, 361

AD 1631 December 6 volcanic ash 480

AD 1759 October 30 earthquake 583

AD 1762 earthquake 588

See also Ptolemais

AD 555 July, earthquake 208

AD >669 earthquake 222

AD 679 earthquake 223–224

AD 871 June 15 earthquake or meteorite fall 246

AD 1036 earthquake 265

AD 1455 November 25 volcanic eruption 394–395, 397

AD 1459 earthquake 397

AD 1580 spurious earthquake 464–465

AD 1779 April 16 earthquake 608

AD 1828 January 6 earthquake 639

Ad Maiores, AD 267 earthquake 139

Adad al Arab, AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 305, 307

Adalia, AD 1863 September 26 earthquake 708

Adana

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 647

AD 1889 September 10 earthquake 758

AD 1893 June earthquake 769

Adapazari

AD 1883 July 6 earthquake 748

AD 1893 November 1 earthquake 770

AD 1894 July 10 earthquake 9, 774–779


Adilcevas, AD 1891 February 6 earthquake 762

adobe, vulnerability 37–39, 40, 41

Adriatic Sea, AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 358

Aegean Sea

AD 1463 volcanic eruption 397

AD 1508 May 29 earthquake 417–422

AD 1625 May 18 earthquake 477

AD 1631 December 6 volcanic ash 480

AD 1659 February 17 earthquake 493

AD 1669 October 26 earthquake 515

AD 1688 September 10 earthquake 524

AD 1719 July 23 earthquake 545

AD 1733 December earthquakes 549–550

AD 1809 February earthquake 625

AD 1864 June 14 earthquake 709

AD 1876 September 12 earthquake 742

AD 1890 May 20 earthquake 761

AD 1891 April 7 earthquake 762–763

AD 1893 June 18 earthquake 769–770

deformation 816, 818

strike-slip faulting 818

Aegeum, AD c.23 earthquake 108

Aegina

c.489 BC earthquake 81

AD 1830 earthquakes 641

Aegio, AD 1748 May 25 earthquake 571–572

Aetoliki, AD 1882 January 5 mud volcano 747

Afamya

See Apamea

African Plate 815–816

Afyon Karahisar

AD 1862 November earthquakes 706

AD 1885 December 2 earthquake 751

AD 1886 December 2 earthquake 752

Ag. Yorgis, AD 1899 May 27 earthquake 792

Agathecum, AD 494 earthquake 177

Agrapha, AD 1566 July 11 earthquake 458

Ağri, AD 1871 December 11 earthquake 732

Ahi-Çelebi

AD 1884 December 12 earthquake 750

AD 1885 November 29 earthquake 751

AD 1887 October 13 earthquake 755

Aigio

AD 1861 December 26 earthquake 699–705

AD 1888 September 9 earthquake 755–756

Aikhanum, 50 BC-AD 50 earthquake 97

Aila, AD 1068 March 18 earthquake 272, 273, 274

Aintab

AD 1344 January 3 earthquake 370

AD 1626 Janaury, 21 earthquake 478

AD 1760 October 13 earthquakes 587

AD 1807 earthquake 624

AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 633–635

AD 1887 October 8 earthquake 754–755

Ak-Kerman, AD 1752 October 30 earthquake 576

Akçakoca, AD 1897 July 31 earthquake 788

Akhalkalaki, AD 1899 December 31 earthquake 795

Akhaltzike

AD 1088 April 16 earthquake 277

AD 1275 April 14 earthquake 349

AD 1283 April 17 earthquake 350–351

Akhisar

AD 1595 September 22 earthquake 469

AD 1858 June 16 earthquake 690

AD 1873 November 10 earthquake 736

Akhlat

AD 1046 earthquake 267

AD 1208 February 14 earthquake 337

AD 1246 earthquake 342

AD 1276 October 3 earthquake 349

AD 1415 March 13–1416 February 29 earthquake 386

AD 1503 earthquake 416

AD 1881 May 30 earthquake 747

Akhuri, AD 1646 April 7 earthquake 486

Aksa mosque

AD 747–8 earthquake 232, 235, 236

AD 1033 December 5 earthquake 261–264

AD 1834 May 26 earthquake 642

al Baas, AD 912 earthquake 250

al Jazira

See Mesopotamia

Al Qosh, AD 1885 December 30 earthquake 751

al-Awasim

See al-Wasim

al-Badan, AD 1033 December 5 earthquake 263

al-Karak

AD 746–9 earthquake 233, 235

AD 1212 May 1 earthquake 337–338

AD 1458 November 16 earthquake 396–397

See also Hisn al Akrad, Krak fortress

al-Manzala lagoon 181

al-Marwa, AD 1068 March 18 earthquake 272, 273

al-Massisah

See Mopsuestia

al-Rawandan, AD 1344 January 3 earthquake 370

al-Shaubak, AD 1212 May 1 earthquake 337–338

al-Thughur, AD 1003 earthquake 258

al-Wasim

AD 847 earthquake 241–242

AD 973 earthquake 255

AD 1003 earthquake 258

Alacata, AD 1883 October 15 earthquake 748–749

Albania

AD 1153 earthquake 298

AD 1359–1380 earthquakes 375

AD 1395 May 19 earthquake 379

AD 1851 January 20 spurious earthquake 668

AD 1893 June 14 earthquake 769

Alcyonic Sea, AD 1821 January 9 inundation 632

Aleppo

AD >638 earthquake 220

AD 713 February 28 earthquake 224–225

AD 952 earthquake 252–253

AD 1086–1087 earthquake 276–277

AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 284–291

AD 1138 October 11 earthquake 295–296

AD 1156 earthquakes 300, 301–302

AD 1157 earthquakes 303, 305, 312

AD 1158 earthquakes 314

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 318–325

AD 1181 February 25 earthquake 326

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1344 January 3 earthquake 370

AD 1375 earthquake 377

AD 1403 December 18 earthquake 382

AD 1404 earthquakes 382–383

AD 1408 December 29 earthquake 384–385

AD 1484 April earthquakes 405

AD 1610 March 7 earthquake 474

AD 1616 July 22 earthquake 476

AD 1626 Janaury 21 earthquake 478

AD 1657 earthquakes 492

AD 1680 March 22 earthquake 520

AD 1701 earthquake 529

AD 1719 March earthquake 543

AD 1722–1723 earthquake 546

AD 1726 April 15 earthquake 547

AD 1738 September 25 earthquake 553

AD 1759 earthquakes 582, 585

AD 1765 earthquake 589

AD 1778 May 5 earthquake 606

AD 1779 June 8 earthquake 608

AD 1783 December 14 earthquake 613

AD 1795 December earthquake 621

AD 1802 earthquake 622

AD 1822 earthquakes 632–636

AD 1823 earthquakes 636

AD 1824 March earthquake 637

AD 1830 December 21 earthquake 641

AD 1831 February earthquake 641

AD 1841 May 1 earthquake 654

AD 1844 September 19 earthquake 658

AD 1845 January earthquake 659

AD 1846 earthquakes 660, 662

AD 1857 March 6 earthquake 686

AD 1864 August 15 earthquake 709

AD 1868 April 16 earthquake 720

AD 1870 January 2 earthquake 723

AD 1877 November 15 earthquake 743

AD 1884 June 5 earthquake 750

AD 1893 March 4 earthquake 767

AD 1894 February 13 earthquake 771

Alexandretta

AD 1114 August 10 earthquake 282

AD 1686 December earthquake 522

AD 1726 April 15 earthquake 547

See also Iskenderun

Alexandria

AD 320 spurious earthquake 140–141

AD 365 July 21 sea wave 151, 154, 155, 157

AD 442 April 17 earthquake 165

AD 472 spurious earthquake 173

AD 541 sea wave 196

AD 554 October 14 earthquakes 207

AD 796 April earthquake 238

AD 951 September 15 earthquake 252

AD 956 earthquake 253

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 356–357, 360, 361

AD 1326 earthquake 365

AD 1609 April earthquake 474

AD 1698 October 2 earthquake 528

AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 585

AD 1810 February 16 earthquake 625–627

AD 1847 August earthquakes 663–664

AD 1865 April 11 earthquake 710

AD 1868 February 20 earthquake 720

AD 1870 June 24 earthquake 724

AD 1895 December 7 earthquake 783

Alexandroupolis, AD 1894 July 31 earthquake 780

Almyros

AD 1743 February 21 earthquake 569–570

AD 1773 earthquakes 605

Alpine-Himalayan mountain belt, seismicity 815–816

Amanus, AD 1738 September 25 earthquake 553

Amanus Mountain, AD 1269 earthquake 348–349

Amasra, AD 1672 February 2 earthquake 515–516

Amasya

AD 235–236 earthquake 136–137

AD 529 eathquake 193–195

AD 1050 August 4 earthquake 268

AD 1318 earthquake 363

AD 1415 April 20 earthquake 386

AD 1418–1419 earthquake 387

AD 1579 earthquake 463–464

AD 1590 November earthquake 468

AD 1598 May earthquake 471

AD 1635 June 14 earthquake 481

AD 1647 earthquake 487

AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

AD 1684 September 14 earthquake 521

AD 1734–1735 earthquake 550

AD 1776 December 29 earthquake 606

AD 1794 July 18 earthquake 620

AD 1851 November 15 earthquake 671

AD 1870 September 1 earthquake 728

AD 1893 earthquakes 769, 770

Amaxiki

AD 1625 June 18 earthquake 477–478

AD 1704 November 22 earthquake 530–531

AD 1722 June 5 earthquakes 545–546

AD 1723 February 22 earthquake 546

AD 1741 June 23 earthquake 557–558

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

AD 1769 October 12 earthquake 602

AD 1783 March earthquakes 612

AD 1869 December 28 earthquake 723

Amfisa

AD 1870 earthquakes 726, 727, 729

Amik

AD 1872 earthquakes 732–734


Amman, AD 1068 March 18 earthquake 272

Ammochostos, Cyprus, AD 1456 earthquake 395

Amorgos, AD 1733 December 23 earthquake 549–550

‘Amos’ earthquake 10, 11, 68, 70–71, 109

Anaboli

AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

AD 1769 June 27 earthquake 601–602

Anadolu Hisari, AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 422–433

Anatolia

AD 952 earthquake 252–253

AD 967 September 2 earthquake 254

AD 1035 May earthquake 264–265

AD 1471 earthquake 398

AD 1590 November earthquake 468

AD 1776 December 29 earthquake 606

Anatolia, eastern

AD 572 June earthquake 213

AD 679 earthquake 223–224

AD 1086–1087 earthquake 276–277

AD 1133 earthquakes 293

AD 1145 May 24 earthquake 297

AD 1290–1291 earthquake 352

AD 1362–1363 earthquake and solar eclipse 376

AD 1482 earthquake 405

AD 1685 December 2 earthquake 521

Anatolia, northern, AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

Anatolia, southeastern

AD c.431 earthquakes 163

AD 1285 earthquake 351

AD 1344 January 3 earthquake 370

AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 632–635

Anavarin, AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

Anazarbus

AD 525 earthquake 183–184

AD 558 June earthquake 211–212

Andalusia, AD 881 May 16 earthquakes 246–247

Andros, AD 1805 November 1 earthquake 624

Ani

AD 1045 April 5 earthquake 266–267

AD 1064 spurious earthquake 272

AD 1130 November 30 collapse of Church 293

AD 1320 earthquake 364

AD 1605 earthquake 473

Ankara

AD 1668 earthquakes 511, 512–515

AD 1856 August 27 earthquake 683

AD 1873 August 19 earthquake 736

AD 1875 August 24 earthquake 740

AD 1884 February 5 earthquake 749

AD 1885 August 30 earthquake 751

Anklokasro, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

annals 2

Antakya

AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 632–635

AD 1823 earthquakes 636, 637

AD 1824 January 12 earthquake 637

AD 1854 spurious earthquake 677

AD 1872 April 3 earthquake 732–734

AD 1873 February 9 earthquake 735

AD 1875 earthquakes 740, 741

AD 1893 February earthquake 766

See also Antioch

Antalya

AD 1743 March 8 earthquake 570

AD 1756 February 13 earthquakes 581

AD 1897 November 8 earthquake 788

Antalya-Cyprus seismic zone, subduction 820

Antarus, AD 551 July earthquake 199–203

Antimachia, Cos, AD 1493 October 18 earthquake 411–413

Antioch

148 BC February 21 possible earthquake 94–95

AD 37 earthquake 111–112

AD 41–54 earthquake 112

AD 115 December 13 earthquake 122–125

AD 341 earthquake 142–143

AD 363 May 19 earthquake 148

AD c.388 earthquake 157–158

AD 395 earthquake 158

AD 458 September 14 earthquake 168–171

AD 459 June 19 earthquake 171–172

AD 513 September 7 earthquake 180

AD 525 October 14 fire and earthquake 183

AD 526 May 29 earthquake and fire 184–189

AD 528 November 29 earthquake 189–192

AD 534 earthquake 196

AD 557–558 earthquakes 211–212

AD c.570 earthquake 213

AD 577 earthquakes 213–214

AD 588 October 31 earthquake 215–216

AD 713 February 28 earthquake 224–225

AD 718 September 14 earthquake 226

AD 722 June 19 earthquake 226

AD 835 spurious earthquake 240–241

AD 850 earthquake 242

AD 860 January 243–244

AD 973 earthquake 255

AD 1063 August earthquake 269–270

AD 1086–1087 earthquake 276–277

AD 1091 Spetember, 26 earthquake 278–279

AD 1097 earthquakes 279–280

AD 1098 October 5 earthquake 280

AD 1114 November earthquakes 282–291

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 318–325

AD 1319 high wind 363–364

AD 1407 April 29 earthquake 384

AD 1537 earthquake 439

AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 585

AD 1760 October 13 earthquakes 587

See also Antakya

Antiochia Isauria, AD 462 destruction 173

Antirio, AD 1756 October 20 earthquake 581

Antivari

AD 1411 <July 3 earthquake 385–386

AD 1444 August earthquake 392–393

AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 502–511

See also Bar


Aoria, AD 121 earthquake 125–126

Apamea

336–323 BC earthquake 89

90 BC earthquake 96

AD 54 earthquake 116

AD 115 December 13 earthquake 122–123

AD 1156 October 13 earthquake 300

AD 1157 earthquakes 303–311

Aphrodisias, AD 240–241 earthquake 137

Aphrodisium, AD 544 sea wave 198

Aplstun, AD 1544 Jan earthquake 441

Araban, AD 1848 January earthquake 664

Arabic sources 3

Arabissus, Cappadocia

AD 584–585 earthquake 215

AD 587 earthquake 215

Araç, AD 1899 May 28 earthquake 792

Arapkir, AD 1896 April 21 earthquake 784

Ararat

AD 1646 April 7 earthquake 486

AD 1679 June 14 earthquake 519

AD 1783 spurious volcanic eruption 610

AD 1840 July 2 earthquake 651–653

Araxes River, AD 1840 July 2 earthquake 652–653

Arcadia, <AD 1 dammed river 104–105

archaeological data 1

archaeoseismology 9–12

Archangeliotis monastery, AD 1829 earthquakes 640

Areopolis

AD 363 May 19 earthquake 148–149, 153, 155

AD <597 earthquake 216–217

Argentiera, AD 1779 December 6 earthquake 608–609

Argos

c.388 BC earthquake 86

AD 1421 January 21 symbolic earthquake 389

AD 1810 February 17 aftershock 627

Argostoli

AD 1636 September 30 earthquake 481–483

AD 1638 July 16 earthquake 484

AD 1714 August 28 earthquake 540

AD 1723 February 20 earthquake 546

AD 1741 June 23 earthquake 557–558

AD 1759 June 14 earthquake 582

AD 1766 July 22 destructive earthquake and whirlwind 593–595

AD 1767 July 22 earthquake 598–600

AD 1834 June 5 earthquake 643

Argyrokastro

AD 1858 earthquakes 690, 691

AD 1859 August 13 earthquake 695

AD 1866 December 4 earthquake 716

AD 1894 April 18 earthquake 771

AD 1897 February 6 earthquake 787

Arima, AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327, 331

Armenhaz

AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 633–635

AD 1823 September 4 earthquake 637

Armenia

AD c.639- earthquake 220–221

AD 735 earthquake 227

AD 906–910 earthquake 250

AD 1064 spurious earthquake 272

AD 1135 September 23 earthquake 294

AD 1220 January 11 earthquake 338

AD 1246 earthquake 342

AD 1406 November 29 earthquake 383–384

AD 1834 earthquake 643

Arqa

AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 305, 307

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 316–325

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327

Arsamosata, AD 499 September earthquake 177–178

Artemisio, AD 1847 March earthquake 662

Artvin

AD 1850 May 2 earthquake 667

AD 1892 June 18 earthquake 764

Asarcik, AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

Asheqelon, AD 1033 Friday mosque damage 261, 262, 264

Asia Minor

AD 472 earthquake and Vesuvius eruption 173

AD 1040 February 2 earthquake 265–266

AD 1048 earthquake 267–268

AD 1296 July 17 earthquake 354

AD 1846 March 28 earthquake 660–661

AD 1867 March 7 earthquake 717–718

AD 1881 April 3 earthquakes 745–747

Astros, AD 1769 June 27 earthquake 601–602

Aswan, AD 1899 July 14 spurious earthquake 792

Asyut

AD 1847 August 7 earthquake 663–664

AD 1850 October 27 earthquake 668

Atalanti

426 BC earthquake 83, 84

AD 1894 April 27 earthquake 14, 771–773, 771, 772

Atalia, AD 1481 May 3 earthquake 400–401

Athania, AD 1783 March earthquakes 611–612

Athareb

AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 284–291

AD 1138 October 11 earthquake 294–296

Athens

424 BC March earthquake 84

420 BC earthquake 85

<270 BC earthquake and landslides 90

27 BC destruction 103?

AD 1705 September 3 earthquake 531–533

AD 1805 September 17 earthquake 624

AD 1807 earthquake 624

AD 1810 February 13 earthquake 625

AD 1818 January earthquake and sea wave 630

AD 1833 November earthquake 642

AD 1835 December 17 earthquake 644

AD 1836 May 14 earthquake 645

AD 1837 earthquakes 649–650

AD 1838 May earthquake 650

AD 1840 April 5 earthquake 651

AD 1841 earthquakes 653, 654

AD 1844 May 15 earthquake 658

AD 1852 October 26 wind damage 673

AD 1853 earthquakes 674–675

AD 1874 January 17 earthquake 737

AD 1889 January earthquake 757

Atskhuri, AD 1283 April 17 earthquake 350–351

Attica, AD 1854 April 26 earthquake 676

Aunobaris, AD 100–199 earthquake 120–121

Avajik, AD 1840 July 2 earthquake 651–653

Avlona

AD 1601 April 17 earthquake 471–472

AD 1867 January 20 earthquake 716

Avlopotamos monastery, Crete, AD 1717 earthquake 542

Awasim

See al-Wasim

Ayasoluğ

AD 1890 May 14 earthquake 761

AD 1891 February 15 earthquake 762

Aydin

AD 1653 February 22 earthquake 491–492

AD 1834 July 25 earthquake 643

AD 1847 June 10 earthquake 662

AD 1848 October 27 earthquake 665

AD 1850 July 9 earthquake 667

AD 1859 earthquakes 692, 693

AD 1861 earthquakes 699

AD 1894 July 13 earthquake 779

AD 1895 August 19 earthquake 782

AD 1899 September 20 earthquake 792–795

Aydincik, AD 1556 May 10 earthquake 454–455

Aytos, AD 1766 May 22 earthquake 590–593

Ayvacik, AD 1899 December 26 earthquake 795

Ayvadbend gravity dam, AD 1766 May 22 earthquake 591

Ayvali

AD 1837 September earthquakes 650

AD 1867 March 7 earthquake 718

AD 1874 November 18 earthquake 739

Azal 69

Azaz

AD 973 earthquake 255

AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 305, 307

Azerbaidjan, AD 1503 earthquake 416

Aziziye, AD 1894 July 3 earthquake 773

Azrab, AD 1138 October 11 subsidence 295–296

Baalbek

AD 991 April 5 earthquake 257–258

AD 1042 earthquake 266

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 316–325

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1354 October 28 earthquake 375

