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Creating the Desired Citizen
Ideology, State and Islam in Turkey

AUD$141.95 inc GST

  • Date Published: May 2021
  • availability: Available
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9781108832557

AUD$ 141.95 inc GST

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About the Authors
  • For decades after the declaration of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, the Turkish state promoted the idea of a desired citizen. The Kemalist state treated these citizens as superior, with full rights; but the 'others', those outside this desired citizenship, were either tolerated or considered undesirable citizens. And this caused the marginalization of ethnic and religious minorities, religious Muslims and leftists alike. In this book, Ihsan Yilmaz shows how historical traumas, victimhood, insecurities, anxieties, fears and siege mentality have negatively impacted on and radicalised the nation-building projects of the two competing hegemonic ideologies/regimes (those of Ataturk and Erdogan) and their treatment of majority and minority ethnic, religious and political groups. Yilmaz reveals the significant degree of overlap between the desired, undesired citizen and tolerated citizen categories of these two regimes, showing how both regimes aimed to create a perception of a homogenous Turkish nation.

    • A comparative analysis of the nation-building projects by Turkish regimes under Ataturk and Erdogan
    • Shows how many Turkish citizens have been marginalised as a result of the idea around the 'desired' citizen
    • Will appeal to those interested the history of state formation in the region
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    Reviews & endorsements

    'Autocratisation in Turkey has developed over time, with identity a highly contentious political issue. Yilmaz describes in great detail and with much knowledge and understanding the shift from 'Kemalism' to 'Erdoğanism': an ideological project to create the 'perfect Turk' through the political vilification of many Turkish citizens because of their beliefs. Highly recommended.' Jeffrey Haynes, London Metropolitan University

    'Creating the Desired Citizen methodically dissects the social engineering efforts to craft 'ideal citizens' for what Ihsan Yilmaz calls 'Erdoganism'. This original and enlightening work is an important contribution, furthering our understanding of the social and cultural transformation of Turkey under the AKP.' Paul Kubicek, Oakland University

    'Creating the Desired Citizen successfully analyzes how citizenship has been used as an instrument of the state's social engineering policy in Turkey. It is a must-read for students of Turkish politics.' Ahmet T. Kuru, Political Science Quarterly

    'Yilmaz makes essential contributions to the study of nation-building and extends our knowledge on the Kemalist and Erdoğanist nation-building projects in Turkey. Those scholars interested in nation-building, citizenship, and the Turkish experience will find the book indispensable. Its scholarly contributions make the book relevant for graduate courses, and Yilmaz's engaging prose makes it accessible to the policy community and undergraduate students.' Ramazan Kılınç, Perspectives on Politics

    'Creating the Desired Citizen is a valuable book for anyone curious about the AKP government. It provides detailed information concerning its social engineering policies. It also highlights the similarities between the Kemalists and the Erdoğanists, which is not much discussed in academia or the media.' Senem Aslan, International Journal of Middle East Studies

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    Product details

    • Date Published: May 2021
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9781108832557
    • length: 250 pages
    • dimensions: 150 x 230 x 25 mm
    • weight: 0.64kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Anxious Nation and Its Ambivalent Westernism
    Part I. Kemalism and its Desired, Undesired, Tolerated Citizens:
    2. The Rise and Consolidation of the Kemalist Hegemony
    3. Kemalism's Desired Citizens
    4. Kemalism's Undesired Citizens
    5. Creating Kemalism's Tolerated Citizens via Diyanet
    Part II. Emergence of the Counter-Hegemony: Erdoğanism:
    6. Turkish Islamism and the Emergence of Erdoğanist Authoritarianism
    7. What is Erdoğanism?
    Part III. Creating Erdoğanism's Desired Citizens via Popular Culture and Education:
    8. Erdoğanism's Desired Citizen
    9. Creating Erdoğanism's Desired Citizens via Popular Culture
    10. Creating Erdoğanism's Desired Citizens via Education
    Part IV. Erdoğanism's Undesired Citizens:
    11. Erdoğanism's Undesired Citizens
    Part V. Creating Erdoğanism's Tolerated Citizens via Diyanet:
    12. Creating Erdoğanism's Tolerated Citizens via Diyanet
    13. The Use of Friday Sermons in Creating Erdoğanism's Tolerated Citizens
    14. The Future of Erdoğan's Nation.

  • Author

    Ihsan Yilmaz, Deakin University, Victoria
    Ihsan Yilmaz is Research Professor and Chair of Islamic Studies at Deakin University, Melbourne where his work focuses on Islam-state-society-law relations and ethnic-religious-political identities in Turkey, Australia, the UK and the USA. He is the author of Muslim Laws, Politics and Society in Modern Nation States: Dynamic Legal Pluralisms in England, Turkey and Pakistan (2005) amongst numerous book chapters and journal articles. He is also a public intellectual, and can be found on Twitter @ihsanylmz.

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