Before 1848, France had been ruled by the 'July Monarchy', a liberal regime without democratic participation. After 1852, France was to be ruled by the Second Empire, an anti-liberal regime with some democratic participation. In the intervening period, the Second Republic boldly attempted to combine liberty with democracy for the first time in French history. Despite the Republic's failure of 1851–2, its aims were of great significance and marked the beginning of the modern era of republican France: the starting-point of what we nowadays consider the normal standard of politics in civilised countries. The reasons for the Republic's temporary failure are no less instructive, and in explaining them Professor Agulhon considers the problems of social conditions and the psychological 'apprenticeship' of the masses of new citizens. Thus his book has a special purpose, beyond the narrative treatment of events: to emphasise the relationship between the political history of France 1848–52 and the history of popular culture and thought.
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'Agulhon provides an excellent synthesis of political, intellectual, economic and social history, with intelligent and judicious interpretations on every page.' History
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- Date Published: September 1983
- format: Paperback
- isbn: 9780521289887
- length: 228 pages
- dimensions: 229 x 153 x 23 mm
- weight: 0.375kg
- availability: Unavailable - out of print October 2009
Table of Contents
1. Why the Republic?
2. The trial and failure of a kind of socialism (24 February–4 May 1848)
3. The re-establishment of order (May 1848–June 1849)
4. France faced with the great alternative: order or social democracy
5. Between the conservative order and the Bonapartist order (June 1849–November 1851)
6. Bonaparte's coup d'état and the republican resistance (2–10 December 1851)
7. From the coup d'état to the Empire (December 1851–December 1852)
Index of names.
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