AD 1605 October 20 earthquake 473

AD 1715 earthquake 541

AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 583–586

Bab el-Dhra, 2100–1700 BC destruction 63–64

Babadaği, AD 1851 February 28 earthquake 668–669

Baghdad

AD 859 earthquake 242

AD 881 earthquake 247

AD 902 June earthquake 250

AD 977 earthquake 255–256

AD 1072 January 20 earthquake 276

AD 1094 February earthquake 279

AD 1130 February 29 earthquake 293

AD 1135 March 20-April 18 earthquake 293

AD 1144 May 29 earthquake 297

AD 1156 February earthquake 298

AD 1178 March 29 wind and dust storm 325–326

AD 1252 earthquake 342–343

AD 1456 November 29 earthquake 395

AD 1769 May 1 earthquake and storm 601

AD 1873 June 20 earthquake 735

AD 1874 June 12 earthquake 738

Bait Jann, AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

Balacik, AD 1899 December 29 earthquake 795

Balagrae, AD 365 July 21 earthquake 152, 153

Balash, AD 1033 December 5 earthquake 263, 264

Balat

AD 1869 December 13 earthquake 722–723

AD 1870 November 7 earthquake 729

Balatunus, AD 1408 December 29 earthquake 384–385

Bald Mountain

AD 860 January 243–244

AD 1319 high wind 363–364

Balikesir

AD 1577 earthquake 463

AD 1870 August 9 earthquake 728

AD 1896 September 14 earthquake 786

AD 1898 February 5 earthquake 789

AD 1899 January 20 earthquake 790

Balis

AD 860 January 243–244

AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 284–291

AD 1162 August earthquake 316

Balkans, AD 1443–1444 earthquake and diverted rivers 392

Balu, AD 995 August 19 earthquake 258

Banaz, AD 1887 September 30 earthquake 754

Bandirma

AD 1858 March 7 earthquake 689

AD 1859 January 9 earthquake 692

AD 1889 February 27 earthquake 757

Baniyas

AD 1033 December 5 earthquake 261–264

AD 1068 earthquakes 275, 276

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 318–325

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 645, 648

Bar

AD 1411 <July 3 earthquake 385

AD 1766 <May 9 earthquake 589

Bar Suma, Anatolia, AD 1285 earthquake 351

Barada River, Damascus, AD 1284 flooding 351


Barin

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 316–325

AD 1306–1307 landslide 362

Bartim

AD 1894 July 16 earthquake 779

AD 1897 November 15 earthquake 788

Basra

AD 902 June earthquake 250

AD 1456 November 29 earthquake 395

Batak

AD 1892 March 24 earthquake 764

AD 1896 November 19 earthquake 786

Batna Sarug, AD 679 April 3 earthquake 223

Batnun, AD 1588 April 7 fissures 468

Bayramiç, AD 1826 February 8 earthquake 639

Behasna castle, AD 1344 January 3 earthquake 370

Beilan, AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 634

Beirut

AD 347 September earthquake 144

AD 502 earthquake 179

AD 551 July earthquake and sea wave 199–203

AD 1759 October 30 earthquake 583

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 645

AD 1845 February 15 earthquake 659

AD 1849 December 5 earthquake 666

AD 1850 February 12 earthquake 666

AD 1855 July 10 earthquake 681

AD 1856 September 28 earthquake 683

AD 1859 January 28 earthquake 692

AD 1898 April 13 earthquake 789

Beit Jann, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584–586

Beit Qoubaya, AD 747? earthquake 234

Bekaa Valley

AD 1604 earthquake 472

AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584–586

AD 1802 earthquake 622

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 645

AD 1845 February 15 earthquake 659

Belgorod, AD 1752 October 30 earthquake 576

Belice, AD 1968 January earthquake 24

Berat

AD 1701 March earthquakes 528–529

AD 1713 February earthquake 538–539

AD 1851 earthquakes 670, 671

AD 1894 September 17 earthquake 780

AD 1895 November 7 earthquake 783

Berdak, AD 1701 March 26 earthquake 529

Bergama

AD 1296 July 17 earthquake 354

AD 1859 October 11 earthquake 696

AD 1860 June 16 earthquake 697

AD 1895 November 13 earthquake 783

AD 1897 July 15 earthquake 788

Bet Shean, AD 747–9? earthquake 232, 233, 235

Bethlehem

AD 1532 earthquake 439

AD 1834 May 26 earthquake 642

Beylik Ahur, AD 1897 February 7 earthquake 787

Beypazari, AD 1668 August earthquakes 511, 512–515

Bible

accounts of earthquakes 11–12

Jericho 1400 BC earthquake 65–66

Judaea c.759 BC earthquake 69, 71

Sodom 2100–1700 BC earthquake 62–65

Bidokht, AD 1986 31 August earthquake 41

Biğa

AD 1672 February 14 earthquake 516

AD 1737 March earthquakes 552–553

AD 1766 August 5 earthquake 595–596

Bigadiç

AD 1891 earthquakes 763

AD 1894 May 25 earthquake 773

AD 1899 September 22 earthquake 795

Bileçik

AD 1894 July 20 earthquake 779

AD 1895 September 19 earthquake 782

AD 1896 January 1 earthquake 783

AD 1897 December 26 earthquake 789

AD 1899 June 9 earthquake 792

Bingöl, AD 1678 April earthquake 518

Birteh, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 583–586

Birvari, AD 1884 February 10 earthquake 749

Biserta, Tunisia, AD 412 earthquake 161

Bithynia

AD 32–33 earthquake 11

AD 121 earthquake 125–126

AD 181 May 3 earthquake 135

AD 268–270 earthquake 139

AD 358 August 24 earthquake 144–147

AD 368 October 11, earthquake 156

AD 447 January 26 earthquake 165–168

AD 478 September 24 earthquake 174–176

AD 740 October 26 earthquake 227–229

AD 989 October 26 earthquake 256–257

AD 1065 September earthquake 272

AD 1860 June 7 earthquake 697

Bitlis

AD 1682 May 19 earthquake 521

AD 1696 June 10 earthquake 528

AD 1705 January 27 earthquake 531

Bitola

AD 1631 December 6 volcanic ash 480

AD 1858 earthquakes 689

AD 1871 earthquakes 731

Bizaah, AD 1138 October 11 earthquake 295–296

Blachernae, AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 427–433

Black Sea

AD 544 sea wave 197–198

AD 1598 May sea wave 471

AD 1672 February 2 earthquake 515–516

AD 1875 November 23 earthquake 741

Blue Valley, AD 1419 March 15–17 new springs 387–388

Bochali, AD 1791 November earthquakes 616–619


Bodrum

AD 1493 October 18 earthquake 411–413

AD 1890 February 26 earthquake 761

Boetia, AD 551 earthquake and sea wave 203–205

Boka Kotorska

AD 1608 earthquakes 473

AD 1609 January 15 aftershocks 474

Bolu

AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

AD 1863 October 24 earthquake 708

See also Claudiopolis Galatica

Bosphorus

AD 1766 May 22 earthquake and sea wave 590–593

AD 1844 September 12 earthquake 658

AD 1859 August 21 earthquake 695

AD 1866 February 24 earthquake 712

Bostra, AD 1151 September 27 earthquake 297–298

Botrys, AD 551 July earthquake 199–203

Botsaras, AD 1813 December 10 earthquake 628

Boyabat, AD 1878 February 28 earthquake 743

Bozcaada, AD 1737 March 6 earthquake 552–553

Bozdoğan

AD 1899 earthquakes 791, 795

Bozuyük, AD 1895 March 15 earthquake 781

Breznik

AD 1820 January 22 earthquake 631

AD 1851 February 5 earthquake 668

Brezovo, AD 1892 October 10 earthquake 765

brick construction 30, 45

adobe 37–39

kiln 38, 41, 45

Bronze Age, catastrophism 9–10

Brsecine, AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 501–511

Bucharest, AD 1829 May 5 earthquake 641

Buda, AD 1661 March 20 earthquake 494–496

Budva

AD 1520 May 17 earthquake 437

AD 1631 earthquakes 480

AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 502–511

AD 1979 15 April earthquake, reinforced concrete building 49

building regulation 46

buildings

earthquake-resistant 46, 48, 638

effect of earthquakes 33–52

vulnerability 37–49, 55

Palestine AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 648

Bulanik

AD 1857 April 9 earthquake 686–687

AD 1893 March earthquakes 768

Buldan, AD 1702 February 25 earthquake 529

Bulgaria

AD 1059 September spurious earthquake 269

AD 1558 earthquake 456

AD 1661 March 20 earthquake 494–496

AD 1718 June 16 earthquakes 542–543

AD 1781 March 4 earthquake 610

AD 1793 December 10 earthquake 620

AD 1821 December 29 earthquake 632

AD 1829 May 5 earthquake 641

AD 1839 January 17 earthquake 651

AD 1848 January earthquake 664

AD 1855 October 23 unsubstantiated earthquake 682

Bura, 373 BC earthquake 86–88

Burdur

AD 1844 September 27 earthquake 658

AD 1874 January 4 earthquake 736

AD 1876 June earthquake 742

Burdur-Fetiye fault zone 161

Bursa

AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 422–433

AD 1556 May 10 earthquake 454–455

AD 1674 earthquake 518

AD 1705 August 8 earthquake 531

AD 1754 September 2 earthquake 578

AD 1766 earthquakes 590–593, 595–596

AD 1794 August 5 earthquake 620–621

AD 1804 February 19 earthquake 623

AD 1835 November 3 earthquake 644

AD 1850 April 19 earthquake 667

AD 1852 April 16 earthquake 672

AD 1853 August 18 earthquake 674

AD 1855 earthquakes 677–679, 680, 681, 682

AD 1856 earthquakes 683, 686

AD 1857 earthquakes 687, 688

AD 1858 earthquakes 689, 690

AD 1859 earthquakes 693, 695

AD 1860 earthquakes 697, 698

AD 1866 February 24 earthquake 712

AD 1872 January 12 earthquake 732

AD 1883 December 2 earthquake 749

AD 1884 January 2 earthquake 749

AD 1889 December 8 earthquake 760

AD 1893 June 25 earthquake 770

AD 1896 July 6 earthquake 786

AD 1899 earthquakes 791, 795

See also Prusa

Butrinti, Albania, AD 1153 earthquake 298

Buyin Zara, AD 1962 September 1 earthquake 40

Büyük Çekmece, AD 1766 May 22 earthquake 591

Büyük Menderes Valley

AD 1645 earthquake 485

AD 1651 June 7 earthquake 491

AD 1653 February 22 earthquake 491–492

AD 1717 November 19 earthquake 542

AD 1847 June 10 earthquake 662

See also Meander River, Menderes Valley

Byblus

AD 551 July earthquake 199–203

AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 305

Byzantium

See Constantinople

Cachete, AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

Caesarea

AD 130 earthquake 126–127

AD 303 April 2 earthquake and sea wave 140

AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 309

AD 1834 May 26 earthquake 643

Caesarea Maritima, AD 551 earthquake 202

Cairo

AD 950 July 25 earthquakes 252

AD 956 earthquake 253

AD 1111 August 31 earthquake 281

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1212 May 1 earthquake 337

AD 1259 June 6 earthquakes 345

AD 1293 January earthquake 353

AD 1294 earthquake 353

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357, 359–360

AD 1335 May 29 earthquake 366

AD 1347 December 8 earthquake 372

AD 1353 October 16 earthquake 372

AD 1373 October 19 earthquake 376

AD 1385 September 19 earthquake 378

AD 1386 July 17 earthquake 378

AD 1422 July 28 earthquake 389

AD 1425 June 23 earthquake 389

AD 1433 December 14 earthquake 390

AD 1434 November earthquakes 54, 390

AD 1438 February 25 earthquake 391

AD 1455 March 5 earthquake 394

AD 1467 December 15 earthquake 397

AD 1476 October earthquake 398

AD 1481 March 18 earthquake 399–400

AD 1483 June 15 earthquake 405

AD 1498 September earthquake 415

AD 1502 November 17 earthquake 416

AD 1508 May 29 earthquake 417–422

AD 1513 March 28 earthquake 434

AD 1523 April 4 earthquake 437–438

AD 1525 March 9 earthquake 438

AD 1527 July 14 earthquake 438

AD 1529 November 12 earthquake 438

AD 1532 July 10 earthquake 439

AD 1534 March 23 earthquake 439

AD 1573 February 4 earthquake 461

AD 1576 April 1 earthquake 462

AD 1588 earthquakes 467, 468

AD 1592 May earthquake 469

AD 1609 April earthquake 474

AD 1613 March earthquake 475

AD 1632 earthquake 480–481

AD 1710 August 27 earthquake 537–538

AD 1741 January 31 earthquake 556–557

AD 1754 October earthquake 580

AD 1790 May 26 earthquake 616

AD 1801 October 10 earthquake 622

AD 1810 February earthquakes 625–627

AD 1814 June 27 earthquake 628

AD 1825 June 21 earthquake 638

AD 1846 June 15 earthquakes 661

AD 1847 August earthquakes 663–664

AD 1849 July 23 earthquake 665

AD 1856 October earthquakes 684–685

AD 1858 December earthquake 692

AD 1868 February 20 earthquake 720

AD 1870 June 24 earthquake 724

AD 1873 January 12 earthquake 735

AD 1879 July 11 earthquake 744

AD 1886 November 17 earthquake 752

Cakansüyu valley, AD 1861 March 7 earthquake 698

Calabria

AD 1638 March 27 earthquake 484

AD 1783 February 5 earthquake 610

Çaldiran

AD 1664 May 29 earthquake 498

AD 1696 April 14 earthquake 527–528

AD 1866 May 8 earthquake 712

Calimnos, c.198 BC earthquake 93

Callipolis

AD 484 earthquake 176–177

See also Gelibolu

Campania, AD 62 February 5 earthquake 117

Çanakkale

AD 1659 February 17 earthquake 493

AD 1835 November 24 earthquake 644

AD 1852 April 4 earthquake 672

AD 1864 June 11 earthquake 709

AD 1868 April 23 earthquake 720

AD 1870 August 10 earthquake 728

AD 1876 October 26 earthquake 742

See also Sultanhisar

Candia

AD >1228 earthquake 341

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 355–362

AD 1306 earthquake 362

AD 1490 November 1 earthquake 407

AD 1491 September 4 earthquake 411

AD 1494 July 1 earthquake 413–414

AD 1496 September 7 earthquake 414

AD 1501 earthquake 415

AD 1508 May earthquakes 417–422

AD 1517 April 13 earthquake 436

AD 1522 April 10 earthquake 437

AD 1531 September earthquake 438–439

AD 1549 September earthquakes 452

AD 1564 August earthquakes 457–458

AD 1595 November 26 earthquake 469–470

AD 1612 spurious earthquake 475

See also Iraklion

Çankiri

AD 1050 August 4 earthquake 268

AD 1840 February 1 earthquake 651

AD 1844 March 9 earthquakes 658

AD 1878 February 25 earthquake 743

AD 1881 earthquakes 747

AD 1888 April 22 earthquake 755

Capakchur, AD 995 August 19 earthquake 258

Caria

AD 142 earthquake and sea wave 128–131

AD 240–241 earthquake 137

Çarşamba, AD 1898 October 7 earthquake 790


Carura, <AD 1 earthquake 105

Casimiria, AD 1443–1444 earthquake 392

Caspian Gates 180, 229

AD 743 earthquake 229–230

Çatak, AD 1766 October 9 earthquake 597

Çatalca

AD 1766 May 22 earthquake 591

AD 1894 July 10 earthquake 777

catalogues 4–9

catastrophism 9–10

Cattaro

AD 1520 May 17 earthquake 437

AD 1563 June 1 earthquake 457

AD 1780 September 21 earthquake 609

Caucasus, deformation 820

Çavdar, AD 1895 earthquake 783

Cavtat

AD c.1453 earthquake 394

AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 500–511

Çekmece, AD 1766 May 22 earthquake 591

Çerge castle, Avlona, AD 1601 April 17 earthquake 471–472

Çerkeş

AD 1895 July 27 earthquake 782

AD 1897 May 3 earthquake 787

AD 1898 October 1 earthquake 790

Çermik, AD 1898 December 4 earthquake 790

Çeşme

AD 1852 October 19 earthquake 673

AD 1881 earthquakes 745–747

AD 1883 October 15 earthquake 748–749

AD 1884 earthquakes 749, 750

AD 1886 November 27 earthquake 752

AD 1889 November 13 earthquake 760

Chaeronea, AD 551 earthquake 204

Chalcidon, AD 311 September 16 spurious earthquake 140

Chaldir, AD 1868 February 18 earthquake 719–720

Chalkis

AD 1846 November earthquake 662

AD 1855 earthquakes 681

See also Negreponte

Chania

AD 1524 February 12 earthquake 438

AD 1595 November 26 earthquake 469–470

AD 1598 March 7 earthquake 471

AD 1664 November 20 earthquake 499

AD 1681 earthquakes 520–521

AD 1779 December 6 earthquake 608–609

AD 1794 October 28 earthquake 621

AD 1810 February 16 earthquake 625–627

AD 1856 October 12 earthquake 683–685

AD 1862 June 21 earthquake 706

AD 1876 April 25 earthquake 741

AD 1879 August 9 earthquake 744

Chepelare

AD 1892 October 7 earthquake 764

AD 1897 November 22 earthquake 788

AD 1898 September 21 earthquake 790

Chiena, AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 425–433

Chios

494 BC collapse of building 80

AD 6–13 earthquake 105

AD 1389 March 20 earthquake and sea wave 378–379

AD 1508 May 29 earthquake 417–422

AD 1546 earthquake 452

AD 1565 earthquake 458

AD 1645 earthquake 485

AD 1648 October 18 earthquake 487

AD 1674 January 23 earthquake 517

AD 1684 earthquakes 521

AD 1688 September 10 earthquake 524

AD 1694 March 5 earthquake 525

AD 1702 February 25 earthquake 529

AD 1719 May 25 earthquake 545

AD 1733 December 23 earthquake 550

AD 1737 March earthquakes 553

AD 1738 December earthquakes 554

AD 1739 April 4 earthquakes 554–555

AD 1767 February 7 earthquake 597

AD 1772 October 25 earthquake 605

AD 1779 April 16 earthquake 608

AD 1809 December 18 earthquake 625

AD 1820 March earthquake and storm 631

AD 1833 December earthquakes 642

AD 1843 December 28 earthquake 657

AD 1853 July earthquake 674

AD 1856 November 25 earthquake 686

AD 1863 August 16 spurious earthquake 708

AD 1865 November 12 earthquake 711

AD 1866 January 19 earthquake 711

AD 1876 March 29 earthquake 741

AD 1879 September 14 earthquake 744

AD 1880 December 12 earthquake 745

AD 1881 earthquakes 745–747, 746

AD 1884 December 5 earthquake 750

AD 1886 earthquakes 751, 752

AD 1889 earthquakes 757, 758

AD 1890 January 4 earthquake 761

AD 1891 earthquakes 763

AD 1894 earthquakes 771, 780

Chirpan, AD 1892 February 9 earthquake 764

Chliara, AD 1296 earthquake 353, 354

Chora

AD 1343 October 18 earthquake 367, 368

AD 1354 March 1 earthquake 373

chronicles 2

Chryso, AD 1870 August 1 earthquake 725

Cibyra, Phrygia

AD 17 earthquake 106–108

AD 23 earthquake 108

AD 417 earthquake 161

Cilicia

AD 803 June 23 earthquake 239

AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 285–291

AD 1269 earthquake 348–349


Cities of the Plain, 2100–1700 BC earthquake 63

Citium, AD 76 earthquake 119

Çivril

AD 1875 May 3 earthquake 740

AD 1899 September 25 earthquake 795

Cizre

AD 1896 March earthquake 784

AD 1898 April 20 earthquake 789

Claudia

AD 529 October-530 September landslide 193

AD 817 earthquake 239–240

Claudiopolis Galatica

AD 967 September 2 earthquake 254

See also Bolu

clay mortar 38–39

Cleona, 414 BC earthquake 85

Cnidus, AD 465 July 6 earthquake 173

Colossus of Rhodes, c.227 BC earthquake 91–92

Coloumbos, Santorini, AD 1650 March-December eruption 487–491

columns, effect of earthquakes 33, 34, 35, 36, 37

Constantinople

AD 358 August 24 earthquake 144

AD 362 December 2 earthquake 147–148

AD 363 earthquake 151

AD 395 earthquake and aurora borealis 158–159

AD 402 earthquake 159

AD 403 earthquake 159

AD 407 April 1 earthquake 159–160

AD 408 July 5 earthquake 160

AD 412 spurious earthquake 161

AD 417 April 20 earthquake 161

AD 422 earthquake 162–163

AD 423 April 2 earthquake 163

AD 437 September 25? earthquake 163–165

AD 442 April 17 earthquake 165

AD 447 January 26 earthquake 165–168

AD 478 earthquakes 174–175, 176

AD 525 October 7 spurious earthquake 182–183

AD 526 earthquake 189

AD 533 <November 20 earthquake 195–196

AD 533–534 fall of statue of Emperor 196

AD 542 August 16 earthquake 196–197

AD 546 earthquake 198

AD 548 earthquake 198

AD 554 August 16 earthquake 206–207

AD 555 July 11 earthquake 208

AD 557 earthquakes 198, 208–211, 213

AD 565 November 5 earthquake 212

AD 568 January 14 earthquake 213

AD 583 May 10 earthquake 214

AD 611 April 20 earthquake 218

AD 740 October 26 earthquake 227–229

AD 780–797 March 17 earthquake 238

AD 790 February 9 earthquake 238

AD 796 April earthquake 238

AD 815 August earthhquake 239

AD 850 earthquake 242

AD c.860 earthquake 244

AD 861 May 15 earthquake 244–245

AD 869 January 9 earthquake 246

AD 945 cracks in walls of houses 252

AD 989 October 26 earthquake 256–257

AD 1010–1012 earthquakes 259

AD 1026 December 5 earthquake 260

AD 1032 August 13 earthquake, damage to aqueduct 260–261

AD 1033 March 6 earthquake 261

AD 1036 December 18 earthquake 265

AD 1037 November earthquake 265

AD 1038–1039 earthquakes 265

AD 1041 June 10 earthquake 266

AD 1090 December 6 earthquake 277–278

AD 1106 fall of statue 281

AD 1118 earthquake 291–292

AD 1156 thunderclaps 302

AD 1162 earthquake 315–316

AD 1197 collapse of Gate of Charisius 327

AD 1201 March 1 spurious earthquake 327

AD 1231 March 11 earthquake 341

AD 1237 September 16 earthquake 342

AD 1254 September 16 earthquake 342, 343

AD 1289 June earthquake 352

AD 1296 June 1 earthquake 353–354

AD 1302 December 13 Turkish invasion 355

AD 1303 earthquakes 355, 358

AD 1315 September 29 earthquake 363

AD 1323 spurious earthquake 365

AD 1332 January 17 earthquake and storms 365–366

AD 1343 earthquakes 366–369

AD 1346 May 19 earthquake 371–372

AD 1391 August 15 earthquake 379

AD 1402 earthquake 382

AD 1419 December earthquake and flooding 388

AD 1437 earthquakes 390–391

AD 1453 earthquake 394

See also Istanbul

Copik, AD 995 August 19 earthquake 258

Corfu

AD 968 December 18 earthquake 254

AD 1294 earthquake 353

AD 1508 May 29 earthquake 417–422

AD 1531 September 13 earthquake 438

AD 1651 earthquake 491

AD 1666 November damage to city walls 500

AD 1674 earthquakes 517, 518

AD 1704 November 22 earthquake 530–531

AD 1708 January 25 earthquake 536

AD 1732 <March earthquake 549

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

AD 1745 earthquake 570

AD 1773 <May 23 earthquake 605

AD 1809 May 4 earthquake 625

AD 1810 May 4 earthquake 627

AD 1814 April 1 earthquake 628

AD 1817 September 4 earthquake 630

AD 1818 earthquake 630

AD 1819 September 4 earthquake 631

AD 1821 earthquake 632

AD 1822 earthquake 636

AD 1832 December earthquake 642

AD 1844 August 30 earthquake 658

AD 1848 February 13 earthquake 664

AD 1859 March 13 earthquake 692

AD 1862 February earthquake 706

AD 1865 earthquakes 709, 710

AD 1866 November 9 earthquake 715

AD 1867 earthquakes 716, 718

AD 1868 March 20 earthquake 720

AD 1870 November 13 earthquake 729

AD 1871 April 9 earthquake 731

AD 1873 November 15 earthquake 736

AD 1874 September 17 earthquake 738

AD 1875 earthquakes 740, 741

AD 1879 November 20 earthquake 744

AD 1880 June 18 earthquake 744

AD 1882 October 31 earthquake 748

AD 1883 June 27 earthquake 748

Corinth

420 BC earthquake 85

AD 69–79 June 20 earthquake 118–119

AD 522 earthquake 182

AD 543 earthquake 197

AD 551 earthquake 204–205

AD 1301 earthquake 355

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 356

AD <1727 February 21 earthquake 547

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

AD 1748 May 25 earthquake 571–572

AD 1850 January 13 earthquake 666

AD 1855 December 10 earthquake 682

AD 1858 February 21 earthquake 688–689

AD 1883 April 16 earthquake 748

Corinthia

AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

AD 1814 earthquake 629

AD 1876 June 26 earthquake 742

Çorlu

AD 1247 earthquake 342

AD 1766 May 22 earthquake 591

Coronea, AD 551 earthquake 204

Çorum

AD 1514 earthquake 435–436

AD 1543 earthquake 441

AD 1579 earthquake 463–464

AD 1582 February earthquake 465

AD 1794 July 18 earthquake 620

AD 1897 July 21 earthquake 788

AD May 1598 earthquake 471

Corycus, AD 300–399 earthquakes 140

Cos

412–411 BC earthquake 85

24 BC earthquake 103–104

AD 142 earthquake and sea wave 128–131

AD 330–335 spurious earthquake 141

AD 465 July 6 earthquake 173

AD 551 >July 9 earthquake and sea wave 199

AD 554–558 earthquake 207

AD 1437 earthquake 391

AD 1493 October 18 earthquake 411–413

AD 1571 earthquake 460

AD 1672 February 14 earthquake and sea wave 516

AD 1673 March earthquake 516

AD 1812 earthquake 628

AD 1864 August 20 earthquake 709

AD 1891 February 26 earthquake 762

AD 1894 April 23 earthquake 771

Çöteli, AD 1885 April 30 earthquake 751

Cotsino, AD 1456 November 19 earthquake 395

Coujam, AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

Cracow, AD 1443–1444 earthquake 392

Crannon, 510 BC collapse of building 80

creep 31–33

Crete

368 BC spurious earthquake 88

c.68 BC spurious earthquake 97

AD 53 earthquake 115–116

AD 62–64 earthquake and sea level fall 113, 117–118

AD c.168 earthquake 133

AD 365 July 21 earthquake and sea wave 151–156, 157

AD 408 earthquake 160–161

AD 618–621 earthquake 218

AD <669 spurious earthquake 222–223

AD 796 April earthquake 238

AD >1228 earthquake 341

AD 1246 earthquake 342

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 355–362

AD 1306 earthquake 362

AD 1353 October 16 earthquake 372

AD 1416 earthquake 386

AD 1419 May 31 ‘wrath’ or plague 388

AD 1490 November 1 earthquake 407

AD 1491 September 4 earthquake 411

AD 1494 July 1 earthquake 413–414

AD 1496 September 7 earthquake 414

AD 1501 earthquake 415

AD 1508 earthquakes 417–422

AD 1517 April 13 earthquake 436

AD 1522 April 10 earthquake 437

AD 1525 February 16 earthquake 438

AD 1531 September earthquake 438–439

AD 1539 January 14 earthquake 439–440

AD 1549 September earthquakes 452

AD 1564 August earthquakes 457–458

AD 1595 November 26 earthquake 469–470

AD 1598 March 7 earthquake 471

AD 1599 January 14 earthquake 471

AD 1609 April earthquake 474

AD 1612 spurious earthquake 475

AD 1613 March earthquake 475

AD 1629 February 478–479

AD 1646 January 5 earthquake 485

AD 1664 November 20 earthquake 499

AD 1673 earthquake and fire 517

AD 1681 earthquakes 520–521

AD 1717 earthquake 542

AD 1741 January 31 earthquake 556–557

AD 1748 earthquake 571

AD 1779 December 6 earthquake 608–609

AD 1794 October 28 earthquake 621

AD 1804 January 26 earthquake 623

AD 1805 July 3 earthquake 623

AD 1807 March 17 earthquake 624

AD 1810 earthquakes 625–627

AD 1814 October 2 earthquake 629

AD 1815 November 29 damaging earthquake 629

AD 1818 August 8 earthquake 630

AD 1846 March 28 earthquake 660–661

AD 1856 October 12 earthquake 683–685

AD 1858 June 16 earthquake 689–690

AD 1861 November 25 earthquake 699

AD 1862 June 21 earthquake 706

AD 1876 April 25 earthquake 741

AD 1879 August 9 earthquake 744

Crete AD 1662 earthquake 498

Crucifixion earthquake 11–12, 108–111

Crusades, European accounts of earthquakes 328–337

Ctesiphon, AD 570 November earthquake 213

Çüngüş, AD 1898 April 16 earthquake 789

Curium, Cyprus

AD c.375 earthquake 157

AD 1577 January 28 earthquake 462–463

Cyclades

AD 465 July 6 earthquake 173

AD 1717 earthquake 542

Cyme, AD 105–106 earthquake 121

Cyprus

c.180 BC spurious earthquake 94

92 BC February 28 spurious earthquake 96

17–15 BC earthquake 99, 104

AD 76 earthquake 119–120

AD 293–306 earthquake 139

AD 331 September-332 August earthquake 141

AD 341 earthquake 142–143

AD c.375 earthquake 157

AD c.1160 earthquake 315

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1222 May 11 earthquake and sea wave 338–340

