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The chemist and meteorologist John Dalton (1766–1844) published A New System of Chemical Philosophy in two volumes, between 1808 and 1827. Dalton's discovery of the importance of the relative weight and structure of particles of a compound for explaining chemical reactions transformed atomic theory and laid the basis for much of what is modern chemistry. Volume 1 was published in two parts, in 1808 and 1810. Part 1 offers an account of Dalton's atomic theory. It contains chapters on temperature, the constitution of bodies, chemical synthesis and a number of plates including his famous table of symbols for the atoms of various elements. Part 2 contains a chapter on elementary principles and twelve sections on different groups of two-element compounds. Dalton's work is a monument of nineteenth-century chemistry. It will continue to be read and enjoyed by anybody interested in the history and development of science.
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- Date Published: September 2010
- format: Paperback
- isbn: 9781108019675
- length: 592 pages
- dimensions: 216 x 140 x 33 mm
- weight: 0.74kg
- contains: 8 b/w illus.
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
Section 1. On Heat or Caloric:
1. On temperature, and the instruments for measuring it
2. On expansion by heat
3. On the specific heat of bodies
4. On the theory of the specific heat of elastic fluids
5. On the quantity of heat evolved by combustion, etc.
6. On the natural zero of temperature, or absolute privation of heat
7. On the motion and communication of heat, arising from inequality of temperature
8. On the temperature of the atmosphere
9. On the phenomena of the congelation of water
Section 2. On the Constitution of Bodies:
1. On the constitution of pure elastic fluids
2. On the constitution of mixed elastic fluids
3. On the constitution of liquids, and the mechanical relations betwixt liquids and elastic fluids
4. On the constitution of solids
Section 3. On Chemical Synthesis: Part II
Section 4. On Elementary Principles:
1. On oxygen
2. On hydrogen
3. On azote or nitrogene
4. On carbone or charcoal
5. On sulphur
6. On phosphorus
7. On the metals
Section 5. Compounds of Two Elements:
1. Oxygen with hydrogen
2. Oxygen with azote
3. Oxygen with carbone
4. Oxygen with sulphur
5. Oxygen with phosphorus
6. Hydrogen with azote
7. Hydrogen with carbone
8. Hydrogen with sulphur
9. Hydrogen with phosphorus
10. Carbone with sulphur, with phosphorus, and sulphur with phosphorus
11. Fixed alkalies
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