AD 1227 May 12 earthquake 340–341

AD 1267 earthquake 347–348

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357

AD 1392 April 13 earthquake 379

AD 1395 November 13 earthquake 380

AD 1397 April 29 earthquake 380

AD 1407 April 29 earthquake 384

AD 1412 February 23 landslide 386

AD 1456 earthquake 395

AD 1470 earthquake 397–398

AD 1479 October 16 earthquake 398

AD 1491 earthquakes 407–411

AD 1497 November 25 destruction 415

AD 1508 earthquakes 417–422

AD 1524 June 11 earthquake 438

AD 1542 earthquakes 441

AD 1546 January 14 earthquake and wind 444–451, 445

AD 1547 earthquake 452

AD 1556 earthquake 455

AD 1557 spurious earthquake 456

AD 1566 April 25 earthquake 458

AD 1567 earthquake 458–459

AD 1568 October 10 earthquake 459–460

AD 1573 March 6 earthquake 461

AD 1577 February 4 sea wave 463

AD 1577 January 28 earthquake 462–463

AD 1584 earthquake 466

AD 1596 January 18 earthquake 470–471

AD 1602 March 25 earthquake or eruption 472

AD 1605 earthquake 472

AD 1718 <December 12 earthquake 543

AD 1735 April 10–11 destructive earthquake 550–552

AD 1741 January 31 earthquake 556–557

AD 1755 earthquakes 580

AD 1756 January 17 earthquakes 581

AD 1810 February 16 earthquake 625–627

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 647

AD 1838 earthquake 650

AD 1844 April 4 earthquake 658

AD 1845 February 21 earthquake 659

AD 1861 May earthquake 699

AD 1883 March 5 earthquake 748

AD 1887 August 7 earthquake 754

AD 1891 April 13 earthquake 763

AD 1894 January 13 earthquake 770–771

AD 1896 earthquakes 783, 784, 785, 786

AD 1897 July 26 earthquake 788

AD 1898 September 21 earthquake 790

Cyrenaica, AD 306 spurious earthquake 140

Cyrene

AD c.37 spurious earthquake 112

AD 251 July 9 spurious earthquake 137–138

AD 262 earthquake 138

AD 362 earthquake 147

AD 365 July 21 earthquake 153, 155, 159

AD end fourth century earthquake 159

Cytenium, 228–224 BC earthquake 91

Cyzicus

AD 123 November 10 earthquake 126

AD <160 earthquake 132–133

AD 460 April 7 earthquake 172

AD 543 September 6 earthquake 197

AD 1063 September 23 earthquake 271–272


Dabil, AD 893 earthquake 248

Dacibyza, AD 268–270 earthquake 139

Dalmatian coast, fold and thrust belt 816

Dalmatian Islands, AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 500–511

Damanhur al-Wash, AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357, 361

Damascus

AD 643–644 earthquake 221

AD 747–749 earthquake 234, 236

AD 847 November 24 earthquake 242

AD 991 April 5 earthquake 257–258

AD 1138 October 11 earthquake 295–296

AD 1139 June 21 earthquake 296

AD 1152 February 3 earthquake 298

AD 1156 earthquakes 298–299, 301–302

AD 1157 earthquakes 302–303, 306, 307, 312–313

AD 1158 earthquakes 313, 314

AD 1159 earthquakes 315

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 318–325

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1284 earthquake 351

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357, 361

AD 1322 February earthquake 365

AD 1399 September 18–19 earthquake 380

AD 1491 earthquakes 407–411

AD 1537 March 9 earthquake 439

AD 1546 January 14 earthquake 444–451

AD 1563 September 13 earthquake 457

AD 1565 July 27 earthquake 458

AD 1604 earthquake 472

AD 1618 earthquakes 476, 477

AD 1627 November 24 earthquake 478

AD 1647 earthquake 487

AD 1672 April 29 meteorite impact 516

AD 1705 November 23 earthquake 533

AD 1712 December 28 earthquake 538

AD 1735 November 27 earthquake 552

AD 1746 July 5 earthquake 570

AD 1753 December 16 earthquake 577

AD 1759 earthquakes 583, 585

AD 1761 April 9 earthquake 587

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 647

AD 1845 February 15 earthquake 659

AD 1867 April 14 earthquake 718

Damascus, USA, AD 1853 May 19 earthquake 673

Damietta

AD 1537 earthquake 439

AD 1609 April earthquake 474

Daphne

AD 115 December 13 earthquake 122

AD 526 May 29 earthquake 184–189

AD 528 November 29 earthquake 189, 190, 191

AD 577 earthquake 213–214

Daphni

AD 1801–1805 earthquake 622

AD 1889 January 24 earthquake 757

Darachichak, AD 1827 October 20 earthquake 639

Darakush, AD 1620 landslide 477

Dardanelles

AD 1437 November 28 earthquake 391

AD 1707 June 1 earthquake 535

AD 1762 November 2 earthquake 588

AD 1766 August 5 earthquake 595–596

AD 1847 July 4 earthquake 663

AD 1859 August 21 earthquake 695

AD 1866 January 16 earthquake 711

AD 1876 October 26 earthquake 742

AD 1894 February 10 earthquake 771

AD 1895 February 16 earthquake 781

Dardania, Macedonia, AD 518 earthquake 180–181

Darkush, AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 632–635

Dartangal, AD 1977 December 19 earthquake 17, 18

Dasha, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Dasht-e Bayaz fault zone, AD 1968 August 31 earthquake 15, 18, 19, 20, 21–22

dating, historical earthquakes 57

Dead Sea

AD 1848 April 26 earthquake 664

AD 1854 November 3 earthquake 676

asphalt

AD 1834 May 26 earthquake 642

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 647

Dead Sea fault system 27, 63, 65, 69, 70, 99, 275, 820

AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 303–311

AD 1354 October 28 earthquake 375

AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 632–635

frequency-magnitude distribution 832–835

seismicity 828, 829

Deghenkar fortress, AD 1269 earthquake 348–349

Değirmencik, AD 1889 January 22 earthquake 757

Deirmencik, AD 1899 November 10 earthquake 795

Delos

490 BC earthquake 80

432–431 BC earthquake 82, 98

373 BC earthquake 88

c.50 BC spurious earthquake 97–98

AD 65–72 earthquake 118

Delphi

279 BC earthquake 90

354–346 BC earthquake 89

AD 1870 August 1 earthquake 725

Delvine, AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 564

Delvinë, Dukar castle, AD 1601 April 17 earthquake 471–472

Demitoka

AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 425–433

AD 1891 September 17 earthquake 763

Denizli

AD 1366 earthquake 376

AD 1651 June 7 earthquake 491

AD 1702 February 25 earthquake 529

AD 1717 November 19 earthquake 542

AD 1849 August 16 earthquake 666

AD 1860 October 15 earthquake 698

AD 1885 November 13 earthquake 751

AD 1890 August 1 earthquake 761

AD 1897 November 27 earthquake 789

AD 1899 earthquakes 793, 795

Derben, AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

Derik, AD 1897 April 25 earthquake 787

Derinköy, AD 1893 May 28 earthquake 769

Dervicani, AD 1860 November 28 earthquake 698

Diakofto, AD 1402 August 30 earthquake 380–382

Dikili, AD 1878 December 2 earthquake 743

Dil, AD 1766 May 22 earthquake 591

Dilman, AD 1930 May earthquake 42, 44

Diocaesarea, AD c.97 earthquake 120

Dionysopolis, AD 544 sea wave 198

Divri, AD 1897 January 15 earthquake 786–787

Diyarbakir

AD 1046 earthquake 267

AD 1137 November earthquake 294

AD 1611 earthquake 474

AD 1873 August 6 earthquake 736

AD 1897 April 22 earthquake 787

Dodecanese

c.198 BC earthquake 92–93

AD 142 earthquake and sea wave 128–131

AD 1493 October 18 earthquake 411–413

AD 1495 January 5 earthquake 414

Doğubayazit

AD 363 earthquake 151

AD 1841 May 8 earthquake 654

AD 1852 September 19 earthquake 673

Doirani, AD 1871 May 31 earthquake 731

Doliana, AD 1894 July 18 earthquake 779

Dome of the Rock

AD 1033 December 5 earthquake 261, 264

AD 1068 earthquakes 273, 274–275, 276

AD 1546 January 14 earthquake 447

Dousikou monastery

AD 1544 April 24 earthquake 442–444

AD 1665 October 30 earthquake 499

AD 1698 November earthquake 528

AD 1779 May 23 earthquake 608

Dragano

AD 1783 March earthquakes 611–612

AD 1825 January 19 destructive earthquake 637–638

Dragoni, AD 1813 December 10 earthquake 628

Drama

AD 1829 May 5 earthquake 640–641

AD 1859 January 21 earthquake 692

AD 1867 March 28 earthquake 718

AD 1869 earthquakes 721, 722

AD 1870 December 23 earthquake 729

AD 1871 January 20 earthquake 730

Drim Valley, AD 1855 July 3 earthquake 681

Duavanits, AD 1696 April 14 earthquake 527–528

Dubrovnik

c.32 BC earthquake 98

AD 452 February 7 earthquake 452

AD 1481 February 14 earthquake 398

AD 1482 earthquakes 404

AD 1496 November 28 earthquake 415

AD 1504 December 7 earthquake 416

AD 1514 earthquake 436

AD 1520 May 17 earthquake 437

AD 1534 February 3 earthquake 439

AD 1543 August 13 earthquake 441

AD 1544 March 6 earthquake 441

AD 1546 September 11 earthquake 451–452

AD 1631 earthquakes 480

AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake and sea wave 500–511

AD 1803 earthquakes 623

AD 1813 earthquake 628

AD 1823 August earthquakes 636–637

AD 1825 June 21 earthquake 638

AD 1841 October 5 earthquake 654

AD 1843 earthquakes 655, 656, 657

AD 1844 earthquakes 657, 658

AD 1845 August 19 earthquake 659

AD 1846 July 8 earthquake 662

AD 1848 August 2 earthquake 665

AD 1849 earthquakes 665

AD 1850 earthquakes 666, 667

AD 1851 earthquakes 668, 669

AD 1852 earthquakes 671, 673

AD 1853 earthquakes 673, 674

AD 1854 earthquakes 676

AD 1855 earthquakes 681, 682

AD 1856 earthquakes 682, 683, 685

AD 1857 earthquakes 686, 687

AD 1858 November 25 earthquake 692

AD 1859 March earthquakes 693

AD 1860 earthquakes 696, 698

AD 1864 June 12 earthquake 709

AD 1868 September 15 earthquake 721

AD 1869 earthquakes 721, 722

AD 1870 September 29 earthquake 729

Dukar castle, Delvinë, AD 1601 April 17 earthquake 471–472

Duluk, AD 952 earthquake 253

Duma, AD 991 April 5 earthquake 257–258

Dumiyat al-Kubra, AD 1398 earthquakes 380

Dur Sharrukin, Assyria, 669 c.627 BC earthquake 79

Dura-Europus, AD 160 October 27 earthquake 132

Durani, AD 1859 August 13 earthquake 695

Durazzo

AD 1816 earthquake 629

AD 1869 earthquakes 722

AD 1871 November 12 earthquake 731

AD 1895 August 6 earthquake 782

AD 1896 February 10 earthquake 783

Durres, AD 1852 April 26 earthquake 672

Dushantzi, AD 1707 earthquake 535–536

Düzce

AD 1719 May 25 major earthquake 543–545

AD 1898 November 2 earthquake 790


Dvin

AD 863 February 13 earthquake 245

AD 893 December 28- earthquake 247–249

AD 900–901 earthquake 249–250

Dyrrachium

58 BC April spurious earthquake 97

AD 345 earthquake 144

AD 522 earthquake 181–182

AD 1267 March earthquake 346–347

earthquake catalogues 4–9

earthquake hazard xii

earthquake intensity 16, 29, 52–58, 826

distribution 57–58

scale 52–56

earthquake location

historical 56, 830–831

instrumental 820, 822–823

earthquake risk xii

earthquakes

consequences 839–840

prediction 840–841

East Anatolian fault zone 27, 258, 819–820, 832, 833

AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 632–635

AD 1866 May 12 earthquake 712–714

seismicity 828, 829

Eastern Mediterranean

AD 956 earthquake 253

AD 1481 March 18 earthquake 399–400

AD 1486 October 12 earthquake 405

AD 1491 April 24 earthquake 407–411

AD 1756 February 13 earthquakes 581

AD 1846 March 28 earthquake 660–661

AD 1856 October 12 earthquake 683–685

AD 1863 April 22 earthquake 706–708

AD 1868 February 20 earthquake 720

AD 1870 June 24 earthquake 723–724

AD 1872 April 3 earthquake 732–734

AD 1873 January 12 earthquake 735

AD 1887 July 17 earthquake 753

Eceabat, AD 1866 January 16 earthquake 711

Echinus, AD 551 sea wave 204

Edessa

AD 499 October 23 collapse of city walls 178

AD 569 October-570 September earthquake 213

AD c.570 earthquake 213

AD 679 April 3 earthquake 223

AD 1003 earthquake 258

AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 284–291

AD 1120 January 1 earthquake 292

AD 1127 earthquakes 292, 293

AD 1162 August earthquake 316

AD 1395 October earthquake 379–380

AD 1894 July 23 earthquake 780

Edirne

AD 1445 earthquake 393

AD 1478 August 2 earthquake 398

AD 1509 earthquakes 422–433

AD 1510 March earthquake 433

AD 1511 May 26 earthquake 434

AD 1557 earthquake 456

AD 1689 April 25 earthquake 524

AD 1750 August 17 earthquake 573

AD 1752 earthquakes 574–576

AD 1756 November 26 earthquake 582

AD 1762 June 13 earthquake 588

AD 1766 earthquakes 590–593, 595–596

AD 1808 earthquake 624–625

AD 1829 earthquakes 640, 641

AD 1851 July 23 earthquake 670

AD 1869 June 24 earthquake 722

AD 1870 July 14 earthquake 724

AD 1876 August 28 earthquake 742

AD 1877 November 1 earthquake 743

AD 1880 May 13 earthquake 744

AD 1889 April 13 earthquake 757

AD 1893 February 9 earthquake 765–766

AD 1898 earthquakes 789

AD 1899 August 5 earthquake 792

Edremit

AD 1815 earthquake 629

AD 1865 July 22 earthquake 710

Egriboz

See Negreponte

Eğridere, AD 1896 July 5 earthquake 786

Eğridir, AD 1893 March earthquake 768

Egypt

1181 BC earthquake 68

184 BC spurious earthquake 94

27 BC destruction of Thebes 103

AD >51 spurious earthquake and eclipse 114–115

AD 93 spurious earthquake 120

AD 365 July 21 sea wave 151, 154, 155

AD 520 October 14 earthquake 181

AD 796 April earthquake 238

AD 857 April earthquake 242

AD 885 November earthquake 247

AD 899 November 14 spurious earthquake 249

AD 912 earthquake and Halley's comet 250

AD 935 October 4 earthquake 251

AD 950 July 25 earthquakes 252

AD 956 earthquake 253

AD 963 May 12 earthquake 253–254

AD 969 July 1 spurious earthquake 254–255

AD 997 spurious earthquake 258

AD 1068 March 18 earthquake 272

AD 1111 August 31 earthquake 281

AD 1138 October 15 spurious earthquake 296

AD 1191 or, 1196 spurious earthquake and wind 326–327

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1212 May 1 earthquake 337

AD 1240s earthquake or meteorite impact 342

AD 1259 June 6 earthquakes 345

AD 1264 February 20 earthquake 346

AD 1299 January 8 earthquake 354–355

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 356–358, 360

AD 1307 August 10 earthquake 363

AD 1313 February 27 earthquake 363

AD 1343 earthquake 369–370

AD 1361 collapse of minaret 376

AD 1373 October 19 earthquake 376

AD 1385 September 19 earthquake 378

AD 1386 July 17 earthquake 378

AD 1425 June 23 earthquake 389

AD 1481 March 18 earthquake 399–400

AD 1491 earthquakes 407–411

AD 1509 April earthquake 422

AD 1511 March 7 earthquake 434

AD 1537 earthquake 439

AD 1632 earthquake 480–481

AD 1694 December 21 earthquake 527

AD 1698 October 2 earthquake 528

AD 1754 October earthquake 580

AD 1778 earthquake 606

AD 1805 July 3 earthquake 623–624

AD 1811 spurious earthquake 627–628

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 647

AD 1846 March 28 earthquake 660–661

AD 1847 August 7 earthquake 663–664

Eikosifinisa, AD c.598 earthquake 217

Eilat

AD 1068 March 18 earthquake 272

AD 1212 May 1 earthquake 337–338

AD 1588 January 4 earthquake 467

Ekegheach, AD 1045 April 5 earthquake 266–267

El Asnam, Algeria

AD 1980 October 10 earthquake 30

fault creep 32, 33, 34

Elaea, AD 105–106 earthquake 121

Elassona, AD 1766 November 9 earthquake 597

Elbasan

AD 1359–1380 earthquake 375

AD 1843 September 5 earthquake 656

AD 1864 August 21 earthquake 709

AD 1870 earthquakes 723, 728

AD 1871 February 1 earthquake 730

Elbistan, AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 284–291

Eleftheroupolis, AD 1829 April 11 earthquake 640

Elis

c.403–400 BC earthquake 85

AD 1806 January 24 earthquake 624

Eliseyna, AD 1822 earthquake 636

Emet, AD 1896 April 16 earthquake 784

en echelon shear 22, 23, 24

Enez, AD 1752 July 29 earthquake 574–576

Epachto

See Nafpaktos

Ephesus

AD 17 earthquake 106–108

AD <30, earthquake 108

AD c.42 earthquake 112

AD c.46–47 earthquake 113–114

AD 262 earthquake and sea wave 138–139

AD 1890 December 14 earthquake 762

AD 1891 earthquakes 762, 763

epicentres 820, 823

Epidaurum

See Dubrovnik

Epidaurus

AD c.1453 earthquake 394

AD 1873 July 25 earthquake 736

epigraphs 2

Epirus

AD 1756 January 18 earthquake 581

AD 1809 May 4 earthquake 625

AD 1813 December 10 earthquake 628

AD 1854 July 30 earthquake 676

AD 1889 November 17 earthquake 760

AD 1895 May 13 earthquake 781

Ercis

AD 1276 October 3 earthquake 349

AD 1715 March 8 earthquake 540

Erdek, AD 1063 September 23 earthquake 270–272

Erdogmus, Turkey 30, 31

fault creep 31, 33

Erenköy, AD 1875 October landslide 741

Eretria, AD 1874 March 18 earthquake 737

Erevan

AD 1679 June earthquakes 519

AD 1686 April 22 earthquake 522

AD 1716 January 23 earthquake 541

Eriza, AD 293–305 earthquake 139

Erkilet, AD 1717 May 9 earthquake 541–542

Erzen River, AD 1852 April 26 earthquake 672

Erzincan

AD 1011 earthquake 259

AD 1045 April 5 earthquake 266–267

AD 1166–1168 earthquake 316

AD 1206 earthquake 337

AD 1236 earthquake 341–342

AD 1254 earthquakes 343–344

AD 1268 earthquake 348

AD 1280–1281 earthquake 350

AD 1287 May 6 earthquake 352

AD 1290–1291 earthquake 352

AD 1345 earthquake 371

AD 1356 earthquakes 375

AD 1374 December 8 earthquake 376–377

AD 1419 March earthquakes 387–388

AD 1433 earthquake 390

AD 1445 spurious earthquake 393

AD 1457 April 23 earthquake 395–396

AD 1477 earthquake 398

AD 1482 November earthquake 405

AD 1535 earthquake 439

AD 1575 November 5 earthquake 462

AD 1583 June 27 earthquake 466

AD 1601 earthquake 472

AD 1666 November 24 earthquake 500

AD 1667 earthquake 511

AD 1689 earthquake 524

AD 1784 July earthquakes 613–615

AD 1888 June 21 earthquake 755

AD 1939 December 26 earthquake 24


Erzurum

AD 840 June earthquake 241

AD 1659 earthquake 493

AD 1685 December 2 earthquake 521

AD 1712 earthquake 538

AD 1719 June earthquake 545

AD 1769 October earthquake 603

AD 1784 July earthquakes 614–615

AD 1843 October 27 earthquake 657

AD 1844 earthquakes 658

AD 1846 February earthquakes 660

AD 1852 May 26 earthquake 672

AD 1859 earthquakes 692, 693–694, 694, 695

AD 1860 December 3 earthquake 698

AD 1861 March 7 earthquake 698

AD 1866 May 12 earthquake 712–714

AD 1867 January 21 earthquake 716

AD 1868 February 25 earthquake 720

AD 1869 October 6 earthquake 722

AD 1871 March 17 earthquake 730

AD 1872 June 15 earthquake 734, 734

AD 1873 September 6 earthquake 736

AD 1875 earthquakes 740–741

AD 1888 September 10 earthquake 756

AD 1894 earthquakes 773, 780

Eskihisar, AD 1651 June 7 earthquake 491

Eskişehir, AD 1862 January 17 earthquake 705–706

Etropole

AD 1682–1683 repairs to church 521

AD 1707 March 22 earthquake 534–535

AD 1710 March 11 earthquake 537

AD 1759 earthquakes 582, 583

AD 1839 February 9 earthquake 651

Euboea, c.198 BC earthquake 93

Euboeis, 480–100 BC earthquake 81

Euphrates River

AD 529–530 landslide 193

AD 817 earthquake 239–240

AD 860 January earthquake 243–244

AD 1068 March 18 earthquake and flooding 273

AD 1114 November 29 earthquake and flooding 284–291

AD 1138 freezes 295–296

AD 1840 July 2 catastrophic earthquake 651–653

AD 1871 March 17 earthquake 730, 730

Eurasian Plate 815–816

Euripos castle, Negreponte 536

Europe, sources 3

European Macroseismic Scale, 1998 (EMS-1998) 54, 56

Evia

AD 1840 June 11 earthquake 651

AD 1852 June 5 earthquake 672

Evros River, AD 1752 July 29 earthquake 574–576

Evrostina, AD 1753 March 6 earthquake 576

Evrotas valley, AD 1842 April 18 earthquake 655

Ezine, AD 1737 March 6 earthquake 553

Faiyum oasis, AD 1847 August 7 earthquake 663–664

Famagusta, Cyprus

AD 1491 April 24 earthquake 407–411

AD 1546 January 14 earthquake and wind 444–451, 445

AD 1547 earthquake 452

AD 1556 wind storm 455

AD 1568 October 10 earthquake 459–460

AD 1577 January 28 earthquake 462

AD 1718 <December 12 earthquake 543

AD 1735 April 10–11 destructive earthquake 550–552

fatalities 55–56

faulting 15, 17–33

coseismic surface 22–29, 818

Dalmatian coast 816

fault creep 31–33

normal 816, 818

strike-slip 816

Aegean Sea 818

transient ground motion 29–30

See also Dead Sea fault system, East Anatolian fault zone, North Anatolian fault zone

Fetiye

AD 1851 earthquakes 668–669

AD 1852 earthquakes 672

AD 1855 earthquakes 677, 679

See also Makri

field studies 16–37

Filiata, AD 1894 September 8 earthquake 780

Filiates, AD 1872 February 11 earthquake 732

Filipicik, AD 1502 February 25 earthquake 415

Finike, AD 1887 January 8 earthquake 752

Florina, AD 1894 earthquakes 780

flugblätter

See fly-sheets

fly-sheets 9

flysheets, Crete AD 1613 March earthquake 475

Foça

AD 1700 earthquake 528

AD 1709 July 3 earthquake 537

AD 1739 April 4 earthquakes 554–555

AD 1772 November 24 earthquake 605

AD 1846 February 17 earthquake 660

AD 1867 March 7 earthquake 717–718

focus 820

Foglieri, AD 1737 March 6 earthquake 553

Fokia, AD 1389 March 20 earthquake 378–379

Fokis

AD 1756 October 20 earthquake 581

AD 1852 July 14 earthquake 673

AD 1870 August earthquakes 724–728

AD 1870 October and November earthquakes 729

fold and thrust belt, Dalmatian coast 816

Fort Dan, AD 1033 December 5 earthquake 262

frequency-magnitude distribution 831–832

Dead Sea fault system 832–835

Gulf of Corinth 836–837

Sea of Marmara 835–836

Fryni, AD 1704 November 22 earthquake 530–531


‘Furutan model’ buildings 46, 48, 53

Fustat

AD 885 November earthquake 247

AD 1111 August 31 earthquake 281

AD 1212 May 1 earthquake 337

AD 1293 January earthquake 353

AD 1294 earthquake 353

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357, 360

AD 1481 March 18 earthquake 399–400

AD 1847 August 7 earthquake 663–664

Gabala, AD c.476 September earthquake 174

Gabrovo, AD 1859 March 28 earthquake 693

Gailatu, AD 1840 July 2 earthquake 651–653

Galata

AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 422–433

AD 1766 May 22 earthquake and sea wave 591

Galatia, AD 109–111 earthquake 121–122

Galaxidi

AD 976–1025 earthquake 255

AD 1147 spurious earthquake 297

AD 1255 earthquake 344–345

AD 1580 earthquake 465

AD 1660 April 22 earthquake 493–494

AD 1861 December 26 earthquake 702

AD 1870 August 1 earthquake 726

AD 1887 October 3 earthquake and sea wave 754

Ganjak, AD 1235 spurious earthquake 341

Ganochora, AD 1766 August 5 earthquake 595–596

Ganos, AD 1766 August 5 earthquake 595–596

Ganos castle

AD 1343 October 18a earthquake 367

AD 1344 November 6 earthquake 370–371

Garni, AD 1679 June 14 earthquake 519

Gastuni, AD 1791 November earthquakes 616–619

Gate of Rhegium

AD 555 July 11 earthquake 208

AD 557 December 14 earthquake 208–211

Gavrio, AD 1676 October 5 earthquake 518

Gaza

AD 1033 Friday mosque damage 262, 264

AD 1293 January earthquake 353

AD 1546 January 14 earthquake 444–451

Gediz River, AD 1595 September 22 earthquake 469

Gediz, Turkey

AD 1970 March 28 earthquake 29, 30, 31

reinforced-concrete building 48

temple of Zeus, Aizani 36, 37

timber-frame buildings 45, 46

Gegharquni, AD 1320 earthquake 364

Gelgiras, AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

Gelibolu

AD 1354 March 1 earthquake 372–375

AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 422–433

AD 1659 February 17 earthquake 493

AD 1766 earthquakes 590–593, 595–596

AD 1846 September 19 earthquake 662

AD 1847 July 4 earthquake 663

AD 1855 March 17 earthquake 680

AD 1859 August earthquakes 695, 696

AD 1860 earthquakes 697, 698

AD 1861 August 29 earthquake 699

AD 1866 January 13 earthquake 711

AD 1870 August 10 earthquake 728

AD 1871 December 11 earthquake 732

AD 1881 October 4 earthquake 747

AD 1891 June 19 earthquake 763

AD 1895 earthquakes 781

Gemlik

AD 1855 December 14 earthquake 682

AD 1857 September 17 earthquake 687

AD 1863 November 6 earthquake 708

AD 1890 May 17 earthquake 761

AD 1893 May 25 earthquake 769

AD 1894 May 5 earthquake 773

AD 1899 May 24 earthquake 792

Georgia

AD 1088 April 16 earthquake 277

AD 1275 April 14 earthquake 349

AD 1283 April 17 earthquake 350–351

AD 1614 earthquake 476

Gerasa, AD 363 May 19 earthquake 148–151

Gerger, AD 1675 earthquake 518

Germe, AD 368 earthquake 156–157

Germencik, AD 1884 November 30 earthquake 750

Geyve

AD 1894 September 3 earthquake 780

AD 1895 October 6 earthquake 782

Ghor al-Dirrah, AD 1854 November 3 earthquake 676

Giaurköy, AD 1737 March 6 liquifaction 553

Gibraltar, AD 881 May 16- earthquakes 246–247

Girangir, AD 1664 May 29 earthquake 498

Giresun

AD 1861 June 16 earthquake 699

AD 1876 May 13 earthquake 741–742

Gisk, Iran, AD 1977 December 19 earthquake 17, 18, 38

Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Programme, earthquake catalogue 6

Gökova Körfezi, AD 141 earthquake 128

Golden Gate

AD 554 August 16 earthquake 206, 207

AD 557 December 14 earthquake 208–211

AD 740 October 26 earthquake 227

Golden Horn

AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 422–433

AD 1556 May 10 earthquake 454–455

AD 1766 August 5 earthquake 596

Gomorrah, 2100–1700 BC earthquake 63

Gonabad, qanats 21

Gördes, AD 1897 July 17 earthquake 788

Gördüs

AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

Goritsa, AD 1871 February 7 earthquake 730


Gorno Solnje, AD 1887 March 24 earthquake 753

Gortyna

AD 365 July 21 earthquake 153

AD 408 earthquake 160–161

AD 618–621 earthquake 218

AD <669 spurious earthquake 222–223

AD 1783 March 9 earthquake 611

Göynük valley, AD 1866 May 12 earthquake 712–714

Gozo, AD 1856 October 12 earthquake 685

graben 816, 818

Gramvousa, Crete, AD 1595 November 26 earthquake 469–470

Gravia, AD 1852 July 14 earthquake 673

Gravosa, AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 501–511

Greece

AD 361 June earthquake 147

AD 1301 earthquake 355

AD 1307 earthquakes 363

AD 1515 July 31 earthquake 436

Grizano, AD 1809 December 6 earthquake 625

ground, vulnerability 49–52

Gruda, AD 1472 earthquake 398

Gulanber, AD 1572 earthquake 461

Gulf of Adramyttium, AD 105–106 earthquake 121

Gulf of Antioch, AD 860 January 243–244

Gulf of Aqaba

AD 1068 March 18 earthquake 272–276

AD 1212 May 1 earthquake 337–338

Gulf of Argos, AD 1769 June 27 earthquake and storm 601–602

Gulf of Corinth

373 BC earthquake and sea wave 86–88

AD 141–142 earthquake 128

AD 976–1025 earthquake 255

AD 1255 earthquake 344–345

AD 1402 August 30 earthquake and sea wave 380–382

AD 1450 earthquake 393–394

AD 1703 January 19 earthquake 529–530

AD 1714 July 29 earthquakes 539

AD 1748 May 25 earthquake and sea wave 571–572

AD 1754 June 15 earthquake 577

AD 1756 October 20 earthquake 581

AD 1769 earthquake and sea wave 603

AD 1775 April 18 earthquake 606

AD 1858 February 21 earthquake 688–689

AD 1861 December 26 earthquake 699–705

AD 1887 October 3 earthquake and sea wave 754

AD 1888 September 9 earthquake 755–756

AD 1889 August 25 lower crust earthquake 758, 759

frequency-magnitude distribution 836–837

Gulf of Edremit, AD 1865 July 22 earthquake 710

Gulf of Iskenderun, AD 566 October 5 earthquake 213

Gulf of Itea, AD 1870 August 1 earthquake 725–726

Gulf of Izmit

AD 1766 June 3 earthquake 593

AD 1878 earthquakes 743

AD 1894 earthquakes 774–779, 780

Gulf of Mesalongi, AD 1882 January 5 mud volcano 747

Gulf of Mudanya, AD 1766 May 22 earthquake and sea wave 590–593

Gulf of Patras, AD 1804 June 8 earthquake 623

Gulf of Saros

AD 1659 February 17 earthquake 493

AD 1730 June 10 earthquake 549

AD 1765 March 20 earthquake 589

AD 1859 August 21 earthquake 695

AD 1860 August 22 earthquake 697

AD 1873 January 13 earthquake 735

AD 1893 February 9 earthquake 765–766

AD 1894 August 16 earthquake 780

AD 1895 March 4 earthquake 781

Gulf of Suez

AD 1425 June 23 earthquake 389

AD 1801 October 10 earthquake 622

AD 1879 July 11 earthquake 744

Gulf of Volos, AD 1631 December 6 volcanic ash 480

Gümüşhane, AD 1765 August 20 earthquake 589

Güngörmez, AD 1490 April 23 explosion 406–407

Gush Halav

AD 303 April 2 earthquake 140

AD 363 May 19 earthquake 148–151

AD 551 earthquake 202

Gutenberg and Richter scale 824

Güzel, AD 1739 April 4 earthquakes 554–555

Gyra, AD 1704 November 22 earthquake 530–531

Haci Hamza, AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

Hadath, AD 952 earthquake 253

Hagbat, AD 1047 earthquake 267

Hagia Sophia, Istanbul

AD 362 December 2 earthquake 147–148

AD 740 October 26 earthquake 227

AD 869 January 9 earthquake 246

AD 989 October 26 earthquake 256–257

AD 1346 May 19 collapse 371–372

AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 422–433

AD 1556 May 10 earthquake 454–455

AD 1754 September 2 earthquake 577–579, 578

Haifa

AD 1879 May 19 earthquake 744

AD 1898 March 19 earthquake 789

Hajar-Shaghlan fortress, AD 1269 earthquake 348–349

Hakkari

AD 1503 earthquake 416

AD 1899 earthquakes 790, 791

Hali, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Halicarnassus, AD c.46–47 earthquake 113–114

Halki, AD 1856 October 12 earthquake 684

Hamah

AD 1156 earthquakes 300, 301–302

AD 1157 earthquakes 302, 303, 305–311

AD 1158 <July 1 earthquake 314

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 316–325

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1354 October 28 earthquake 375

AD 1626 Janaury 21 earthquake 478

AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 633–635

Hamat

AD 1157 October 30 earthquake 312

AD 1759 October 30 earthquake 583

Hamidili, AD 1556 earthquake 456

Hamit

See Diyarbakir

Hamus, AD 1269 earthquake 348–349

Handax

See Candia

Hania

See Chania

Haran, AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 285–291

Harim

AD 1138 October 11 earthquake 295–296

AD 1726 April 15 earthquake 547

AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 633–635

Harithiya, AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 647

Harmancik, AD 1893 April earthquake 768

Harput

AD 1886 January 30 earthquake 751

AD 1891 September 30 earthquake 763

AD 1896 April 26 earthquake 785

Hasankale, AD 1877 June 14 earthquake 743

Hasaya, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584–586

Hasbaiya, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584–586

Haskoy, AD 1752 July 29 earthquake 574–576

Hauran

AD 1151 September 27 earthquake 297–298

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

Havsa, AD 1752 July 29 earthquake 574–576

Haymana, AD 1887 June 4 earthquake 753

hazard xii

Hebron

AD 1033 December 5 earthquake 261

AD 1119 collapse in Khalil caves 292

AD 1458 November 16 earthquake 396–397

AD 1546 January 14 earthquake and storm 444–451

Hejaz, AD 1068 March 18 earthquake 272–276

Helenoupolis, AD 478 September 24 earthquake 174–176

Helice, 373 BC earthquake 86–88

Heliopolis, AD >51 spurious earthquake 114–115

Hellenic Arc

c.227 BC earthquake 91–92

c.198 BC earthquake 92–93

AD 53 earthquake 115–116

AD 365 July 21 earthquake and sea wave 151–156

AD 796 April lower crust earthquake 238

AD 881 earthquake 247

AD 1303 August 8 lower crust earthquake 355–362

AD 1353 October 16 earthquake 372

AD 1481 March 18 lower crust earthquake 399–400

AD 1490 November 1 earthquake 407

AD 1500 July 24 earthquake 415

AD 1508 May 29 earthquake 417–422

AD 1513 March 28 earthquake 434

AD 1592 May earthquake 469

AD 1613 March earthquake 475

AD 1629 February earthquake and sea wave 478–479

AD 1717 earthquake 542

AD 1769 December earthquake 603

AD 1790 May 26 earthquake 616

AD 1805 July 3 earthquake 623

AD 1810 intermediate-depth earthquakes 625–627

AD 1815 November 29 damaging earthquake 629

AD 1846 March 28 earthquake 660–661

AD 1856 October 12 subcrustal earthquake 683–685

AD 1862 June 21 earthquake 706

AD 1863 April 22 lower crust earthquake 706–708

AD 1887 July 17 intermediate depth earthquake 753

Hellenic Trench

convergence rate 818

subduction 815, 816, 818

Hellespont

c.360 BC earthquake 88

287 BC earthquake 89

AD 93 earthquake 120

AD 123 November 10 earthquake 126

<AD 160 earthquake 132–133

AD 447 January 26 earthquake 165–168

AD 460 April 7 earthquake 172

AD 484 earthquake 176–177

AD 543 September 6 earthquake 197

Hendek, AD 1794 August 5 earthquake 621

Heraclea Pontica, c.360 BC earthquake 88

Heraklion

See Candia, Iraklion

Herculaneum, AD 62 February 5 earthquake 117

Hermus River, AD 1880 July 29 earthquake 744–745

Herzegnovi

AD 1631 earthquakes 480

AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 502–511

AD 1844 January 14 earthquake 657

Heshat, AD 1405 earthquake 383

Hiera

199–198 BC eruption 113

AD 726 March eruption 226

AD 1457 spurious earthquake 396

Hierapolis

AD 138–161 earthquake 127–128

AD 200–299 earthquake 135

AD 494 earthquake 177

Hiesuvank monastery, AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 284–291

Hikal, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Himara, AD 1859 earthquakes 696

Himare, AD 1896 April 11 earthquake 784

Hims

AD 847 November 24 earthquake 242

AD 1157 earthquakes 303, 305, 309–311

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1287 March 8 earthquake 351

AD 1354 October 28 earthquake 375

Hisar, AD 1739 April 4 earthquake 554–555


Hisn al Akrad

AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 305, 307

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 316–325

See also al-Karak, Krak fortress

Hizan, AD 1626 earthquake 478

Holy Land, AD 1546 January 14 earthquake and sea wave 9, 444–451

Holy Sepulchre 11

AD 33 Crucifixion earthquake 110

AD 1458 November 16 earthquake 396–397

AD 1546 January 14 earthquake and storm 444–451, 448, 449

AD 1834 May 26 earthquake 642

Homs

See Hims

Honaz, AD 1651 June 7 earthquake 491

Honorias, AD 967 September 2 earthquake 254

Hora, AD 1766 August 5 earthquake 595–596

Hosap River Valley, AD 1646 April 7 earthquake 486

Hudavendigar, AD 1855 February 28 earthquake 677–679

Hulwan, AD 1149 December 29 earthquake 297

Hungary

AD 1443–1444 earthquake 392

AD 1661 March 20 earthquake 494–496

Hunin

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 645

Hydaspes, <327 BC earthquake 89

Hydra

AD 1457 spurious earthquake 396

AD 1769 June 27 earthquake 601–602

AD 1837 March earthquakes 649–650

Iannina

AD 1740 Jan, 24 earthquake 555

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

AD 1807 February earthquake 624

AD 1808 February earthquake 624

AD 1809 earthquakes 625

AD 1810 earthquakes 627

AD 1811 earthquakes 627

AD 1812–15 earthquakes 628–629

AD 1838 August 9 earthquake 650

AD 1853 February 14 earthquake 673

AD 1857 earthquakes 686, 687, 688

AD 1858 earthquakes 688, 689, 690, 691, 692

AD 1859 earthquakes 692, 693, 696

AD 1860 earthquakes 696, 697, 698

AD 1866 earthquakes 715, 716

AD 1867 January 27 earthquake 716

AD 1882 July 8 earthquake 748

AD 1888 July 25 earthquake 755

AD 1889 November 17 earthquake 760

AD 1892 September 4 earthquake 764

AD 1894 earthquakes 773, 780

AD 1895 September 5 spurious earthquake 782

AD 1898 July 31 earthquake 790

Ibora, AD 529 eathquake 193–195

Iconium, AD 1212 June 22 earthquake 338

Ierapetra, AD 1779 December 6 earthquake 608–609

Igdir, AD 1840 July 2 catastrophic earthquake 652–653

Ihtiman

AD 1866 November 6 earthquake 715

AD 1890 June 7 earthquake 761

AD 1892 December 7 earthquake 765

AD 1895 August 23 earthquake 782

Ikaria, AD 1389 March 20 earthquake 378–379

Ildir, AD 1884 November 12 earthquake 750

Ilgaz, AD 1896 February 12 earthquake 784

Ilgin, AD 1891 November earthquake 764

Illyria

AD 548 February? earthquake 198–199, 206

AD 1453 earthquake 394

Imrest, AD 1661 March 20 earthquake 494–496

Imroz, AD 1859 August 21 earthquake 695

Indus Gorge 51, 52, 53

Ineabad, AD 1884 November 30 earthquake 750

Inebolu, AD 1865 November 6 earthquake 711

Inegöl

AD 1893 February earthquake 766

AD 1895 July earthquakes 782

Ingelters, AD 1661 March 20 earthquake 494–496

Inonü, AD 1895 July 10 earthquake 782

inscriptions 2

Ionia

305–303 BC earthquake 89

AD c.46–47 earthquake 113–114

AD 465 July 6 earthquake 173

Ionian Islands

AD 1469 earthquake 397

AD 1580 earthquake 465

AD 1630 July 4 earthquake 479

AD 1638 March 27 earthquake 484

AD 1672 November earthquakes 516

AD 1693 January 11 earthquake 525

AD 1696 September 4 earthquake 528

AD 1714 July 29 earthquakes 539

AD 1714 September 3 earthquake 540

AD 1720 September 12 earthquake 545

AD 1723 February 20 earthquake 546

AD 1741 June 23 earthquake 557–558

AD 1742 February 25 earthquake 559–562

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

timber-frame construction 43, 45

Ionian Sea, AD 1897 earthquakes 787, 788

Ipsala

AD 1752 July 29 earthquake 574–576

AD 1895 April 15 earthquake 781

Iraklion

AD 1662 earthquake 498

AD 1664 November 20 earthquake 499

AD 1673 earthquake and fire 517

AD 1681 January 1 earthquake 520

AD 1748 earthquake 571

AD 1761 December 28 earthquake 587

AD 1769 December earthquake 603

AD 1807 March 17 earthquake 624

AD 1810 February 16 earthquake 625–627

AD 1817 August 3 earthquake 629

AD 1856 October 12 earthquake 683–685

AD 1887 April 6 earthquake 753

See also Candia, Crete

Iran

AD 1149 December 29 earthquake 297

AD 1941–7 earthquakes and faulting 14–15

AD 1972 earthquake 40

Iraq

AD 979 earthquakes 256

AD 1058 December 8 earthquake 268–269

AD 1135 July 25 earthquake 293–294

AD 1154–1155 storm and ‘blood’ from ground 298

AD 1156 February earthquake 298

AD 1194 earthquake 327

AD 1225 March 4 earthquake 340

AD 1226 November 18 earthquake 340

AD 1262 earthquake 345

Irbil

AD 1179 April 29 earthquake 326

AD 1714 earthquake 540

AD 1893 May 24 storm damage 768–769

Isakçi, AD 1760 earthquakes 587

Isauria, AD 1212 June 22 earthquake 338

Işikli, AD 1875 May 3 earthquake 740

Iskele, AD 1646 April 7 earthquake 486

Iskenderun

AD 1738 September 25 earthquake 553

AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 634

AD 1823 October 16 earthquake 637

See also Alexandretta

Iskilip

AD 1730 May-June earthquake 549

AD 1884 January 23 earthquake 749

See also Kalecik, Kaluçak

Ismailia, AD 1870 June 24 earthquake 724

isoseismals 57–58

Isparta

AD 1844 September 27 earthquake 658

AD 1851 May 18 earthquake 669

AD 1857 November 16 earthquake 687

AD 1861 September 5 earthquake 699

AD 1874 January 4 earthquake 736

AD 1876 February 16 earthquake 741

AD 1888 September 5 earthquake 755

AD 1889 earthquakes 757, 758

AD 1890 May 14 earthquake 761

Isperikh, AD 1892 October 14 earthquake 764

Ispir, AD 1766 October 9 earthquake 597

Istanbul

AD 1486 earthquake 405

AD 1488 earthquakes 405–406

AD 1489 January 16 earthquake 406

AD 1490 April 23 explosion 406–407

AD 1494 January 6 earthquake 413

AD 1498 November 5 earthquake 415

AD 1500 earthquake 415

AD 1505 earthquakes 416

AD 1507 September 10 earthquake 416–417

AD 1509 earthquakes 8, 416–417, 422–433, 434

AD 1510 July 10 earthquake 433

AD 1512 earthquake 434

AD 1514 earthquake 436

AD 1522 March earthquake 437

AD 1532 October 21 earthquake 439

AD 1542 June 12 spurious earthquake 9, 440–441

AD 1554 earthquake 453

AD 1556 May 10 earthquake 454–455

AD 1563 earthquake 457

AD 1569 December 14 earthquake 460

AD 1571 earthquakes 460

AD 1574 spurious earthquake 461–462

AD 1575 July 27 earthquake 462

AD 1577 July 17 earthquake 463

AD 1592 earthquake 469

AD 1593 earthquake 469

AD 1593 July 4 spurious earthquake 469

AD 1595 September 22 earthquake 469

AD 1597 February earthquake 471

AD 1608 earthquakes 473

AD 1625 May 18 earthquake 477

AD 1633 July 30 earthquake 481

AD 1640 August 23 erroneous earthquake 484

AD 1641 May earthquake 484

AD 1642 earthquakes 484

AD 1644 October 1 earthquake 485

AD 1648 June 21 earthquake 487

AD 1656 January 24 earthquake 492

AD 1659 February 17 earthquake 493

AD 1663 November storm and earthquake 498

AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

AD 1669 October 26 earthquake 515

AD 1689 April 25 earthquake 524

AD 1690 July 11 earthquake 524

AD 1696 earthquake 528

AD 1697 August 31 earthquake 528

AD 1698–1699 earthquake 528

AD 1700 March 30 earthquake 528

AD 1708 earthquake 536

AD 1711 earthquake 538

AD 1712 March 25 earthquake 538

AD 1715 May 14 earthquake 541

AD 1719 earthquakes 543–545

AD 1720 June 22 earthquake 545

AD 1721 April 26 earthquake 545

AD 1723 earthquakes 547

AD 1724 May earthquake 547

AD 1725 July-August earthquake 547

AD 1727 October earthquake 547

AD 1728 November earthquake 548

AD 1729 February earthquake 548

AD 1736 earthquakes 552

AD 1737 earthquakes 552, 553

AD 1739 April 4 earthquake 554–555

AD 1741 earthquakes 557

AD 1744 earthquakes 570

AD 1745 June 1 earthquake 570

AD 1747 December earthquake 570

AD 1748 July 31 earthquake 572

AD 1749 earthquakes 572

AD 1751 earthquakes and sea wave 573–574

AD 1752 earthquakes 574–576

AD 1753 March 15 and, 19 earthquakes 576

AD 1754 September earthquakes 577–579, 578, 580

AD 1755 earthquakes 580, 581

AD 1756 earthquakes 581–582, 582

AD 1758 December 3 earthquake 582

AD 1760 August 13 earthquake 586

AD 1763 earthquakes 588

AD 1764 earthquakes 588

AD 1766 earthquakes 590–593, 595–597

AD 1767 earthquakes 597–598, 600

AD 1768 earthquakes 601

AD 1769 earthquakes 601, 602

AD 1770 earthquakes 604

AD 1771 earthquakes 604

AD 1772 April 30 earthquake 605

AD 1774 August 5 earthquake 605

AD 1776 earthquakes 606

AD 1778 earthquakes 607

AD 1779 April 16 earthquake 608

AD 1783 May earthquakes 612

AD 1790 earthquakes 616

AD 1791 March earthquakes 616

AD 1792 January 20 earthquake 620

AD 1793 June earthquakes 620

AD 1795 April 29 earthquake 621

AD 1800 September 26 earthquake 622

AD 1803 earthquakes 623

AD 1805 November 2 earthquake 624

AD 1811 May 19 earthquake 627

AD 1818 earthquake 630

AD 1819 August 5 earthquake 631

AD 1823 earthquakes 636, 637

AD 1825 earthquakes 638, 639

AD 1829 May 23 earthquake 641

AD 1833 February 24 earthquake 642

AD 1834 September 25 earthquake 643

AD 1835 earthquakes 643, 644

AD 1838 earthquakes 650

AD 1841 earthquakes 653, 654

AD 1842 January 12 earthquake 654

AD 1843 November 15 earthquake 657

AD 1845, October 26 earthquake 660

AD 1846 November 29 earthquake 662

AD 1847 earthquakes 662

AD 1850 July 10 earthquake 668

AD 1851 August 23 earthquake 670

AD 1853 December 7 earthquake 675

AD 1854 earthquakes 676

AD 1855 earthquakes 677, 680, 682

AD 1857 earthquakes 686, 687

AD 1858 earthquakes 689

AD 1859 earthquakes 692, 696

AD 1862 October 7 earthquake 706

AD 1866 June 22 earthquake 715

AD 1870 December 10 earthquake 729

AD 1874 earthquakes 738, 739

AD 1877 March 22 earthquake 742

AD 1880 November 5 earthquake 745

AD 1883 July 6 earthquake 748

AD 1884 March 14 earthquake 750

AD 1887 September 10 earthquake 754

AD 1889 earthquakes 758, 760

AD 1894 July earthquakes 774–779

Istanos, AD 1888 October 28 earthquake 756

Italy, AD 1810 February 16 earthquake 625–627

Itea

AD 1861 December 26 earthquake and sea wave 701, 704

AD 1870 earthquakes 725, 726, 729

Ithaca, AD 1825 September 25 earthquake 639

Ithaki, AD 1630 July 4 earthquake 479

Izmir

AD 1653 February 22 earthquake 491–492

AD 1654 May 20 earthquake 492

AD 1664 June 2 earthquake 498–499

AD 1667 November earthquake 511

AD 1674 January 23 earthquake 517

AD 1676 November 29 earthquake 518

AD 1678 June 13 earthquake 519

AD 1679 July earthquake 519

AD 1680 February earthquake 520

AD 1682 July 16 earthquake 521

AD 1687 November 11 earthquake 522

AD 1688 earthquakes 522–524

AD 1690 January 13 earthquake 524

AD 1694 March 5 earthquake 525

AD 1702 February 25 earthquake 529

AD 1705 earthquake 533

AD 1706 earthquakes 534

AD 1708 earthquake 536

AD 1713 earthquake 539

AD 1716 earthquake 541

AD 1717 July 1 earthquake 542

AD 1718 earthquake 543

AD 1719 May 25 major earthquake 543–545

AD 1723 September earthquake 547

AD 1728 September 16 earthquake 548

AD 1732 May 11 earthquake 549

AD c.1738 earthquakes 554

AD 1739 April 4 earthquake 554–555

AD 1743 November 7 earthquake 570

AD 1745 March 18 earthquake 570

AD 1754 July earthquake 577

AD 1763 January 13 earthquake 588

AD 1765 July 11 earthquake 589

AD 1766 May 22 earthquake 590–593

AD 1771 earthquakes 604

AD 1778 earthquakes 606–607

AD 1779 earthquakes 608

AD 1798 earthquakes 622

AD 1817 October 31 earthquake 630

AD 1825 June 7 aftershocks 638

AD 1828 June 15 earthquake 640

AD 1829 earthquakes 640, 641

AD 1830 May 19 earthquake 641

AD 1835 April 29 earthquake 643

AD 1836 August 8 earthquake 645

AD 1837 November 25 earthquake 650

AD 1839 October 22 earthquake 651

AD 1840 earthquakes 651, 653

AD 1842 earthquakes 655

AD 1843 earthquakes 655, 656

AD 1844 earthquakes 658

AD 1845 earthquakes 659

AD 1846 earthquakes 661, 662

AD 1847 earthquakes 662, 664

AD 1848 earthquakes 665

AD 1849 earthquakes 665, 666

AD 1850 earthquakes 666, 667

AD 1851 December 10 earthquake 671

AD 1852 earthquakes 671, 672, 673

AD 1853 earthquakes 673, 675

AD 1854 earthquakes 676, 677

AD 1855 earthquakes 681, 682

AD 1856 February 16 earthquake 683

AD 1857 earthquakes 686, 687

AD 1858 earthquakes 689, 691

AD 1861 October 4 earthquake 699

AD 1863 August 29 earthquake 708

AD 1865 earthquakes 710

AD 1867 March earthquakes 717, 718

AD 1871 November 7 earthquake 731

AD 1879 September 14 earthquake 744

AD 1880 July earthquakes 744–745

AD 1885 May 26 earthquake 751

AD 1889 earthquakes 757, 758, 760

AD 1890 January 4 earthquake 761

AD 1899 earthquakes 791

See also Smyrna

Izmit

AD 1894 July earthquakes 774–779

AD 1895 February 5 earthquake 781

See also Nicomedea

Iznik

AD 1754 September 2 earthquake 578

AD 1854 December 29 earthquake 677

AD 1893 March 3 earthquake 767

AD 1896 October 25 earthquake 786

See also Nicaea

Jabal Sinjar, AD 1693–1694 landslide 525

Jabalah

AD 860 January 243–244

AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 306

AD 1158 October-1159 September earthquake 314

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 318–325

AD 1408 December 29 earthquake 384–385

Jaffa

AD 1491 April 24 earthquake 407–411

AD 1546 January 14 earthquake 444–451

AD 1834 May 26 earthquake 643

AD 1837 January earthquakes 647, 649

AD 1873 earthquakes 735

Jebel Akra, AD 1408 December 29 earthquake 384–385

Jericho

1400 BC earthquake 10–11, 65–67

AD 659 June 7 earthquake 221–222

AD 1033 December 5 earthquake 261–264

Jericho fault 11, 69

Jerusalem

c.759 BC earthquake 68–78

31 BC September 2, earthquake 99

AD 33 crucifixion earthquake 11, 109–111

AD 363 May 19 earthquake 148–151

AD 418 earthquake 162

AD 634 earthquake 219–220

AD 1016 August 27 destruction of Mosque of the Rock 259–260

AD 1033 December 5 earthquake 261–264

AD 1068 March 18 earthquake 272–276

AD 1105 December 24 earthquake 280–281

AD 1113 July 18 and August 9 earthquake 282

AD 1114 April-May earthquake 282

AD 1117 June 26 earthquake 291

AD 1458 November 16 earthquake 396–397

AD 1504 earthquake 416

AD 1546 January 14 earthquake 9, 444–451

AD 1557 February earthquake 456

AD 1643 March 23 earthquake 485

AD 1644 earthquake 485

AD 1753 December 16 earthquake 577

AD 1817 March earthquake 629

AD 1834 May 26 earthquake 642–643

AD 1843 May 12 earthquake 656

AD 1844–1845 earthquakes 658

AD 1857 September 21 earthquake 687

AD 1859 October 24 earthquake 696

AD 1863 September 24 earthquake 708

AD 1864 earthquakes 708, 709

AD 1868 earthquakes 719, 721

AD 1873 earthquakes 735

AD 1874 March 3 earthquake 737

AD 1875 March 28 earthquake 739

AD 1877 earthquakes 742

AD 1879 December 31 earthquake 744

AD 1885 March 13 earthquake 750

AD 1889 December 11 earthquake 760

AD 1893 January 12 earthquake 765

Jiunkert, AD 601 April 2 earthquake 217

Jordan, AD c.110–114 earthquake 122


Jordan Rift Valley

AD 746–749 January 18 earthquakes 230–238

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

Jordan River, AD 1267 December 8 landslide and damming 347

Joun, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584–586

Jubail, AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 318–325

Judaea

c.759 BC earthquake 68–78

31 BC earthquake 98–102

AD 1838 earthquake 650–651

Jula, AD 1406 November 29 earthquake 384

Jum

AD 1726 April 15 earthquake 547

AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 633–635

Jund Filistin, AD 1033 December 5 earthquake 262

Kadişdiran, AD 1766 May 22 earthquake 591

Kafr Hatta, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584–586

Kafr-bia, AD 757 earthquake 238

Kafr-tab

AD 1156 December 8 earthquakes 301–302

AD 1157 earthquakes 303–311

Kagizman, AD 1840 July 2 earthquake 652–653

Kakhk, AD 1968 August 31 earthquake 38

Kakhta castle, AD 1344 January 3 earthquake 370

Kalabaka, AD 1661 January 16 earthquake 494

Kalamata

AD 1681 January 1 earthquake 520

AD <1684 September 26 earthquake 521

AD 1805 April 18 earthquake 623

AD 1838 November 18 earthquake 650

AD 1842 earthquakes 655

AD 1846 June 10 earthquakes 661

AD 1885 March 28 earthquake 750

AD 1887 March 5 earthquake 752–753

Kalavrita, AD 1805 May 29 earthquake 623

Kalecik

AD 1838 December 5 earthquake 650

AD 1889 March 12 earthquake 757

Kalimnos, AD 1495 January 5 earthquake 414

Kalofer, AD 1849 February 23 earthquake 665

Kaluçak

AD 1884 earthquakes 749

See also Iskilip, Kalecik

Kanakert, AD 1679 June 14 earthquake 519

Kangal, AD 1754 September earthquake 579–580

Kara Baba

AD 1694 June earthquake 525–527

AD 1768 August earthquake 601

Karabel, AD 1680 February earthquake 520

Karabunar, AD 1892 April 16 earthquake 764

Karaburun

AD 1875 November 5 earthquake 741

AD 1887 June 18 earthquake 753

Karahisar, AD 1876 May 13 earthquake 741–742

Karakorum Highway 46, 50, 51, 52, 53

Karaköse, AD 1866 May 8 earthquake 712

Karakurt, AD 1875 January 12 earthquake 739

Karaman

AD 1882 February 28 earthquake 747

AD 1895 November 23 earthquake 783

Karamursel, AD 1719 May 25 major earthquake 543–545

Karanid, AD 1769 June 27 earthquake 601–602

Karaphos, AD 1646 April 7 earthquake 486

Karaurgan, AD 1766 October 9 earthquake 597

Karavasaras Bay

AD 1847 November mud eruption 664

AD 1875 February mud eruption 739

Karbi, AD 1679 June 14 earthquake 519

Kardik, AD 1544 April 24 earthquake 441–444

Karditsa, AD 1843 March 9 earthquake 655

Karkar castle, AD 1344 January 3 earthquake 370

Karliova, AD 1856 earthquake 686

Karma, AD 1855 July 3 earthquake 681

Karnak, AD 1899 earthquake 792

Karpathos

AD 1856 October 12 earthquake 684

AD 1882 May 17 earthquake 748

AD 1890 August 19 earthquake 762

Kars

AD 1707 earthquake 535

AD 1888 September 23 earthquake 756

AD 1889 September 23 earthquake 758

Karsk, AD 1868 April 11 earthquake 720

Kartal, AD 1871 January 31 earthquake 730

Kasos, AD 1851 September 11 earthquake 670

Kastamonu

AD 1418–1419 earthquake 387

AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

AD 1890 June 19 earthquake 761

AD 1896 July 19 earthquake 786

AD 1897 earthquakes 787, 788

AD 1899 February 4 earthquake 791

Kastoria

AD 1709 earthquake 537

AD 1812 May 29 earthquake 628

AD 1896 June 21 earthquake 785

Kastri, AD 1870 earthquakes 725, 729

Kastro, AD 1704 November 22 earthquake 530–531

Katerini, AD 1889 earthquakes 757, 758

Katomeria, Chios, AD 1546 earthquake 452

Katuna

AD 1630 July 4 earthquake 479

AD 1824 February 22 earthquake 637

Kaukaba, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584–586

Kavala

AD 1713 February earthquake 538

AD 1829 earthquakes 640

AD 1869 earthquakes 721, 723

AD 1870 earthquakes 723, 724

AD 1871 earthquakes 730, 731

AD 1872 earthquakes 732, 734

Kayi, AD 1890 May 26 landslide 761


Kayseri

AD 1205 spurious earthquake 337

AD 1335 earthquake 366

AD 1704 June 9 earthquake 530

AD 1717 May 9 earthquake 541–542

AD 1832 March 14 earthquake 641

AD 1835 August 13 earthquake 643–644

AD 1836 February 10 earthquake 644

AD 1895 April 8 earthquake 781

Kazili, AD 1719 May 25 major earthquake 543–545

Keban, AD 1839 earthquake 651

Kefalonia

AD 1469 earthquake 397

AD 1559 September 12 earthquake 456

AD 1630 July 4 earthquake 479

AD 1636 September 30 earthquake 481–483

AD 1638 earthquakes 484

AD 1658 August 12 earthquake 492–493

AD 1661 earthquake 496

AD 1668? earthquake 515

AD 1673 earthquake 517

AD 1693 January 11 earthquake 525

AD 1704 November 22 earthquake 530–531

AD 1714 earthquakes 539, 540

AD 1723 February earthquakes 546–547

AD 1729 February 2 earthquake 548

AD 1736 earthquake 552

AD 1741 June 23 earthquake 557–558

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

AD 1759 June earthquakes 582

AD 1765 July 11 earthquake 589

AD 1766 July 22 earthquake and wind 593–595

AD 1767 earthquakes 598–600

AD 1769 October 12 earthquake 602

AD 1783 March 20 earthquake 611

AD 1818 earthquake 630

AD 1820 December 29 earthquake 632

AD 1834 June 5 earthquake 643

AD 1839 June 5 earthquake 651

AD 1867 earthquakes 716–717

AD 1868 February 14 earthquake 719

Kefalou, AD 1493 October 18 earthquake 411–413

Kemakh

AD 1121 December 18 earthquake 292

AD 1605 earthquake 473

See also Ani

Kemalpaşa

AD 1850 April 3 earthquake 666–667

AD 1850 April 20 aftershock 667

Kerme, AD 1869 December 1 earthquake 722

Kerpen, AD 1856 February 22 earthquake 683

Kesendire, AD 1871 earthquakes 731

Keskin

AD 1837 March 14 earthquake 649

AD 1893 October 16 earthquake 770

Kesrawan, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584–586

Khabura

AD 747–749 earthquake 233, 234

AD 750 earthquake 238

Khaibar, AD 1068 March 18 earthquake 272, 273

Khalki

AD 1843 earthquakes 656, 657

AD 1851 earthquake 669

Kharput, AD 1884 earthquakes 750

Khaskovo, AD 1487 earthquakes 405

Khirbet al-Karak, AD 746–9 earthquake 233, 235

Khorassan

AD 763 January 18 earthquake 230

AD 1968 August 31 earthquake 19, 20, 21

Khotakerits Monastery, AD 906–910 earthquake 250

Khoy

AD 1843 April 18 earthquake 655–656

AD 1857 November 19 earthquake 687

AD 1859 April 11 earthquake 693

Kibotos, AD 1865 May 13 earthquake 710

Kiği

AD 1457 April 23 earthquake 395–396

AD 1482 November earthquake 405

AD 1879 earthquake 744

AD 1896 April 20 earthquake 784

Kilis

AD 1807 earthquake 624

AD 1822 August earthquakes 633–635

Kiliseköy, AD 1739 April 4 earthquake 554–555

Kilkis, AD 1869 November 19 earthquake 722

kiln bricks 45

Kinneret, AD 746–9 surface faulting 235

Kira, AD 1870 August 1 earthquake 725

Kiran, AD 1898 April 22 earthquake 789

Kirkuk

AD 629 earthquake 219

AD 1862 November 7 earthquake 706

AD 1884 October 27 earthquake 750

AD 1895 October 26 earthquake 783

Kirmasti, AD 1884 May 13 earthquakes 750

Kithyra

AD 1629 February earthquake and sea wave 478–479

AD 1638 March 27 earthquake 484

AD 1681 January 1 earthquake 520

AD 1750 earthquakes 572–573

AD 1798 June 18 earthquake 622

AD 1866 February 6 earthquake 711–712

AD 1867 September 20 earthquake and sea wave 719

Kizilasari, AD 1653 February 22 earthquake 491–492

Kizocan, AD 1784 July 18 earthquake 613–615

Kjustendil

AD 1585 collapse of minaret 467

AD 1641 May 23 earthquake 484

AD 1866 earthquakes 712, 716

AD 1870 earthquake 723, 729

Klos, AD 1865 October 10 earthquake 710

Knights Hospitaller 328, 331, 356, 378–379


Knights of Malta, Rhodes

AD 1366 April 30 earthquake 376

AD 1493 October earthquake 412

AD 1495 January 5 earthquake 414

Knights Templar 328, 331

Koca Valley, AD 1851 February 28 earthquake 668–669

Kocaeli, AD 1999 earthquake 36

Kochişar, AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

Koçkiri, AD 1899 November 29 earthquake 795

Kodzadzik, AD 1567 earthquake 459

Kolarograd, AD 1832 April 7 earthquake 641

Kometzi, AD 1835 August 13 earthquake 643–644

Konitsa, AD 1860 April earthquakes 697

Konya

AD 1706 December 26 earthquake 534

AD 1866 earthquakes 715

AD 1868 February 22 earthquake 720

AD 1875 October 31 earthquake 741

AD 1889 December earthquake 761

AD 1890 July 7 earthquake 761

Koraku bridge, Pindos, AD 1514 earthquake 436

Korçe

AD 1893 July 4 earthquake 770

AD 1894 earthquakes 770, 771, 773

AD 1896 earthquakes 784, 785

AD 1897 January 18 earthquake 787

Koroni

AD 1642 May 30 earthquake 484

AD 1717 earthquake 542

AD <1736 June earthquake 552

AD 1842 April 18 earthquake 654–655

Kösk, AD 1653 February 22 earthquake 491–492

Kosovo

AD 1882 April 2 earthquake 748

AD 1889 December earthquake 761

AD 1893 October 24 earthquake 770

AD 1894 July earthquakes 779

Kossimos River, AD 1864 June 14 earthquake 709

Kostenice, AD 1891 May 25 earthquake 763

Kotor

AD 1608 August 4 earthquake 473

AD 1610 earthquakes 474

AD 1631 earthquakes 480

AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 500–511

AD 1669 earthquake 515

AD 1780 earthquakes and sea wave 609–610

AD 1853 December 11 earthquake 675

AD 1853 July 25 earthquake 674

See also Cattaro

Kourbatsi, AD 1852 September 5 earthquake 673

Koutloumousios monastery

AD 1564 August 12 earthquake 457

AD 1572 April 12 earthquake 461

Kozani, AD 1695 September 26 earthquake 527

Krak fortress

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327, 331

AD 1293 January earthquake 353

See also al-Karak, Hisn al Akrad

Kraljevo, AD 1609 earthquake 474

Kriekuki, AD 1852 February 25 earthquake 671

kriging 58, 767

Krivolak, AD 1888 December 15 earthquake 757

Kruje

AD 1892 January earthquake 764

AD 1894 August 8 earthquake 780

AD 1896 July 4 earthquake 786

Krysoupolis, AD 1829 April 11 earthquake 640

Ksyut, AD 713 February 28 earthquake 224–225

Kufa, Iraq, AD 912 May earthquake 250

Kuhbanan fault 17, 18

Kukhiyan, AD 1866 earthquakes 715

Kula

AD 1651 June 7 earthquake 491

AD 1891 September 24 earthquake 763

Kulashk, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Kulp

AD 1819 January 29 earthquake 631

AD 1840 July 2 catastrophic earthquake 652–653

AD 1849 September 9 earthquake and landslide 666

AD 1866 earthquakes 715

Kumanovo, AD 1456 earthquake 395

Kumburgaz, AD 1766 May 22 earthquake 591

Kumköy, AD 1836 April earthquake 644

Kurdistan

AD 1135 July 25 earthquake 293–294

AD 1156 February earthquake 298

AD 1311 earthquakes 363

Kurdlar Serayi, AD 1582 February earthquake 465

Küre copper mines, AD 1660 October earthquake 494

Kursunlu, AD 1897 May 27 earthquake 787

Kurta, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Kuruçeşme, AD 1858 February 8 earthquake 688

Kurulush, AD 1893 June 14 earthquake 769

Kuşadasi

AD 1751 June 18 earthquake 573

AD 1865 October 11 earthquake 710

AD 1876 August 10 earthquake 742

AD 1887 November 29 earthquake 755

AD 1888 December 1 earthquake 756

AD 1890 December 14 earthquake 762

Kütahya, AD 1860 December 2 earthquake 698

Kutuz, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Küyüçak

AD 1645 landslide 485

AD 1653 February 22 earthquake 491–492

Kynegos, AD 1437 November 25 earthquake 391

Kyparisia

AD 1875 April 24 earthquake 740

AD 1898 November 9 earthquake 790

AD 1899 January 22 earthquake and sea wave 790–791

Kythira

See Kithyra


Labechniski monastery, AD 1283 April 17 earthquake 350–351

Labweh, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584

Laconia, AD 1539 April 1 earthquake 440

Ladik, AD 1710 February earthquake 537

Ladiqiya

AD 1063 August earthquake 269–270

AD 1491 April 24 earthquake 407–411

Lake Abuliont, AD 1850 April 19 earthquake 667

Lake Amik, AD 1872 April 3 earthquake 732–734

Lake Apolyont, AD 1855 February 28 earthquake 677–679

Lake Bisthonis, <AD 1 earthquake 105

Lake Galilee, 31 BC earthquake 101

Lake Gölcük

AD 1874 May 3 earthquake 737–738

AD 1875 March 27 earthquake 739

Lake Iznik, AD 1854 December 29 earthquake 677

Lake Suğla, AD 1890 August 7 earthquake 762

Lake Tiberias

AD 1033 December 5 earthquake 262

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 646, 647, 648

Lake Tinnis 181

Lake Van

AD 1111 earthquake? and meteorite fall 281

AD 1208 February 14 earthquake 337

AD 1246 earthquake 342

AD 1415 March 13–1416 February 29 earthquake 386

AD 1441 Nemrut Dagi volcano eruption 391–392

AD 1646 April 7 earthquake 486–487

AD 1881 May 30 earthquake 747

AD 1891 February 6 earthquake 762

AD 1896 February 3 earthquake 783

Lake Yliki, AD 1853 August 18 earthquake 674–675

Lales Bay, AD 1852 April 26 earthquake 672

Lamia, AD 1740 October 5 earthquake 555

landslides 49–52, 53, 54

Laodicea

27–24 BC earthquake 102–103

AD 6–13 earthquake 105

AD c.60 earthquake 117

AD 138–161 earthquake 127–128

AD 494 earthquake 177

AD 529 January 2 earthquake 189, 190, 192–193

Lapsacus, AD 484 earthquake 176–177

Laranda, AD 1190 June 1 earthquake 326

Larisa

AD 1669 earthquake 515

AD 1731 earthquake 549

AD 1735 August 21 earthquake 552

AD 1743 February 21 earthquake 569–570

AD 1781 September 8 earthquake 610

AD 1859 August 24 earthquake 696

AD 1883 April 9 earthquake 748

AD 1892 January 9 earthquake 764

AD 1893 November 21 earthquake 770

Larnaca

AD 1735 April 10–11 destructive earthquake 550–552

AD 1870 August 1 earthquake 726

AD 1883 March 5 earthquake 748

Larymna, <229 BC abnormal ebb tide 91

Lasdaika, AD 1894 July 26 earthquake 780

Lasjene, AD 1897 February 15 earthquake 787

Latakia

AD 860 January 243–244

AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 284–291

AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 305, 307

AD 1287 March 21 earthquake 351–352

AD 1408 December 29 earthquake 384–385

AD 1568 October 10 earthquake 459–460

AD 1796 April 26 earthquake 621

AD 1810 February 16 earthquake 625–627

AD 1811 earthquakes 627

AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 634

AD 1823 October 16 earthquake 637

AD 1893 March earthquake 768

Laura St Saba monastery, AD 1605 January 8 earthquake 472

Lebanon

139 BC sea wave 95

AD 455 September earthquake 168

AD 551 July 9 earthquake and sea wave 199–203

AD 565 June spurious earthquake 212

AD 991 April 5 earthquake 257–258

AD 1476 October 29 earthquake 398

AD 1604 earthquake 472

Lefkas

AD 1469 earthquake 397

AD 1515 April 6 earthquake 436

AD <1577 earthquake 463

AD 1611 earthquakes 474–475

AD 1613 October 2 earthquake 476

AD 1625 June 18 earthquake 477–478

AD 1630 July 4 earthquake 479

AD 1669 August 5 earthquake 515

AD 1704 November 22 earthquake 530–531

AD 1722 June 5 earthquakes 545–546

AD 1723 February earthquakes 546

AD 1741 June 23 earthquake 557–558

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

AD 1762 April 9 earthquake 588

AD 1767 earthquakes 598–600

AD 1769 October 12 earthquake 602

AD 1770 January earthquake 604

AD 1783 earthquakes 610, 611–613

AD 1815 earthquake 629

AD 1820 earthquakes 631

AD 1825 January earthquakes 637–638

AD 1869 December 28 earthquake 723

AD 1897 November 2 spurious earthquake 788

Lefkosia, Cyprus

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357

AD 1470 earthquake 397–398

AD 1479 October 16 earthquake 398

AD 1718 <December 12 earthquake 543

See also Nicosia


Lemnos

AD 1688 September 10 earthquake 524

AD 1859 August 21 earthquake 695

AD 1867 March 7 earthquake 718

Lepanto

See Nafpaktos

Leros, AD 1495 January 5 earthquake 414

Lesvos

AD <79 earthquake 120

AD c.155 earthquake 131–132

AD 1383 August 6 earthquake 377–378

AD 1631 December 6 volcanic ash 480

AD 1636 February 27 earthquake 481

AD 1672 February 14 earthquake 516

AD 1688 September 10 earthquake 524

AD 1772 November 24 earthquake 605

AD 1845 earthquakes 659–660

AD 1865 July 22 earthquake 710

AD 1867 earthquakes 717–718

AD 1886 September 4 earthquake 752

AD 1889 earthquakes 760

Letskhumi, AD 1283 April 17 earthquake 350–351

Levant, 92 BC February 28 spurious earthquake 96

Libya

AD 262 earthquake 138

AD 361 June earthquake 147

AD 365 July 21 earthquake and sea wave 151–152, 153, 154

AD 1656 earthquake 492

Lichnidus

AD 527 earthquake 189

See also Ohrid

Lidoriki, AD 1580 earthquake 465

Ligia, AD 1672 February 14 springs dry up 516

Ligoudista, AD 1899 April 15 earthquake 791

Limassol

AD 1222 May 11 earthquake 338–340

AD 1491 April 24 earthquake 407–411

AD 1556 earthquake 455

AD 1566 April 25 earthquake 458

AD 1567 earthquake 458–459

AD 1568 October 10 earthquake 459–460

AD 1577 January 28 earthquake 462–463

AD 1584 earthquake 466

AD 1845 February 21 earthquake 659

AD 1883 March 5 earthquake 748

AD 1896 earthquakes 784, 785, 786

AD 1897 July 26 earthquake 788

AD 1898 September 21 earthquake 790

Limnos

AD 1456 November 19 earthquake 395

AD 1887 May 14 earthquake 753

Lipkovo, AD 1673 February 17 earthquake 516

Listrien, AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

Litani

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 583–586

literary sources 2

Livadia

AD 1812 Dec 29 earthquake 628

AD 1853 earthquakes 674–675

AD 1870 July 31 earthquake 724

Lixouri

AD 1658 August 12 earthquake 492–493

AD 1723 February 20 earthquake 546

AD 1741 June 23 earthquake 557–558

AD 1759 June 14 earthquake 582

AD 1766 July 22 destructive earthquake and whirlwind 593–595

AD 1767 July 22 earthquake 598–600

AD 1834 June 5 earthquake 643

AD 1867 earthquakes 716–717

Ljubiski

AD 1760 May 26 earthquake 586

AD 1767 earthquake 600

Ljuboska castle, AD <1690 June earthquake 524

local information 14–15

Locris, AD 1894 April 20 and 27 earthquake 23

Lom, AD 1879 October 22 earthquake 744

Lopadium, AD 1327 May 12 earthquake 365

Lopud

AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 501–511

AD 1760 May 26 earthquake 586

Lovec, AD 1059 September spurious earthquake 269

lower crust, seismicity 815

Ludd

AD 1293 January earthquake 353

AD 1458 November 16 earthquake 396–397

Lulshi, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Lycia

AD 68 fall in sea level 118

AD 142 earthquake and sea wave 128–131

AD 529 earthquake 193

Lydia

140 BC-AD 20 earthquake 95

AD 17 earthquake 105–108

Lysimachia, 287 BC earthquake 89

Maarat an-Numan, AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 303–311

Mabug

AD 747–9 earthquake 233, 234, 235–236, 237

AD 750 earthquake 238

Macedonia

AD 61 earthquake 117

AD 518 earthquake 180–181

AD 896–904 earthquake 249

AD 1243 earthquakes 342

AD 1395 October earthquake 379–380

AD 1555 earthquake 453–454

AD 1761 March 2 earthquakes 587

Madain, AD 859 earthquake 242

Madjdin, AD 1344 January 3 earthquake 370

Madytos

AD 1354 March 1 earthquake 372–375

AD 1437 November 28 earthquake 391

Magdola, Egypt, 95–94 BC spurious earthquake 95–96


Maghrib, AD 859 earthquake 242–243

Magnesia

AD 17 earthquake 105–108

AD 1773 March 16 destructive earthquake 605

magnitude

instrumental calculation 823–826, 832

scales 824–825

semi-empirical assessment 56, 826–827, 831

surface wave 28, 823–824

Mahanayim, AD 1516 December 21 earthquake 436

Mahdyya, AD 981 November earthquake 256

Mahmatan, AD 1715 March 8 earthquake 540

Maithalun, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584–586

Makri

AD 1851 earthquakes 668–669, 671

AD 1852 earthquakes 672

AD 1865 May 27 earthquake 710

AD 1870 February 22 earthquake 723

See also Fetiye

Maku

AD 1319 earthquake 364

AD 1696 earthquakes 527–528

Malakasa, AD 1705 September 3 earthquake 533

Malakastra, AD 1851 October 12 earthquake 670–671

Malatya

AD 1003 earthquake 258

AD 1514 earthquake 436

AD 1779 March 14 destructive earthquake 608

AD 1890 November 7 earthquake 762

AD 1893 earthquakes 766–767, 767, 769, 770

AD 1896 earthquakes 783, 784, 785

AD 1897 July 3 earthquake 788

Malazgirt, Anatolia, AD 461 earthquake 172

Maliac Gulf

426 BC earthquake and sea wave 83–84

AD 551 sea wave 205

Malkara, AD 1766 August 5 earthquake 595–596

Malta

AD 1810 February 16 earthquake 625–627

AD 1856 October 12 earthquake 685

Mamistria

See Mopsuestia

Mamrut mountain, AD 1441 volcanic eruption 391–392

Managua, AD 1972 December 23 earthquake 23, 47

Manisa

AD 1611 earthquake 474

AD 1625 May 18 earthquake 477

AD 1659 February 17 earthquake 493

AD 1844 September 21 earthquake 658

AD 1845 June 5 earthquake 659

AD 1858 June 16 earthquake 690

AD 1859 July 27 earthquake 695

AD 1860 March 4 earthquake 696

AD 1866 August 18 earthquake 715

maps 13–14, 796–814

Aigion 700–701, 700, 702, 703

isoseismal 57–58

plate tectonics 817, 819, 821

Mar Barsuma monastery

AD 458 January earthquake 168

AD 1285 earthquake 351

Maraq, AD 728 November earthquake 226–227

Maras

AD 952 earthquake 252–253

AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 283–291

AD 1544 Jan earthquake 441

Marash, AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 285–291

Mardin

AD 1263 earthquake 345–346

AD 1789 July earthquake 615

Margariti

AD 1890 May 21 earthquake 761

AD 1896 January 11 earthquake 783

Margat

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 318–325

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

Maritsa

AD 1689 April 25 earthquake 524

AD 1718 June 16 earthquakes 542–543

Maritza River, AD 1750 August 17 earthquake 573

Marjuyun, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 583–586

Markasi, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Marmara

AD 1844 September 12 earthquake 658

AD 1869 April 18 earthquake 721

Marmara Island

AD 1343 October 18a earthquake 367

AD 1344 November 6 earthquake 370–371

AD 1877 October 13 earthquake 743

AD 1899 January 4 earthquake 790

Marmara submarine fault system 835

Marmaris

AD 1858 May 16 earthquakes 689

AD 1862 May 24 earthquake 706

AD 1870 June 24 earthquake 724

AD 1871 June 7 earthquake 731

AD 1899 March 20 earthquake 791

Marrakesh, AD 1173 earthquake 325

Martino, AD 1894 April 20 earthquake 14, 771

Masada, Jordan, AD c.110–114 earthquake 122

Mashchgavor monastery, AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 284–291

Massisa

See Misis, Mopsuestia

Mastanice, AD 1755 February 15 earthquake 580

Masun Valley, AD 1834 earthquake 643

Masyaf, AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 305

Matalya, AD 1899 January 7 earthquake 790

Matapan Trench 818

Matritsa River, Bulgaria, AD 1661 March 20 earthquake 494–496

Maximianopolis, AD c.339 earthquake 141–142

Meander River, <AD 1 earthquake 105

See also Büyük Menderes Valley, Menderes Valley


Mecca

AD 1191 or 1196 spurious earthquake and wind 326–327

AD 1588 January 4 earthquake 467–468

Medina

AD 1068 March 18 earthquake 272, 273, 276

AD 1588 January 4 earthquake 467

Mediterranean, AD 1605 December new islet 472

Megali Lavra monastery, Mt Athos, AD 1585 June 28 earthquake and sea wave 466–467

Megalon Pylon monastery, AD 1698 November earthquake 528

Megalopolis, 1965 April 5 earthquake 24, 25

Megistis Lavras monastery, AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 422–433

Megreli, Georgia, AD 1614 earthquake 476

Meleda, AD 1825 June 21 earthquake 638

Melitaea, 228–224 BC earthquake 91

Melitene, AD 1149 December 29 spurious earthquake 297

Membij, AD 1344 January 3 earthquake 370

Menderes Valley

27–24 BC earthquake 102–103

AD 1895 August 19 earthquake 782

AD 1899 earthquakes 790, 791, 792–795

See also Büyük Menderes Valley, Meander River

Menemen

AD 1880 earthquakes 744–745

Menteşe, AD 1869 December 1 earthquake 722

Mersin, AD 1891 October 29 earthquake 763

Merzifon

AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

AD 1776 December 29 earthquake 606

AD 1825 August earthquake 639

AD 1864 March 9 earthquake 708

Mesalongi, AD 1882 January 5 mud volcano 747

Mesopotamia

AD 588 October 31 earthquake 215–216

AD 679 April 3 earthquake 223

AD 717 December 24 earthquake 225–226

AD 747–749 earthquakes 233, 234, 235

AD 846 earthquake 241

AD 881 earthquakes 246–247

AD 1137 November 294

Messini

AD 1429 November 10 earthquake 390

AD 1885 March 28 earthquake 750

Messinia

AD 1842 earthquakes 654–655

AD 1846 June 10 earthquakes 661

Meteora

AD 1582 February 22 earthquake 465–466

AD 1621 March 6 earthquake 477

AD 1674 earthquakes 517–518

AD 1735 August 21 earthquake 552

Methana, 263–221 BC volcanic eruption 90–91

Methone, AD 1832 June 25 earthquake 642

Methoni

AD 1769 December earthquake 603

AD 1842 April 18 earthquake 654

Metsovo, AD 1852 October 12 earthquake 673

Mezzo, AD 1760 May 26 earthquake 586

Micromani, AD 1846 June 10 earthquakes 661

Migisi, AD 1689 earthquake 524

Mikri Kaimani, AD 1573 volcanic eruption 461

Milas, AD 1631 earthquake 480

Miletopolis, AD 1327 May 12 earthquake 365

Militini, AD 1865 February 23 earthquake 709

Militus, AD c.46–47 earthquake 113–114

Milne formula 825

Milos

AD 1738 July 19 earthquake 553

AD 1750 June earthquake 572–573

AD 1779 December 6 earthquake 608–609

AD 1810 February 16 earthquake 625–627

Minoan civilization 10

Minya, AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357, 360

Miraka, AD 1806 January 24 earthquake 624

Mirkovo, AD 1884 April 10 earthquakes 750

Misis

AD 757 earthquake 238

AD 1114 November 13 earthquake 282–283

See also Mopsuestia

Misr

See Cairo

Mitilene

AD 1755 February earthquake 580

AD 1855 September 9 earthquake 682

Mitilini

AD 1625 May 18 earthquake 477

AD 1809 December 18 earthquake 625

AD 1852 earthquakes 671, 672

AD 1856 earthquakes 683, 686

AD 1867 earthquakes 717–718

AD 1879 earthquakes 744

AD 1886 September 4 earthquake 752

AD 1890 May 7 earthquake 761

AD 1893 June 18 earthquake 769–770

AD 1899 November 18 earthquake 795

Mizpeh, c.1070 BC spurious earthquake 68

Moab, AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 647

Mohammed's birth, AD 570 November earthquake 213

moment, seismic 28, 825–826

Monte Auda, Italy, landslide 50–51, 54

Monte Vergato, AD 1520 May 17 earthquake 437

Montenegro, AD 1395 May 19 earthquake 379

Mopsuestia

AD 803 June 23 earthquake 239

AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 285–291

See also Misis

Morea

AD 1422 April 13 earthquake 389

AD 1580 earthquake 465

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

AD 1750 June earthquake 572–573


Mosul

AD 390–429 collapse of church 158

AD 846 earthquake 241

AD 986 earthquake 256

AD 1031 earthquake 260

AD 1058 December 8 earthquake 268–269

AD 1121 earthquakes 292

AD 1135 July 25 earthquake 293–294

AD 1137 November earthquake 294

AD 1208 February 14 earthquake 337

AD 1225 March 4 earthquake 340

AD 1226 November 18 earthquake 340

AD 1237 earthquake 342

AD 1263 earthquake 345–346

AD 1503 earthquake 416

AD 1572 earthquake 461

AD 1620 earthquakes 477

AD 1666 September 22 earthquake 500

AD 1764–1765 earthquake 589

AD 1782 earthquake 610

AD 1784 July 6 earthquake 613

AD 1839 January 29 earthquake 651

Moudopolis, AD 181 May 3 earthquake 135

Mozzo, AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 501–511

Mshakavank monastery, AD 1220 January 11 earthquake 338

MSK (Medvedev-Sponheuer-Karnik) intensity scale 56

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 328

Mt Athos

AD 925–926 earthquake 251

AD 1280 earthquake 350

AD 1395 October earthquake 379–380

AD 1397 earthquake 380

AD 1456 November 19 earthquake 395

AD 1526 earthquake 438

AD 1560 February 8 earthquake 456

AD 1561 January 26 wind storm 456

AD 1564 August 12 earthquake 457–458

AD 1572 April 12 earthquake 461

AD 1585 June 28 earthquake and sea wave 466–467

AD 1625 May 18 earthquake 477

AD 1765 earthquakes 589

AD 1776 December 5 earthquake 606

AD 1779 February 3 earthquake 607

AD 1794 earthquake 621

AD 1797 March 5 earthquake 621–622

AD 1826 April 30 earthquake 639

AD 1827 December 25 earthquake 639

?AD 1828 January 6 earthquake 639

AD 1830 February 5 earthquake 641

AD 1850 April 1 earthquake 666

Mt Enos, AD 1636 September 30 landslides 481–483

Mt Erciyes, AD 1835 August 13 earthquake 643

Mt Lebanon, AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327, 330

Mt St Auxentius, AD 1280 July earthquake 349–350

Mt Tabor, AD 747–9 earthquake 235, 236

Mt Taigetos

550 BC earthquake 79

469–463 BC earthquake 82

AD 1842 April 18 earthquake 654–655

Mtskheta cathedral

AD 1283 April 17 earthquake 350–351

AD 1318? earthquake 363

Mudanya

AD 1766 May 22 earthquake and sea wave 590–593

AD 1876 March 29 earthquake 741

Mudurnu

AD 1894 July 12 aftershock 779

AD 1967 July 22 earthquake 15, 29, 30, 31, 33, 47

Muğla

AD 1851 February 2 earthquake 668

AD 1896 April 19 earthquake 784

Mukhtara, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584–586

Muminabad Fault 16, 17

Murat Nehri bridge, Turkey 42

Murdivan, AD 1875 November 5 earthquake 741

Murikovo, AD 1897 February 15 earthquake 787

Muş

AD 1362–1363 earthquake 376

AD 1491 earthquake 411

AD 1871 March 17 earthquake 730

Mut, AD 1891 November 3 earthquake 763

Mycenae 10

Mykale, AD 1872 April 7 earthquake 734

Mynia, AD 1580 earthquake 465

Myra, AD 529 earthquake 193

Myrina, AD 105–106 earthquake 121

Myriophyto

AD 1063 September 23 earthquake 271–272

AD 1343 October 18 earthquake 367

Mytilene

AD c.155 earthquake 131–132, 133

AD 1383 August 6 earthquake 377–378

AD 1826 February 8 earthquake 639

AD 1844 November 7 earthquake 658

AD 1845 earthquakes 659–660

AD 1846 earthquakes 660, 661, 662

AD 1847 August 26 earthquake 664

Nabatiya, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 583–586

Nablus

AD 1033 December 5 earthquake 261–264

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1546 January 14 earthquake 444–451

AD 1759 earthquakes 583, 585

AD 1837 January earthquakes 647, 649

Nabuzzio, AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

Nafpaktos

AD 551 earthquake 206

AD <1444 earthquake 393

AD 1450 earthquake 393–394

AD 1510 <March 24 earthquake 433

AD 1544 April 24 earthquake 441–444

AD 1580 earthquake 465

AD 1703 January 19 earthquake 529–530

AD 1742 February 25 earthquake 559–562

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

AD 1754 June 15 earthquake and landslides 577

AD 1756 October 20 earthquake 581

Nafplion, AD 1830 earthquakes 641

Najaf, AD 1194 earthquake 327

Naples, 1857 earthquake 54

Narangia, AD 1493 October 18 earthquake 411–413

Nauplio, AD 1841 September 19 earthquake 654

Navarino

AD 1502 August 25 earthquake 416

AD 1750 June earthquake 572–573

AD 1796 August earthquake 621

Naxos, AD 1564 August 12 earthquake 457–458

Nazareth

AD 1759 earthquakes 583, 585

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 646

AD 1876 November 21 earthquake 742

Nazili

AD 1645 earthquake 485

AD 1653 February 22 earthquake 491–492

Nea Kameni, AD 1707 May eruption 535

Negreponte

AD 1417 August earthquake 386–387

AD 1421 September 18 earthquakes 389

AD 1439 earthquake 391

AD 1452 November 8 earthquakes 394

AD 1694 June earthquake 525–527

AD 1705 September 3 earthquake 532–533

AD 1708 April earthquake 536

AD <1768 August earthquake 601

See also Chalkis

Nemrut Daği volcano, AD 1441 eruption 391–392

neo-catastrophism 10, 12

Neocaesarea

AD 130 earthquake 126–127

AD 343–344 earthquake 143

AD 478 earthquake 175, 176

AD 499 September earthquake 177–178, 179

Neocastra, AD 1296 July 17 earthquake 354

Neretun, AD 1544 March 6 earthquake 441

Nestos Delta

AD 1829 earthquakes 640–641

AD 1863 September 2 earthquake 708

Nevrokopi, AD 1893 August 15 earthquake 770

newspapers 2

Nicaea

AD 32, earthquake 11, 108–109

AD 121 earthquake 125–126

AD 358 August 24 earthquake 144

AD 362 December 2 earthquake 147–148

AD 368 October 11, earthquake 156

AD 368 spurious earthquake 157

AD 478 earthquake and sea wave 174–175

AD 740 October 26 earthquake 227–229

AD 1063 September 23 earthquake 271–272

AD 1065 September earthquake 272

See also Iznik

Nicomedea

AD 68–69 earthquake 118

AD 121 earthquake 125–126

AD 181 May 3 earthquake 135

AD 268–270 earthquake 139

AD 358 August earthquakes 144–147, 156

AD 362 December 2 earthquake 147–148

AD 447 January 26 earthquake 165–168

AD 478 September 24 earthquake 174–176

AD 554 August 16 earthquake 206–207

AD 989 October 26 earthquake 256–257

AD 1567 October 1 earthquake 459

AD 1754 September 2 earthquake 577–579

AD 1766 May 22 earthquake 591

AD 1886 December 29 earthquake 752

See also Izmit

Nicopolis

AD 130 earthquake 126–127

AD 499 September earthquake 177–178

Nicosia

AD 1222 May 11 earthquake 338–340

AD 1267 earthquake 347–348

AD 1269 earthquake 348–349

AD 1479 October 16 earthquake 398

AD 1491 earthquakes 407–411

AD 1497 November 25 destruction 415

AD 1547 earthquake 452

AD 1568 October 10 earthquake 459–460

AD 1577 January 28 earthquake 462–463

AD 1735 April 10–11 destructive earthquake 550–552

AD 1845 February 21 earthquake 659

AD 1883 March 5 earthquake 748

AD 1894 January 13 earthquake 770–771

Niksar

AD 1873 February 12 earthquake 735

AD 1890 earthquake 762

Nile Delta

AD 365 July 21 seawave 151

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357

AD 1847 August 7 earthquake 663–664

AD 1856 October 12 earthquake 684

Nile Valley, AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 358

Nimbluk Valley, qanats 18, 21

Nimrud, c.680–699 BC earthquake 78–79

Nineveh, Mesopotamia

c.1274–1234 BC earthquake 67

1187–1150 BC earthquake 67–68

AD 1666 September 22 earthquake 500

Nisibin, Syria, AD c.55 earthquake 116–117

Nisiros

AD 1857 February 28 earthquake 686

AD 1861 June 29 earthquake 699

AD 1871 November 30 earthquake and eruption 731

AD 1873 earthquakes 735, 736

Norguh, AD 1646 April 7 landslide 486


North Africa?, AD 502 earthquake 179

North Anatolian fault zone 27, 31, 32, 193, 264, 818–820, 835

AD 1045 April 5 earthquake 266–267

AD 1050 August 268 earthquake 268

AD 1254 October 11 earthquake 343–344

AD 1318 earthquake 363

AD 1419 March earthquakes 387–388

AD 1477 earthquake 398

AD 1590 November earthquake 468

AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

AD 1776 December 29 earthquake 606

AD 1794 July 18 earthquake 620

AD 1866 May 12 earthquake 712–714

AD 1875 April 23 earthquake 739

AD 1894 July 10 earthquake 778

seismicity 828, 829

Northwest Frontier, Pakistan

1974 December 28 earthquake 46

building methods 46, 50, 51, 52

Novapatra, AD 1544 April 24 earthquake 441–444

Novi fortress, AD 1608 August 4 earthquake 473

Numeira, 2100–1700 BC destruction 63, 64–65

Nymphio, AD 1850 April 3 earthquake 666–667

Oboda, Jordan, AD c.110–114 earthquake 122

oceanic crust, subduction 815

Ödemiş, AD 1889 November 25 earthquake 760

Odessus, AD 544 sea wave 197–198

Ohrid

AD 548 Feb? earthquake 198–199

AD <1673 April 3 earthquake 516–517

AD 1871 February 7 earthquake 730

AD 1889 September 10 earthquake 758

AD 1896 September 28 spurious earthquake 786

See also Lichnidus

Okona, AD 1283 April 17 earthquake 350–351

Olympia

AD 551 earthquake 206

AD 1834 January 1 earthquake 642

Olympiotissa monastery, AD 1544 April 24 earthquake 441–444

Ophryneum, c.360 BC earthquake 88

Opus

426 BC earthquake 83, 84

AD 105 earthquake 121

Orašac, AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 501–511

Orchomenos, 427–426 BC earthquake 83

Oreše, AD 548 February? earthquake 198–199

Oritus, AD 105 earthquake 121

Orontes River

AD 115 December 13 earthquake 122–125

AD 1091 September 26 earthquake 278

AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 303–311

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 332

AD 1408 December 29 earthquake 384–385

AD 1760 October 13 earthquakes 587

AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 633–635

AD 1872 earthquakes 732–734

Osmançik

AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

AD 1884 August earthquake 750

Ossios Loucas monastery, AD 1593 collapse of dome 469

Ossogovo monastery, AD 1585 earthquake 467

Otranto

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

AD 1810 February 16 earthquake 625–627

Ottoman sources 3–4

Ovacik valley, AD 1856 January 16 earthquake 682–683

Pacin, AD 1766 October 9 earthquake 597

Paddanae Rabtho, AD 768–769 earthquake 239

Palaea Kaimeni, AD 1455 November 25 volcanic eruption 394–395

Palaeokastro, AD 1456 November 19 earthquake 395

Palaia, AD 1707 May earthquakes and eruption 535

Palamuda, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Palanka, AD 1707 March 22 earthquake 534–535

Palestine

31 BC, earthquake 99

AD 361 earthquake 147

AD 363 May 19 earthquakes 148–151

AD 418 earthquake 162

AD 634 earthquake 219–220

AD 659 June earthquakes 221–222

AD 746(-749?) January 18 earthquakes 230–238

AD 756 March 9 earthquake 238

AD 1033 December 5 earthquake 261–264

AD 1034 February 17 earthquake 264

AD 1068 March 18 earthquake and sea wave 273–276

AD c.1150 spurious earthquake 297

AD 1293 January earthquake 353

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357

AD 1546 January 14 earthquake 9, 444–451

AD 1769 earthquake 604

AD 1834 May 26 earthquake 642–643

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 645–649

Paliki, Kefalonia

AD 1658 August 12 earthquake 492–493

AD 1766 July 22 destructive earthquake 593–595

AD 1767 July 22 earthquake 598–600

Paliuri, AD 1813 December 10 earthquake 628

Palliki, AD 1867 earthquakes 716–717

Palmyra, AD 233 May spurious earthquake 136

Palu, AD 1897 September 9 earthquake 788

Pambaki

AD 1827 October 20 earthquake 639

AD 1828 July 5 earthquake 640

AD 1834 earthquake 643

Pambukh, AD 1840 July 2 catastrophic earthquake 651–653

Pamisos valley

AD 1842 April 18 earthquake 654–655

AD 1846 June 10 earthquakes 661

pamphlets 8, 464, 494

Panagiurishte, AD 1897 February 27 earthquake 787


Panium

AD 823 October earthquake 240

AD 1063 September 23 earthquake 271–272

Paphlagonia

AD 511 spurious earthquake 179

AD 967 September 2 earthquake 254

Paphos

AD 76 earthquake 119

AD 341 earthquake 142–143

AD c.375 earthquake 157

AD c.1160 earthquake 315

AD 1222 May 11 earthquake 338–340, 341

AD 1227 May 12 earthquake 340–341

AD 1350 earthquakes 372

AD 1491 April 24 earthquake 407–411

AD 1567 earthquake 458–459

AD 1568 October 10 earthquake 459–460

AD 1577 February 4 sea wave 463

AD 1896 earthquakes 784, 785

Paramythia, AD 1896 earthquakes 783, 785, 786

Paros

AD 1733 December earthquakes 549–550

Parthenon, Athens, 426 BC earthquake 83

Patmos, AD 1718 February 13 earthquake 542

Patra

AD 551 earthquake 206

AD 1450 earthquake 393–394

AD 1714 earthquakes 539, 540

AD 1742 February 25 earthquake 559–562

AD 1804 June 8 earthquake 623

AD 1805 May 30 earthquake 623

AD 1809 December earthquake 625

AD 1811 December 18 earthquake 627

AD 1821 April earthquakes 632

AD 1829 February 8 earthquake 640

AD 1842 earthquakes 655

AD 1844 June 23 earthquake 658

AD 1852 March 6 earthquake 671

AD 1853 December 10 earthquake 675

Pattan, AD 1974 December 28 earthquake 46, 50

Pazardzik

AD 1892 April 16 earthquake 764

AD 1895 November 25 earthquake 783

Pazarköy, AD 1719 May 25 major earthquake 543–545

Peč, AD 1662 February 11 earthquake 496

Peçin, AD 1631 earthquake 480

Pella, AD 551 earthquake 202

Peloponnese

AD 365 July 21 earthquake and sea wave 151–156

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

AD 1748 earthquake and sea wave 571–572

AD 1754 June 15 earthquake 577

AD 1756 October 20 earthquake 581

AD 1805 July 3 earthquake 623–624

AD 1810 February 16 earthquake 625–627

AD 1817 January 1 earthquake 629

AD 1820 December 29 earthquake 631–632

AD 1837 August earthquake 650

AD 1867 September 19 earthquake 719

AD 1886 August 27 lower crust earthquake 751–752

AD 1898 June 2 earthquake 789–790

AD 1899 January 22 earthquake and sea wave 790–791

Pelusium, c.20 BC sea wave 104

Peqini, AD 1897 February 3 earthquake 787

Pera, AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 422–433

Perast

AD 1631 earthquakes 480

AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 502–511

Pergamum

See Bergama

Perinthus

c.427 BC earthquake 82–83

399–395 BC December earthquake 85–86

Peristasis, AD 1766 August 5 earthquake 595–596

Persia

AD 368 spurious earthquake 157

AD 1493 January 16 earthquake 16, 17

Perushtitsa, AD 1892 September 25 earthquake 764

Petra

AD c.110–114 earthquake 122

AD 551 earthquake 201–202

Pharos, Alexandria

AD 796 April earthquake 238

AD 951 September 15 earthquake 252

AD 956 earthquake 253

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357, 360

AD 1326 dilapidated state 365

AD 1373 collapse 376

Pharsalus, 510 BC collapse of building 80

Philadelphia

AD 17 earthquake 105–108

AD 1212 June 22 earthquake 338

Philippi

AD 51 earthquake 115

AD c.598 earthquake 217

AD 1829 April 11 earthquake 640

Philomede

AD 529 earthquake 194, 195

AD c.530 earthquake 195

Phoenice Maritima, AD 551 July earthquake and sea wave 199–203

Phrygia

AD 447 January 26 earthquake 165–168

AD 494 earthquake 177

Piano di Mettine, Italy, landslip 54

Pilo, AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 501–511

Pinarit, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Pindos, AD 1514 earthquake 436

Pirdop

AD 1894 July 8 earthquake 773

AD 1896 June 12 earthquake 785

Pirem, AD 1896 February 22 earthquake 784

Pirgos

AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

AD 1837 August earthquake 650

AD 1840 December 30 earthquake 653

AD 1841 December 31 earthquake 654

AD 1842 February 3 earthquake 654

AD 1849 earthquake 666

Plain of Adana, AD 1114 November 13 earthquake 282–283

Plakounta, AD 1412 February 23 landslide 386

plate tectonics xi, 815–820, 817, 819, 821

Ploce, AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 501–511

Plovdiv

AD 1718 June 16 earthquakes 542–543

AD 1750 August 17 earthquake 573

AD 1811 January earthquake 627

AD 1818 earthquake 630–631

AD 1855 April 3 earthquake 680

AD 1858 September 10 earthquake 690

AD 1859 earthquakes 695

AD 1873 August 8 earthquake 736

AD 1880 December 22 earthquake 745

AD 1882 June 10 earthquake 748

AD 1884 December 9 earthquake 750

AD 1890 May 10 earthquake 761

AD 1891 June 27 earthquake 763

AD 1892 October 5 earthquake 764

AD 1899 earthquakes 792, 795

Podgoritsa, AD 1876 June 5 earthquake 742

Poemanenum, <AD 160 earthquake 132–133

Pogoni, AD 1894 July 16 earthquake 779

Poland, AD 1443–1444 earthquake 392

Polybotus

AD 529 earthquake 194, 195

AD c.530 earthquake 195

Pompeii, AD 62 February 5 earthquake 2, 117

Pompeiopolis

AD 527 earthquake 189

AD 529 eathquake 193–195

Pondilo Islands, AD 1758 May earthquake 582

Pontus

AD 499 September earthquake 177–178

AD 529 eathquake 194–195

Poros, AD 1837 March 20 earthquake 649

Port Said, AD 1868 February 20 earthquake 720

Potamuz, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Potidaea, 479 BC sea wave 81

Prague formula 824–825

Preveza

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

AD 1825 January 19 destructive earthquake 637–638

AD 1826 January 26 earthquake 639

AD 1860 earthquakes 698

AD 1870 December 28 earthquake 730

AD 1889 March 21 earthquake 757

AD 1891 June 27 earthquake 763

Prieni, c.350 BC earthquake 89

Princes’ Islands

AD 1862 October 7 earthquake 706

AD 1894 July 10 earthquake 9, 775, 778

Pringipos, AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 425–433

Prinkes, AD 1344 January 3 earthquake 370

Prirod, AD 1749 March 22 earthquake 572

Priština, AD <1665 earthquake 499

Prizren, Kosovo

AD 1456 earthquake 395

AD 1594 May 16 earthquake 469

Proconnesus, AD 1265 August 346

Prusa

AD 1143 November 26 earthquake 297

AD 1400 January earthquake 380, 381

AD 1419 March 15–17 earthquake 387–388

See also Bursa

Psara

AD 1865 November 12 earthquake 711

AD 1890 earthquakes 761

AD 1891 September 24 earthquake 768

Ptolemais

139 BC sea wave 95

AD 365 July 21 earthquake 152, 153

See also Acre

Puturge, AD 1897 June 28 earthquake 788

Pylio, AD 1493 October 18 earthquake 411–413

Pytane, AD 105–106 earthquake 121

Qairawan, Tunisia

AD 912 earthquake 250

AD 1041 earthquake 266

Qalat al Mudiq

See Apamea

Qalat al-Rum, AD 1344 January 3 earthquake 370

Qalinqala

See Erzurum

qanats, Dasht-e Bayaz 18, 19, 20, 21

Qaqun, AD 1293 January earthquake 353

Qastel, AD 1705 November 23 earthquake 533

Qeitule, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584–586

Qilliq, AD 1872 April 3 earthquake 733–734

Qinnesrin

AD 713 February 28 earthquake 224–225

AD 973 or 976 earthquake 255

Qumran, water cistern damage 99–102

Qunaitra

AD 1759 earthquakes 583, 585

Qus

AD 997 spurious earthquake 258

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357, 360

Raban

AD 952 earthquake 252–253

AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 284–291

Raban Hormizd monastery, AD 1666 September 22 earthquake 500

Radovitsi, AD 1833 June 22 earthquake 642

Ragusa

See Dubrovnik

Ramat Rahel, AD 551 earthquake 202

Ramla

AD 1033 December 5 earthquake 261–264

AD 1047 earthquake 267

AD 1068 earthquakes 273–276

AD 1293 January earthquake 353

AD 1458 November 16 earthquake 396–397

AD 1546 January 14 earthquake 444–451

Raqqa

AD 860 January earthquake 243–244

AD 1138 opening of ground 295

Rashayya, AD 1899 February 10 earthquake 791

Red Sea

AD 1588 earthquakes 467, 468

Redestos, AD 1354 March 1 earthquake 372–375

reinforced concrete buildings 45, 46, 47, 48, 49

Reisidere, AD 1884 November 12 earthquake 750

Reşadiye, AD 1875 April 23 earthquake 739

Resen

AD 1893 June 2 earthquake 769

AD 1896 June 15 earthquake 785

Resurrection earthquake 11–12

Rethymnon

AD 1525 February 16 earthquake 438

AD 1595 November 26 earthquake 469–470

AD 1646 January 5 earthquake 485

AD 1681 January 1 earthquake 520

AD 1805 July 3 earthquake 623

AD 1810 February 16 earthquake 625–627

Rhagae, Iran, c.<280 BC earthquake 89–90

Rhegium, AD 557 December 14 earthquake 198, 208–211

Rhodes

c.227 BC earthquake 91–92

c.198 BC earthquake 92–93

AD 53 earthquake 115–116

AD c.115? earthquake 125

AD 142 earthquake and sea wave 128–131

AD 344 earthquake 143–144

AD <478 September earthquake 176

AD 515 earthquake 180

AD 1303 August 8 earthhquake 356, 359, 361

AD 1366 April 30 earthquake 376

AD 1481 earthquakes 399–404, 402

AD 1513 March 28 earthquake 434

AD 1570 earthquake 460

AD 1609 April earthquake and sea wave 474

AD 1616 earthquake 476

AD 1660 October earthquake and wind 494

AD 1686 earthquake 522

AD 1714 earthquake 540

AD 1717 earthquake 542

AD 1741 January 31 earthquake 556–557

AD 1756 February 13 earthquake 581

AD 1776 September 18 earthquake 606

AD 1851 earthquakes 668–669, 671

AD 1853 November 8 earthquake 675

AD 1855 earthquakes 680, 682

AD 1856 October 12 earthquake 684

AD 1857 earthquakes 686, 687, 688

AD 1858 May 16 earthquakes 689

AD 1859 earthquakes 692, 695

AD 1860 January 7 earthquake 696

AD 1863 earthquakes 706–708

AD 1864 earthquakes 708, 709

AD 1865 earthquakes 709, 710

AD 1866 earthquakes 712, 715

AD 1869 April 18 earthquake 721

AD 1874 November 16 earthquake 739

AD 1878 December 31 earthquake 744

AD 1896 October 27 lower-crust earthquake 786

Richter scale

See Gutenberg and Richter scale

Rijeka, AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 501–511

Rila

AD 1868 October 4 earthquake 721

AD 1874 May 5 earthquake 738

Ristovać, AD 1755 February 15 earthquake 580

Roman Empire, AD 641–668 earthquake 221

Rosetta

AD 1609 April earthquake 474

AD 1698 October 2 earthquake 528

AD 1810 February 16 earthquake 625–627

Roum fault 648, 833, 834

Roumeli, AD 1580 earthquake 465

rubble-masonry buildings 39, 50

Rum, AD 1837 aftershocks 649, 650

Rumkale, AD 1344 January 3 earthquake 370

Safa, AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

Safad

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357, 361

AD 1366 October earthquake 376

AD 1759 October 30 earthquake 583, 584

Safar, AD 1293 January earthquake 353

Safed, AD 1889 August 23 earthquake 758

Safet, AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 646, 648

Safina, Lebanon, AD 1684 earthquake or landslide 521

Safitha

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 316–325

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1287 February 16 earthquake 351

Safranbolu, AD 1896 April 1 earthquake 784

Sagalassos

AD c.500 earthquake 179

AD c.670 earthquake 223

Saida

AD 1609 April earthquake 474

AD 1759 October 30 earthquake 583

St Catherine monastery, Sinai, AD 1839 earthquake 651

St James monastery, AD 1840 July 2 catastrophic earthquake 652–653

St Maura

AD 1502 August 25 earthquake 416

AD 1515 April 6 earthquake 436

AD 1611 October 2 earthquake 474–475

AD 1613 October 2 earthquake 476

AD 1625 June 18 earthquake 477–478

AD 1630 July 4 earthquake 479

AD 1722 June 5 earthquakes 545–546

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

AD 1770 January earthquake 604

AD 1783 March earthquakes 610, 611–612

AD 1804 June 8 earthquake 623

AD 1820 earthquakes 631

AD 1825 January earthquakes 637–638

St Saba monastery, AD 1605 January 8 earthquake 472

St Sophia church, Nicosia

AD 1267 earthquake 347

AD 1269 earthquake 348–349

St Thaddeus monastery, Maku

AD 1319 earthquake 364

AD 1696 earthquakes 527–528

Saizar, AD 1760 October 13 earthquakes 587

Sakha, AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357, 360

Salamina, Cyprus, AD 1491 April 24 earthquake 407–411

Salamis, Cyprus

AD 76 earthquake 119

AD 293–306 earthquake 139

AD 331 September-332 August earthquake 141

AD 341 earthquake 142–143

AD 1577 January 28 earthquake 462–463

Salamis, Palestine, 44–32 BC spurious earthquake 98, 99

Salamiya, AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 305, 307

Salihiyah, AD 1705 November 23 earthquake 533

Salmas

AD 1837 June earthquake 650

AD 1894 June 20 earthquake 773

Salona

AD 1402 August 30 earthquake 380–382

AD 1580 earthquake 465

Saltuham, AD 1408 December 29 earthquake 384–385

Samaria, AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

Samb, AD 1406 November 29 earthquake 384

Samokovo

AD 1789 September 2 earthquake 615

AD 1866 earthquakes 715

AD 1867 February 23 earthquake 717

Samos

201–197 BC earthquake 92

AD c.46–47 earthquake 113–114

AD 1733 December 23 earthquake 550

AD 1739 April 4 earthquake 554–555

AD 1751 June 18 earthquake 573

AD 1766 August 1 earthquake 595

AD 1804 October 8 earthquake 623

AD 1817 October 30 earthquake 630

AD 1831 April 3 earthquake 641

AD 1845 October 9 earthquake 659

AD 1846 July 3 earthquake 662

AD 1855 February 18 earthquake 677

AD 1860 August 22 earthquake 697

AD 1861 January 20 earthquake 698

AD 1863 August 29 earthquake 708

AD 1865 earthquakes 710, 711

AD 1866 April 25 earthquake 712

AD 1868 earthquakes 720

AD 1869 earthquakes 721

AD 1870 earthquakes 723, 729

AD 1872 earthquakes 734, 735

AD 1873 earthquakes 735

AD 1874 earthquakes 737, 738

AD 1875 earthquakes 739, 740, 741

AD 1876 earthquakes 742

AD 1877 October 13 earthquake 743

AD 1878 earthquakes 743

AD 1879 earthquakes 744

AD 1880 September 12 earthquake 745

AD 1893 May 20 earthquake 768

Samosata

AD 569 October-570 September earthquake 213

AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 284–291

Samothraki

AD 1860 August 22 earthquake 697

AD 1893 February 9 earthquake 765–766

Samsun

AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

AD 1851 February 25 earthquake 668

AD 1856 February 23 earthquake 683

AD 1858 May 28 earthquake 689

AD 1859 March 23 earthquake 692

Samtzkhe, AD 1283 April 17 earthquake 350–351

Sancak Burnu fort, AD 1688 July 10 earthquake 523–524

Sandikli, AD 1862 November earthquakes 706

Sangarius River, AD 1296 July 17 earthquake 354

Santorini

198 BC volcanic eruption 92, 93–94

AD 46 July 6 volcanic eruption 112–113

AD 726 March volcanic eruption 226

AD 1507 spurious earthquake 417

AD 1508 May 29 earthquake 417–422

AD 1570 earthquake 460

AD 1573 volcanic eruption 461

AD 1650 March-December eruption 487–491

AD >1666 July volcanic eruption 499–500

AD 1706 November earthquake 534

AD 1707 earthquakes and eruption 535

AD 1708 February 9 earthquake 536

AD 1711 September 14 earthquake 538

AD 1712 earthquake 538

AD 1773 January 10 volcanic eruption 605

AD 1810 February 16 earthquake 627

AD 1843 June 13 earthquake 656

AD 1866 February 1 volcanic eruption 711

AD 1870 April 27 volcanic eruption 723

catastrophism 10

Sapança

AD 1719 May 25 major earthquake 543–545

AD 1878 earthquakes 743

Sarayköy, AD 1896 February 14 earthquake 784

Sardis, AD 17 earthquake 105–108

Sarepta, AD 551 July earthquake 199–203


Sarikamiş

AD 1874 earthquakes 736–738

AD 1875 March 27 earthquake 739

AD 1899 February 8 earthquake 791

Sarin fortress, AD 706 earthquake 224

Saronic Gulf

263–221 BC volcanic eruption 90–91

480 BC earthquake 81

Saros

AD 1756 November 26 earthquake 581–582

AD 1893 February 9 earthquake 765–766

See also Gulf of Saros

Saros-Marmara fault zone, AD 1912 August 9 earthquake 18

Sarvandikar fortress, AD 1269 earthquake 348–349

Sassaa, AD 1759 October 30 earthquake 583, 584

Sasun, AD 1866 June 13 earthquake 715

Satmanis, AD 1715 March 8 earthquake 540

Sayda, AD 1899 January 25 earthquake 791

Sazan Island, AD 1833 January 19 earthquake and sea wave 642

Scarpantos, AD 1756 February 13 earthquake 581

Scarpheia, AD 551 sea wave 204

Schisma, AD 551 earthquake 203–205

Scupi, Macedonia, AD 518 earthquake 180–181

Scutari

AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 502–511

AD 1780 September 21 earthquake 609

AD 1862 October 7 earthquake 706

Sea of Marmara

c.427 BC earthquake 82–83

c.360 BC earthquake 88

AD 123 November 10 earthquake 126

AD 478 September 24 earthquake and sea wave 174–176

AD 484 earthquake 176–177

AD 554 August 16 earthquake 206–207

AD 557 December earthquakes 208–211

AD 740 October 26 earthquake 227–229

AD 823 October earthquake 240

AD 989 October 26 earthquake 256–257

AD 1032 August 13 earthquake 260–261

AD 1063 September 23 earthquake 270–272

AD 1231 March 11 earthquake 341

AD 1343 October 18 earthquakes and sea wave 367–369

AD 1344 November 6 earthquake 370–371

AD 1354 March 1 earthquake 372–375

AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 8, 422–433

AD 1556 May 10 earthquake 454–455

AD 1719 May 25 major earthquake 543–545

AD 1766 earthquakes 590–593, 595–596

AD 1862 October 7 earthquake 706

AD 1871 October 8 earthquake 731

AD 1872 January 12 earthquake 732

AD 1877 October 13 earthquake 743

AD 1889 May 17 earthquake 757–758

AD 1894 earthquakes 774, 778, 780

AD 1895 earthquakes 781, 782

AD 1896 earthquakes 783, 784

AD 1912 August 9 earthquake 18

frequency-magnitude distribution 835–836

Sea of Thrace, AD 1864 June 14 earthquake 709

sea waves, seismic 58–59

Sebinkarahisar, AD 1876 May 13 earthquake 741–742

Seddülbahir, AD 1773–1774 earthquake 605

seismicity

long-term 828–838

plate tectonics 815–820

seismographs 822–823

pendulum 822

seismology stations 823

seismometers 822

Sejar, AD 1852 October 16 earthquake 673

Seleucia

AD 526 May 29 earthquake 184–189

AD 528 November 29 earthquake 189, 190, 191

AD 558 June earthquake 211–212

Seres

AD 1768 April 3 earthquake 600–601

AD 1868 October 19 earthquake 721

AD 1869 April 9 earthquake 721

AD 1872 September 14 earthquake 735

Sergaya, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584–586

Seriphos, AD 1733 December 23 earthquake 549–550

Serres, AD 1829 May 5 earthquake 640

Servia, AD 1695 September 26 earthquake 527

Sesola, AD 1825 January 19 earthquake 638

Seven Towers, Istanbul

AD 1754 earthquakes 577–579, 578, 580

Sevenit, AD 1719 May 25 major earthquake 543–545

Sfakia, AD 365 July 21 earthquake and sea wave 152

Shaad, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 583–586

Shahrizur

AD 1226 November 18 earthquake 340

AD 1311 earthquake 363

Shaizar

AD 1157 earthquakes 303–311

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 316–325

AD 1661 earthquake 496

Shalimar, AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 304–311

Shamakha, AD 1191–1192 earthquake 326

Sharon Valley, AD 747–9? earthquake or liquifaction 235

shear, en echelon 22, 23, 24

Shih fort, AD 1138 October 11 earthquake 295–296

Shikaghi, AD 1822 August 13 earthquake 633–635

Shilfatiya, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake and landslide 585

Shirakavan, AD 1016 earthquake 260

Shkoder

AD 1853 July 25 earthquake 674

AD 1854 January 15 earthquake 676

AD 1855 earthquakes 681, 682

AD 1864 October 13 earthquake 709

Shoughr monastery, AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 284–291

Shoumen, AD 1887 January 24 earthquake 752


Shugr-Bekas, AD 1408 December 29 earthquake 384–385

Shumimis, AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 305

Šibenik, AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 501–511

Sichem, AD 1546 January 14 earthquake 444–451

Sicily

AD 361 June earthquake 147

AD 365 July 21 earthquake 152

AD 1021 earthquake 260

AD 1429 November 10 earthquake 390

AD 1693 January 11 earthquake 525

Sicyone, AD 141–142 earthquake 128

Sidirokastro, AD 1843 April 21 earthquake 656

Sidon

c.198 BC earthquake 93

AD 303 April 2 earthquake 140

AD 502 earthquake 179

AD 551 July earthquake 199–203

AD 1815 April 1 earthquake 629

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 645

Sidqa, AD 713 February 28 earthquake 224–225

Silakhor, AD 1909 earthquake 17

Silifke

AD 1884 September 21 earthquake 750

AD 1891 October 2 earthquake 763

Silivri

AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 422–433

AD 1766 August 5 earthquake 595–596

Simav, AD 1728 September 16 earthquake 548

Simi, AD 1869 April 18 earthquake 721

simultaneity 57

Sinai

AD 1068 March 18 earthquake 272, 274

AD 1091 February 12 earthquake 278

AD 1212 May 1 earthquake 337–338

AD 1588 January 4 earthquake 467

AD 1814 June 27 earthquake 628

AD 1879 July 11 earthquake and sea wave 744

Sinjar, AD 1887 May 23 earthquake 753

Sinop

AD 1847 April 11 earthquake 662

AD 1880 March landslide 744

Sipandag, AD c.340 volcanic eruption 142

Siphnos, AD 1733 December 23 earthquake 549–550

Sirak, AD 1320 earthquake 364

Sirtsi

AD 1853 earthquakes 674–675

Sis, AD 1269 earthquake 348–349

Sistos, AD 484 earthquake 176–177

Sitifis, Algeria, AD 419 earthquake 162

Siunikh, AD 1320 earthquake 364

Siusdt, AD 1661 March 20 earthquake 494–496

Sivas

AD 1254 May 2 earthquake 343

AD 1695 January 11 earthquake 527

AD 1889 earthquakes 757, 758, 760

AD 1899 September 17 earthquake 792

Siwa oasis, AD 1811 spurious earthquake 627–628

Skafidia, AD 1752 December 25 earthquake 576

Skiathos

AD 1674 March 10 earthquake 518

AD 1868 October 3 earthquake 721

Skiros, AD 1853 September 29 earthquake 675

Skopelos AD 1867 October 22 earthquake 719

Skopje

AD 1555 earthquake 453–454

AD 1871 March 17 earthquake 730

AD 1893 March 15 earthquake 768

AD 1896 May 10 earthquake 785

AD 1963 July 26 earthquake 34, 48

Skutari, AD 1444 August earthquake 392–393

Skyros c.550 BC earthquake 79–80

Smyrna

AD c.42 earthquake 112

AD c.46–47 earthquake 113–114

AD c.155 earthquake 131–132, 133

AD 178–179 earthquake 133–135

AD 1040 February 2 earthquake 265–266

AD 1389 March 20 earthquake 378–379

See also Izmir

Sodom, Judaea, 2100–1700 BC earthquake 62–65

Sofia

AD 1553 St Sophia church ruined 452

AD 1558 earthquake 456

AD 1618 August earthquake 476

AD 1687 November 2 earthquake 522

AD 1710 March 11 earthquake 537

AD 1806 October 22 earthquake 624

AD 1818 earthquakes 630

AD 1848 earthquakes 665

AD 1858 earthquakes 690–691

AD 1859 earthquakes 692, 696

AD 1861 May 17 earthquake 698

AD 1866 earthquakes 715, 716

AD 1870 January 17 earthquake 723

AD 1873 July 8 earthquake 736

AD 1881 August 19 earthquake 747

AD 1883 earthquakes 748

AD 1886 April 5 earthquake 751

AD 1894 November 16 earthquake 780

Söke

AD 1834 July 25 earthquake 643

AD 1893 February 28 earthquake 766

Soloviev scale 824

Soma

AD 1296 July 17 earthquake 354

AD 1891 November 13 earthquake 763–764

Sopitsa, AD 1852–1854 earthquakes 677

source material 1–4

Spaides, AD 1853 August 18 earthquake 674–675

Sparta

c.550 BC earthquake 79

469–463 BC earthquake 79, 81–82

413–412 BC earthquake 85

AD 1673 February 6 earthquake 516


Spinalonga

AD 1681 January 1 earthquake 520

AD 1769 December earthquake 603

AD 1779 December 6 earthquake 608–609

Srednogorie, AD 1898 March 21 earthquake 789

Stanchio, fable 516

See also Cos

Stanke Dimitrov, AD 1866 December 19 earthquake 716

Stara Zagora

AD 1852 March 13 earthquake 671

AD 1853 October 4 earthquake 675

AD 1893 April 5 earthquake 768

Stavrovouni, Cyprus, AD <1521 August 22 earthquake 437

Stemnitsa, AD 1783 March 9 earthquake 611

Stobi, AD c.300 earthquake 140

Ston, AD 1822 December 22 earthquake 636

stone masonry buildings 38, 41–42, 46, 50, 199, 775

Stratonicea, AD 142 earthquake and sea wave 128–129

Struga, AD 1896 January 20 earthquake 783

Struma

AD 1714 earthquakes 539

AD 1843 April 21 earthquake 656

AD 1849 December 23 earthquake 666

AD 1894 November 26 earthquake 780–781

AD 1895 December 2 earthquake 783

Strumica, AD 1894 July 21 earthquake 779

Studenitsa monastery, AD 1609 earthquake 474

subduction

Antalya-Cyprus seismic zone 820

Hellenic Trench 815, 816, 818

oceanic crust 815

Subukia Valley, Kenya, coseismic faulting 24, 25

Suda, Crete

AD 1595 November 26 earthquake 469–470

AD 1681 January 1 earthquake 520

Sudak, Crimea, AD 1292 January 28 earthquake 353

Suez

AD 1814 June 27 earthquake 628

See also Gulf of Suez

Suez Canal, AD 1868 February 20 earthquake 720

Sufkuz, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Sulaimaniyyeh, AD 1802 earthquake 622–623

Suli

AD 1823 earthquakes 636

AD 1854 July 30 earthquake 676

Sultan Mehmed II mosque

AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 422–433

AD 1556 May 10 earthquake 454–455

AD 1754 September 2 earthquake 578–579

AD 1766 May 22 earthquake 590–593

AD 1766 November 23 earthquake 597

Sultan Selim mosque

AD 1766 November 9 earthquake 597

AD 1767 January 12 earthquake 597

Sultanhisar

AD 1653 February 22 earthquake 491–492

AD 1737 March 6 earthquake 552–553

See also Çanakkale

Sunisa, AD 1477 earthquake 398

Sur

AD 1063 August earthquake 269–270

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 645, 648

Surb Karapet monastery

AD 601 April 2 earthquake 217–218

AD 1362–1363 earthquake and eclipse 376

AD 1709 earthquake 537

surface wave magnitude 28

Suşehri

AD 1254 October 11 earthquake 343–344

AD 1899 August 13 earthquake 792

Suweidia, AD 1823 February 11 earthquake 636

Svilengrad

AD 1893 July 7 earthquake 770

AD 1895 October 6 earthquake 782

Symi, AD 1856 October 12 earthquake 684

Syria

92 BC February 28 spurious earthquake 96

69–66 BC earthquake 96–97

AD c.431 earthquakes 163

AD c.476 September earthquake 174

AD 551 July 9 earthquake and sea wave 199–203

AD 565 June spurious earthquake 212

AD 592 March 19 earthquake and solar eclipse 216

AD 613–622 earthquake 218

AD 713 February 28 earthquake 224–225

AD 717 December 24 earthquake 225–226

AD 723 December 24 earthquake 226

AD 747–9 earthquake 234, 235

AD 756 March 9 earthquake 238

AD 813–820 earthquake 239

AD 860 January 243–244

AD 956 earthquake 253

AD 963 July 22 spurious earthquake 253–254

AD 973 earthquake 255

AD 991 April 5 earthquake 257–258

AD 1003 earthquake 258

AD 1042 earthquake 266

AD 1063 August earthquake 269–270

AD 1091 September 26 earthquake 278–279

AD 1094 April 20-June 17 earthquake 279

AD 1108 September earthquake 281

AD 1138 October 11 earthquake 294–296

AD 1140 October 29 spurious earthquake 297

AD 1151 September 27 earthquake 297–298

AD 1156 earthquakes 300, 301–302

AD 1157 earthquakes 302, 303–311, 312

AD 1162 August earthquake 316

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 316–325

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357

AD 1323 earthquake and flooding 365

AD 1630 earthquake 479

AD 1819 February earthquake 631

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 645–649

Syros, AD 1837 March 20 earthquake 649

Syunik, AD 1406 November 29 earthquake 383–384

Tabriz

AD 1503 earthquake 416

AD 1646 April 7 earthquake 486

AD 1664 May 29 earthquake 498

AD 1851 March 14 earthquake 669

AD 1856 October 4 earthquake 683

Tabuk

AD 1068 March 18 new springs 272, 273, 274

AD 1588 January 4 earthquake 467

Tadmur, Syria, AD 1042 earthquake 266

Taima

AD 1068 March 18 new springs 272, 273, 274

AD 1157 September 6 earthquake 311–312

Tangiers, AD 881 May 16- earthquakes 246–247

Targuzlu

See Denizli

Tarom, AD 1784 July 18 earthquake 613–615

Taron

AD 1650 earthquake 491

AD 1670 August 12 earthquake 515

Tarrha, AD 365 July 21 earthquake and sea wave 152

Tarsus

AD 300 May 14 earthquake 139–140

AD 1855 January 16 earthquake 677

Tatev

AD 1406 November 29 earthquake 383–384

AD 1659 landslide or earthquake? 493

Tavsanlu, AD 1860 December 2 earthquake 698

Taxiarch, AD 1835 August 13 earthquake 643–644

Tayma, AD 1157 July 13 earthquake 303

Tbilisi

AD 1772 February 14 earthquake 604

AD 1805 February 21 earthquake 623

Tchaishi, Virgin Mary's church, AD 1614 earthquake 476

Teğut, AD 1881 May 30 earthquake 747

Tehran, ‘Furutan’ earthquake-proof buildings 46, 48, 53

Teichos castle

AD 1343 October 18 earthquake 367

AD 1344 November 6 earthquake 370–371

Tekirdağ

AD 1063 September 23 earthquake 270–272

AD 1659 February 17 earthquake 493

AD 1766 August 5 earthquake 595–596

AD 1865 July 15 earthquake 710

AD 1868 September 15 earthquake 721

AD 1869 earthquakes 721, 722

Tel Bashir

AD 1097 December 30 earthquake 279–280

AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 305, 307

Tell al Hama 70, 76

Tell Hamdun castle, AD 1269 earthquake 348–349

Tell Harran, AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 306, 309

Tell Khalid, AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 284–291

Telos, c.227 BC earthquake 91

Tempe, <420 BC earthquake 84

Tenedos

AD 484 earthquake 176–177

AD 1354 March 1 earthquake 372–375

AD 1766 earthquakes 590–593, 595–596

AD 1771 August 17 earthquake 604

Tepelene castle, AD 1701 March 25 aftershock 529

Teteven, AD 1848 May 30 earthquake 665

Tetovo, AD 1894 July 16 earthquake 779

Thasos

AD <1402 September rebuiding of castle 382

AD 1829 April 11 earthquake 640

Thebes

27 BC destruction (Egypt) 103

AD 1833 December 13 earthquake 642

See also Thiva

Theia, AD 46 July 6 eruption 112–113

Theloneum, AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 422–433

Thelseae, AD 216–245 spurious earthquake 135–136

Thera

See Santorini

Therapna monastery, Sparta, AD 1673 February 6 earthquake 516

Therasia, AD 726 March volcanic eruption 226

Thessaloniki

AD c.620 earthquake 218–219

AD 677 spurious earthquake 223

AD 700 February 28 spurious earthquake 224

AD 1420 July earthquake 388

AD 1430 March 26 earthquake 390

AD 1677 earthquake 518

AD <1706 September earthquake 534

AD 1714 earthquakes 539–540

AD 1715 earthquakes 541

AD 1719 earthquakes 545

AD 1737 March 6 earthquake 553

AD 1738 earthquakes 553

AD 1759 earthquakes 582–583

AD 1760 August earthquakes 586–587

AD 1761 March earthquakes 587

AD 1762 <May 2 earthquakes 588

AD 1765 <December 17 earthquake 589

AD 1766 January 15 earthquake 589

AD 1768 April 3 earthquake 600–601

AD 1783 September earthquake 613

AD 1829 May 5 earthquake 640

AD 1845 January 16 earthquake 659

AD 1846 September 21 earthquake 662

AD 1847 July 30 earthquake 663

AD 1849 December 23 earthquake 666

AD 1851 earthquakes 669–670, 671

AD 1853 August 10 earthquake 674

AD 1855 earthquakes 681, 682

AD 1856 earthquakes 683

AD 1857 February 3 earthquake 686

AD 1858 February 3 earthquake 688

AD 1859 earthquakes 692, 695

AD 1860 earthquakes 696, 697

AD 1864 earthquakes 709

AD 1865 May 27 earthquake 710

AD 1866 December 6 earthquake 716

AD 1869 earthquakes 722

AD 1870 April 15 earthquake 723

AD 1871 earthquakes 731

AD 1873 earthquakes 735, 736

AD 1875 earthquakes 741

AD 1876 May 24 earthquake 742

AD 1882 November 9 earthquake 748

AD 1885 June 30 earthquake 751

AD 1889 September 25 earthquake 758

AD 1893 December 6 earthquake 770

AD 1894 earthquakes 771, 780

AD 1897 December 13 earthquake 789

Thessaly

AD 1743 February 21 earthquake 569–570

AD 1781 September 8 earthquake 610

Thiva

AD 1321 earthquake 364–365

AD 1835 December 17 earthquake 644

AD 1853 earthquakes 674–675

AD 1854 earthquakes 676

AD 1872 February 26 earthquake 732

AD 1893 May 23 earthquake 768

See also Thebes

Thrace

AD 394 September earthquake 158

AD 460 April 7 earthquake 172

AD 476 spurious earthquake 174

AD 484 earthquake 176–177

AD 544 sea wave 197–198

AD 557 December 14 earthquake 208–211

AD 557 spurious sea wave 211

AD 823 October earthquake 240

AD 925 earthquake 251

AD 989 October 26 earthquake 256–257

AD 1542 June 12 spurious earthquake 440–441

AD 1871 October 8 earthquake 731

AD 1889 July 22 earthquake 758

AD 1893 August 7 earthquake 770

AD 1894 July 10 earthquake 777

Thracesium, AD 925 August 250–251

thrust-faulting

Dalmatian coast 816

Eastern Mediterranean 820

Thyatira, AD 6–13 earthquake 105

Tiberias

AD 747–749 earthquake 234–235, 236

AD 850–854 earthquake 242

AD 1759 October 30 earthquake 583

AD 1837 January 1 earthquake 646

Tibnin, AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

Tigris River

AD 1058 December 8 earthquake 268–269

AD 1134 November earthquake 294

timber reinforcement 40–41, 42, 52, 638

timber-frame construction 30, 42–44, 45, 46, 577, 782

Tinnis, AD 1068 March 18 earthquake 272, 274

Tire

AD 1653 February 22 earthquake 491–492

AD 1847 June 10 earthquake 662

Tlemsen, AD 881 May 16- earthquakes 246–247

T’mogvi, AD 1088 April 16 earthquake 277

Toghatap, Armenia, AD 1135 September 23 earthquake 294

Tokat

AD 1418 February 8–1419 January 27 earthquake 387

AD 1471 earthquake 398

AD 1498 earthquake 415

AD 1543 April 4 earthquake 441

AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

AD 1776 December 29 earthquake 606

AD 1825 August earthquake 639

Topkapi Palace

AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 422–433

AD 1556 May 10 earthquake 454–455

AD 1754 earthquakes 578–579, 580

AD 1766 May 22 earthquake 590–593

Topolovgrad, AD 1899 May 8 earthquake 791

Tortum

AD 1766 October 9 earthquake 597

AD 1875 October 20 earthquake 740–741

AD 1889 August 2 mud flow 758

Trabzon

AD 1851 February 25 earthquake 668

AD 1853 April earthquake 673

AD 1861 November 2 earthquake 699

AD 1890 September 28 earthquake 762

Tralles, 27–24 BC earthquake 102–103

Transylvania

AD 1620 November 8 earthquake 477

AD 1802 October 26 earthquake 622

AD 1829 November 26 earthquake 641

AD 1838 January 23 earthquake 650

Triers, AD 551 July earthquake 199–203

Trihaleth, AD 1114 November 29 earthquake 285–291

Trikala

AD 1665 October 30 earthquake 499

AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

AD 1771 June 22 earthquake 604

AD 1854 spurious earthquake 677

Tripoli

AD 455 September earthquake 168

AD 1063 August earthquake 269–270

AD 1170 June 29 earthquake 318–325

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327

AD 1339 January earthquake 366

AD 1408 December 29 earthquake 384–385

AD 1656 earthquake (Libya) 492

AD <1706 December earthquake 534

AD 1752 July 21 spurious earthquake 574

AD 1759 October 30 earthquake and sea wave 583

AD 1764 February 14 earthquake 588

AD 1783 July 20 earthquakes 613

Tripolis

AD 494 earthquake 177

AD 551 July earthquake 199–203

AD 1157 August 12 earthquake 305, 309

Tripolitsa, AD 1810 February 17 aftershock 627

Trizina, AD 1837 earthquakes 649–650

Trizonia, AD 1817 August earthquake 629–630

Trnovo

AD 1849 earthquakes 665

AD 1890 December 9 earthquake 762

Trogir, AD 1667 April 6 earthquake 501–511

Troodos Mountains, Cyprus, AD 1735 April 10–11 destructive earthquake 550–552

Troy

AD 1864 March 12 earthquake 709

AD 1882 April 1 earthquake 748

Troyan monastery, AD 1837 January 10 earthquake 649

Trsteno, AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 501–511

Trypia, AD 1861 December 26 earthquake 701, 701

Tsirkovista, AD 1813 December 10 earthquake 628

tsunamis

See sea waves, seismic

Tunisia

AD 981 November earthquake 256

AD 1041 earthquake 266

Turğutlu, AD 1771 earthquakes 604

Turkey

AD 1756 August earthquake 581

AD 1772 March earthquake 604–605

AD 1794 July 3 earthquake 620

deformation 820

Tvurditsa, AD 1892 July 8 earthquake 764

Tyre

AD 303 April 2 earthquake 140

AD 502 earthquake 179

AD 551 July earthquake 199–203

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327–337

Tyrnavos, AD 1743 February 21 earthquake 569–570

Tzakli, AD 1751 June 18 earthquake 573

Tzouroullos

See Çorlu

Ulcinj

AD 1444 August earthquake 392–393

AD 1520 May 17 earthquake 437

AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 500–511

AD 1697 <May earthquake 528

AD <1715 earthquake 541

Ulubat, AD 1850 April 19 earthquake 667

Ummayad Mosque

AD 1202 May 20 earthquake 327, 330

AD 1303 August 8 earthquake 357, 361

AD 1705 November 23 earthquake 533

AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 585

Urla

AD 1869 October 31 earthquake 722

AD 1872 October 3 earthquake 735

AD 1884 January 20 earthquake 749

AD 1894 July 9 earthquake 774

Uşak

AD 1866 September 22 earthquake 715

AD 1875 earthquakes 739, 740

Ustovo, AD 1862 January 1 earthquake 705

Uzziah's earthquake 68–70

Valcelir, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Valona

AD 1503 June 17 earthquake 416

AD 1833 January 19 earthquake 642

AD 1851 October 12 earthquake 670–671

AD 1856 earthquakes 683, 685

AD 1857 earthquakes 686, 687

AD 1858 earthquakes 688, 689, 690, 691, 692

AD 1859 earthquakes 695, 696

AD 1860 earthquakes 697, 698

AD 1861 earthquakes 698

AD 1862 March 27 earthquake 706

AD 1866 earthquakes 712, 714, 715

AD 1866 January 2 spurious earthquake and sea wave 711

AD 1868 earthquakes 720

AD 1869 earthquakes 721, 722

AD 1871 earthquakes 730, 731, 732

AD 1873 March 15 earthquake 735

AD 1891 August earthquake 763

AD 1894 June 9 earthquake 773

AD 1895 October 4 earthquake 782

AD 1896 May 4 earthquake 785

Valoni, AD 1439 earthquake 391

Van

AD 1646 April 7 earthquake 486–487

AD 1682 May 19 earthquake 521

AD 1692 earthquakes 524–525

AD 1701 earthquakes 529

AD 1705 January 13 earthquake 531

AD 1707 July 5 earthquake 535

AD 1715 March 8 earthquake 540

AD 1851 March 14 earthquake 669

AD 1856 October 4 earthquake 683

AD 1891 February 6 earthquake 762

AD 1896 earthquakes 783, 784

Varag

AD 1581 earthquake 465

AD 1646 April 7 earthquake 486–487

Varag Mountain, AD 1670 August 12 landslide 515

Varlaam monastery, Meteora, AD 1735 August 21 earthquake 552

Varna

AD 1443–1444 earthquake and diverted rivers 392

AD 1858 January 8 earthquake 688

Varto, AD 1966 August 19 earthquake 15, 26, 39, 42


Vasilika, AD 1677 earthquake 518

Vaspurakan

AD 1111 earthquake? and meteorite fall 281

AD 1646 April 7 earthquake 486–487

AD 1692 violent earthquake 524–525

AD 1707 July 5 earthquake 535

Vatopedi monastery, Mt Athos

AD 1456 November 19 earthquake 395

AD 1585 June 28 earthquake 466–467

Vayocjor, Armenia

AD 735 earthquake 227

AD 906–910 earthquake 250

Velbuska Banja

See Kjustendil

Velventos, AD 1695 September 26 earthquake 527

Venice

AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 503–511

source material 4, 356, 358–359

Venzone, Italy, 1976 May 6 earthquake 41, 43

Veroia

AD 896–904 earthquake 249

AD 1200 earthquake 327

Versame, AD 1835 August 13 earthquake 643–644

Vesuvius

AD 472 eruption 173

AD 1631 December 6 eruption 480

Veziköprü, AD 1776 December 29 earthquake 606

Vienna, AD 1768 March 7 earthquake 600

Vitosha, AD 1894 September 19 earthquake 780

Vitriniza, AD 1861 December 26 earthquake and sea wave 702, 704

Vlachia, AD 1544 April 24 earthquake 441–444

Vladuth, AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Vlore

See Valona

Vonitsa, AD 1709 March 13 earthquake 536–537

Vonizza, AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

Vorotnavank monastery, AD 1406 November 29 earthquake 384

Vostitse, AD 1742 February 25 earthquake 559–562

Vostiza

AD 1402 August 30 earthquake 380–382

AD 1748 May 25 earthquake 571–572

AD 1817 August earthquake 629–630

Voukellari, AD 1035 May earthquake 264–265

Vranje, AD 1755 February 15 earthquake 580

Vratsista, AD 1833 June 22 destruction 642

vulnerability

buildings xii–xiii, 37–49, 55, 648

ground 49–52, 648

Wadi al-Qura, AD 1068 March earthquake 272, 273

Wadi al-Safra, AD 1068 March earthquake 272, 273

Wall of Anastasius, AD 557 earthquake 209

Wasit

AD 973 earthquake 255

AD 1063 August earthquake 269–270

Xanthi

AD 1829 earthquakes 640–641

AD 1861 November 2 earthquake 699

AD 1863 September 2 earthquake 708

AD 1864 June 11 earthquake 709

Xeropotamou monastery, AD 1280 earthquake 350

Xizan

See Hizan

Xylokastro

AD 1402 August 30 earthquake 380–382

AD 1894 March 26 earthquake 771

Yabrud, AD 1705 November 23 earthquake 533

Yalova

AD 1719 May 25 major earthquake 543–545

AD 1859 October 20 earthquake 696

Yambol, AD 1897 October 28 earthquake 788

Yammouneh fault 832–834

Yedikule

AD 1766 earthquakes 590–593, 595–596

AD 1894 July 10 earthquake 776

Yemen

AD 746–9 earthquakes 235

AD 1982 December 13 earthquake 41, 42

Yenice, AD 1899 March 29 earthquake 791

Yenisea

AD 1645 landslide 485

AD 1829 earthquakes 640

AD 1842 July 12 earthquake 655

AD 1864 June 14 earthquake 709

Yenisehir Kalesi, AD 1825 August earthquake 639

Yiali, AD 1493 October 18 earthquake 411–413

Yoros Kalesi, AD 1509 September 10 earthquake 422–433

Yozğat

AD 1862 August 28 earthquake 706

AD 1871 earthquakes 730, 731

AD 1873 February 12 earthquake 735

AD 1891 May earthquake 763

AD 1899 March 15 earthquake 791

yurts 46, 53

Zabrdowicz, AD 1443–1444 earthquake 392

Zacholi

AD 1402 August 30 earthquake 380–382

AD 1742 February 21 earthquake 558–559

Zadrine

AD 1855 July earthquakes 681, 682

Zagora, AD 1776 <March earthquake 606

Zakynthos

AD 1469 earthquake 397

AD 1513 earthquakes 434–435

AD 1521 August 16 earthquake 437

AD 1522 January earthquake 437

AD 1554 earthquake 453

AD 1580 earthquake 465

AD 1591 May 28 earthquke 468–469

AD 1600 September earthquakes 471

AD 1613 >January 12 earthquakes 475

AD 1622 May 5 earthquake 477

AD 1630 September earthquakes 479–480

AD 1633 November 5 earthquake 481

AD 1636 earthquakes 481–484

AD 1638 March 27 earthquake 484

AD 1662 March 16 earthquake 496–498, 497

AD 1672 November earthquakes 516

AD 1673 earthquake 517

AD 1676 >April 23 earthquakes 518

AD 1685 December 20 earthquake 521–522

AD 1696 September 4 earthquake 528

AD 1707 earthquakes 535

AD 1710 May 17 earthquake 538

AD 1716 May 10 earthquake 541

AD 1723 February 20 earthquake 546

AD 1725 February 8 earthquake 547

AD 1727 earthquake 547–548

AD 1729 July 8 earthquake 548–549

AD 1741 June 23 earthquake 557–558

AD 1742 February 25 earthquake 559–562

AD 1743 February 20 earthquake 562–569

AD 1752 June 1 earthquake 574

AD 1759 June 14 earthquake 582

AD 1766 July 22 destructive earthquake and whirlwind 593–595

AD 1767 earthquakes 598–600

AD 1775 April 16 earthquake 605

AD 1778 December 20 earthquake 607

AD 1780 June 10 violent earthquake 609

AD 1791 November earthquakes 616–619

AD 1804 June 8 earthquake 623

AD 1809 June 14 earthquake 625

AD 1810 June 22 earthquake 627

AD 1811 earthquake 627

AD 1820 December 29 earthquake 631–632

AD 1821 January 6 aftershock 632

AD 1825 October 15 earthquake 639

AD 1835 July 12 earthquake 643

AD 1840 October 30 earthquake 653

AD 1841 February 26 earthquake 653

AD 1842 February 3 earthquake 654

AD 1854 July 29 earthquake 676

AD 1873 October 22 earthquake 736

AD 1893 earthquakes 765, 768

Zante

See Zakynthos

Zara, AD 1668 August 17 earthquake 512–515

Zaranda, AD 1138 October 11 earthquake 295–296

Zaton, AD 1667 April 6 major earthquake 501–511

Zebdin, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584–586

Zebedani, AD 1759 November 25 earthquake 584–586

Zecharariah's earthquake 10–11, 68–78

Zedda, AD 1395 May 19 earthquake 379

Zephyria, AD 1738 July 19 earthquake 553

Zerna, AD 1766 March 26 earthquake 597

Zeytun, AD 1544 Jan earthquake 441

Zgharta, AD 1764 February 14 earthquake 588

Zihna, AD 1838 January 17 earthquake 651

Zile, AD 1894 May earthquake 773

Zilhicce, AD 1488 November earthquake 406

Zitsa, AD 1857 August 7 earthquake 687

Zituni, AD 1544 April 24 earthquake 441–444

Zoar, 2100–1700 BC earthquake 63

Zozilgip, AD 1546 January 14 earthquake 444–451




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